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Christopher Howard
McGill University
  1. Fittingness.Christopher Howard - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12542.
    The normative notion of fittingness figures saliently in the work of a number of ethical theorists writing in the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries and has in recent years regained prominence, occupying an important place in the theoretical tool kits of a range of contemporary writers. Yet the notion remains strikingly undertheorized. This article offers a (partial) remedy. I proceed by canvassing a number of attempts to analyze the fittingness relation in other terms, arguing that none is fully adequate. In (...)
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  2.  62
    The Fundamentality of Fit.Christopher Howard - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 14.
    Many authors, including Derek Parfit, T. M. Scanlon, and Mark Schroeder, favor a “reasons-first” ontology of normativity, which treats reasons as normatively fundamental. Others, most famously G. E. Moore, favor a “value-first” ontology, which treats value or goodness as normatively fundamental. Chapter 10 argues that both the reasons-first and value-first ontologies should be rejected because neither can account for all of the normative reasons that, intuitively, there are. It advances an ontology of normativity, originally suggested by Franz Brentano and A. (...)
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  3. Weighing Epistemic and Practical Reasons for Belief.Christopher Howard - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (8):2227-2243.
    This paper is about how epistemic and practical reasons for belief can be compared against one another when they conflict. It provides a model for determining what one ought to believe, all-things-considered, when there are conflicting epistemic and practical reasons. The model is meant to supplement a form of pluralism about doxastic normativity that I call ‘Inclusivism’. According to Inclusivism, both epistemic and practical considerations can provide genuine normative reasons for belief, and both types of consideration can contribute to metaphysically (...)
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  4. Consequentialists Must Kill.Christopher Howard - 2021 - Ethics 131 (4):727-753.
    Many contemporary act consequentialists define facts about what we should do in terms of facts about what we should prefer. They claim that we should perform an action if and only if we should prefer its outcome to the outcome of any available alternative. Some of these theorists claim they can accommodate deontic constraints, such as a constraint against killing the innocent. I argue that they can’t. If there’s a constraint against killing, then when we can prevent five killings only (...)
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  5. Fittingness.Christopher Howard & Richard Rowland (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  6. In Defense of the Wrong Kind of Reason.Christopher Howard - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):53-62.
    Skepticism about the ‘wrong kind’ of reasons—the view that wrong-kind reasons are reasons to want and bring about certain attitudes, but not reasons for those attitudes—is more often assumed than argued for. Jonathan Way sets out to remedy this: he argues that skeptics about, but not defenders of, wrong-kind reasons can explain a distinctive pattern of transmission among such reasons and claims that this fact lends significant support to the skeptical view. I argue that Way's positive case for wrong-kind reason (...)
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  7. How Many of Us Are There?Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.
  8.  79
    Fittingness: A User’s Guide.Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - In Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland (eds.), Fittingness. Oxford University Press.
    The chapter introduces and characterizes the notion of fittingness. It charts the history of the relation and its relevance to contemporary debates in normative and metanormative philosophy and proceeds to survey issues to do with fittingness covered in the volume’s chapters, including the nature and epistemology of fittingness, the relations between fittingness and reasons, the normativity of fittingness, fittingness and value theory, and the role of fittingness in theorizing about responsibility. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of issues to (...)
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  9. Transparency and the Ethics of Belief.Christopher Howard - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (5):1191-1201.
    A central dispute in the ethics of belief concerns what kinds of considerations can be reasons for belief. Nishi Shah has recently argued that the correct explanation of transparency in doxastic deliberation—the psychological phenomenon that only considerations taken to bear on the truth of p can be deliberated from to conclude in believing that p—settles this debate in favor of strict evidentialism, the view that only evidence can be a reason for belief. I argue that Shah’s favored explanation of transparency (...)
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  10.  17
    The Future and the Female Academic Leader: Advancing Student Engagement.Carl Senior, Christopher Howard & Rowena Senior - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11.  57
    Introduction.Chris Howard & Alex Worsnip - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3067-3068.
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  12.  16
    Acutely Induced Anxiety Increases Negative Interpretations of Events in a Closed-Circuit Television Monitoring Task.Robbie Cooper, Christina J. Howard, Angela S. Attwood, Rachel Stirland, Viviane Rostant, Lynne Renton, Christine Goodwin & Marcus R. Munafò - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):273-282.
  13.  54
    Mental Disorders and Genetics: The Ethical Context: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London, Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 1998, 116 Pages, Pound20. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):412-413.
  14. Mobile Lifeworlds: An Ethnography of Tourism and Pilgrimage in the Himalayas.Christopher A. Howard - 2016 - Routledge.
    "Mobile Lifeworlds illustrates how the imaginaries and ideals of Western travellers, especially those of untouched nature and spiritual enlightenment, are consistent with media representations of the Himalayan region, romanticism and modernity at large. Blending tourism and pilgrimage, travel across Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, and Northern India is often inspired and oriented by a search for authenticity, adventure and Otherness. Such valued ideals are shown, however, to be contested by the very forces and configurations that enable global mobility. The role ubiquitous media (...)
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  15.  16
    Book Review: Technology and Social TheoryMatthewmanSteveTechnology and Social Theory. [REVIEW]Christopher A. Howard - 2016 - Thesis Eleven 132 (1):118-121.
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  16.  17
    Schroeder, Mark. Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics. Vol. 2.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 272. $70.00. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2017 - Ethics 127 (3):806-812.
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  17.  8
    Being-Online-in-the-World: A Response to the Special Issue, ‘Being Online’. [REVIEW]Christopher Howard - 2015 - Phenomenology and Practice 9 (1):83-88.
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  18.  8
    Out of Practice: Foreign Travel as the Productive Disruption of Embodied Knowledge Schemes.Christopher A. Howard - 2015 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 15 (1):1-12.
    This paper explores foreign travel as an affective experience, embodied practice and form of learning. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork on tourism and pilgrimage in the Himalayan region, the phenomenological notions of “home world” and “alien world” are employed to discuss how perceptions of strangeness and everyday practices are shaped by enculturation and socialisation processes. It is shown that travellers bring the habitus and doxa acquired in the home world to foreign situations, where these embodied knowledge schemes and abilities for skilful (...)
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  19.  6
    The State of the Art in Student Engagement.Carl Senior & Chris Howard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  3
    Editorial: What Is the Role for Effective Pedagogy in Contemporary Higher Education?Carl Senior, Dilly Fung, Christopher Howard & Rowena Senior - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21.  7
    Repression in Retrospect: Constructing History in the `Memory Debate'.Christina Howard & Keith Tuffin - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (3):75-93.
    Psychologists have often been criticized for their reluctance to engage with history, so it is interesting to find that historical accounts play an important role in the recovered memory/false memory syndrome debate. Using techniques of rhetorical and discursive analysis, we examined accounts of the historical origins of repression and of battlefield trauma in popular texts. The flexible and selective nature of these accounts was highlighted, and was discussed in terms of the rhetorical practice of ontological gerrymandering. Also, the employment of (...)
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  22.  1
    Search for a Distressed Swimmer in a Dynamic, Real-World Environment.Victoria Laxton, Duncan Guest, Christina J. Howard & David Crundall - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 27 (2):352-368.
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