Results for 'Christoffer Klenk'

74 found
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  1.  6
    Sportvereine Als Interessenorganisationen?! – Ursachen Und Auswirkungen von Ziel-Interessen-Divergenzen in Freiwilligen Sportorganisationen / Sports Clubs as Mutual Interest Organizations? – Causes and Effects of Divergences Between Club Goals and Member Interests in Volunteer Sports Organizations.Siegfried Nagel & Christoffer Klenk - 2012 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 9 (1):3-37.
    Zusammenfassung Für Sportvereine als Interessenorganisationen scheint die Rückbindung der Vereinsziele an die Mitgliederinteressen von zentraler Bedeutung zu sein. In der Vereinsrealität dürfte aber diese Rückbindung nur teilweise gewährleistet sein und folglich Ziel-Interessen-Divergenzen eher die Norm als die Ausnahme darstellen. Vor diesem Hintergrund stellt sich die Frage, welche Ursachen für Ziel-Interessen- Divergenzen verantwortlich zu machen sind und welche Auswirkungen sich daraus für die Vereine ergeben. Dieser Frage geht der vorliegende Beitrag nach, indem auf der Grundlage des akteurtheoretischen Mehr-Ebenen-Modells zur Analyse der (...)
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  2.  65
    Change in Moral View: Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology.Michael Klenk - forthcoming - In Higher Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Most epistemologists maintain that we are rationally required to believe what our evidence supports. Generally speaking, any factor that makes it more probable that a given state of affairs obtains (or does not obtain) is evidence (for that state of affairs). In line with this view, many metaethicists believe that we are rationally required to believe what’s morally right and wrong based on what our moral evidence (e.g. our moral intuitions, along with descriptive information about the world) supports. However, sometimes (...)
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  3.  61
    Digital Well-Being and Manipulation Online.Michael Klenk - forthcoming - In Christopher Burr & Luciano Floridi (eds.), Ethics of Digital Well-being: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer.
    Social media use is soaring globally. Existing research of its ethical implications predominantly focuses on the relationships amongst human users online, and their effects. The nature of the software-to-human relationship and its impact on digital well-being, however, has not been sufficiently addressed yet. This paper aims to close the gap. I argue that some intelligent software agents, such as newsfeed curator algorithms in social media, manipulate human users because they do not intend their means of influence to reveal the user’s (...)
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  4.  59
    Evolutionary Ethics.Michael Klenk - 2019 - Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics.
    This chapter first introduces naturalistic approaches to ethics more generally and distinguishes methodological ethical naturalism (the focus of this chapter), from metaphysical ethical naturalism. The second part then discusses evolutionary ethics as a specific variant of methodological ethical naturalism. After introducing the concepts of evolutionary theory that are relevant for evolutionary ethics, I will sketch the history of evolutionary ethics, which offers an interesting lesson about why it became a controversial topic, and then focus on four central questions about ethics (...)
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  5.  19
    Survival of Defeat - Evolution, Moral Objectivity, and Undercutting.Michael Klenk - 2018 - Dissertation, Utrecht University
  6.  60
    Hanno Sauer, Debunking Arguments in Ethics , Pp. Xi + 244. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2019 - Utilitas 8 (4):1-5.
  7.  40
    Autonomy and Online Manipulation.Michael Klenk & Jeff Hancock - 2019 - Internet Policy Review:1-11.
    More and more researchers argue that online technologies manipulate human users and, therefore, undermine their autonomy. We call this the MAL view on online technology because it argues from Manipulation to Autonomy-Loss. MAL enjoys public visibility and will shape the academic discussion to come. This view of online technology, however, fails conceptually. MAL presupposes that manipulation equals autonomy loss, and that autonomy is the absence of manipulation. That is mistaken. In short, an individual can be manipulated while being fully personally (...)
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  8.  91
    Moral Philosophy and the ‘Ethical Turn’ in Anthropology.Michael Klenk - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie:1-23.
    Moral philosophy continues to be enriched by an ongoing empirical turn,mainly through contributions from neuroscience, biology, and psychology. Thusfar, cultural anthropology has largely been missing. A recent and rapidly growing‘ethical turn’ within cultural anthropologynow explicitly and systematically studiesmorality. This research report aims to introduce to an audience in moral philosophyseveral notable works within the ethical turn. It does so by critically discussing theethical turn’s contributions to four topics: the definition of morality, the nature ofmoral change and progress, the truth of (...)
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  9. Can Moral Realists Deflect Defeat Due to Evolutionary Explanations of Morality?Michael Klenk - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):227-248.
    I address Andrew Moon's recent discussion (2016, this journal) of the question whether third-factor accounts are valid responses to debunking arguments against moral realism. Moon argues that third-factor responses are valid under certain conditions but leaves open whether moral realists can use his interpretation of the third-factor response to defuse the evolutionary debunking challenge. I rebut Moon's claim and answer his question. Moon's third-factor reply is valid only if we accept externalism about epistemic defeaters. However, even if we do, I (...)
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  10.  30
    Objectivist Conditions for Defeat and Evolutionary Debunking Arguments.Michael Klenk - 2019 - Ratio 32 (4):246-259.
    I make a case for distinguishing clearly between subjective and objective accounts of undercutting defeat and for rejecting a hybrid view that takes both subjective and objective elements to be relevant for whether or not a belief is defeated. Moderate subjectivists claim that taking a belief to be defeated is sufficient for the belief to be defeated; subjectivist idealists add that if an idealised agent takes a belief to be defeated then the belief is defeated. Subjectivist idealism evades some of (...)
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  11. Old Wine in New Bottles.Michael Klenk - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):781-795.
    Evolutionary debunking arguments purport to show that robust moral realism, the metaethical view that there are non-natural and mind-independent moral properties and facts that we can know about, is incompatible with evolutionary explanations of morality. One of the most prominent evolutionary debunking arguments is advanced by Sharon Street, who argues that if moral realism were true, then objective moral knowledge is unlikely because realist moral properties are evolutionary irrelevant and moral beliefs about those properties would not be selected for. However, (...)
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  12.  20
    Evolution and Moral Disagreement.Michael Klenk - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 14 (2).
    Several philosophers have recently argued that evolutionary considerations undermine the justification of all objectivist moral beliefs by implying a hypothetical disagreement: had our evolutionary history been different, our moral beliefs would conflict with the moral beliefs of our counterfactual selves. This paper aims at showing that evolutionary considerations do not imply epistemically relevant moral disagreement. In nearby scenarios, evolutionary considerations imply tremendous moral agreement. In remote scenarios, evolutionary considerations do not entail relevant disagreement with our epistemic peers, neither on a (...)
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  13.  25
    Third Factor Explanations and Disagreement in Metaethics.Michael Klenk - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    Several moral objectivists try to explain the reliability of moral beliefs by appealing to a third factor, a substantive moral claim that explains, first, why we have the moral beliefs that we have and, second, why these beliefs are true. Folke Tersman has recently suggested that moral disagreement constrains the epistemic legitimacy of third-factor explanations. Apart from constraining third-factor explanations, Tersman’s challenge could support the view that the epistemic significance of debunking explanations depends on the epistemic significance of disagreement. This (...)
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  14.  15
    Moral Reality and the Empirical Sciences, Written by Thomas Pölzler. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism:1-9.
  15.  15
    Review - Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2019 - Metapsychology 23 (24).
  16.  60
    Measuring Moral Development.Michael Klenk - 2017 - de Filosoof 75:21-23.
    In the aftermath of the financial crisis, heightened awareness of ethical issues has sparked increased efforts toward moral education within universities and businesses. In many cases, psychological tests are used to measure whether moral development occurs. As long as we understand moral development as synonymous with moral progress, this may seem like a good sign: it would appear that such tests give us a handle on moral progress. Alas, moral development and moral progress are two very different things. And although (...)
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  17.  75
    Review of Richard Joyce's Essays in Moral Skepticism. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2017 - Ethical Perspectives 24 (1):158-162.
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  18.  53
    Intended Models and the Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem.Virginia Klenk - 1976 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (4):475-489.
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  19.  58
    Terence Cuneo. Speech and Morality. On the Metaethical Implications of Speaking. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2015 - Ethical Perspectives 22 (2):345-350.
  20.  6
    Molecular Mechanisms of Interspecies Transmission and Pathogenicity of Influenza Viruses: Lessons From the 2009 Pandemic.Hans D. Klenk, Wolfgang Garten & Mikhail Matrosovich - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (3):180-188.
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  21.  81
    Philosophy, Science and Divine Action Edited by F. LeRon Shults, Nancey Murphy, and Robert John Russell.H. Grundmann Christoffer & R. Eckrich John - 2011 - Zygon 46 (3):764-765.
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  22.  37
    Understanding Symbolic Logic.Virginia Klenk - 1983 - Pearson Prentice Hall.
    This comprehensive introduction presents the fundamentals of symbolic logic clearly, systematically, and in a straightforward style accessible to readers. Each chapter, or unit, is divided into easily comprehended small bites that enable learners to master the material step-by-step, rather than being overwhelmed by masses of information covered too quickly. The book provides extremely detailed explanations of procedures and techniques, and was written in the conviction that anyone can thoroughly master its content. A four-part organization covers sentential logic, monadic predicate logic, (...)
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  23.  17
    Review of The Social Psychology of Morality. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2016 - Metapsychology Online 20 (48):1-8.
    If you put chimpanzees from different communities together you can expect mayhem - they are not keen on treating each other nicely. There is closely related species of apes, however, whose members have countless encounters with unrelated specimen on a daily basis and yet almost all get through the day in one piece - that species is us, homo sapiens. But what makes us get along, most of the time? Morality as such is, perhaps surprisingly, not a mainstream research topic (...)
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  24.  20
    Eric Wielenberg, Robust Ethics. The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 196 Pp., £35 , ISBN 9780198714323. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2016 - Dialectica 70 (3):482-488.
  25. Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics.V. H. Klenk - 1976 - M. Nijhoff.
  26.  27
    Self-Paced Logic Without Computers.Virginia Klenk - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (3):239-246.
  27.  5
    Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics.Virginia H. Klenk - 1980 - Noûs 14 (1):130-133.
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  28.  10
    Individualethische Ansätze.Walter Hömberg & Christian Klenk - 2010 - In Christian Schicha & Carsten Brosda (eds.), Handbuch Medienethik. Vs Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. pp. 41--52.
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  29.  13
    Handling Complexity with Self-Organizing Fractial Semantic Networks.Jurgen Klenk, Gerd Binnig & Gunter Schmidt - 2000 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (4):151-162.
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  30.  8
    What Mathematical Truth Need Not Be.Virginia Klenk - 1990 - In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 197--208.
  31.  10
    50 Great Myths About Atheism.Russell Blackford, SchÜ & Udo Klenk - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Tackling a host of myths and prejudices commonly leveled at atheism, this captivating volume bursts with sparkling, eloquent arguments on every page.
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  32. 50 Voices of Disbelief: Why We Are Atheists.Russell Blackford, SchÜ & Udo Klenk (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  33.  6
    Higher Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology.Michael Klenk (ed.) - forthcoming - Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic look at current challenges in moral epistemology through the lens of research on higher-order evidence. Fueled by recent advances in empirical research, higher-order evidence has generated a wealth of insights about the genealogy of moral beliefs. Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology explores how these insights have an impact on the epistemic status of moral beliefs. The essays are divided into four thematic sections. Part I addresses the normative significance of higher-order evidence for moral epistemology. Part (...)
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  34. Heidegger Und Kant.G. F. Klenk - 1953 - Gregorianum 34:56-71.
  35. Management in a Liquid Modern World. [REVIEW]Michael Klenk - 2015 - Ethical Perspectives 22 (2):345-349.
     
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  36. The Ethics of “Following Nature” in Forestry: Academic Forest Scientists and Rolston’s Environmental Ethics.Nicole Klenk - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (1):67-84.
    Analysis of academic forest scientists’ ethical reasoning and values given decision-making scenarios indicates that Holmes Rolston, III’s value theory, specifically his ethics of “following nature” is an important and current environmental ethics in forestry. Nevertheless, while academic forest scientists appear to espouse “following nature” in decision making, they also make use of numerous other values and ethics. Academic forest scientists’ moral reasoning is more akin to a pragmatic approach to decision making rather than an approach based on building or advocating (...)
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  37.  5
    Listening to the Birds: A Pragmatic Proposal for Forestry.Nicole Klenk - 2008 - Environmental Values 17 (3):331-351.
    Recently, natural scientists have begun to support an interpretive turn in ecology. Yet the ethical implications of interpreting nature have not been sufficiently addressed. In this essay, I use different interpretations of nature to make three distinct but related points relevant to forestry : ecological narratives should be evaluated on the basis of ethical norms, the choice of which interpretations of nature and ethical norms to use in environmental policy should be conducted by a process of public deliberation, and scientific (...)
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  38.  60
    Wittgenstein and Philosophical Psychology: Essays in Honour of Lars Hertzberg – Edited by Christoffer Gefwert and Olli Lagerspetz.Liam Hughes - 2010 - Philosophical Investigations 33 (3):274-278.
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  39. Review of S. Gaukroger, The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility. [REVIEW]Charles T. Wolfe & Christoffer Basse Eriksen - 2016 - Intellectual History Review 26 (4).
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  40. Behandling Af Idiopatisk Perifer Facialisparese, Også Kaldet Bells Parese.Martin Willy Meyer & Christoffer Holst Hahn - 2002 - Bioethics 16:202-30.
     
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  41.  8
    Wissenschaft im Glaubenskampf. Geschichte als Argument in den akademischen Festreden Emil DuBois-Reymonds.Christoffer Leber & Kärin Nickelsen - 2016 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 39 (2):143-164.
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  42. The Cosmic Breath: Spirit and Nature in the Christianity‐Buddhism‐Science Trialogue. By Amos Yong. Philosophical Studies in Science and Religion Vol. 4, Edited by F. LeRon Shults. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012. Xv + 282 Pp. Hardcover $182.00, Euro 131.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2013 - Zygon 48 (2):500-502.
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  43.  73
    A Natural History of Natural Theology: The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion. By Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015. Xvii + 246 Pages. US $36.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2015 - Zygon 50 (4):1024-1026.
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  44.  6
    Economic Circumstances in Childhood and Subsequent Substance Use in Adolescence – A Latent Class Analysis: The Youth@Hordaland Study.Jens Christoffer Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Mari Hysing, Ove Heradstveit & Tormod Bøe - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  14
    Human Mate Choice and the Wedding Ring Effect.Tobias Uller & L. Christoffer Johansson - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (3):267-276.
    Individuals are often restricted to indirect cues when assessing the mate value of a potential partner. Females of some species have been shown to copy each other’s choice; in other words, the probability of a female choosing a particular male increases if he has already been chosen by other females. Recently it has been suggested that mate-choice copying could be an important aspect of human mate choice as well. We tested one of the hypotheses, the so-called wedding ring effect—that women (...)
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  46.  57
    The Human Being: A Theological Anthropology. By Hans Schwarz. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2013. Xiv + 402 Pp. Softcover $35.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):550-551.
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  47.  39
    Re‐Vision: A New Look at the Relationship Between Science and Religion. By Clifford Chalmers Cain. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2015. Xii + 164 Pages. US $29.99. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2016 - Zygon 51 (2):536-537.
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  48.  50
    Flourishing: Health, Disease, and Bioethics in Theological Perspective. By Neil Messer. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2013. Xvii + 238 Pp. Softcover $35.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):252-253.
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  49.  42
    Zen‐Brain Horizons: Toward a Living Zen. By James H. Austin, MD. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014. Xxi + 273 Pages. US $27.95. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2015 - Zygon 50 (4):1022-1024.
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  50.  46
    Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation. By Steve Clarke, Russell Powell, and Julian Savulescu. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2013. Xviii + 282 Pp. Hardcover £30.00/$55.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2014 - Zygon 49 (1):259-260.
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