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Profile: Christopher Byrne (St. Francis Xavier University)
  1.  55
    Christopher Byrne (1989). Forms and Causes in Plato's Phaedo. Dionysius 13:3-15.
    Gregory Vlastos has argued that Aristotle and other commentators on the Phaedo have mistakenly interpreted Plato’s Forms to be efficient causes. While Vlastos is correct that the Forms by themselves are not efficient causes, because of his neo-Kantianism he has misunderstood the close connection between the Forms and the explanation of change, including teleological change. This paper explores the connection in Plato’s Phaedo between the Forms, the nature of change, and efficient causality, and argues that Aristotle’s remarks are not as (...)
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  2.  57
    Christopher Byrne (2002). Aristotle on Physical Necessity and the Limits of Teleological Explanation. Apeiron 35 (1):19-46.
    Some commentators have argued that there is no room in Aristotle's natural science for simple, or unconditional, physical necessity, for the only necessity that governs all natural substances is hypothetical and teleological. Against this view I argue that, according to Aristotle, there are two types of unconditional physical necessity at work in the material elements, the one teleological, governing their natural motions, and the other non-teleological, governing their physical interaction. I argue as well that these two types of simple necessity (...)
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  3.  10
    Christopher Byrne (2014). The Object of Aristotelian Induction: Formal Cause or Composite Individual? In Louis F. Groarke & Paolo C. Biondi (eds.), Shifting the Paradigm: Alternative Perspectives on Induction. De Gruyter 251-268.
    According to a long interpretative tradition, Aristotle holds that the formal cause is the ultimate object of induction when investigating perceptible substances. For, the job of induction is to find the essential nature common to a set of individuals, and that nature is captured solely by their shared formal cause. Against this view, I argue that Aristotle understands perceptible individuals as irreducibly composite objects whose nature is constituted by both their formal and their material cause. As a result, when investigating (...)
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  4.  26
    Christopher Byrne (2015). Compositional & Functional Matter: Aristotle on the Material Cause of Biological Organisms. Apeiron 48 (4):387-406.
    Aristotle uses two kinds of material cause in his analysis of biological organisms: compositional matter, which persists through their birth and death;and functional matter, which consists of the organs and functional parts out of which biological organisms are made while they are alive. These two kinds of material cause, it has been argued, have quite different explanatory roles: functional matter is required by biological organisms to perform their essential functions,but compositional matter contributes nothing necessary to them and is only responsible (...)
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  5.  36
    Christopher Byrne (2001). Matter and Aristotle's Material Cause. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):85-111.
    In his metaphysics and natural philosophy, Aristotle uses the concept of a material cause,i.e., that from which something can be made or generated. This paper argues that Aristotle also has a concept of matter in the sense of physical stuff. Aristotle develops this concept of matter in the course of investigating the material causes of perceptible substances. Because of the requirements for change, locomotion, and the physical interaction of material objects, Aristotle holds that all perceptible substances must be extended in (...)
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  6.  8
    Christopher Byrne (2009). Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta. [REVIEW] Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):217-220.
    Review of Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta, translated and annotated by S. Makin.
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  7.  44
    Christopher Byrne (1995). Prime Matter and Actuality. Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (2):197-224.
    In the context of Aristotle's metaphysics and natural philosophy, 'prime matter' refers to that material cause which is both the proximate material cause of the four sublunary elements and the ultimate material cause of all perishable substances. On the traditional view, prime matter is pure potentiality, without any determinate nature of its own. Against this view, I argue that prime matter must be physical, extended, and movable matter if it is to fulfil its role as the substratum persisting through the (...)
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  8. Christopher Byrne (1996). William Jordan, Ancient Concepts of Philosophy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (3):176-178.
    Review of Ancient Concepts of Philosophy by William Jordan.
     
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  9.  14
    Christopher Byrne (2009). Aristotle. Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):217-220.
    Review of Stephen Makin, ed., Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2006).
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  10. Christopher Byrne (2006). Monte Ransome Johnson, Aristotle on Teleology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 26 (5):360-362.
    Review of Monte Johnson, Aristotle on Telelogy.
     
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  11. Christopher Byrne (2005). Livio Rossetti, Ed., Greek Philosophy in the New Millenium Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (4):296-298.
    Review of Greek Philosophy in the New Millenium, edited by Livio Rossetti.
     
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  12. Christopher Byrne (2004). Naomi Reshotko, Ed., Desire, Identity and Existence: Essays in Honour of TM Penner Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 24 (5):357-359.
    Review of Desire, Identity and Existence, edited by Naomi Reshotko.
     
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