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Christopher Byrne
St. Francis Xavier University
  1.  35
    Aristotle’s Science of Matter and Motion.Christopher Byrne - 2018 - Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
    Although Aristotle's contribution to biology has long been recognized, there are many philosophers and historians of science who still hold that he was the great delayer of natural science, calling him the man who held up the Scientific Revolution by two thousand years. They argue that Aristotle never considered the nature of matter as such or the changes that perceptible objects undergo simply as physical objects; he only thought about the many different, specific natures found in perceptible objects. Against this (...)
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  2. Aristotle on Physical Necessity and the Limits of Teleological Explanation.Christopher Byrne - 2002 - Apeiron 35 (1):19-46.
    Some commentators have argued that there is no room in Aristotle's natural science for simple, or unconditional, physical necessity, for the only necessity that governs all natural substances is hypothetical and teleological. Against this view I argue that, according to Aristotle, there are two types of unconditional physical necessity at work in the material elements, the one teleological, governing their natural motions, and the other non-teleological, governing their physical interaction. I argue as well that these two types of simple necessity (...)
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  3.  7
    1. Motion and Change in Perceptible Objects.Christopher Byrne - 2018 - In Aristotle's Science of Matter and Motion. University of Toronto Press. pp. 10-22.
    This chapter considers Aristotle's requirements for perceptible objects qua movable, changeable, and perceptible, namely that they must be extended in three dimensions, movable in space, and capable of physical contact with other extended bodies.
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  4.  92
    Matter and Aristotle’s Material Cause.Christopher Byrne - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):85-111.
    In his metaphysics and natural philosophy, Aristotle uses the concept of a material cause,i.e., that from which something can be made or generated. This paper argues that Aristotle also has a concept of matter in the sense of physical stuff. Aristotle develops this concept of matter in the course of investigating the material causes of perceptible substances. Because of the requirements for change, locomotion, and the physical interaction of material objects, Aristotle holds that all perceptible substances must be extended in (...)
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  5.  99
    Prime Matter and Actuality.Christopher Byrne - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (2):197-224.
    In the context of Aristotle's metaphysics and natural philosophy, 'prime matter' refers to that material cause which is both the proximate material cause of the four sublunary elements and the ultimate material cause of all perishable substances. On the traditional view, prime matter is pure potentiality, without any determinate nature of its own. Against this view, I argue that prime matter must be physical, extended, and movable matter if it is to fulfil its role as the substratum persisting through the (...)
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  6. Forms and Causes in Plato's Phaedo.Christopher Byrne - 1989 - Dionysius 13:3-15.
    Gregory Vlastos has argued that Aristotle and other commentators on the Phaedo have mistakenly interpreted Plato’s Forms to be efficient causes. While Vlastos is correct that the Forms by themselves are not efficient causes, because of his neo-Kantianism he has misunderstood the close connection between the Forms and the explanation of change, including teleological change. This paper explores the connection in Plato’s Phaedo between the Forms, the nature of change, and efficient causality, and argues that Aristotle’s remarks are not as (...)
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  7.  69
    Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta. [REVIEW]Christopher Byrne - 2009 - Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):217-220.
  8.  64
    Compositional & Functional Matter: Aristotle on the Material Cause of Biological Organisms.Christopher Byrne - 2015 - Apeiron 48 (4):387-406.
    Aristotle uses two kinds of material cause in his analysis of biological organisms: compositional matter, which persists through their birth and death;and functional matter, which consists of the organs and functional parts out of which biological organisms are made while they are alive. These two kinds of material cause, it has been argued, have quite different explanatory roles: functional matter is required by biological organisms to perform their essential functions,but compositional matter contributes nothing necessary to them and is only responsible (...)
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  9.  8
    Aristotle and Scientific Experiments.Christopher Byrne - 2020 - Dialogue 59 (4):527-537.
    ABSTRACTMany have argued that there is no room for experiments in Aristotle's natural science: experiments intervene in nature, but Aristotle holds that we must simply observe nature; if we intervened, the result would be something artificial or contrary to nature. Against this, I argue that Aristotle not only performed experiments, but also holds that there is much about nature that can be discovered experimentally.RÉSUMÉBeaucoup ont soutenu qu'il n'y a pas de place pour des expériences scientifiques dans les sciences naturelles d'Aristote (...)
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  10.  37
    The Object of Aristotelian Induction: Formal Cause or Composite Individual?Christopher Byrne - 2014 - In Louis F. Groarke & Paolo C. Biondi (eds.), Shifting the Paradigm: Alternative Perspectives on Induction. De Gruyter. pp. 251-268.
    According to a long interpretative tradition, Aristotle holds that the formal cause is the ultimate object of induction when investigating perceptible substances. For, the job of induction is to find the essential nature common to a set of individuals, and that nature is captured solely by their shared formal cause. Against this view, I argue that Aristotle understands perceptible individuals as irreducibly composite objects whose nature is constituted by both their formal and their material cause. As a result, when investigating (...)
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  11.  11
    Neither Straight Nor Crooked: Poetry as Performative Dialectics in the Five Ranks Philosophy of Zen Buddhism.Christopher Byrne - 2020 - Philosophy East and West 70 (3):661-678.
    In traditional and popular accounts, Zen Buddhism is depicted as a practice that rejects literary study and intellectualization in favor of a direct experience of enlightenment that is beyond words. Indeed, the Zen school has traditionally defined itself as a "separate transmission outside the teachings, not dependent on words and letters". Even when regarding the tradition's literary output, Zen literature is famous for its antinomian dialogues replete with outrageous antics, frequent non sequiturs, and crude, illiterate utterances that appear to validate (...)
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  12. Naomi Reshotko, Ed., Desire, Identity and Existence: Essays in Honour of TM Penner Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Christopher Byrne - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (5):357-359.
    Review of Desire, Identity and Existence, edited by Naomi Reshotko.
     
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  13. William Jordan, Ancient Concepts of Philosophy Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Christopher Byrne - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (3):176-178.
    Review of Ancient Concepts of Philosophy by William Jordan.
     
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  14. Monte Ransome Johnson, Aristotle on Teleology Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Christopher Byrne - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (5):360-362.
    Review of Monte Johnson, Aristotle on Telelogy.
     
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  15.  6
    8. Matter and the Soul.Christopher Byrne - 2018 - In Aristotle's Science of Matter and Motion. University of Toronto Press. pp. 98-106.
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  16.  4
    Reply to Jiayu Zhang.Christopher Byrne - 2019 - Studia Neoaristotelica 16 (2):335-336.
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  17. Livio Rossetti, Ed., Greek Philosophy in the New Millenium Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Christopher Byrne - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (4):296-298.
    Review of Greek Philosophy in the New Millenium, edited by Livio Rossetti.
     
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