258 found
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  1.  82
    The Race for Theory.Barbara Christian - 1988 - Feminist Studies 14 (1):67.
  2.  27
    The Crucial Role of Turnover Intentions in Transforming Moral Disengagement Into Deviant Behavior at Work.Jessica Siegel Christian & Aleksander P. J. Ellis - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (2):1-16.
    Organizational deviance represents a costly behavior to many organizations. While some precursors to deviance have been identified, we hope to add to our predictive capabilities. Utilizing social cognitive theory and psychological contract theory as explanatory concepts, we explore the role of moral disengagement and turnover intentions, testing our hypotheses using two samples: a sample of 44 nurses from a hospital system in the Southwestern United States (Study 1), and a sample of 52 working adults collected from an online survey system (...)
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  3. Bell's Theorem Versus Local Realism in a Quaternionic Model of Physical Space.Joy Christian - 2019 - IEEE Access 7:133388-133409.
    In the context of EPR-Bohm type experiments and spin detections confined to spacelike hypersurfaces, a local, deterministic and realistic model within a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with a constant spatial curvature (S^3 ) is presented that describes simultaneous measurements of the spins of two fermions emerging in a singlet state from the decay of a spinless boson. Exact agreement with the probabilistic predictions of quantum theory is achieved in the model without data rejection, remote contextuality, superdeterminism or backward causation. A singularity-free Clifford-algebraic (...)
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  4.  17
    Quantum Correlations Are Weaved by the Spinors of the Euclidean Primitives.Joy Christian - 2018 - Royal Society Open Science 5:1-40.
    The exceptional Lie group E_8 plays a prominent role both in mathematics and theoretical physics. It is the largest symmetry group connected to the most general possible normed division algebra, that of the non-associative real octonions, which — thanks to their non-associativity — form the only possible closed set of spinors that can parallelize the 7-sphere. By contrast, here we show how a similar 7-sphere also arises naturally from the algebraic interplay of the graded Euclidean primitives, such as points, lines, (...)
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  5.  49
    On a Surprising Oversight by John S. Bell in the Proof of His Famous Theorem.Joy Christian - unknown
    Bell inequalities are usually derived by assuming locality and realism, and therefore violations of the Bell-CHSH inequality are usually taken to imply violations of either locality or realism, or both. But, after reviewing an oversight by Bell, in the Corollary below we derive the Bell-CHSH inequality by assuming only that Bob can measure along vectors b and b' simultaneously while Alice measures along either a or a', and likewise Alice can measure along vectors a and a' simultaneously while Bob measures (...)
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  6.  31
    Perceived Comfort Level of Medical Students and Residents in Handling Clinical Ethics Issues.Henry J. Silverman, Julien Dagenais, Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Laura Caputo, Matthew W. Christian, Bert W. Maidment, Anna Binstock, Akinbowale Oyalowo & Malini Moni - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):55-58.
    Background Studies have shown that medical students and residents believe that their ethics preparation has been inadequate for handling ethical conflicts. The objective of this study was to determine the self-perceived comfort level of medical students and residents in confronting clinical ethics issues. Methods Clinical medical students and residents at the University of Maryland School of Medicine completed a web-based survey between September 2009 and February 2010. The survey consisted of a demographic section, questions regarding the respondents’ sense of comfort (...)
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  7.  20
    Using Category Structures to Test Iterated Learning as a Method for Identifying Inductive Biases.Thomas L. Griffiths, Brian R. Christian & Michael L. Kalish - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (1):68-107.
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  8.  26
    Visual Perspective and the Characteristics of Mind Wandering.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Carolyn Parkinson & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  9.  35
    The Return of Universal History.David Christian - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (4):6-27.
    The prediction defended in this paper is that over the next fifty years we will see a return of the ancient tradition of “universal history”; but this will be a new form of universal history that is global in its practice and scientific in its spirit and methods. Until the end of the nineteenth century, universal history of some kind seems to have been present in most historiographical traditions. Then it vanished as historians became disillusioned with the search for grand (...)
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  10. Disproof of Bell's Theorem by Clifford Algebra Valued Local Variables.Joy Christian - unknown
    It is shown that Bell's theorem fails for the Clifford algebra valued local realistic variables. This is made evident by exactly reproducing quantum mechanical expectation value for the EPR-Bohm type spin correlations observable by means of a local, deterministic, Clifford algebra valued variable, without necessitating either remote contextuality or backward causation. Since Clifford product of multivector variables is non-commutative in general, the spin correlations derived within our locally causal model violate the CHSH inequality just as strongly as their quantum mechanical (...)
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  11.  32
    The Shape of Things to Come: Exploring Goal-Directed Prospection.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Fiona Hoi Kei Fung, Sarah Best & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):471-478.
    Through the ability to preview the future , people can anticipate how best to think, feel and act in just about any setting. But exactly what factors determine the contents of prospection? Extending research on action identification and temporal construal, here we explored how action goals and temporal distance modulate the characteristics of future previews. Participants were required to imagine travelling to Egypt to climb or photograph a pyramid. Afterwards, to probe the contents of prospection, participants provided a sketch of (...)
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  12.  31
    Local Causality in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Spacetime.Joy Christian - unknown
    A local, deterministic, and realistic model within a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with constant spatial curvature is presented which describes simultaneous measurements of the spins of two fermions emerging in a singlet state from the decay of a spinless boson. Exact agreement with the probabilistic predictions of quantum theory is achieved in the model without data rejection, remote contextuality, superdeterminism, or backward causation. An event-by-event numerical simulation of the model is presented, which confirms our analytical results with the accuracy of 4 in (...)
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  13.  27
    Disproof of Bell's Theorem.Joy Christian - unknown
    We illustrate an explicit counterexample to Bell's theorem by constructing a pair of dichotomic variables that exactly reproduce the EPR-Bohm correlations in a manifestly local-realistic manner.
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  14.  72
    Can Bell’s Prescription for Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?Joy Christian - unknown
    An experiment is proposed to test Bell’s theorem in a purely macroscopic domain. If realized, it would determine whether Bell inequalities are satisfied for a manifestly local, classical system. It is stressed why the inequalities should not be presumed to hold for such a macroscopic system without actual experimental evidence. In particular, by providing a purely classical, topological explanation for the EPR-Bohm type spin correlations, it is demonstrated why Bell inequalities must be violated in the manifestly local, macroscopic domain, just (...)
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  15.  1
    The Most Human Human: What Talking with Computers Teaches Us About What It Means to Be Alive.Brian Christian - 2011 - Doubleday.
    A provocative exploration of how computers are reshaping ideas about what it means to be human profiles the annual Turing Test to assess a computer's capacity for thought while analyzing related philosophical, biological and moral issues.
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  16.  20
    On the Suppression of Medical Evidence.Alexander Christian - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):395-418.
    Financial conflicts of interest in medical research foster deviations from research standards and evidentially lead to the suppression of research findings that are at odds with commercial interests of pharmaceutical companies. Questionable research practices prevent data from being created, made available, or given suitable recognition. They run counter to codified principles of responsible conduct of research, such as honesty, openness or respect for the law. Resulting in ignorance, misrepresentation and suspension of scientific self-correction, suppression of medical evidence in its various (...)
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  17.  1
    Predictive Processing and the Semiological Principle: Commentary to Duffley.Guido Löhr & Michel Christian - 2022 - Manuscrito 45 (1):5-20.
    The aim of this commentary is to underpin Duffley’s notion of a stable mental content that corresponds to the literal word meaning with a computationally plausible cognitive theory. Our approach is to investigate what these stable contents could be according to the so-called Predictive Processing architecture. We argue that recent advances in cognitive science can make at least two contributions to the debate. First, they can provide some underpinning of Duffley's ideas of a stable linguistic meaning associated with the sign. (...)
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  18.  16
    When Do I Wear Me Out? Mental Simulation and the Diminution of Self-Control.C. Neil Macrae, Brittany M. Christian, Marius Golubickis, Magdalene Karanasiou, Lenka Troksiarova, Diana L. McNamara & Lynden K. Miles - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1755-1764.
  19. 'A Lapsu Corruptus': Calvinist Doctrines and Seventeenth-Century Scottish Theses Ethicæ.Maurer Christian - 2016 - History of Universities 29 (2):188-209.
  20.  43
    Macroscopic Observability of Spinorial Sign Changes Under 2pi Rotations.Joy Christian - unknown
    The question of observability of sign changes under 2pi rotations is considered. It is shown that in certain circumstances there are observable consequences of such sign changes in classical physics. A macroscopic experiment is proposed which could in principle detect the 4pi periodicity of rotations.
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  21. Disproof of Bell's Theorem: Further Consolidations.Joy Christian - unknown
    The failure of Bell's theorem for Clifford algebra valued local variables is further consolidated by proving that the conditions of remote parameter independence and remote outcome independence are duly respected within the recently constructed exact, local realistic model for the EPR-Bohm correlations. Since the conjunction of these two conditions is equivalent to the locality condition of Bell, this provides an independent geometric proof of the local causality of the model, at the level of microstates. In addition to local causality, the (...)
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  22.  20
    Lexical Word Formation in Children with Grammatical SLI: A Grammar-Specific Versus an Input-Processing Deficit?Heather K. J. van der Lely & Valerie Christian - 2000 - Cognition 75 (1):33-63.
  23.  10
    Effects of Sucrose Concentrations Upon Schedule-Induced Polydipsia Using Free and Response-Contingent Dry-Food Reinforcement Schedules.Walter P. Christian, Robert W. Riester & Robert W. Schaeffer - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (2):65-68.
  24.  7
    Experiments on the Deformation of Niobium Single Crystals.G. Taylor & J. W. Christian - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (137):893-929.
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  25.  13
    Taming Temptation: Visual Perspective Impacts Consumption and Willingness to Pay for Unhealthy Foods.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Sophie T. Kenyeri, Jennifer Mattschey & C. Neil Macrae - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (1):85-94.
  26.  8
    What Really Sets the Upper Bound on Quantum Correlations?Joy Christian - unknown
    The discipline of parallelization in the manifold of all possible measurement results is shown to be responsible for the existence of all quantum correlations, with the upper bound on their strength stemming from the maximum of possible torsion within all norm-composing parallelizable manifolds. A profound interplay is thus uncovered between the existence and strength of quantum correlations and the parallelizability of the spheres S^0, S^1, S^3, and S^7 necessitated by the four real division algebras. In particular, parallelization within a unit (...)
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  27.  8
    Stacking Faults in Cold-Worked Cobalt-Nickel Alloys.J. W. Christian & J. Spreadborough - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (11):1069-1075.
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  28. Failure of Bell's Theorem and the Local Causality of the Entangled Photons.Joy Christian - unknown
    A counterexample to Bell's theorem is presented which uses a pair of photons instead of spin-1/2 particles used in our previous counterexamples. A locally causal protocol is provided for Alice and Bob, which allows them to simulate observing photon polarizations at various angles, and record their results as A=+/-1 in S^3 and B=+/-1 in S^3, respectively. When these results are compared, the correlations are seen to be exactly those predicted by quantum mechanics; namely cos 2(alpha - beta), where alpha and (...)
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  29.  20
    The Second International Conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science (GWP.2016), 8–11 March 2016.Alexander Christian, Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Alexander Gebharter - 2017 - In Selected Papers of the Triennial Conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science GWP.2016, Düsseldorf, March 8–11, 2016. pp. 289-291.
  30. George Grant a Biography.William Christian - 1993 - University of Toronto Press.
    This book sheds light on Grant's early intellectual interests, the centrality of his pacifism, his struggle to educate himself as a philosopher, his ambivalent relationship to organized religion, his quarrels with York and McMaster Universities, and his attitude to John Diefenbaker.
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  31.  21
    The Calculation of Shear Stress and Shear Strain for Double Glide in Tension and Compression.D. K. Bowen & J. W. Christian - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (116):369-378.
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  32.  18
    Experiments on the Deformation of Niobium Single Crystals. I. Stress Versus Strain Curves and Slip Systems in Compression and Tension.G. Taylor & J. W. Christian - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (137):873-892.
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  33.  93
    Disproofs of Bell, Ghz, and Hardy Type Theorems and the Illusion of Entanglement.Joy Christian - unknown
    An elementary topological error in Bell's representation of the EPR elements of reality is identified. Once recognized, it leads to a topologically correct local-realistic framework that provides exact, deterministic, and local underpinning of at least the Bell, GHZ-3, GHZ-4, and Hardy states. The correlations exhibited by these states are shown to be exactly the classical correlations among the points of a 3 or 7-sphere, both of which are closed under multiplication, and hence preserve the locality condition of Bell. The alleged (...)
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  34. The Moral Equality of Combatants.Barry Christian & Christie Lars - 2017 - In Seth Lazar & Helen Frowe (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The doctrine of the moral equality of combatants holds that combatants on either side of a war have equal moral status, even if one side is fighting a just war while the other is not. This chapter examines arguments that have been offered for and against this doctrine, including the collectivist position famously articulated by Walzer and McMahan’s influential individualist critique. We also explore collectivist positions that have rejected the moral equality doctrine and arguments that some individualists have offered in (...)
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  35.  11
    Lessons From James’s Debate with Clifford: How Not to Philosophize.Rose Ann Christian - 2012 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 33 (2):159-169.
  36. Meaning and Truth in Religion.William A. Christian - 1964 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 20 (4):527-528.
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  37. Oppositions of Religious Doctrines.William A. Christian - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (1):122-124.
     
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  38.  8
    Achieving Change in Health Care Practice.Sally Redfern & Sara Christian - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):225-238.
  39.  15
    Disproof of Bell’s Theorem: Illuminating the Illusion of Entanglement.Joy Christian - 2014 - Boca Raton, Florida: BrownWalker Press.
  40.  32
    Turning I Into Me: Imagining Your Future Self.C. Neil Macrae, Jason P. Mitchell, Kirsten A. Tait, Diana L. McNamara, Marius Golubickis, Pavlos P. Topalidis & Brittany M. Christian - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:207-213.
  41. We Acknowledge Gratefully the Receipt of Our Contemporaries: Adris Newsletter, Chicago, Summer 1977. Catholic Life in Poland (Press Survey), Warsaw, Summer 1977. The Churchman, Vol. 91. 3, July 1977. The Churchman, St. Petersburg, Florida, Summer and Autumn Numbers. [REVIEW]Gay Christian, Rocznichin Teologiezno-Kanoniczne & Zycie I. Mysl - 1977 - Studium : revista de filosofía y teología 17:2.
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  42.  7
    Martensitic Transformations in Titanium-Tantalum Alloys.K. A. Bywater & J. W. Christian - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 25 (6):1249-1273.
  43.  27
    Macroscopic Observability of Fermionic Sign Changes: A Reply to Gill.Joy Christian - unknown
    In a recent arXiv preprint Richard Gill has criticized an experimental proposal published in a journal of theoretical physics which describes how to detect a macroscopic signature of fermionic sign changes. Here I point out that his worries stem from his own elementary algebraic and conceptual mistakes, and present several event-by-event numerical simulations which expose the vacuity of his claims by explicit computations.
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  44.  73
    Big History : Between Nothing and Everything.David Christian, Cynthia Brown & Craig Benjamin - unknown
  45. Nature’s Legacy: On Rohwer and Marris and Genomic Conservation.Richard Christian - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):265-267.
    Rohwer & Marris claim that “many conservation biologists” believe that there is a prima facie duty to preserve the genetic integrity of species. (A prima facie duty is a necessary pro tanto moral reason.) They describe three possible arguments for that belief and reject them all. They conclude that the biologists they cite are mistaken, and that there is no such duty: duties to preserve genetic integrity are merely instrumental: we ought act to preserve genetic integrity only because doing so (...)
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  46.  1
    Wissenschaft Und Pseudowissenschaft: Ein Beitrag Zum Demarkationsproblem.Alexander Christian - 2013 - Peter Lang Edition.
    In dieser Untersuchung zum Demarkationsproblem wird auf der Grundlage eines rational rekonstruierten Konzepts von Wissenschaft ein Ansatz zur Bewertung des wissenschaftlichen Status von mutmaßlich pseudowissenschaftlichen Glaubenssystemen entwickelt. Der instrumentelle Wert des Konzepts wird durch eine Kritik des Intelligent Designs belegt.
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  47.  38
    Truth and Consequences in James “The Will To Believe”.Rose Ann Christian - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 58 (1):1-26.
  48.  39
    The Aggregation of Propositional Attitudes: Towards a General Theory.Franz Dietrich & List & Christian - 2010 - In Tamar Szabó Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 3. Oxford University Press. pp. 215-234.
    How can the propositional attitudes of several individuals be aggregated into overall collective propositional attitudes? Although there are large bodies of work on the aggregation of various special kinds of propositional attitudes, such as preferences, judgments, probabilities and utilities, the aggregation of propositional attitudes is seldom studied in full generality. In this paper, we seek to contribute to …lling this gap in the literature. We sketch the ingredients of a general theory of propositional attitude aggregation and prove two new theorems. (...)
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  49.  92
    Oversights in the Respective Theorems of von Neumann and Bell Are Homologous.Joy Christian - manuscript
    We show that the respective oversights in the von Neumann's general theorem against all hidden variable theories and Bell's theorem against their local-realistic counterparts are homologous. When latter oversight is rectified, the bounds on the CHSH correlator work out to be ±2√2 instead of ±2.
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  50.  34
    An Interpretation of Whitehead's Metaphysics.William A. Christian - 1959 - Greenwood Press.
1 — 50 / 258