Results for 'Christophe Guibal'

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  1. Interaction of Color and Geometric Cues in Depth Perception: When Does Red Mean "Near"?Christophe Guibal & Birgitta Dresp - 2004 - Psychological Research 69:30-40.
    Luminance and color are strong and self-sufficient cues to pictorial depth in visual scenes and images. The present study investigates the conditions Under which luminance or color either strengthens or overrides geometric depth cues. We investigated how luminance contrasts associated with color contrast interact with relative height in the visual field, partial occlusion, and interposition in determining the probability that a given figure is perceived as ‘‘nearer’’ than another. Latencies of ‘‘near’’ responses were analyzed to test for effects of attentional (...)
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  2. Altérités Jacques Derrida Et Pierre-Jean Labarrière : Avec des Études de Francis Guibal Et Stanislas Breton.Stanislas Breton & Francis Guibal - 1986
     
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  3.  7
    Interview de Christophe Vieu, directeur de recherche au LAAS, Toulouse, le 8 décembre 2017.Christophe Vieu & Bensaude-Vincent - 2019 - Philosophia Scientiæ. Travaux d'Histoire Et de Philosophie des Sciences 23:161-164.
    Plongé au cœur des nanos, Christophe Vieu souligne la diversité des secteurs touchés par l’approche nano. À l’idée d’une convergence des secteurs scientifiques, il oppose l’image d’une espèce invasive. Il se sent de ce fait investi d’une responsabilité de l’ensemble des technosciences.
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  4.  1
    Interview de Christophe Vieu, Directeur de Recherche au LAAS, Toulouse, le 8 Décembre 2017An Interview with Christophe Vieu, Directeur de Recherche at LAAS, Toulouse, 8 December 2017. [REVIEW]Christophe Vieu & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2019 - Philosophia Scientae 23:161-164.
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  5. Francis Guibal, la Gloire En Exil. Le Témoignage Philosophique d'Emmanuel Philosophie Lévinas, Paris, Cerf, 2004, 149 P. Contemporaine Francis Guibal, Approches d'Emmanuel Lévinas. L'inspiration d'Une Écriture (Études d'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses, 81), Paris, Puf, 2005, 182p. [REVIEW]Carmelo Romeo - 2005 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 137:171.
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  6. La Philosophie du Comme Si, Hans Vaihinger Traduction, Notes Et Préface de Christophe Bouriau.Christophe Bouriau - forthcoming - Philosophia Scientiae.
     
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  7.  20
    Langage, discours, réalité.Francis Guibal - 2012 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 68 (3):593.
    Pour relever le défi de l’irruption dans notre modernité d’une violence radicale, il faut, selon Éric Weil, inscrire la cohérence des discours dans l’espace premier du langage et de sa négativité créatrice. S’il est possible, alors, de procéder à une mise en ordre logique des divers types d’intelligibilité élaborés dans l’histoire, c’est en subordonnant l’ensemble de ces catégories concrètes aux deux catégories formelles du sens et de la sagesse, de la compréhension et de la vie selon la compréhension. La philosophie (...)
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  8.  15
    Philosophie, laïcité, spiritualité.Francis Guibal - 2009 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 93 (4):729-755.
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  9.  18
    Reprises, compréhension et relances de la pensée du sens.Francis Guibal - 2007 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 3:449-481.
  10.  89
    Financial Performance of Socially Responsible Investing : What Have We Learned? A Meta‐Analysis.Christophe Revelli & Jean-Laurent Viviani - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (2):158-185.
    With a meta-analysis of 85 studies and 190 experiments, the authors test the relationship between socially responsible investing and financial performance to determine whether including corporate social responsibility and ethical concerns in portfolio management is more profitable than conventional investment policies. The study also analyses the influence of researcher methodologies with respect to several dimensions of SRI on the effects identified. The results indicate that the consideration of corporate social responsibility in stock market portfolios is neither a weakness nor a (...)
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  11.  12
    F. Nietzsche ou le désir du oui créateur.Francis Guibal - 1984 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 82 (53):55-79.
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  12. What is This Thing Called Philosophy of Science? A Computational Topic-Modeling Perspective, 1934–2015.Christophe Malaterre, Jean-François Chartier & Davide Pulizzotto - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):215-249.
    What is philosophy of science? Numerous manuals, anthologies or essays provide carefully reconstructed vantage points on the discipline that have been gained through expert and piecemeal historical analyses. In this paper, we address the question from a complementary perspective: we target the content of one major journal of the field—Philosophy of Science—and apply unsupervised text-mining methods to its complete corpus, from its start in 1934 until 2015. By running topic-modeling algorithms over the full-text corpus, we identified 126 key research topics (...)
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  13.  25
    Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Number Comparison in Children with and Without Dyscalculia.Christophe Mussolin, Sandrine Mejias & Marie-Pascale Noël - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):10-25.
    Developmental dyscalculia (DD) is a pervasive difficulty affecting number processing and arithmetic. It is encountered in around 6% of school-aged children. While previous studies have mainly focused on general cognitive functions, the present paper aims to further investigate the hypothesis of a specific numerical deficit in dyscalculia. The performance of 10- and 11-year-old children with DD characterised by a weakness in arithmetic facts retrieval and age-matched control children was compared on various number comparison tasks. Participants were asked to compare a (...)
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  14.  4
    Un parcours philosophique.Francis Guibal - 1981 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 79 (41):71-92.
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  15.  21
    Cooperative Hunting Roles Among Taï Chimpanzees.Christophe Boesch - 2002 - Human Nature 13 (1):27-46.
    All known chimpanzee populations have been observed to hunt small mammals for meat. Detailed observations have shown, however, that hunting strategies differ considerably between populations, with some merely collecting prey that happens to pass by while others hunt in coordinated groups to chase fast-moving prey. Of all known populations, Taï chimpanzees exhibit the highest level of cooperation when hunting. Some of the group hunting roles require elaborate coordination with other hunters as well as precise anticipation of the movements of the (...)
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  16. Making Sense of Downward Causation in Manipulationism (with Illustrations From Cancer Research).Christophe Malaterre - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences (33):537-562.
    Many researchers consider cancer to have molecular causes, namely mutated genes that result in abnormal cell proliferation (e.g. Weinberg 1998). For others, the causes of cancer are to be found not at the molecular level but at the tissue level where carcinogenesis consists of disrupted tissue organization with downward causation effects on cells and cellular components (e.g. Sonnenschein and Soto 2008). In this contribution, I ponder how to make sense of such downward causation claims. Adopting a manipulationist account of causation (...)
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  17.  54
    Joint Cooperative Hunting Among Wild Chimpanzees: Taking Natural Observations Seriously.Christophe Boesch - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):692-693.
    Ignoring most published evidence on wild chimpanzees, Tomasello et al.'s claim that shared goals and intentions are uniquely human amounts to a faith statement. A brief survey of chimpanzee hunting tactics shows that group hunts are compatible with a shared goals and intentions hypothesis. The disdain of observational data in experimental psychology leads some to ignore the reality of animal cognitive achievements.
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  18. Microbial Diversity and the “Lower-Limit” Problem of Biodiversity.Christophe Malaterre - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):219-239.
    Science is now studying biodiversity on a massive scale. These studies are occurring not just at the scale of larger plants and animals, but also at the scale of minute entities such as bacteria and viruses. This expansion has led to the development of a specific sub-field of “microbial diversity”. In this paper, I investigate how microbial diversity faces two of the classical issues encountered by the concept of “ biodiversity ”: the issues of defining the units of biodiversity and (...)
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  19.  82
    Subjectivity, Work, and Action.Christophe Dejours - 2006 - Critical Horizons 7 (1):45-62.
    This essay is intended to explore relations between work and subjectivity (that is, what concerns the individual subject: his or her suffering, pleasure, personal development, and so on). To this end, we shall draw on a body of theory and clinical practice that has been developing in France for some twenty years under the name of the `psychodynamics of work' and ask the three following questions. What is work? This question might seem trivial, but the clinical analysis of the relationship (...)
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  20. Lifeness Signatures and the Roots of the Tree of Life.Christophe Malaterre - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):643-658.
    Do trees of life have roots? What do these roots look like? In this contribution, I argue that research on the origins of life might offer glimpses on the topology of these very roots. More specifically, I argue (1) that the roots of the tree of life go well below the level of the commonly mentioned ‘ancestral organisms’ down into the level of much simpler, minimally living entities that might be referred to as ‘protoliving systems’, and (2) that further below, (...)
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  21.  69
    Mendelism, Plant Breeding and Experimental Cultures: Agriculture and the Development of Genetics in France. [REVIEW]Christophe Bonneuil - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2):281 - 308.
    The article reevaluates the reception of Mendelism in France, and more generally considers the complex relationship between Mendelism and plant breeding in the first half on the 20th century. It shows on the one side that agricultural research and higher education institutions have played a key role in the development and institutionalization of genetics in France, whereas university biologists remained reluctant to accept this approach on heredity. But on the other side, plant breeders, and agricultural researchers, despite an interest in (...)
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  22.  93
    Organicism and Reductionism in Cancer Research: Towards a Systemic Approach.Christophe Malaterre - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):57 – 73.
    In recent cancer research, strong and apparently conflicting epistemological stances have been advocated by different research teams in a mist of an ever-growing body of knowledge ignited by ever-more perplexing and non-conclusive experimental facts: in the past few years, an 'organicist' approach investigating cancer development at the tissue level has challenged the established and so-called 'reductionist' approach focusing on disentangling the genetic and molecular circuitry of carcinogenesis. This article reviews the ways in which 'organicism' and 'reductionism' are used and opposed (...)
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  23.  70
    Two Distinct Neuronal Networks Mediate the Awareness of Environment and of Self.Christophe Phillips, Athena Demertzi, Manuel Schabus & Quentin Noirhomme - unknown
    ■ Evidence from functional neuroimaging studies on resting state suggests that there are two distinct anticorrelated cortical systems that mediate conscious awareness: an “extrinsic” system that encompasses lateral fronto-parietal areas and has been linked with processes of external input (external awareness), and an “intrinsic” system which encompasses mainly medial brain areas and..
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  24.  58
    Machine Learning: A Structuralist Discipline?Christophe Bruchansky - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (4):931-938.
    Advances in machine learning and natural language processing are revolutionizing the way we live, work, and think. As for any science, they are based on assumptions about what the world is, and how humans interact with it. In this paper, I discuss what is potentially one of these assumptions: structuralism, which states that all cultures share a hidden structure. I illustrate this assumption with political footprints: a machine-learning technique using pre-trained word vectors for political discourse analysis. I introduce some of (...)
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  25. Synthetic Biology and Synthetic Knowledge.Christophe Malaterre - 2013 - Biological Theory (8):346–356.
    Probably the most distinctive feature of synthetic biology is its being “synthetic” in some sense or another. For some, synthesis plays a unique role in the production of knowledge that is most distinct from that played by analysis: it is claimed to deliver knowledge that would otherwise not be attained. In this contribution, my aim is to explore how synthetic biology delivers knowledge via synthesis, and to assess the extent to which this knowledge is distinctly synthetic. On the basis of (...)
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  26.  5
    L’Homme Commun: La Genèse du Réalisme Ontologique Durant le Haut Moyen Âge.Christophe Erismann - 2011 - Vrin.
    Le présent livre propose l’étude de la constitution, durant le haut Moyen Âge latin, d’une position philosophique : le réalisme de l’immanence à propos des universaux. Cette position est fondée sur la conviction qu’il existe, dans le monde qui nous entoure, certes des individus particuliers – ce tilleul, cette tortue –, mais aussi des entités universelles. Ces entités n’existent pas séparées des individus, mais intégralement réalisées en eux, sans variation ni degré. Cet engagement philosophique résulte d’une exégèse des Catégories d’Aristote, (...)
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  27.  40
    How Vestibular Stimulation Interacts with Illusory Hand Ownership.Christophe Lopez, Bigna Lenggenhager & Olaf Blanke - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):33-47.
    Artificial stimulation of the peripheral vestibular system has been shown to improve ownership of body parts in neurological patients, suggesting vestibular contributions to bodily self-consciousness. Here, we investigated whether galvanic vestibular stimulation interferes with the mechanisms underlying ownership, touch, and the localization of one’s own hand in healthy participants by using the “rubber hand illusion” paradigm. Our results show that left anodal GVS increases illusory ownership of the fake hand and illusory location of touch. We propose that these changes are (...)
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  28.  33
    A Limit on Behavioral Plasticity in Speech Perception.Christophe Pallier, Laura Bosch & Núria Sebastián-Gallés - 1997 - Cognition 64 (3):9-17.
  29. L’origine et les fondements de la question cartésienne chez Heidegger.Christophe Perrin - 2010 - Studia Phaenomenologica 10:333-357.
    Showing a very early interest in Descartes, after having first considered him as a Christian thinker in the perspective of a deconstruction of religious life, Heidegger soon regards him as the major obstacle to the phenomenological analyses he wants to develop, as part of the first ontological search he gave himself: that of a hermeneutics of facticity. Therefore, the latter immediately takes in his work the shape of a hermeneutics of the I think, therefore I am, its author being blamed (...)
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  30. On What It is to Fly Can Tell Us Something About What It is to Live.Christophe Malaterre - 2010 - Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres 40 (2):169-177.
    The plurality of definitions of life is often perceived as an unsatisfying situation stemming from still incomplete knowledge about ‘what it is to live’ as well as from the existence of a variety of methods for reaching a definition. For many, such plurality is to be remedied and the search for a unique and fully satisfactory definition of life pursued. In this contribution on the contrary, it is argued that the existence of such a variety of definitions of life undermines (...)
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  31.  51
    Ethics of Instantaneous Contact Tracing Using Mobile Phone Apps in the Control of the COVID-19 Pandemic.Michael J. Parker, Christophe Fraser, Lucie Abeler-Dörner & David Bonsall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):427-431.
    In this paper we discuss ethical implications of the use of mobile phone apps in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic. Contact tracing is a well-established feature of public health practice during infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics. However, the high proportion of pre-symptomatic transmission in COVID-19 means that standard contact tracing methods are too slow to stop the progression of infection through the population. To address this problem, many countries around the world have deployed or are developing mobile phone apps (...)
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  32.  18
    Business Ethics Searches: A Socioeconomic and Demographic Analysis of U.S. Google Trends in the Context of the 2008 Financial Crisis.Christophe Faugère & Olivier Gergaud - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (3):271-287.
    A socioeconomic and demographic analysis of U.S. Google Trends for queries about Business Ethics and Greed is proposed in the context of the 2008 financial crisis. The framework is grounded in the ethical decision-making literature. Two models using micro and macro-type variables are tested using GLM and GEE regression techniques. The frequency of these Google queries varies positively with the ratio of females, educational attainment, younger adult age, some measures of economic hardship or inequalities, and the lesser the weight of (...)
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  33.  20
    Web Search Engines and Distributed Assessment Systems.Christophe Heintz - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):387-409.
    I analyse the impact of search engines on our cognitive and epistemic practices. For that purpose, I describe the processes of assessment of documents on the Web as relying on distributed cognition. Search engines together with Web users, are distributed assessment systems whose task is to enable efficient allocation of cognitive resources of those who use search engines. Specifying the cognitive function of search engines within these distributed assessment systems allows interpreting anew the changes that have been caused by search (...)
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  34.  8
    Seeing Nature as a ‘Universal Store of Genes’: How Biological Diversity Became ‘Genetic Resources’, 1890–1940.Christophe Bonneuil - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 75:1-14.
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  35.  28
    Ethical Issues in Medical Research in the Developing World: A Report on a Meeting Organised by Fondation Mérieux.Christophe Perrey, Douglas Wassenaar, Shawn Gilchrist & Bernard Ivanoff - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (2):88-96.
  36.  26
    The Critical Theory of History: Rethinking the Philosophy of History in the Light of Koselleck's Work.Christophe Bouton - 2016 - History and Theory 55 (2):163-184.
  37.  56
    Towards a Transdisciplinary Econophysics.Christophe Schinckus & Franck Jovanovic - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):164-183.
  38.  2
    The Co-Evolution of Honesty and Strategic Vigilance.Christophe Heintz, Mia Karabegovic & Andras Molnar - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  39. Scepticism, Demonstration and the Infinite Regress Argument (Nicholas of Autrecourt and John Buridan).Christophe Grellard - 2007 - Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):328-342.
    The aim of this paper is to examine the medieval posterity of the Aristotelian and Pyrrhonian treatments of the infinite regress argument. We show that there are some possible Pyrrhonian elements in Autrecourt's epistemology when he argues that the truth of our principles is merely hypothetical. By contrast, Buridan's criticisms of Autrecourt rely heavily on Aristotelian material. Both exemplify a use of scepticism.
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  40.  15
    How is Justice Understood in Classic Confucianism?Christophe Duvert - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (4):295-315.
    ABSTRACTIn Sinicized Asia, justice, conceptualized and institutionalized in its current form on a Western mold is part of a singular and ancient Confucian legal tradition.In this paper, it will be argued that Confucians initially articulated the concept of justice in relation to their own explanation of the world and their ideal, which distinguishes and rewards men’s actions according to their merits and social condition.It will be shown that Confucius’s thinking is primarily political and suggests ways of harmoniously organizing and reforming (...)
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  41.  66
    Making Sense of Downward Causation in Manipulationism. Illustrations From Cancer Research.Christophe Malaterre - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 4 (33):537-562.
    Many researchers consider cancer to have molecular causes, namely mutated genes that result in abnormal cell proliferation (e.g. Weinberg 1998); yet for others, the causes of cancer are to be found not at the molecular level but at the tissue level and carcinogenesis would consist in a disrupted tissue organization with downward causation effects on cells and cellular components (e.g. Sonnenschein & Soto 2008). In this contribution, I ponder how to make sense of such downward causation claims. Adopting a manipulationist (...)
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  42. Editorial: Folk Epistemology. The Cognitive Bases of Epistemic Evaluation.Christophe Heintz & Dario Taraborelli - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):477-482.
    Editorial: Folk Epistemology. The Cognitive Bases of Epistemic Evaluation Content Type Journal Article Pages 477-482 DOI 10.1007/s13164-010-0046-8 Authors Christophe Heintz, Department of Cognitive Science, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary Dario Taraborelli, Centre for Research in Social Simulation, Department of Sociology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK Journal Review of Philosophy and Psychology Online ISSN 1878-5166 Print ISSN 1878-5158 Journal Volume Volume 1 Journal Issue Volume 1, Number 4.
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  43.  38
    The Ecological Rationality of Strategic Cognition.Christophe Heintz - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):825-826.
    I argue that altruistic behavior and its variation across cultures may be caused by mental cognitive mechanisms that induce cooperative behavior in contract-like situations and adapt that behavior to the kinds of contracts that exist in one's socio-cultural environment. I thus present a cognitive alternative to Henrich et al.'s motivation-based account. Rather than behaving in ways that reveal preferences, subjects interpret the experiment in ways that cue their social heuristics. In order to distinguish the respective roles of preferences and cognitive (...)
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  44.  42
    Language-Specific Listening.Christophe Pallier, Anne Christophe & Jacques Mehler - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):129-132.
  45.  8
    Work and Self-Development: The Point of View of the Psychodynamics of Work.Christophe Dejours - 2014 - Critical Horizons 15 (2):115-130.
    A subject’s relationship with work is by no means “neutral” as regards selfdevelopment. What becomes of the psychical relationship with work does not depend solely on the individual’s particular characteristics as a person, in particular their gender; it depends also on the nature and organization of work. In order to analyse the importance of work in the development of the psychic erotic economics, I refer to the psychotherapy of a young woman that took place towards the end of her adolescence. (...)
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  46.  19
    Towards a New Image of Culture in Wild Chimpanzees?Christophe Boesch - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):514-515.
  47.  27
    Quelle valeur a notre enseignement aux yeux des élèves? Prolongement de la théorie de la valuation de Dewey dans la réflexion pédagogique.Christophe Point - 2017 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 12 (1):4-20.
    Le présent article examine la façon dont John Dewey a entrepris de poser le problème de la valuation et de ses conséquences au sein de sa théorie de l’éducation. Plus spécifiquement, nous voudrions montrer que son effort pour repenser l’articulation des moyens et des fins du processus de valuation contribue à repenser l’enquête morale. Celle-ci, si elle fait alors l’objet d’une pédagogie qui met au centre l’expérience vécue du sujet, nous oblige à concevoir à nouveaux frais les valeurs que nous (...)
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  48.  57
    Castoriadis and the Modern Political Imaginary—Oligarchy, Representation, Democracy.Christophe Premat - 2006 - Critical Horizons 7 (1):251-275.
    This article examines the link between oligarchy and the notion of representative democracy, which for Castoriadis also implies the bureaucratisation of society. However, in an argument with and against Castoriadis, one has to decipher modern oligarchies before launching into a radical critique of the principle of representation. There is a diversity of representative democracies, and the complexity of modernity comes from a mixture of oligarchy, representation and democracy. Even though the idea of democracy has evolved, we do not live under (...)
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  49.  92
    The Centrality of Work.Jean-Philippe Deranty & Christophe Dejours - 2010 - Critical Horizons 11 (2):167-180.
    This article briefly presents some of the main features of the notion of “centrality of work” within the framework of the “psychodynamic” approach to work developed by Christophe Dejours. The paper argues that we should distinguish between at least four separate but related ways in which work can be said to be central: psychologically, in terms of gender relations, social-politically and epistemically.
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  50. Life as an Emergent Phenomenon: From an Alternative to Vitalism to an Alternative to Reductionism.Christophe Malaterre - 2013 - In S. Normandin & C. T. Wolfe (ed.), Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010. Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 155-178.
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