27 found
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  1. Ethical Decision Making in Multinational Organizations: A Culture-Based Model. [REVIEW]Chris Robertson & Paul A. Fadil - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):385 - 392.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between national culture and ethical decision making. Established theories of ethics and moral development are reviewed and a culture-based model of ethical decision making in organizations is derived. Although the body of knowledge in both cross-cultural management and ethics is well documented, researchers have failed to integrate the influence of cultural values into the ethical decision-making paradigm. A conceptual understanding of how managers from different nations make decisions about highly ethical (...)
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  2.  21
    Can Rationing Through Inconvenience Be Ethical?Nir Eyal, Paul L. Romain & Christopher Robertson - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (1):10-22.
    In this article, we provide a comprehensive analysis and a normative assessment of rationing through inconvenience as a form of rationing. By “rationing through inconvenience” in the health sphere, we refer to a nonfinancial burden that is either intended to cause or has the effect of causing patients or clinicians to choose an option for health-related consumption that is preferred by the health system for its fairness, efficiency, or other distributive desiderata beyond assisting the immediate patient. We argue that under (...)
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  3.  66
    An Analysis of 10 Years of Business Ethics Research in Strategic Management Journal : 1996–2005. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Robertson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):745 - 753.
    From a corporate governance perspective, one of the most important jobs of a firm's top management team is to create and maintain a positive moral environment. Business ethics has long been considered a cornerstone in the field of strategic management and a number of scholars have called for more research in this area over the years. In this paper 658 articles that appeared in "Strategic Management Journal" over the 10-year period between 1996 and 2005 are reviewed for business ethics focus (...)
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  4.  37
    Post-Communist Consumer Ethics: The Case of Romania.Jamal A. Al-Khatib, Christopher J. Robertson & Dana-Nicoleta Lascu - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (1):81-95.
    In this paper we theorize that cognitive ethical orientations play an influential role in the beliefs of consumers when faced with different ranges of moral dilemmas. We examine this proposition in transitional Eastern Europe and results from a sample of 210 Romanian consumers suggest that Romanians are faced with a moral situation where low levels of Machiavellianism and high levels of idealism appear to relate to a higher ethical concern about passively benefiting at the expense of others.
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  5.  14
    Effect of Financial Relationships on the Behaviors of Health Care Professionals: A Review of the Evidence. [REVIEW]Christopher Robertson, Susannah Rose & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):452-466.
    Physicians, scholars, and policymakers continue to be concerned about conflicts of interests among health care providers. At least two main types of objections to conflicts of interest exist. Conflicts of interests may be intrinsically troublesome if they violate providers’ fiduciary duties to their patients or they contribute to loss of trust in health care professionals and the health care system. Conflicts of interest may also be problematic in practice if they bias the decisions made by providers, adversely impacting patient outcomes (...)
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  6.  15
    An Analysis of 10 Years of Business Ethics Research in Strategic Management Journal: 1996–2005.Christopher J. Robertson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):745-753.
    From a corporate governance perspective, one of the most important jobs of a firm's top management team is to create and maintain a positive moral environment. Business ethics has long been considered a cornerstone in the field of strategic management and a number of scholars have called for more research in this area over the years. In this paper 658 articles that appeared in "Strategic Management Journal" over the 10-year period between 1996 and 2005 are reviewed for business ethics focus (...)
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  7.  28
    Situational Ethics Across Borders: A Multicultural Examination. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Robertson, William F. Crittenden, Michael K. Brady & James J. Hoffman - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (4):327 - 338.
    Managers throughout the world regularly face ethical dilemmas that have important, and perhaps complex, professional and personal implications. Further, societal consequences of decisions made can be far-reaching. In this study, 210 financial services managers from Australia, Chile, Ecuador and the United States were queried about their ethical beliefs when faced with four diverse dilemmas. In addition, the situational context was altered so the respondent viewed each dilemma from a top management position and from a position of economic hardship. Results suggest (...)
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  8.  13
    An Assessment of the Human Subjects Protection Review Process for Exempt Research.Jonathan D. Loe, D. Alex Winkelman & Christopher T. Robertson - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (3):481-491.
    Medical and public health research includes surveys, interviews, and biospecimens — techniques that do not present substantial risks to subjects. Consequently, this research is exempt from regulation under the Federal Common Rule. Nevertheless, at many institutions, exempt research is frequently subject to the same regulatory process that is required for non-exempt research, requiring the consumption of time and resources for review by Institutional Review Board members or staff. The federal government has indicated an intention to reform and centralize this system, (...)
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  9.  30
    A Five-Year Review, Update, and Assessment of Ethics and Governance in Strategic Management Journal.Christopher J. Robertson, Dane P. Blevins & Tom Duffy - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):85-92.
    Although business ethics has a long history as a core theme within the realm of strategic management it has not received considerable attention in top strategy journals until recently. In this paper, we assess the state of business ethics research published over a 5-year period (2006–2010) in Strategic Management Journal to ascertain whether there has been an increase in business ethics research published in the top strategy outlet. The results of our content analysis reveal that ethics research in SMJ is (...)
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  10.  35
    Strategic and Ethical Considerations in Managing Digital Privacy.Ravi Sarathy & Christopher J. Robertson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (2):111 - 126.
    Individualized customer information is at the heart of on-line commerce. Using increasing amounts of customer-specific data enhances the success and value of one-to-one on-line marketing; but the extensive gathering and use of data specific to individuals also causes alarm over the loss of digital privacy, setting up a confrontation between e-commerce and society. Governments and nations, particularly in Europe, have reacted with a reliance on sweeping laws governing digital privacy protection while other nations such as the U.S. have generally preferred (...)
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  11.  79
    Stakeholder Perceptions of Offshoring and Outsourcing: The Role of Embedded Issues. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Robertson, Anna Lamin & Grigorios Livanis - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):167 - 189.
    We contribute to the study of offshoring and outsourcing by examining how stakeholders' ethical evaluations of these decisions are influenced by both their roles and the issues embedded within the decisions. Although offshoring and outsourcing have been studied from a transactional perspective, the moral issues embedded within these decisions can profoundly affect how the organization is perceived by outside stakeholders. First, we contend that investors use different moral paradigms compared with consumer stakeholders, as a result the stakeholder role an individual (...)
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  12.  95
    Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW]Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  13.  3
    Keeping the Patient at the Center of Machine Learning in Healthcare.Jess Findley, Andrew Woods, Christopher Robertson & Marv Slepian - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (11):54-56.
    Char et al. aspire to provide “a systematic approach to identifying … ethical concerns” around machine learning healthcare applications, which includes artificial intelligence and...
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  14.  27
    Trade Liberalization, Corruption, and Software Piracy.Christopher Robertson, K. M. Gilley & William F. Crittenden - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):623-634.
    As multinational firms explore new and promising national markets two of the most crucial elements in the strategic decision regarding market-entry are the level of corruption and existing trade barriers. One form of corruption that is crucially important to firms is the theft of intellectual property. In particular, software piracy has become a hotly debated topic due to the deep costs and vast levels of piracy around the world. The purpose of this paper is to assess how laissez-faire trade policies (...)
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  15.  26
    Heterogeneity in IRB Policies with Regard to Disclosures About Payment for Participation in Recruitment Materials.Megan S. Wright & Christopher T. Robertson - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):375-382.
    Although the Federal Common Rule requires that informed consent documents include all material information, it does not specify the content of materials used to recruit human subjects. In particular, there is no federal regulation relating to how payment for research participation is to be advertised. Rather, the FDA has issued guidance, advising researchers not to emphasize payment information. In order to determine how IRBs have interpreted this guidance, we coded the policies of the top 100 institutions by receipt of NIH (...)
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  16.  12
    The Consequences of Qualified Confidentiality.Christopher Robertson - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):31 – 32.
  17.  14
    Who is Really Hurt Anyway? The Problem of Soliciting Designated Organ Donations.Christopher Robertson - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):16 – 17.
  18.  12
    Framing the Organ System: Altruism or Cooperation?Christopher Robertson - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):46 – 48.
  19.  8
    Cascading Consent for Research on Biobank Specimens.Jonathan Loe, Christopher T. Robertson & D. Alex Winkelman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):68-70.
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  20.  6
    Heterogeneity in IRB Policies with Regard to Disclosures About Payment for Participation in Recruitment Materials.Megan S. Wright & Christopher T. Robertson - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):375-382.
    The payment of human subjects is an area where Institutional Review Boards have wide discretion. Although the “Common Rule” requires the provision of full information to human research participants to secure valid consent, the Rule is silent on the issue of payment. Still, some federal agencies offer guidance on the matter. For example, the National Science Foundation cautions that high payments for risky research “may induce a needy participant to take a risk that they normally would prefer not to take.” (...)
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  21.  15
    Why Intuitions and Metaphysics Are the Wrong Approach for Health Law: A Commentary on Delaney and Hershenov.Christopher T. Robertson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):18-19.
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  22.  1
    Moral Resources and Competitive Advantage.K. Matthew Gilley, Sergio Palacios & Christopher J. Robertson - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 16:81-102.
    The cultivation of an organization’s moral resources has become a priority for many executives who understand that such resources are key to competitive advantage. Yet, traditional strategic management courses at both the undergraduate and MBA levels generally overlook these resources when discussing the resource-based view of the firm. We propose that moral resources be discussed in strategic management classrooms to provide additional insight for students about the critical nature of such resources. We also provide a simple tool for faculty to (...)
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  23.  13
    Why the Duty to Research Falls on Institutions Rather Than Individuals.Victor Laurion & Christopher Robertson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):44-46.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 44-46.
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  24.  15
    Age Period Cohort Analysis of Time Trends in Regional Mortality Rates in England, Wales and Scotland.Chris Robertson & Russell Ecob - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (3):299-309.
  25.  8
    Making Pragmatism Practicable for the Institutional Review Board.Christopher Robertson - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):49 – 51.
  26.  31
    Slote on Ordinary Moral Thought and Theorization.Christopher Robertson - 2003 - Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):189-195.
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  27.  36
    The Notion of Sovereign Exclusive Dominion for Global Political Justice.Christopher Robertson - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (1):231-239.