Results for 'Christopher D. Tennenbaum'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Explaining the Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Abnormalities in the Awareness of Action.Christopher D. Frith, S. J. Blakemore & D. Wolpert - 2000 - Brain Research Reviews 31 (2):357-363.
  2.  33
    Should Trees Have Standing?: Law, Morality, and the Environment.Christopher D. Stone - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Originally published in 1972, Should Trees Have Standing? was a rallying point for the then burgeoning environmental movement, launching a worldwide debate on the basic nature of legal rights that reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Now, in the 35th anniversary edition of this remarkably influential book, Christopher D. Stone updates his original thesis and explores the impact his ideas have had on the courts, the academy, and society as a whole. At the heart of the book is an eminently (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  3.  7
    Questioning Intuition Through Reflective Engagement.Christopher D. Schmidt - 2014 - Journal of Moral Education 43 (4):429-446.
    Current literature on ethics and moral development focuses on discussion concerning the impact of intuition on moral decision-making. Through the use of student journal reflections over the course of one semester, this study utilized a grounded theory approach in order to explore and understand participant levels of awareness and understanding of intuition in this regard. The findings suggest that reflective engagement enables these participants to become more aware of and therefore access and govern intuitions so that they can be more (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. Consciousness, Information Processing, and the Brain.Christopher D. Frith - 1992 - Journal of Psychopharmacology 6:436-40.
  5. Attention to Action and Awareness of Other Minds.Christopher D. Frith - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):481-487.
    We have only limited awareness of the system by which we control our actions and this limited awareness does not seem to be concerned with the control of action. Awareness of choosing one action rather than another comes after the choice has been made, while awareness of initiating an action occurs before the movement has begun. These temporal differences bind together in consciousness the intention to act and the consequences of the action. This creates our sense of agency. Activity in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  6. 13 Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects.Christopher D. Stone - 1988/1972 - Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions.
  7.  62
    An Introduction to Information Retrieval.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    1 Boolean retrieval 1 2 The term vocabulary and postings lists 19 3 Dictionaries and tolerant retrieval 49 4 Index construction 67 5 Index compression 85 6 Scoring, term weighting and the vector space model 109 7 Computing scores in a complete search system 135 8 Evaluation in information retrieval 151 9 Relevance feedback and query expansion 177 10 XML retrieval 195 11 Probabilistic information retrieval 219 12 Language models for information retrieval 237 13 Text classification and Naive Bayes 253 (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  8.  9
    Reach Tracking Reveals Dissociable Processes Underlying Cognitive Control.Christopher D. Erb, Jeff Moher, David M. Sobel & Joo-Hyun Song - 2016 - Cognition 152:114-126.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  9.  99
    Consciousness, Information Processing and Schizophrenia.Christopher D. Frith - 1979 - British Journal of Psychiatry 134:225-35.
  10.  7
    Relationships Among Moral and Contesting Variables and Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport.David Light Shields, Christopher D. Funk & Brenda Light Bredemeier - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (1):17-33.
    The current study of US intercollegiate athletes involved in multiple sports investigated relationships among moral, contesting and behavioral variables in sport. Among other relationships, results demonstrated that prosocial behavior was positively correlated with moral reasoning maturity, higher appreciation of moral values, moral identity and a partnership contesting orientation. In contrast, antisocial behavior was negative correlated with moral reasoning maturity, MVE, moral identity and a partnership orientation. In addition, antisocial behavior was positively correlated with a war contesting orientation. Regression analyses demonstrated (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Functional Imaging of 'Theory of Mind'.Helen L. Gallagher & Christopher D. Frith - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):77-83.
  12.  33
    The Role of the Prefrontal Cortex in Self-Consciousness: The Case of Auditory Hallucinations.Christopher D. Frith - 1996 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 351:1505-12.
  13.  4
    Blatant Dehumanization in the Mind’s Eye: Prevalent Even Among Those Who Explicitly Reject It?Christopher D. Petsko, Ryan F. Lei, Jonas R. Kunst, Emile Bruneau & Nour Kteily - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  29
    Uncertainty in Perception and the Hierarchical Gaussian Filter.Christoph D. Mathys, Ekaterina I. Lomakina, Jean Daunizeau, Sandra Iglesias, Kay H. Brodersen, Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  15.  22
    Spiritual Activism and Praxis: Gloria Anzaldúa's Mature Spirituality.Christopher D. Tirres - 2019 - The Pluralist 14 (1):119.
    gloria evangelina anzaldúa has been hailed as one of most important cultural theorists of the past fifty years. Her work, especially her groundbreaking Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, continues to animate many contemporary discourses, especially those concerned with cultural and linguistic hybridity, intersectionality, and women of color feminism. Yet one may ask: What is Anzaldúa's distinctive contribution to contemporary discourses of spirituality and religion? In a 1993 interview, Anzaldúa herself lays bare the relative inattention that critics have given to her (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  9
    Cognitive Control in Action: Tracking the Dynamics of Rule Switching in 5- to 8-Year-Olds and Adults.Christopher D. Erb, Jeff Moher, Joo-Hyun Song & David M. Sobel - 2017 - Cognition 164:163-173.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  34
    Natural Logic for Textual Inference.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    This paper presents the first use of a computational model of natural logic—a system of logical inference which operates over natural language—for textual inference. Most current approaches to the PAS- CAL RTE textual inference task achieve robustness by sacrificing semantic precision; while broadly effective, they are easily confounded by ubiquitous inferences involving monotonicity. At the other extreme, systems which rely on first-order logic and theorem proving are precise, but excessively brittle. This work aims at a middle way. Our system finds (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18.  92
    Models of the Pathological Mind.Christopher D. Frith & Shaun Gallagher - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):57-80.
    Christopher Frith is a research professor at the Functional Imaging Laboratory of the Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience at University College, London. He explores, experimentally, using the techniques of functional brain imaging, the relationship between human consciousness and the brain. His research focuses on questions pertaining to perception, attention, control of action, free will, and awareness of our own mental states and those of others. As the following discussion makes clear, Frith investigates brain systems involved in the choice of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19.  77
    Moral Pluralism and the Course of Environmental Ethics.Christopher D. Stone - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):139-154.
    Environmental ethics has reached a certain level of maturity; further significant advances require reexamining its status within the larger realm of moral philosophy. It could aim to extend to nonhumans one of the familiar sets of principles subject to appropriate modifications; or it could seek to break away and put forward its own paradigm or paradigms. Selecting the proper course requires as the most immediate mission exploring the formal requirements of an ethical system. In general, are there constraints against bringing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  20.  28
    Learning to Distinguish Valid Textual Entailments.Christopher D. Manning & Daniel Cer - unknown
    This paper proposes a new architecture for textual inference in which finding a good alignment is separated from evaluating entailment. Current approaches to semantic inference in question answering and textual entailment have approximated the entailment problem as that of computing the best alignment of the hypothesis to the text, using a locally decomposable matching score. While this formulation is adequate for representing local (word-level) phenomena such as synonymy, it is incapable of representing global interactions, such as that between verb negation (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  21. The Problem of Introspection.Christopher D. Frith & Hakwan C. Lau - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):761-764.
  22.  22
    Ergativity: Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    I wish to present a codi cation of syntactic approaches to dealing with ergative languages and argue for the correctness of one particular approach, which I will call the Inverse Grammatical Relations hypothesis.1 I presume familiarity with the term `ergativity', but, brie y, many languages have ergative case marking, such as Burushaski in (1), in contrast to the accusative case marking of Latin in (2). More generally, if we follow Dixon (1979) and use A to mark the agent-like argument of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  1
    Spacing Repetitions Over Long Timescales: A Review and a Reconsolidation Explanation.Christopher D. Smith & Damian Scarf - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  28
    An Extended Model of Natural Logic.Christopher D. Manning & Bill MacCartney - unknown
    We propose a model of natural language inference which identifies valid inferences by their lexical and syntactic features, without full semantic interpretation. We extend past work in natural logic, which has focused on semantic containment and monotonicity, by incorporating both semantic exclusion and implicativity. Our model decomposes an inference problem into a sequence of atomic edits linking premise to hypothesis; predicts a lexical semantic relation for each edit; propagates these relations upward through a semantic composition tree according to properties of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  34
    Modeling Semantic Containment and Exclusion in Natural Language Inference.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We propose an approach to natural language inference based on a model of natural logic, which identifies valid inferences by their lexical and syntactic features, without full semantic interpretation. We greatly extend past work in natural logic, which has focused solely on semantic containment and monotonicity, to incorporate both semantic exclusion and implicativity. Our system decomposes an inference problem into a sequence of atomic edits linking premise to hypothesis; predicts a lexical entailment relation for each edit using a statistical classifier; (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  76
    Efficient, Feature-Based, Conditional Random Field Parsing.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    Discriminative feature-based methods are widely used in natural language processing, but sentence parsing is still dominated by generative methods. While prior feature-based dynamic programming parsers have restricted training and evaluation to artificially short sentences, we present the first general, featurerich discriminative parser, based on a conditional random field model, which has been successfully scaled to the full WSJ parsing data. Our efficiency is primarily due to the use of stochastic optimization techniques, as well as parallelization and chart prefiltering. On WSJ15, (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  24
    Promoting the Moral Reasoning of Undergraduate Business Students Through a Deliberate Psychological Education‐Based Classroom Intervention.Christopher D. Schmidt, Charles R. McAdams & Victoria Foster - 2009 - Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):315-334.
    Educating business students for ethical professional practice is a growing concern for both the corporate world and business education. Highly publicised scandals have pushed public trust in business to an all?time low, resulting in losses of customers and high employee turnover. Corporate and business education leaders have begun to press for more effective models for promoting ethical development in business education. This study examined the effectiveness of one such model, Deliberate Psychological Education (DPE), in promoting greater cognitive moral reasoning in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  28.  8
    Children’s Developing Understanding of the Relation Between Variable Causal Efficacy and Mechanistic Complexity.Christopher D. Erb, David W. Buchanan & David M. Sobel - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):494-500.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29. Probabilistic Models of Language Processing and Acquisition.Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335-344.
  30.  7
    Robust Textual Inference Via Graph Matching.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We present a system for deciding whether a given sentence can be inferred from text. Each sentence is represented as a directed graph (extracted from a dependency parser) in which the nodes represent words or phrases, and the links represent syntactic and semantic relationships. We develop a learned graph matching model to approximate entailment by the amount of the sentence’s semantic content which is contained in the text. We present results on the Recognizing Textual Entailment dataset (Dagan et al., 2005), (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  53
    Part-of-Speech Tagging From 97% to 100%: Is It Time for Some Linguistics?Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    I examine what would be necessary to move part-of-speech tagging performance from its current level of about 97.3% token accuracy (56% sentence accuracy) to close to 100% accuracy. I suggest that it must still be possible to greatly increase tagging performance and examine some useful improvements that have recently been made to the Stanford Part-of-Speech Tagger. However, an error analysis of some of the remaining errors suggests that there is limited further mileage to be had either from better machine learning (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32. Is the Aim of Perception to Provide Accurate Representations? A Case for the 'No' Side.Christopher D. Viger - 2006 - In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33.  22
    The Curious Rise and Fall of Experimental Psychology in Mind.Christopher D. Green - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (1):37-57.
    The journal Mind is now a wholly philosophical journal. At the time of its founding, in 1876, however, its mission was rather different in character. Its aim was to discover whether scientific psychology was a truly viable enterprise and, if so, what its boundaries with philosophy, with other scientific disciplines, and with the earlier generation of discredited attempts at `scientific' studies of the mind (e.g. phrenology, mesmerism) might be. Although at first Mind published mostly philosophical pieces and literature reviews, by (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  1
    Review of Das Sein Erzählt: Heideggers Narratives Denken, by Alessandro Iorio. [REVIEW]Christopher D. Merwin - 2019 - Philosophy Today 63 (3):767-769.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  86
    Neurodisruption of Selective Attention: Insights and Implications.Christopher D. Chambers & Jason B. Mattingley - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (11):542-550.
    Mechanisms of selective attention are vital for coherent perception and action. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience have yielded key insights into the relationship between neural mechanisms of attention and eye movements, and the role of frontal and parietal brain regions as sources of attentional control. Here we explore the growing contribution of reversible neurodisruption techniques, including transcranial magnetic stimulation and microelectrode stimulation, to the cognitive neuroscience of spatial attention. These approaches permit unique causal inferences concerning the relationship between neural processes (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  36.  14
    Exploring the Dimensions of Egocentricity in Aircraft Navigation Displays.Christopher D. Wickens & Tyler T. Prevett - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (2):110.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37.  43
    Some Questions About Identifying Individuals: Failed Intuitions About Organisms and Species.Christopher D. Horvath - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):654-668.
    Treating species as individuals and not classes has been crucial to the integration of evolutionary theory with modern systematics. Despite the theoretically important role the concept of individuality plays in modern phylogenetic systematics and in evolutionary theory more generally, many have been content to rely on common-sense intuitions about what counts as an individual. One of the most often cited intuitions is that individuals should be defined intrinsically. Unfortunately, common-sense intuitions like this one have proven to be inadequate for identifying (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  53
    Where Do Dennett's Stances Stand? Explaining Our Kinds of Minds.Christopher D. Viger - 2000 - In Andrew Brook, Don Ross & David L. Thompson (eds.), Dennett's Philosophy: A Comprehensive Assessment. MIT Press.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  39.  10
    Soft Constraints Mirror Hard Constraints: Voice and Person in English and Lummi.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    The same categorical phenomena which are attributed to hard grammatical constraints in some languages continue to show up as statistical preferences in other languages, motivating a grammatical model that can account for soft constraints. The effects of a hierarchy of person (1st, 2nd 3rd) on grammar are categorical in some languages, most famously in languages withError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMap inverse systems, but also in languages with person restrictions on passivization. In Lummi, for example, the person (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  77
    Probabilistic Models of Language Processing and Acquisition.Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335–344.
    Probabilistic methods are providing new explanatory approaches to fundamental cognitive science questions of how humans structure, process and acquire language. This review examines probabilistic models defined over traditional symbolic structures. Language comprehension and production involve probabilistic inference in such models; and acquisition involves choosing the best model, given innate constraints and linguistic and other input. Probabilistic models can account for the learning and processing of language, while maintaining the sophistication of symbolic models. A recent burgeoning of theoretical developments and online (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  41.  12
    The Lexical Integrity of Japanese Causatives.Christopher D. Manning & Ivan A. Sag - unknown
    Grammatical theory has long wrestled with the fact that causative constructions exhibit properties of both single words and complex phrases. However, as Paul Kiparsky has observed, the distribution of such properties of causatives is not arbitrary: ‘construal’ phenomena such as honorification, anaphor and pronominal binding, and quantifier ‘floating’ typically behave as they would if causatives were syntactically complex, embedding constructions; whereas case marking, agreement and word order phenomena all point to the analysis of causatives as single lexical items.1 Although an (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  29
    Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing.Dan Klein & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP/LR F1) is better than that of early lexicalized PCFG models, and surprisingly close to the current state-of-theart. This result has potential uses beyond establishing a strong lower bound on the maximum possible accuracy of unlexicalized models: an unlexicalized PCFG is (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  43.  11
    Automatic Acquisition of a Large Subcategorization Dictionary From Corpora.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    This paper presents a new method for producing a dictionary of subcategorization frames from unlabelled text corpora. It is shown that statistical filtering of the results of a finite state parser running on the output of a stochastic tagger produces high quality results, despite the error rates of the tagger and the parser. Further, it is argued that this method can be used to learn all subcategorization frames, whereas previous methods are not extensible to a general solution to the problem.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44. A Phrase-Based Alignment Model for Natural Language Inference.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    The alignment problem—establishing links between corresponding phrases in two related sentences—is as important in natural language inference (NLI) as it is in machine translation (MT). But the tools and techniques of MT alignment do not readily transfer to NLI, where one cannot assume semantic equivalence, and for which large volumes of bitext are lacking. We present a new NLI aligner, the MANLI system, designed to address these challenges. It uses a phrase-based alignment representation, exploits external lexical resources, and capitalizes on (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  67
    Lucid Dreaming: The Paradox of Consciousness During Sleep.Christopher D. Green & C. McGreery - 1994 - Routledge.
    Throughout, there are many case histories to illustrate the text.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46. Discussion: Phylogenetic Species Concept: Pluralism, Monism, and History. [REVIEW]Christopher D. Horvath - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (2):225-232.
    Species serve as both the basic units of macroevolutionary studies and as the basic units of taxonomic classification. In this paper I argue that the taxa identified as species by the Phylogenetic Species Concept (Mishler and Brandon 1987) are the units of biological organization most causally relevant to the evolutionary process but that such units exist at multiple levels within the hierarchy of any phylogenetic lineage. The PSC gives us no way of identifying one of these levels as the privileged (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47. Can Neuroscience Explain Consciousness?Jakob Hohwy & Christopher D. Frith - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (7-8):180-198.
    Cognitive neuroscience aspires to explain how the brain produces conscious states. Many people think this aspiration is threatened by the subjective nature of introspective reports, as well as by certain philosophical arguments. We propose that good neuroscientific explanations of conscious states can consolidate an interpretation of introspective reports, in spite of their subjective nature. This is because the relative quality of explanations can be evaluated on independent, methodological grounds. To illustrate, we review studies that suggest that aspects of the feeling (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  48.  45
    Clustering the Tagged Web.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    Automatically clustering web pages into semantic groups promises improved search and browsing on the web. In this paper, we demonstrate how user-generated tags from largescale social bookmarking websites such as del.icio.us can be used as a complementary data source to page text and anchor text for improving automatic clustering of web pages. This paper explores the use of tags in 1) K-means clustering in an extended vector space model that includes tags as well as page text and 2) a novel (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  42
    A Simple and Effective Hierarchical Phrase Reordering Model.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    adjacent phrases, but they typically lack the ability to perform the kind of long-distance reorderings possible with syntax-based systems. In this paper, we present a novel hierarchical phrase reordering model aimed at improving non-local reorderings, which seamlessly integrates with a standard phrase-based system with little loss of computational efficiency. We show that this model can successfully handle the key examples often used to motivate syntax-based systems, such as the rotation of a prepositional phrase around a noun phrase. We contrast our (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  42
    Scientific Models, Connectionist Networks, and Cognitive Science.Christopher D. Green - 2001 - Theory & Psychology 11:97-117.
    The employment of a particular class of computer programs known as "connectionist networks" to model mental processes is a widespread approach to research in cognitive science these days. Little has been written, however, on the precise connection that is thought to hold between such programs and actual in vivo cognitive processes such that the former can be said to "model" the latter in a scientific sense. What is more, this relation can be shown to be problematic. In this paper I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000