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Christina Behme
Mount Saint Vincent University
  1.  36
    Towards a Universal Model of Reading.Ram Frost, Christina Behme, Madeleine El Beveridge, Thomas H. Bak, Jeffrey S. Bowers, Max Coltheart, Stephen Crain, Colin J. Davis, S. Hélène Deacon & Laurie Beth Feldman - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):263.
    In the last decade, reading research has seen a paradigmatic shift. A new wave of computational models of orthographic processing that offer various forms of noisy position or context-sensitive coding have revolutionized the field of visual word recognition. The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order. Underlying the current revolution is the theoretical assumption that the insensitivity of readers to letter order reflects the (...)
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  2. Language Learning in Infancy: Does the Empirical Evidence Support a Domain Specific Language Acquisition Device?Christina Behme & Helene Deacon - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):641 – 671.
    Poverty of the Stimulus Arguments have convinced many linguists and philosophers of language that a domain specific language acquisition device (LAD) is necessary to account for language learning. Here we review empirical evidence that casts doubt on the necessity of this domain specific device. We suggest that more attention needs to be paid to the early stages of language acquisition. Many seemingly innate language-related abilities have to be learned over the course of several months. Further, the language input contains rich (...)
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  3.  74
    Assessing Direct and Indirect Evidence in Linguistic Research.Christina Behme - 2014 - Topoi 33 (2):373-383.
    This paper focuses on the linguistic evidence base provided by proponents of conceptualism (e.g., Chomsky) and rational realism (e.g., Katz) and challenges some of the arguments alleging that the evidence allowed by conceptualists is superior to that of rational realists. Three points support this challenge. First, neither conceptualists nor realists are in a position to offer direct evidence. This challenges the conceptualists’ claim that their evidence is inherently superior. Differences between the kinds of available indirect evidence will be discussed. Second, (...)
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  4.  67
    Languages as Evolving Organisms – the Solution to the Logical Problem of Language Evolution?Christina Behme - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):512-513.
    Christiansen & Chater (C&C) argue persuasively that Universal Grammar (UG) could not have arisen through evolutionary processes. I provide additional suggestions to strengthen the argument against UG evolution. Further, I suggest that C&C's solution to the logical problem of language evolution faces several problems. Widening the focus to mechanisms of general cognition and inclusion of animal communication research might overcome these problems.
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  5.  70
    Language Universals. [REVIEW]Christina Behme - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):867-871.
  6.  26
    Noam Chomsky , The Science of Language. Interview with James McGilvray . Reviewed By.Christina Behme - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (2):100-103.
  7.  20
    Does Kinship Terminology Provide Evidence for or Against Universal Grammar?Christina Behme - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):381 - 382.
    Jones introduces an intricate machinery of kin classification that overcomes limitations of previous accounts. I question whether such a machinery is plausible. Because individuals never need to learn the entire spectrum of kin terminology, they could rely on data-driven learning. The complexity of Jones's machinery for kin classification casts doubt on the existence of innate structures that cover the complete linguistic domain.
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  8.  13
    Michael Funk Deckard and Peter Losonczi, Eds., Philosophy Begins in Wonder: An Introduction to Early Modern Philosophy, Theology, and Science. [REVIEW]Christina Behme - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (5):331-333.
  9.  10
    Does Sexual Selection Explain Why Human Aggression Peaks in Early Childhood?Christina Behme - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):267-268.
    Archer provides seemingly compelling evidence for his claim that sexual selection explains sex differences in human aggression better than social role theory. I challenge Archer's interpretation of some of this evidence. I argue that the same evidence could be used to support the claim that what has been selected for is the ability to curb aggression and discuss implications for Archer's theory.
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  10.  7
    The Role of Mirror Neurons in Language Acquisition and Evolution.Christina Behme - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):192-193.
  11.  8
    Review of Ray Jackendoff, Language, Consciousness, Culture: Essays on Mental Structure. [REVIEW]Christina Behme - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (2).
  12.  4
    Uncertainty About the Value of Quantum Probability for Cognitive Modeling.Christina Behme - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):279-280.
    I argue that the overly simplistic scenarios discussed by Pothos & Busemeyer (P&B) establish at best that quantum probability theory (QPT) is a logical possibility allowing distinct predictions from classical probability theory (CPT). The article fails, however, to provide convincing evidence for the proposal that QPT offers unique insights regarding cognition and the nature of human rationality.
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  13.  5
    Can Evolution Provide Perfectly Optimal Solutions for a Universal Model of Reading?Christina Behme - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):279-280.
    Frost has given us good reason to question the universality of existing computational models of reading. Yet, he has not provided arguments showing that all languages share fundamental and invariant reading universals. His goal of outlining the blueprint principles for a universal model of reading is premature. Further, it is questionable whether natural evolution can provide the optimal solutions that Frost invokes.
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  14.  8
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Iris van Rooij, Christina Behme, Liane Gabora & Dorothée Legrand - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):659 – 680.
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  15. Disagreement About 'Universals' or Universal Disagreement?Christina Behme - 2010 - Gnosis 11 (2):1-10.
    It has been widely assumed that all languages share some structural features; language universals. Evans and Levinson challenge this assumption and provide a wealth of empirical evidence supporting their claim that linguistic diversity is the most remarkable characteristic of human languages. The response to their paper reveals fundamental disagreements, indicating that different authors rely on substantially different definitions of key terms such as ‘language’ and ‘language universal’. In this paper I will not take sides but discuss the implications of these (...)
     
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