33 found
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  1.  3
    Models of Ethics Consultation Used by Canadian Ethics Consultants: A Qualitative Study.Chris Kaposy, Fern Brunger, Victor Maddalena & Richard Singleton - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (4):273-282.
    This article describes a qualitative study of models of ethics consultation used by ethics consultants in Canada. We found four different models used by Canadian ethics consultants whom we interviewed, and one sub-variant. We describe the lone ethics consultant model, the hub-and-spokes sub-variant of this model; the ethics committee model; the capacity-building model; and the facilitated model. Previous empirical studies of ethics consultation describe only two or three of these models.
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  2.  56
    A Disability Critique of the New Prenatal Test for Down Syndrome.Chris Kaposy - 2013 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (4):299-324.
    Sequenom Inc., a developer of medical diagnostic products, recently made their noninvasive test for Down syndrome available for clinical practice.1 The DNA-based test—given the name “MaterniT21”—requires only a simple maternal blood sample as early as 10 weeks of gestation. In recent clinical trials involving thousands of pregnant women, the MaterniT21 test identified 99.1% of cases of Down syndrome, and gave the correct result in 99.9% of cases when the fetus did not have Down syndrome. Sequenom’s test is thought to be (...)
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  3.  3
    The Use of Ethics Decision‐Making Frameworks by Canadian Ethics Consultants: A Qualitative Study.Chris Kaposy, Fern Brunger, Victor Maddalena & Richard Singleton - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (8):636-642.
    In this study, Canadian healthcare ethics consultants describe their use of ethics decision-making frameworks. Our research finds that ethics consultants in Canada use multi-purpose ethics decision-making frameworks, as well as targeted frameworks that focus on reaching an ethical resolution to a particular healthcare issue, such as adverse event reporting, or difficult triage scenarios. Several interviewees mention the influence that the accreditation process in Canadian healthcare organizations has on the adoption and use of such frameworks. Some of the ethics consultants we (...)
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  4.  2
    Postphenomenological Investigations: Essays on Human–Technology Relations.Don Ihde, Lenore Langsdorf, Kirk M. Besmer, Aud Sissel Hoel, Annamaria Carusi, Marie-Christine Nizzi, Fernando Secomandi, Asle Kiran, Yoni Van Den Eede, Frances Bottenberg, Chris Kaposy, Adam Rosenfeld, Jan Kyrre Berg O. Friis, Andrew Feenberg, Diane Michelfelder & Albert Borgmann - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book provides an introduction to postphenomenology, an emerging school of thought in the philosophy of technology and science and technology studies, which addresses the relationships users develop with the devices they use.
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  5. Will Neuroscientific Discoveries About Free Will and Selfhood Change Our Ethical Practices?Chris Kaposy - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):51-59.
    Over the past few years, a number of authors in the new field of neuroethics have claimed that there is an ethical challenge presented by the likelihood that the findings of neuroscience will undermine many common assumptions about human agency and selfhood. These authors claim that neuroscience shows that human agents have no free will, and that our sense of being a “self” is an illusory construction of our brains. Furthermore, some commentators predict that our ethical practices of assigning moral (...)
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  6. Two Stalemates in the Philosophical Debate About Abortion and Why They Cannot Be Resolved Using Analogical Arguments.Chris Kaposy - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (2):84-92.
    Philosophical debate about the ethics of abortion has reached stalemate on two key issues. First, the claim that foetuses have moral standing that entitles them to protections for their lives has been neither convincingly established nor refuted. Second, the question of a pregnant woman's obligation to allow the gestating foetus the use of her body has not been resolved. Both issues are deadlocked because philosophers addressing them invariably rely on intuitions and analogies, and such arguments have weaknesses that make them (...)
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  7.  16
    The Common Rule, Pregnant Women, and Research: No Need to “Rescue” That Which Should Be Revised.Chris Kaposy & Françoise Baylis - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):60-62.
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  8.  7
    Drugs, Money, and Power: The Canadian Drug Shortage.Chris Kaposy - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):85-89.
    This article describes the shortage of generic injectable medications in Canada that affected hospitals in 2012. It traces the events leading up to the drug shortage, the causes of the shortage, and the responses by health administrators, pharmacists, and ethicists. The article argues that generic drug shortages are an ethical problem because health care organizations and governments have an obligation to avoid exposing patients to resource scarcity. The article also discusses some options governments could pursue in order to secure the (...)
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  9.  46
    Coming Into Existence: The Good, The Bad, and The Indifferent.Chris Kaposy - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (1):101-108.
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  10.  3
    Proof and Persuasion in the Philosophical Debate About Abortion.Chris Kaposy - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (2):139.
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  11.  1
    The Interactions of Canadian Ethics Consultants with Health Care Managers and Governing Boards During Times of Crisis.Chris Kaposy, Victor Maddalena, Fern Brunger, Daryl Pullman & Richard Singleton - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (2):128-136.
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  12.  3
    Accounting for Vulnerability to Illness and Social Disadvantage in Pandemic Critical Care Triage.Chris Kaposy - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (1):23.
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  13.  5
    The Public Funding of Abortion in Canada: Going Beyond the Concept of Medical Necessity. [REVIEW]Chris Kaposy - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):301-311.
    This article defends the public funding of abortion in the Canadian health care system in light of objections by opponents of abortion that the procedure should be denied public funding. Abortion opponents point out that women terminate their pregnancies most often for social reasons, that the Canadian health care system only requires funding for medically necessary procedures, and that abortion for social reasons is not medically necessary care. I offer two lines of response. First, I briefly present an argument that (...)
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  14.  15
    The Real-Life Consequences of Being Denied Access to an Abortion.Chris Kaposy - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):34 – 36.
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  15.  33
    DAKO on Trial.Kimberly Bonia, Fern Brunger, Laura Fullerton, Chad Griffiths & Chris Kaposy - 2012 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 16 (3):275-295.
    This paper tells the story of a recent laboratory medicine controversy in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. During the controversy, a DAKOAutostainer machine was blamed for inaccurate breast cancer test results that led to the suboptimal treatment of many patients. In truth, the machine was not at fault. Using concepts developed by Bruno Latour and Pierre Bourdieu, we document the changing nature of the DAKO machine’s agency before, during, and after the controversy, and we make the ethical argument (...)
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  16.  4
    Noninvasive Prenatal Whole-Genome Sequencing: A Solution in Search of a Problem.Chris Kaposy - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):42-44.
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  17.  55
    Can Infants Have Interests in Continued Life?Chris Kaposy - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):301-330.
    The philosophers Peter Singer and Jeff McMahan hold variations of the view that infant interests in continued life are suspect because infants lack the cognitive complexity to anticipate the future. Since infants cannot see themselves as having a future, Singer argues that the future cannot have value for them, and McMahan argues that the future can only have minimal value for an infant. This paper critically analyzes these arguments and defends the view that infants can have interests in continuing to (...)
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  18.  44
    Proof and Persuasion in the Philosophical Debate About Abortion.Chris Kaposy - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (2):pp. 139-162.
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  19.  17
    Improving Abortion Access in Canada.Chris Kaposy - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):17-34.
    Though abortion is legal in Canada, policies currently in place at various levels of the health care system, and the individual actions of medical professionals, can inhibit access to abortion. This paper examines the various extra-legal barriers to abortion access that exist in Canada, and argues that these barriers are unjust because there are no good reasons for the restrictions on autonomy that they present. The paper then outlines the various policy measures that could be taken to improve access.
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  20.  31
    'Analytic' Reading, 'Continental' Text: The Case of Derrida's 'on Forgiveness'.Chris Kaposy - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (2):203 – 226.
    This paper seeks to apply some of the tools of analytic philosophy to a text written by a 'continental' philosopher, in order to evaluate the quality of its arguments. In 'On Forgiveness', Jacques Derrida seems to be making two different claims about forgiveness. First, he claims that an act of forgiveness is only truly meaningful as forgiveness when one is forgiving the unforgivable. Second, he is also recommending that we change our understanding of the concept of forgiveness for ethical reasons. (...)
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  21.  18
    A Relational Analysis of Pandemic Critical Care Triage Protocols.Chris Kaposy & Sarah Khraishi - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):70-90.
    In a severe influenza pandemic, a surge of illness in a community would be felt especially in hospital critical care units, where intensive resources are devoted to sustaining the lives of the most ill. The lead-up to the anticipated second wave of H1N1 influenza in the fall of 2009 and the memory of the SARS outbreak earlier in the decade have caused health care organizations in North America to develop critical care triage protocols for dealing with a deadly pandemic. These (...)
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  22.  9
    A Personal Experience of Prenatal Testing for Down Syndrome.Chris Kaposy - 2013 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 3 (1):18-21.
  23.  8
    Latour's Thick Concepts.Chris Kaposy - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (9999):34-41.
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  24.  1
    Clinical Ethics Issues in HIV Care in Canada: An Institutional Ethnographic Study.Chris Kaposy, Nicole R. Greenspan, Zack Marshall, Jill Allison, Shelley Marshall & Cynthia Kitson - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):9.
    This is a study involving three HIV clinics in the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, and Manitoba. We sought to identify ethical issues involving health care providers and clinic clients in these settings, and to gain an understanding of how different ethical issues are managed by these groups. We used an institutional ethnographic method to investigate ethical issues in HIV clinics. Our researcher conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews, compiled participant observation notes, and studied health records in order to document ethical (...)
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  25.  2
    Latour's Thick Concepts and His Analysis of Scientific Practice.Chris Kaposy - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (5):34-41.
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  26. Ideal Ethical Standards for Contraceptive Use.Francoise Baylis & Chris Kaposy - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (2):19-20.
    A letter to the editor from Françoise Baylis and Chris Kaposy concerning the recent commentary by Toby Schonfeld and colleagues , which was written in response to Baylis and Kaposy’s article.
     
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  27. A Relational Analysis of Pandemic Critical Care Triage Protocols.Chris Kaposy & Sarah Khraishi - 2012 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):70-90.
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  28. Book Review-Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science: Essential Readings in Neuroethics. [REVIEW]Chris Kaposy - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3 (1):12.
     
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  29. Defining Right And Wrong In Brain Science: Essential Readings In Neuroethics. [REVIEW]Chris Kaposy - 2008 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3:1-4.
     
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  30. Ethical, Evidence-Based Guidelines for Contraceptive Use in Research.Chris Kaposy & Francoise Baylis - 2010 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (5):1-9.
    The institutional review board at the University of Nebraska Medical Center has a policy on contraceptive use in research that aims to balance the protection of potential fetuses from potential harm resulting from drug exposure in research against respect for the autonomy of women research participants. The policy draws on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Use-in-Pregnancy categories in an innovative way. These categories are meant to help prevent the exposure of fetuses to harmful drugs when used for therapy by (...)
     
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  31. Latour's Thick Concepts: And His Analysis of Scientific Practice.Chris Kaposy - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (Supplement):34-41.
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  32. The Interactions of Canadian Ethics Consultants with Health Care Managers and Governing Boards During Times of Crisis.Chris Kaposy, Victor Maddalena, Fern Brunger, Daryl Pullman & Richard Singleton - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (2):128-136.
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  33. 1. Front Matter Front Matter.Dave Tell, Alan G. Gross, Chris Kaposy, Catherine Zuckert & C. Jan Swearingen - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (2).
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