Results for 'Christoph H��lscher'

999 found
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  1.  18
    Government for the People: A Reply to the Symposium.Christopher H. Achen & Larry M. Bartels - 2018 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 30 (1-2):139-162.
    ABSTRACTIf representative democracy is not about elected officials responding directly to voters’ preferences, and if the voters do a poor job of voting their interests in referendums, then what is democracy about? In our view, a satisfactory theory of democracy would focus normatively on the social identities and political interests of citizens rather than on their expressed policy preferences, and empirically on the ability of organized or attentive groups to get those identities and interests effectively recognized and acted on in (...)
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  2. The Legend of Order and Chaos: Communities and Early Community Ecology.Christopher H. Eliot - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Browne & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. Elsevier. pp. 49--108.
    A community, for ecologists, is a unit for discussing collections of organisms. It refers to collections of populations, which consist (by definition) of individuals of a single species. This is straightforward. But communities are unusual kinds of objects, if they are objects at all. They are collections consisting of other diverse, scattered, partly-autonomous, dynamic entities (that is, animals, plants, and other organisms). They often lack obvious boundaries or stable memberships, as their constituent populations not only change but also move in (...)
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  3. The Anatomy of the Vertebrate Nervous System: An Evolutionary and Developmental Perspective.Christopher H. Yeo - 1979 - In David A. Oakley & H. C. Plotkin (eds.), Brain, Behaviour, and Evolution. Methuen & Company. pp. 663--28.
     
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  4. Cracking the Code of Education Reform: Creative Compliance and Ethical Leadership.Christopher H. Tienken - 2019 - Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin.
    School leaders must navigate multiple education reform issues while remaining focused on the daily commitment of providing a quality education to all students. In many cases, the education reforms enacted by policy makers lack empirical support and/or result in potentially unwelcome or unethical practices, yet they are cloaked in rhetoric that makes it difficult for school leaders to accurately decipher the potential impacts on students and teachers. The lack of a practical framework from which to critique reforms such as using (...)
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  5. Cross-Level Inference.Christopher H. Achen & W. Phillips Shively - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    This volume explains why older methods like ecological regression so often fail, and it gives the most comprehensive treatment available of the promising new techniques for cross-level inference.
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  6.  18
    Pattern Cladism, Homology, and Theory-Neutrality.Christopher H. Pearson - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (4).
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  7.  55
    Human Nature and the Possibility of Life After Death: Why Christian Orthodoxy Requires Compositional Substance Dualism.Christopher H. Conn - 2008 - Philosophy and Theology 20 (1/2):129-149.
    In part one of this paper I argue that there are three possible accounts of human nature: we are either purely material beings, purely spiritual beings, or body/soul composites. In parts two and three I assess the relative merits of these positions both from a broadly secular perspective and also from the perspective of Christian orthodoxy. While both perspectives are mostly strongly opposed to the thesis that we are souls, and while a secular perspective is likely to favor some form (...)
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  8.  60
    Sexual Reorientation Therapy: Response to Carlton.Christopher H. Rosik - 2004 - Christian Bioethics 10 (2-3):155-160.
    Clark Carlton brings a much-needed theological sensitivity to the issues surrounding current debates about homosexuality and the ethics of sexual reorientation therapy. Yet, Carlton’s portrayal seems to mischaracterize and unnecessarily dismiss reorientation therapy on etiological and other theoretical grounds. It is suggested that for most therapists engaged in sexual reorientation therapy the role of developmental factors in homosexual attraction is neither overstated nor minimized.
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  9. Competition Theory and Channeling Explanation.Christopher H. Eliot - 2011 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 3 (20130604):1-16.
    The complexity and heterogeneity of causes influencing ecology’s domain challenge its capacity to generate a general theory without exceptions, raising the question of whether ecology is capable, even in principle, of achieving the sort of theoretical success enjoyed by physics. Weber has argued that competition theory built around the Competitive Exclusion Principle (especially Tilman’s resource-competition model) offers an example of ecology identifying a law-like causal regularity. However, I suggest that as Weber presents it, the CEP is not yet a causal (...)
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  10.  18
    Inquiry and Critical Thinking in School-Based Problem Solving: Behavioral Psychology in the Schools.Christopher H. Skinner - 2002 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 (4):5-7.
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  11.  22
    Ecological Interdependence Via Constraints.Christopher H. Eliot - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):1115-1126.
    Although ecological theory has historically focused on negative interactions among populations, like competition and predation, ecologists and conservation biologists highlight the significance of interdependence. It is not clear, however, what is asserted in the causal hypothesis that one population is interdependent on others. This essay argues that the most informative causal regularities for representing dependencies are those connecting populations through environmental constraint variables. Interdependence among populations can thus be understood as constraint-mediated dependency relations connected in a circuit.
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  12. A Defense of Secession and Political Self-Determination.Christopher H. Wellman - 1995 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (2):142-171.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  13.  21
    Description, Explanation, and Explanatory Depth in Developmental Biology.Christopher H. Pearson - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 345--356.
  14.  53
    Is Heritability Explanatorily Useful?Christopher H. Pearson - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (1):270-288.
    The paper addresses the question of whether heritability can be useful in establishing genetics as an explanation for an individual’s display of some trait or behavior. After reviewing the fundamental philosophical challenge to heritability—that heritability is a population level measure—an argument is presented for rethinking the role heritability occupies in both causal and explanatory claims. It is argued that heritability can be useful for genetically based explanations of individual traits, if the conditions for proper genetic explanation are modestly reconceived, and (...)
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  15.  95
    Anselmian Spacetime: Omnipresence and the Created Order.Christopher H. Conn - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (2):260-270.
    For Anselm, the attribute of omnipresence is not merely concerned with where God exists, but with where and when God exists. His account of this attribute thus precipitates a discourse on the nature of space and time: how they are related to God, to one another, and to the rest of the created order. In the course of this analysis Anselm articulates a number of positions which are generally thought to be the sole possession of modernity. In Part One of (...)
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  16.  29
    Two Arguments for Lockean Four‐Dimensionalism.Christopher H. Conn - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (3):429 – 446.
  17.  14
    What Is the Psychosocial Impact of Providing Genetic and Genomic Health Information to Individuals? An Overview of Systematic Reviews.Christopher H. Wade - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (supplement S1):S88-S96.
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  18.  58
    Hempel’s Provisos and Ceteris Paribus Clauses.Christopher H. Eliot - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2):207-218.
    The problem of ceteris paribus clauses and Hempel’s problem of provisos are closely-related difficulties. Both challenge advocates of accounts of scientific theories involving laws understood as universal generalizations, and they have been treated as identical problems. Earman and Roberts argue that the problems are distinct. Towards arguing against them, I characterize the relationship between Hempel’s provisos and one way of expressing ceteris paribus clauses. I then describe the relationship between the problems attributed to the clauses, suggesting that they form a (...)
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  19.  30
    Biodiversity as a General, Scientific Concept.Christopher H. Eliot - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (1):41-43.
    Morar et al. argue that justifications for conservation based on assessments of biodiversity are vacuous, because ‘biodiversity’ is a flawed concept. However, their analysis of the concept mistakes how scientific concepts function. The concept ‘biodiversity’ stands up to their criticisms.
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  20.  29
    Does Environmental Pragmatism Shirk Philosophical Duty?Christopher H. Pearson - 2014 - Environmental Values 23 (3):335-352.
    Environmental pragmatism is routinely characterised as an environmental philosophy that rejects the traditional values questions within environmental ethics. Critics of environmental pragmatism, in turn, complain that it cannot be characterised as an environmental philosophy, since it evades precisely the philosophical issues with which environmental philosophers are supposed to engage. This essay works to defend environmental pragmatism against the charge that it necessarily evades the central questions of environmental ethics. I argue that environmental pragmatism need not reject foundational questions regarding values (...)
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  21.  8
    Exploitation: A Missing Element to Our Understanding of Environmental Justice.Christopher H. Pearson - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment.
    Environmental justice crucially depends on issues of distributive justice. However, absent from philosophical examinations of environmental justice has been careful consideration of the role exploi...
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  22. Liberalism, Samaritanism, and Political Legitimacy.Christopher H. Wellman - 1996 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (3):211-237.
  23.  53
    Culture as Extended Mind and Body.Christopher H. Ramey - 2007 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (2-1):146-169.
    In this article, I present and defend a phenomenology-inspired perspective of cognitive science that regards culture as an extension of mind and body. I consider the terminological difficulty of 'boundaries' involved with the concept of culture and then review a contrast between the metatheories of scientism and phenomenology. Having offered phenomenology as an emerging alternative to doing cognitive science, I consider the plausibility of the idea of extendedness with respect to mind and body. Finally, using research in the neuroscience of (...)
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  24.  25
    When Do Genetic Researchers Have a Duty to Recontact Study Participants?Christopher H. Wade & Andrea L. Kalfoglou - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):26 – 27.
  25.  9
    Theoricity and homology: a reply to Roffe, Ginnobili, and Blanco.Christopher H. Pearson - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4):62.
    Roffe et al. develop a rather creative line of response to Pearson’s :475–492, 2010) critique of pattern cladisma response centering on a structuralist approach to the homology concept. In this brief reply I attempt to demonstrate, however, that Roffe, and Ginnobili, and Blanco subtly mis-characterize the target of Pearson’s critique. The consequence of this mischaracterization is that even though the structuralist framework may help make sense of pattern cladism, it does not undermine Pearson’s critique of it.
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  26.  11
    Commentary.Christopher H. Asplen - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):222-223.
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  27.  33
    Just War and Graduated Discrimination.Christopher H. Toner - 2004 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):649-665.
    Th is paper investigates the question of legitimate targets in war and the traditional jus in bello principle of discrimination, which is generally interpreted to mean that a bright line must be drawn between combatants and noncombatants, and that only the former may be attacked directly.Michael Walzer and John Rawls have proposed a “supreme emergency exemption” to this principle, which permits the targeting of innocent people in emergencies such as that of Britain in late 1940. Rejecting this, the paper offers (...)
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  28.  28
    Reduction, Explanation, and the New Science of Religion.Christopher H. Pearson & Matthew P. Schunke - 2015 - Sophia 54 (1):47-60.
    In this essay, we set out to survey and critically assess various attitudes and understandings of reductionism as it appears in discussions regarding the scientific study of religion. Our objective in the essay is twofold. First, we articulate what we will refer to as three ‘meta-interpretative’ frameworks, which summarize the distinct positions one can witness in response to the explanations coming out of research within the new science of religion. Second, and more importantly, we seek to demonstrate that under no (...)
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  29.  9
    Phosphoinositide Diversity, Distribution, and Effector Function: Stepping Out of the Box.Christopher H. Choy, Bong-Kwan Han & Roberto J. Botelho - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (12):1700121.
    Phosphoinositides modulate a plethora of functions including signal transduction and membrane trafficking. PtdInsPs are thought to consist of seven interconvertible species that localize to a specific organelle, to which they recruit a set of cognate effector proteins. Here, in reviewing the literature, we argue that this model needs revision. First, PtdInsPs can carry a variety of acyl chains, greatly boosting their molecular diversity. Second, PtdInsPs are more promiscuous in their localization than is usually acknowledged. Third, PtdInsP interconversion is likely achieved (...)
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  30.  2
    Commentary.Christopher H. Asplen - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):222-223.
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  31.  86
    Methodological Naturalism, Intelligent Design, and Lessons From the History of Embryology.Christopher H. Pearson - 2010 - Philo 13 (1):67-79.
    Intelligent Design proponents consistently deny that science is rightfully governed by the norm of methodological naturalism—that independent of one’s actual metaphysical commitments regarding the natural/supernatural, a scientist, qua scientist, must behave as if the world is constituted by the natural, material world. This essay works to develop more fully a pragmatic justification for methodological naturalism, one that focuses on a number of key elements found in 17th and 18th century embryology.
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  32.  31
    Making Science Accessible: A Semiotics of Scientific Communication. [REVIEW]Christopher H. Lowrey & Priya Venkatesan - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (2):253-269.
    This article serves as a demonstration of how certain models of literary analysis, used to theorize and analyze fiction and narrative, can also be applied to scientific communication in such a manner as to promote the accessibility of science to the general public and a greater awareness of the methodology used in making scientific discovery. The approach of this article is based on the assumption that the principles of structuralism and semiotics can provide plausible explanations for the divide between the (...)
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  33.  5
    Is Heritability Explanatorily Useful?Christopher H. Pearson - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (1):270-288.
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  34.  15
    Did God Create Psychologists in His Image? Re-Conceptualizing Cognitivism and the Subject Matter of Psychology.Christopher H. Ramey - 2005 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):173-190.
    In the present article, I will examine various conceptualizing-metaphors of cognitivist psychology that distance individuals from their world of experience. First, I will review the basic tenets of a person-world dichotomy in relation to the cognitivist assumptions of a rational, or computational, mind. Second, because language is the paradigmatic study of the mind in cognitivist psychology, I will evaluate how language is conceptualized within the cognitivist framework. Finally, I will examine the consequences of cognitivist psychology's subscription to a particular conceptualizing-metaphor (...)
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  35.  18
    Are Homologies Really Natural Kinds?Christopher H. Pearson - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (4):42.
    The metaphysical nature of homologies has been variously characterized as natural kind, individualist, and pluralist-pragmatic. In this essay, I aim to build on the work of proponents of a natural kinds ontology for homologies using Richard Boyd’s influential HPC account of natural kinds. I aim to advance this position by showing the unique fit of extending the HPC account to homologies, deflecting individualist critiques, as well as the pluralist-pragmatic alternative, showing that homologies have a determinate metaphysical character as kinds. As (...)
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  36.  57
    Bryan Norton: A Pragmatist’s Take on Sustainable Development: Review of Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management: University of Chicago Press, 2005. [REVIEW]Christopher H. Pearson - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):419-422.
  37. Zen and the Modern World: A Third Sequel to Zen and Western Thought. Masao Abe and Steven Heine.Christopher H. Jones - 2005 - Buddhist Studies Review 22 (1):78-83.
    Zen and the Modern World: a Third Sequel to Zen and Western Thought. Masao Abe and Steven Heine. xvi, 169 pp. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i, Press 2003. £23.50. ISBN 0824826655.
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  38.  16
    The Origins of the Classical Style in Sculpture: (Plates IV-VI).Christopher H. Hallett - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:71-84.
    The first part of this paper briefly reviews current theories as to the origins of the Classical style, and proposes an alternative approach. The second part, making use of some rather neglected pieces of literary evidence, attempts to reconstruct the circumstances in which this distinctive sculptural style was created, and presents it in a new light: as the ingenious solution to a specific artistic problem which confronted fifth-century Greek sculptors as a result of their final rejection of archaic stylization.
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  39.  15
    Mosaic Evolution in the Drosophila Genome.Christopher H. Martin & Elliot M. Meyerowitz - 1988 - Bioessays 9 (2‐3):65-69.
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  40.  10
    Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century.Christopher H. Ramey - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (1):125-129.
  41.  1
    Marxism, Colonialism, and Cricket: C. L. R. James's Beyond a Boundary.David Featherstone, Christopher Gair, Christian Høgsbjerg & Andrew Smith (eds.) - 2018 - Duke University Press.
    Widely regarded as one of the most important and influential sports books of all time, C. L. R. James's _Beyond a Boundary_ is—among other things—a pioneering study of popular culture, an analysis of resistance to empire and racism, and a personal reflection on the history of colonialism and its effects in the Caribbean. More than fifty years after the publication of James's classic text, the contributors to _Marxism, Colonialism, and Cricket_ investigate _Beyond a Boundary_'s production and reception and its implication (...)
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  42.  8
    Review of Varieties of Presence. [REVIEW]Christopher H. Ramey - 2014 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 34 (4):275-278.
  43.  7
    John Senior and the Restoration of Realism. By Francis Bethel, O.S.B.Christopher H. Owen - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):229-232.
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  44.  3
    Ten Years of Inhibition Revisited.Diane Swick & Christopher H. Chatham - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  45.  41
    The J.H.B. Bookshelf.Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, John R. Jungck, Giulio Barsanti, Pamela M. Henson, Mark V. Barrow Jr, Christoph H. Lüthy & Charlotte M. Porter - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):571-587.
  46.  1
    POMDP-Based Control of Workflows for Crowdsourcing.Peng Dai, Christopher H. Lin, Mausam & Daniel S. Weld - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence 202 (C):52-85.
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  47.  16
    Parallel Temporal Dynamics in Hierarchical Cognitive Control.Carolyn Ranti, Christopher H. Chatham & David Badre - 2015 - Cognition 142 (C):205-229.
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  48.  17
    A Demonstration of Class-Wide Data-Based Decision Making.Laronta M. Upson & Christopher H. Skinner - 2002 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 (4):41-49.
    A teacher initially requested consultation services to address the behavior of three of her general education first grade students. This paper describes the decision rnaking process that led to the development of a class-wide intervention modeled after Barrish, Saunders, and Wolf’s Good Behavior Game. The paper focuses on how direct observation data, teacher and student input and preferences, andprevious research led to the development, implementation, and evaluation of an intervention that appeared to reduce disruptive behaviors across the entire class.
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  49.  11
    Using Data-Based Decision Making to Develop and Evaluate an Intervention to Decrease Inappropriate Vocalizations and Increase Assignment Completion.Renee Oliver & Christopher H. Skinner - 2002 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 (4):9-21.
    The current behavioral consultation case demonstrates how functional behavioral assessment data, basic and applied research, teacher preferences, and contextual variables contribute to the decision making process when developing classroom intervention procedures. A male, African-American, fifth-grade general education student was initially referred for his inappropriate vocalizations duringtime designated for independent seatwork. FBA data suggested that this behavior was being reinforced with teacher attention. Additional data showed that he was failing to complete his assignments. An intervention was implemented where the student was (...)
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  50.  39
    Functional Genomic Hypothesis Generation and Experimentation by a Robot Scientist.Ross King, Whelan D., E. Kenneth, Ffion Jones, Reiser M., G. K. Philip, Christopher Bryant, Muggleton H., H. Stephen, Douglas Kell, Oliver B. & G. Stephen - 2004 - Nature 427 (6971):247--52.
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