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Christopher Howard
McGill University
  1.  95
    Fittingness.Christopher Howard - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12542.
    The normative notion of fittingness figures saliently in the work of a number of ethical theorists writing in the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries and has in recent years regained prominence, occupying an important place in the theoretical tool kits of a range of contemporary writers. Yet the notion remains strikingly undertheorized. This article offers a (partial) remedy. I proceed by canvassing a number of attempts to analyze the fittingness relation in other terms, arguing that none is fully adequate. In (...)
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  2. In Defense of the Wrong Kind of Reason.Christopher Howard - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):53-62.
    Skepticism about the ‘wrong kind’ of reasons—the view that wrong-kind reasons are reasons to want and bring about certain attitudes, but not reasons for those attitudes—is more often assumed than argued for. Jonathan Way sets out to remedy this: he argues that skeptics about, but not defenders of, wrong-kind reasons can explain a distinctive pattern of transmission among such reasons and claims that this fact lends significant support to the skeptical view. I argue that Way's positive case for wrong-kind reason (...)
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  3. The Fundamentality of Fit.Christopher Howard - forthcoming - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, vol. 14. New York, NY, USA:
    Many authors, including Derek Parfit, T.M. Scanlon, and Mark Schroeder, favor a “reasons-first” ontology of normativity, which treats reasons as normatively fundamental. Others, most famously G.E. Moore, favor a “value-first” ontology, which treats value or goodness as normatively fundamental. I argue that both the reasons-first and value-first ontologies should be rejected because neither can account for all of the normative reasons that, intuitively, there are. I advance an ontology of normativity, originally suggested by Franz Brentano and A.C. Ewing, according to (...)
     
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  4.  62
    Weighing Epistemic and Practical Reasons for Belief.Christopher Howard - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-17.
    This paper is about how epistemic and practical reasons for belief can be compared against one another when they conflict. It provides a model for determining what one ought to believe, all-things-considered, when there are conflicting epistemic and practical reasons. The model is meant to supplement a form of pluralism about doxastic normativity that I call ‘Inclusivism’. According to Inclusivism, both epistemic and practical considerations can provide genuine normative reasons for belief, and both types of consideration can contribute to metaphysically (...)
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  5. Transparency and the Ethics of Belief.Christopher Howard - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (5):1191-1201.
    A central dispute in the ethics of belief concerns what kinds of considerations can be reasons for belief. Nishi Shah has recently argued that the correct explanation of transparency in doxastic deliberation—the psychological phenomenon that only considerations taken to bear on the truth of p can be deliberated from to conclude in believing that p—settles this debate in favor of strict evidentialism, the view that only evidence can be a reason for belief. I argue that Shah’s favored explanation of transparency (...)
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  6. How Many of Us Are There?Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.
  7.  17
    The Future and the Female Academic Leader: Advancing Student Engagement.Carl Senior, Christopher Howard & Rowena Senior - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8.  13
    Acutely Induced Anxiety Increases Negative Interpretations of Events in a Closed-Circuit Television Monitoring Task.Robbie Cooper, Christina J. Howard, Angela S. Attwood, Rachel Stirland, Viviane Rostant, Lynne Renton, Christine Goodwin & Marcus R. Munafò - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):273-282.
  9.  49
    Mental Disorders and Genetics: The Ethical Context: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London, Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 1998, 116 Pages, Pound20. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):412-413.
  10.  6
    Being-Online-in-the-World: A Response to the Special Issue, ‘Being Online’. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2015 - Phenomenology and Practice 9 (1):83-88.
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  11.  16
    Book Review: Technology and Social TheoryMatthewmanSteveTechnology and Social Theory. [REVIEW]Christopher A. Howard - 2016 - Thesis Eleven 132 (1):118-121.
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  12.  15
    Schroeder, Mark. Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics. Vol. 2.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 272. $70.00. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2017 - Ethics 127 (3):806-812.
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  13.  3
    Editorial: What Is the Role for Effective Pedagogy in Contemporary Higher Education?Carl Senior, Dilly Fung, Christopher Howard & Rowena Senior - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  14.  6
    Out of Practice: Foreign Travel as the Productive Disruption of Embodied Knowledge Schemes.Christopher A. Howard - 2015 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 15 (1):1-12.
    This paper explores foreign travel as an affective experience, embodied practice and form of learning. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork on tourism and pilgrimage in the Himalayan region, the phenomenological notions of “home world” and “alien world” are employed to discuss how perceptions of strangeness and everyday practices are shaped by enculturation and socialisation processes. It is shown that travellers bring the habitus and doxa acquired in the home world to foreign situations, where these embodied knowledge schemes and abilities for skilful (...)
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  15.  5
    The State of the Art in Student Engagement.Carl Senior & Chris Howard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  6
    Repression in Retrospect: Constructing History in the `Memory Debate'.Christina Howard & Keith Tuffin - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (3):75-93.
    Psychologists have often been criticized for their reluctance to engage with history, so it is interesting to find that historical accounts play an important role in the recovered memory/false memory syndrome debate. Using techniques of rhetorical and discursive analysis, we examined accounts of the historical origins of repression and of battlefield trauma in popular texts. The flexible and selective nature of these accounts was highlighted, and was discussed in terms of the rhetorical practice of ontological gerrymandering. Also, the employment of (...)
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  17. The Fundamentality of Fit.Christopher Howard - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 14.
    Many authors, including Derek Parfit, T. M. Scanlon, and Mark Schroeder, favor a “reasons-first” ontology of normativity, which treats reasons as normatively fundamental. Others, most famously G. E. Moore, favor a “value-first” ontology, which treats value or goodness as normatively fundamental. Chapter 10 argues that both the reasons-first and value-first ontologies should be rejected because neither can account for all of the normative reasons that, intuitively, there are. It advances an ontology of normativity, originally suggested by Franz Brentano and A. (...)
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