Results for 'Christian G. Ferm��ller'

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  1.  29
    Natural Solutions to the Problem of Functional Integration.Christian G. Habeck & Ramesh Srinivasan - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):402-403.
    Current EEG research emphasizes gamma band coherence as a signature of functional integration, that is, the solution to the binding problem. We note that spatial patterns of coherent neural activity are also observed at other EEG frequencies. If these oscillations reflect Nunez's resonant modes, they offer a solution to the binding problem that emerges naturally from the architecture of cortical connections.
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  2.  54
    Giles’s Game and the Proof Theory of Łukasiewicz Logic.Christian G. Fermüller & George Metcalfe - 2009 - Studia Logica 92 (1):27 - 61.
    In the 1970s, Robin Giles introduced a game combining Lorenzen-style dialogue rules with a simple scheme for betting on the truth of atomic statements, and showed that the existence of winning strategies for the game corresponds to the validity of formulas in Łukasiewicz logic. In this paper, it is shown that ‘disjunctive strategies’ for Giles’s game, combining ordinary strategies for all instances of the game played on the same formula, may be interpreted as derivations in a corresponding proof system. In (...)
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  3.  62
    Epistemological Considerations on Neuroimaging – a Crucial Prerequisite for Neuroethics.Christian G. Huber & Johannes Huber - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (6):340-348.
    Purpose: Whereas ethical considerations on imaging techniques and interpretations of neuroimaging results flourish, there is not much work on their preconditions. In this paper, therefore, we discuss epistemological considerations on neuroimaging and their implications for neuroethics. Results: Neuroimaging uses indirect methods to generate data about surrogate parameters for mental processes, and there are many determinants influencing the results, including current hypotheses and the state of knowledge. This leads to an interdependence between hypotheses and data. Additionally, different levels of description are (...)
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  4.  73
    Elimination of Cuts in First-Order Finite-Valued Logics.Matthias Baaz, Christian G. Fermüller & Richard Zach - 1993 - Journal of Information Processing and Cybernetics EIK 29 (6):333-355.
    A uniform construction for sequent calculi for finite-valued first-order logics with distribution quantifiers is exhibited. Completeness, cut-elimination and midsequent theorems are established. As an application, an analog of Herbrand’s theorem for the four-valued knowledge-representation logic of Belnap and Ginsberg is presented. It is indicated how this theorem can be used for reasoning about knowledge bases with incomplete and inconsistent information.
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  5.  13
    From Games to Truth Functions: A Generalization of Giles’s Game.Christian G. Fermüller & Christoph Roschger - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (2):389-410.
    Motivated by aspects of reasoning in theories of physics, Robin Giles defined a characterization of infinite valued Łukasiewicz logic in terms of a game that combines Lorenzen-style dialogue rules for logical connectives with a scheme for betting on results of dispersive experiments for evaluating atomic propositions. We analyze this game and provide conditions on payoff functions that allow us to extract many-valued truth functions from dialogue rules of a quite general form. Besides finite and infinite valued Łukasiewicz logics, also Meyer (...)
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  6. Systematic Construction of Natural Deduction Systems for Many-Valued Logics.Matthias Baaz, Christian G. Fermüller & Richard Zach - 1993 - In Proceedings of The Twenty-Third International Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic, 1993. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Press. pp. 208-213.
    A construction principle for natural deduction systems for arbitrary, finitely-many-valued first order logics is exhibited. These systems are systematically obtained from sequent calculi, which in turn can be automatically extracted from the truth tables of the logics under consideration. Soundness and cut-free completeness of these sequent calculi translate into soundness, completeness, and normal-form theorems for natural deduction systems.
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  7. Labeled Calculi and Finite-Valued Logics.Matthias Baaz, Christian G. Fermüller, Gernot Salzer & Richard Zach - 1998 - Studia Logica 61 (1):7-33.
    A general class of labeled sequent calculi is investigated, and necessary and sufficient conditions are given for when such a calculus is sound and complete for a finite -valued logic if the labels are interpreted as sets of truth values. Furthermore, it is shown that any finite -valued logic can be given an axiomatization by such a labeled calculus using arbitrary "systems of signs," i.e., of sets of truth values, as labels. The number of labels needed is logarithmic in the (...)
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  8.  88
    Dual Systems of Sequents and Tableaux for Many-Valued Logics.Matthias Baaz, Christian G. Fermüller & Richard Zach - 1993 - Bulletin of the EATCS 51:192-197.
    The aim of this paper is to emphasize the fact that for all finitely-many-valued logics there is a completely systematic relation between sequent calculi and tableau systems. More importantly, we show that for both of these systems there are al- ways two dual proof sytems (not just only two ways to interpret the calculi). This phenomenon may easily escape one’s attention since in the classical (two-valued) case the two systems coincide. (In two-valued logic the assignment of a truth value and (...)
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  9.  10
    Geschichte der psychologischen Aesthetik.Hanan Bruen & Christian G. Allesch - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 23 (2):121.
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  10.  32
    Hegel: The Letters.Clark Butler and Christiane Seiler & Clark Butler G. W. F. Hegel - 1984 - Indiana University Press.
    740 page life in letters, including all Hegel's available letters at time of publication by Indiana University Press in 1984 tied together by a running commentary by Clark Butler. The volume is in a searchable PDF format. Publication was supported by a Major Grant by the National Endowment of the Humanities (NEH).
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  11. Development and Psychometric Properties of the Test of Passive Aggression.Christian G. Schanz, Monika Equit, Sarah K. Schäfer, Michael Käfer, Hannah K. Mattheus & Tanja Michael - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: To date, most research on aggression in mental disorders focused on active-aggressive behavior and found self-directed and other-directed active aggression to be a symptom and risk-factor of psychopathology. On the other hand, passive-aggressive behavior has been investigated less frequently and only in research on psychodynamic defense mechanisms, personality disorders, and dysfunctional self-control processes. This small number of studies primarily reflects a lack of a reliable and valid clinical assessment of passive-aggressive behavior. To address this gap, we developed the Test (...)
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  12.  11
    The Dynamics of Synaptic Scaffolds.Christian G. Specht & Antoine Triller - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (11-12):1062-1074.
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  13.  6
    Revisiting Giles's Game.Christian G. Fermüller - 2009 - In Ondrej Majer, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Tero Tulenheimo (eds.), Games: Unifying Logic, Language, and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 209--227.
  14. A Difficult Relationship?Christian G. Allesch - 2011 - In Madalina Diaconu & Miloš Ševčík (eds.), Aesthetics Revisited: Tradition and Perspectives in Austria and the Czech Republic. Global [Distributor].
     
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  15. Aesthetic Experience in the Age of Globalization.Christian G. Allesch - 2003 - Dialogue and Universalism 13 (11-12):95-102.
     
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  16.  30
    Hans Driesch and the Problems of “Normal Psychology”. Rereading His Crisis in Psychology (1925).Christian G. Allesch - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (2):455-461.
  17.  2
    Hans Driesch and the Problems of “Normal Psychology”. Rereading His Crisis in Psychology.Christian G. Allesch - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (2):455-461.
  18.  42
    Review: Vagueness and Degrees of Truth. [REVIEW]Christian G. Fermüller - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Logic 9:1-9.
    Vagueness is one of the most persistent and challenging topics in the intersection of philosophy and logic. At least five other noteworthy books on vagueness have been written by philosophers since 1991 [2, 6, 11, 12, 15]. A (necessarily incomplete) bibliography that has been compiled for the Arché project Vagueness: its Nature and Logic (2004-2006) of the University of St Andrews lists more than 350 articles and books on vagueness until 2005.1 Many new and interesting contributions have appeared since. The (...)
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  19.  19
    A New Approach to Modifying Theories of Gravity.Christian G. Böhmer & Nicola Tamanini - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (12):1478-1488.
    We propose a new point of view for interpreting Newton’s and Einstein’s theories of gravity. By taking inspiration from Continuum Mechanics and its treatment of anisotropies, we formulate new gravitational actions for modified theories of gravity. These models are simple and natural generalisations with many interesting properties. Above all, their precise form can, in principle, be determined experimentally.
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  20. Gesammelte Kleine Philosophische Schriften.Christian Wolff & F. H. G. - 1981
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  21.  30
    The Christian Wager: R. G. SWINBURNE.R. G. Swinburne - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):217-228.
    On what grounds will the rational man become a Christian? It is often assumed by many, especially non-Christians, that he will become a Christian if and only if he judges that the evidence available to him shows that it is more likely than not that the Christian theological system is true, that, in mathematical terms, on the evidence available to him, the probability of its truth is greater than half. It is the purpose of this paper to (...)
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  22.  21
    Asymmetric Function of Theta and Gamma Activity in Syllable Processing: An Intra-Cortical Study.Benjamin Morillon, Catherine Liégeois-Chauvel, Luc H. Arnal, Christian-G. Bénar & Anne-Lise Giraud - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  23. The Christian View of Man. By Vergilius Ferm.J. Gresham Machen - 1936 - Ethics 47:504.
     
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  24. Aménagement hydroélectrique et droits communautaires dans l’Himalaya oriental.Deepak Kumar Mishra & Christian G. Caubet - 2019 - Multitudes 2:191.
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  25.  19
    Facial Feminization Surgery in Gender Dysphoria Should Be Reimbursed Like Genital Surgery, but the Main Problem Lies Elsewhere.David Garcia Nuñez & Christian G. Huber - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):27-29.
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  26.  13
    An Operational Restatement of G. E. M?Ller's Psychophysical Axioms.E. G. Boring - 1941 - Psychological Review 48 (6):457-464.
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  27.  6
    Comments on 'A Conversation About Fuzzy Logic and Vagueness' by Christian G. Fermüller and Petr Hájek.Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2011 - In Petr Cintula, Christian G. Fermüller, Lluis Godo & Petr Hájek (eds.), Understanding Vagueness: Logical, Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. College Publications. pp. 417-21.
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  28. Understanding Vagueness: Logical, Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives.Petr Cintula, Christian G. Fermüller, Lluis Godo & Petr Hájek (eds.) - 2011 - College Publications.
     
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  29. Removing Redundancy From a Clause.Georg Gottlob & Christian G. Fermüller - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 61 (2):263-289.
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  30.  7
    Good News: Social Ethics and the Press.Clifford G. Christians & P. Mark Fackler - 1993 - Oup Usa.
    Three experts in media ethics reexamine ethical behaviour in news gathering and reporting. The book combines a wide range of real-life and hypothetical examples of ethical dilemmas in news reporting with a thoughtful critique of the underlying individualistic theories of mainstream media ethics.
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  31.  36
    Organizational Virtue Orientation and Family Firms.G. Tyge Payne, Keith H. Brigham, J. Christian Broberg, Todd W. Moss & Jeremy C. Short - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (2):257-285.
    This manuscript develops the concept of organizational virtue orientation (OVO) and examines differences between family and non-family firms on the six organizational virtue dimensions of Integrity, Empathy, Warmth, Courage, Conscientiousness, and Zeal. Using content analysis of shareholder letters from S&P 500 companies, our analyses find that there are significant differences between family and non-family firms in their espoused OVO, with family firms generally being higher. Specifically, family firms were significantly higher on the dimensions of Empathy, Warmth, and Zeal, but lower (...)
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  32. Good News: Social Ethics and the Press.Clifford G. Christians, John P. Ferré & P. Mark Fackler - 1993 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Mass media ethics and the classical liberal ideal of the autonomous individual are historically linked and professionally dominant--yet the authors of this work feel this is intrinsically flawed. They show how recent research in philosophy and social science--together with a longer tradition in theological inquiry--insist that community, mutuality, and relationship are fundamental to a full concept of personhood. The authors argue that "persons-in-community" provides a more defensible grounding for journalists' professional moral decision-making in crucial areas such as truthtelling, privacy, organizational (...)
     
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  33.  2
    The Proposer or the Proposal? An Experimental Analysis of Constitutional Beliefs.Kenneth Mori McElwain, Shusei Eshima & Christian G. Winkler - 2021 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 22 (1):15-39.
    In many countries, constitutional amendments require the direct approval of voters, but the consequences of fundamental changes to the powers and operations of the state are difficult to anticipate. The referendums literature suggests that citizens weigh their prior beliefs about the merits of proposals against the heuristic provided by the partisanship of the proposer, but the relative salience of these factors across constitutional issue areas remains underexplored. This paper examines the determinants of citizen preferences on 12 diverse constitutional issues, based (...)
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  34.  14
    Mindfulness Training Affects Attention—Or is It Attentional Effort?Christian Gaden Jensen, Signe Vangkilde, Vibe Frokjaer & Steen G. Hasselbalch - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):106-123.
  35.  45
    Deborah G. Mayo & Aris Spanos, Eds. 2009. Error and Inference (Christian Hennig).Christian Hennig - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):245-247.
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  36. C. G. Christians et J. M. Van Hook , "j. Ellul. Interpretative essays". [REVIEW]G. Hottois - 1987 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 41 (2):307.
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  37. BARBOUR, G. F. -A Philosophical Study of Christian Ethics. [REVIEW]G. Galloway - 1913 - Mind 22:297.
     
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  38.  8
    When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.Christian Perring, G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):623.
    Stephens and Grahamset themselves an apparently modest task, to understand why people who experience alien voices and inserted thoughts do not believe that they themselves are the source of these experiences. However, it soon becomes clear that there are many connected issues here. In eight short chapters, they address the phenomenology and ontology of consciousness, the phenomenology of alien voices, inserted thoughts, obsessive-compulsive thoughts and feelings, and other cases of unusual experience often associated with psychopathology, including brief discussion of multiple (...)
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  39. Utilitarianism in Media Ethics and its Discontents.Clifford G. Christians - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (2-3):113 – 131.
    Utilitarianism has dominated media ethics for a century. For Mill, individual autonomy and neutrality are the foundations of his On Liberty and System of Logic, as well as his Utilitarianism. These concepts fit naturally with media ethics theory and professional practice in a democratic society. However, the weaknesses in utilitarianism articulated by Ross and others direct us at this stage to a dialogic ethics of duty instead. Habermas's discourse ethics, feminist ethics, and communitarian ethics are examples of duty ethics rooted (...)
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  40.  56
    Religious Intensity, Evangelical Christianity, and Business Ethics: An Empirical Study.Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):371-384.
    Research on the relationship between religious commitment and business ethics has produced widely varying results and made the impact of such commitment unclear. This study presents an empirical investigation based on a questionnaire survey of business managers and professionals in the United States yielding a database of 1234 respondents. Respondents evaluated the ethical acceptability of 16 business decisions. Findings varied with the way in which the religion variable was measured. Little relationship between religious commitment and ethical judgment was found when (...)
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  41. Basic Christian Ethics. By Robert G. Stephens.Paul Ramsey & Thomas J. Higgins - 1950 - Ethics 61 (3):235-236.
  42. J. G. Hamann: A Study in Christian Existence.R. G. SMITH - 1960
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  43.  9
    The Ethics of Antibiotic Resistance: Towards an Agenda for Feasible and Justified Global Health Policy.Christian Munthe, Niels Nijsingh, Karl de Fine Licht & D. G. Joakim Larsson - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):731-733.
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  44.  5
    The Lucas Critique: A Lucas Critique.Christian Müller-Kademann - 2018 - Economic Thought 7 (2):54.
    The Lucas critique has been – and continues to be – the cornerstone of modern macroeconomic modelling. In this note we apply the Lucas critique to macroeconomic modelling using deep rational expectations. In conclusion, we point out that Lucas's critique reveals a fundamental flaw in Lucas's own, popular 'solution', i.e., the so-called forward-looking rational expectations models. Heeding Lucas's call for model-consistent policy advice eventually requires an ontological shift in economics – which throws the door wide open to an exciting, hardly-explored (...)
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  45.  57
    Media Ethics on a Higher Order of Magnitude.Clifford G. Christians - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):3 – 14.
    Between Summits I and II, media ethics established its legitimacy, summarized into recommendations for the field's future fluorescence. This history points to the challenges through which media ethics moves to another order of magnitude. A historical map of media ethics scholarship since 1980 divides into 5 domains, and each is introduced: theory, social philosophy, religious ethics, technology, and truth. From this content analysis of the literature, an agenda emerges for research and academic study that can raise media ethics to a (...)
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  46.  84
    Bioethics, Christian Charity and the View From No Place.G. Trotter - 2005 - Christian Bioethics 11 (3):317-331.
    This essay contrasts the notions of charity employed by Traditional Christianity and by liberal cosmopolitan bioethics, arguing that: (1) bioethics attempts to reconstruct the notion of charity in a manner that is caustic to the Traditional Christian moral vision, (2) Christians are, on the whole, more charitable than proponents of bioethics' reconstructed view (even given the standards of the latter), and (3) the theistically oriented conception of charity employed by Traditional Christianity cannot be expressed in bioethics' purportedly neutral public (...)
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  47.  20
    God in Early Christian Thought: Essays in Memory of Lloyd G. Patterson.L. G. Patterson, Andrew Brian McGowan, Brian Daley & Timothy J. Gaden (eds.) - 2009 - Brill.
    These essays use particular issues, thinkers and texts to engage the question of God in early Christianity.
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  48. The Psychology of Christian Conversion.Robert O. Ferm - 1959 - [Westwood, N.J.]F. H. Revell Co..
     
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  49.  8
    Taking Off the Blinders: The Critical Phase of Suicidality Doesn’T End With Discharge From Inpatient Treatment.Andres R. Schneeberger, Undine E. Lang, Stefan Borgwardt & Christian G. Huber - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):93-94.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 93-94.
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  50.  3
    Medical Ethics in Extreme and Austere Environments.Christian S. Pingree, Travis R. Newberry, K. Christopher McMains & G. Richard Holt - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (4):345-356.
    American society has a history of turning to physicians during times of extreme need, from plagues in the past to recent outbreaks of communicable diseases. This public instinct comes from a deep seated trust in physician duty that has been earned over the centuries through dedicated and selfless care, often in the face of personal risks. As dangers facing our communities include terroristic events physicians must be adequately prepared to respond, both medically and ethically. While the ethical principles that govern (...)
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