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Christoph Lumer [45]Christopher Lumer [1]
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Christoph Lumer
University Of Siena
  1.  28
    Strength of Justification – The Rational Degree of Certainty Approach.Christoph Lumer - 2018 - In Steve Oswald (ed.), Argumentation and Inference. Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Argumentation, Fribourg 2017. London, GB: College Publications. pp. 315-333.
    In this paper, I present the fundamental ideas of a new theory of justification strength. This theory is based on the epistemological approach to argumentation. Even the thesis of a valid justification can be false for various reasons. The theory outlined here identifies such possible errors. Justification strength is equated with the degree to which such possible errors are excluded. The natural expression of this kind of justification strength is the (rational) degree of certainty of the belief in the thesis.
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  2. Intentions Are Optimality Beliefs – But Optimizing What?Christoph Lumer - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (2):235-262.
    In this paper an empirical theory about the nature of intention is sketched. After stressing the necessity of reckoning with intentions in philosophy of action a strategy for deciding empirically between competing theories of intention is exposed and applied for criticizing various philosophical theories of intention, among others that of Bratman. The hypothesis that intentions are optimality beliefs is defended on the basis of empirical decision theory. Present empirical decision theory however does not provide an empirically satisfying elaboration of the (...)
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  3.  66
    The Volitive and the Executive Function of Intentions.Christoph Lumer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (3):511-527.
    Many philosophers of action, including Bratman and Mele, conceive intentions functionally, as executive states: intentions are mental states that represent an action and tend to cause this action. In the philosophical tradition (e.g. for Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Leibniz, Kant) another function of intentions, which may be called “volitive”, played a much more prominent role: intentions are mental states that represent what kind of actions we want and prefer to be realised and thus, in a possibly rational way, synthesise our motivational, (...)
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  4.  34
    Pragma-Dialectics and the Function of Argumentation.Christoph Lumer - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (1):41-69.
    This contribution discusses some problems of Pragma-Dialectics and explains them by its consensualistic view of the function of argumentation and by its philosophical underpinnings. It is suggested that these problems can be overcome by relying on a better epistemology and on an epistemological theory of argumentation. On the one hand Pragma-Dialectics takes unqualified consensus as the aim of argumentation, which is problematic, (Sect. 2) on the other it includes strong epistemological and rationalistic elements (Sect. 3). The problematic philosophical underpinnings of (...)
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  5.  9
    The Epistemological Theory of Argument--How and Why?Christoph Lumer - 2005 - Informal Logic 25 (3):213-243.
    The article outlines a general epistemological theory of argument: a theory that regards providingjustified belief as the principal aim of argumentation, and defends it instrumentalistically. After introducing some central terms of such a theory (2), answers to its central questions are proposed: the primary object and structure of the theory (3), the function of arguments, which is to lead to justified belief (4), the way such arguments function, which is to guide the addressee's cognizing (5), objective versus subjective aspects of (...)
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  6.  13
    The Epistemic Inferiority of Pragma-Dialectics – Reply to Botting.Christoph Lumer - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (1):51-82.
    In a recent paper in this journal, David Botting defended pragma-dialectics against epistemological criticisms by exponents of the epistemological approach to argumentation, i.e. Harvey Siegel, John Biro and me. In particular, Botting tries to justify with new arguments a Functional Claim, that the function of argumentation is to resolve disputes, and a Normative Claim, that standpoints that have the unqualified consensus of all participants in a dispute will generally be epistemically sound. In this reply it is shown that Botting’s arguments (...)
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  7.  20
    The Epistemological Approach to Argumentation–A Map.Christoph Lumer - 2005 - Informal Logic 25 (3):189-212.
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  8.  3
    2. Libet’s Experiments and the Possibility of Free Conscious Decision.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 63-104.
  9. 3. The Effectiveness of Intentions – A Critique of Wegner.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 105-124.
  10.  19
    Motive Zu Moralischem Handeln.Christoph Lumer - 2002 - Analyse & Kritik 24 (2).
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  11.  13
    The Disputation ? A Special Type of Cooperative Argumentative Dialogue.Christoph Lumer - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (4):441-464.
    This article consists of three parts, two introductory, in which the limits and the methods of analysis of dialogues are expounded, and the major part, in which the main features of a philosophical theory of disputation are outlined.It was an essential aim of the philosophical analysis of argumentative dialogues to develop tools of substantiation for cases in which logic doesn't help any more. In the first part of this paper I show that such tools can and will be developed only (...)
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  12.  7
    Reviews in Philosophy.Christoph Lumer - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):203-205.
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  13.  17
    Kantischer Externalismus und Motive zu moralischem Handeln.Christoph Lumer - 2002 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 35 (86-88):263-286.
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  14.  37
    Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind – an Overview.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. Boston; Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 3-42.
  15.  88
    Introduction: The Relevance of Rational Decision Theory for Ethics. [REVIEW]Christoph Lumer - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):485-496.
  16.  38
    Practical Arguments for Theoretical Theses.Christoph Lumer - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (3):329-340.
    Pascal‘s wager is expounded as a paradigm case of a practical,decision-theoretical argument for acting as if a proposition is true when wehave no theoretical reasons to accept or reject it (1.1.–1.2.). Thoughthe paradigm is fallacious in various respects there are valid and adequatearguments for acting as if certain propositions are true: that theoreticalentities exist, that there are material perceptual objects, that the worldis uniform across time (1.3). After this analysis of examples the author‘sgeneral approach for developing criteria for the validity (...)
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  17.  27
    Reductionism in Fallacy Theory.Christoph Lumer - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (4):405-423.
    (1) The aim of the paper is to develop a reduction of fallacy theory, i.e. to 'deduce' fallacy theory from a positive theory of argumentation which provides exact criteria for valid and adequate argumentation. Such reductionism has several advantages compared to an unsystematic action, which is quite usual in current fallacy but which at least in part is due to the poor state of positive argumentation theory itself. (2) After defining 'fallacy' (3) some principle ideas and (4) the exact criteria (...)
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  18.  4
    Introduction: The Epistemological Approach to Argumentation--A Map.Christoph Lumer - 2005 - Informal Logic 25 (3):189-212.
    An overview of the epistemological approach to argumentation, explaining what it is, justifying it as better than a rhetorical or a consensual ist approach.systematizing the main directions and theories according to their criteria for good argumentation and presenting their contributions to major topics of argumentation theory. Also. an introduction to the articles of the two special issues of Informal Logic about the epistemological approach to argumentation.
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  19.  54
    Moral Desirability and Rational Decision.Christoph Lumer - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):561-584.
    Being a formal and general as well as the most widely accepted approach to practical rationality, rational decision theory should be crucial for justifying rational morals. In particular, acting morally should also be rational in decision theoretic terms. After defending this thesis, in the critical part of the paper two strategies to develop morals following this insight are criticized: game theoretical ethics of cooperation and ethical intuitionism. The central structural objections to ethics of cooperation are that they too directly aim (...)
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  20.  1
    Combining Intergenerational and International Justice.Christoph Lumer - 2012 - Intergenerational Justice Review 6 (1).
    Intergenerational justice not only requires the adoption of best practices and policies; but also the prevention and repression of deleterious and morally blameworthy human behaviour which have severe impacts on the long-term health; safety and means of survival of groups of individuals. While many international crimes have indirect consequences on the well-being of present and future generations; it cannot be said that existing international criminal law is currently well-placed to directly and clearly protect intergenerational rights. As such; the development of (...)
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  21.  17
    Subjunctive Tu Quoque Arguments. Commentary on Anderson, Aikin & Casey.Christoph Lumer - 2011 - Argumentation. Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA).
    Tu quoque arguments regard inconsistencies in some speaker‘s performance. Most tu quoque arguments depend on actual inconsistencies. However, there are forms of tu quoque arguments that key, instead, on the conflicts a speaker would have, were some crucial contingent fact different. These, we call subjunctive tu quoque arguments. Finally, there are cases wherein the counterfactual inconsistencies of a speaker are relevant to the issue.
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  22. The Content of Originally Intrinsic Desires and of Intrinsic Motivation.Christoph Lumer - 1997 - Acta Analytica 18 (18):107-121.
  23.  16
    Argument Schemes—an Epistemological Approach.Christoph Lumer - 2011 - Argumentation. Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18-22, 2011.
    The paper develops a classificatory system of basic argument types on the basis of the epis-temological approach to argumentation. This approach has provided strict rules for several kinds of argu-ments. These kinds may be brought into a system of basic irreducible types, which rely on different parts of epistemology: deductive logic, probability theory, utility theory. The system reduces a huge mass of differ-ent argument schemes to basic types and gives them an epistemological foundation.
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  24.  19
    2 Principles of Generational Justice.Christoph Lumer - 2006 - In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar. pp. 39.
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  25.  30
    Habermas' Diskursethik.Christoph Lumer - 1997 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 51 (1):42 - 64.
    Zunächst werden die Kernthesen von Habermas' Diskursethik vorgestellt, insbesondere der Universalisierungsgrundsatz U und das diskursethische Prinzip D. Eine ausführliche Analyse zeigt dann, daß Habermas' Argumentationen für diese Prinzipien in mehrfacher Hinsicht ungültig sind. Die Betrachtung früherer Varianten dieser Argumentationen und späterer Kommentare Habermas' macht zudem eine gewisse Wendung Habermas' weg von der Transzendentalpragmatik hin zum Intuitionismus und eine Abschwächung seines Begründungsanspruchs bis hin zu dessen Annullierung deutlich. Eine Kritik an vier Interpretationen von U selbst und an den beiden Hauptinterpretationen von (...)
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  26.  13
    Priorità per chi sta peggio–Valori e norme morali nel prioritarismo etico.Christoph Lumer - 2008 - In Etica Normativa: Principi Dell'agire Morale. Carocci. pp. 93--116.
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  27.  16
    Quellen der Moral. Plädoyer für einen prudentiellen Altruismus.Christoph Lumer - 1999 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 32 (81):185-216.
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  28.  16
    Objektivität und der Unterschied zwischen Ethik und Wissenschaft.Christoph Lumer - 2010 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (1):91-97.
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  29.  7
    Commentary on “On Appeals to Models”: Appeals to Visual Models – An Epistemological Reconstruction of an Argument Type.Christoph Lumer - unknown
  30.  12
    The Relevance of Rational Decision Theory for Ethics.Christoph Lumer - 1991 - Ethics 48 (83).
  31.  9
    Normativ/deskriptiv/faktisch.Christoph Lumer - 2010 - In Hans Jörg Sandkühler & Others (eds.), Enzyklopädie Philosophie. Meiner Verlag. pp. 1805--1809.
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  32.  9
    Which Preferences Shall Be the Basis of Rational Decision.Christoph Lumer - 1998 - In Christoph Fehige & Ulla Wessels (eds.), Preferences. De Gruyter. pp. 1998--33.
  33.  3
    Name Index.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 207-212.
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  34. How to Interpret Human Actions (Including Moral Actions).Christoph Lumer - 2010 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press.
     
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  35.  1
    Biographical Notes on the Authors.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 203-206.
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  36.  1
    Contents.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter.
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  37. Climate Change, Intergenerational Justice and Development.Christoph Lumer - 2009 - Intergenerational Justice Review 3 (3).
    The subject of this paper is distributive justice in relation to financing greenhouse gas abatement. After separating the various questions of distributive justice in climate change and isolating the financing issue ; the paper explores whether any effective moral norms resolving this question already exist. It is argued that such norms still have to be constructed. As a basis for the further discussion; a criterion for moral duties is proposed; progressive norm welfarism; which takes up the constructivist idea. Ethical ; (...)
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  38. Diskurs- und Argumentationstheorie der Wahrheit und Rationalität?Christoph Lumer - 1990 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 1 (3):363.
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  39. Etica Normativa: Principi Dell'agire Morale.Christoph Lumer (ed.) - 2008 - Carocci.
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  40.  78
    Intentionality, Deliberation and Autonomy: The Action-Theoretic Basis of Practical Philosophy.Christoph Lumer & Sandro Nannini - 2007 - Ashgate Publishing.
    Many important thinkers in the philosophical tradition, like Aristotle or Hume, have used an explicit theory of action as the basis of their respective normative theories of practical rationality and morality. The idea behind this architecture of theories is that action theory can inform us about the origin, bonds, reach and limits of practical reason. The aim of this book is to revive this direct connection between action theory and practical philosophy, in particular to provide systematic action-theoretical underpinnings for the (...)
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  41.  5
    Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind.Christoph Lumer (ed.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
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  42. Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind – An Overview.Christoph Lumer - 2014 - In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 3-42.
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  43. Practical Arguments for Prudential Justifications of Actions.Christoph Lumer - unknown
    Practical arguments for actions are arguments which, besides their epistemic function, shall motivate an addressee to execute the justified action. First, a strategy is developed how this motivational and other requirements can be met. Part of this strategy is to identify a thesis for which holds that believing it motivates in the required manner. Second, relying on empirical decision theory, such a thesis is identified. Finally, precise validity criteria for the respective arguments are developed.
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  44. Sein-Sollen-Schlüsse und andere Typen der Moralbe gründung.Christoph Lumer - 1995 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 6 (2):203.
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  45. Wünschbarkeitsaggregationsethik statt Ethik der abwägenden Vernunft.Christoph Lumer - 1993 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 4 (4):618.
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