The Roman Empire was a remarkable achievement. With a population of sixty million people, it encircled the Mediterranean and stretched from northern England to North Africa and Syria. This Very Short Introduction covers the history of the empire at its height, looking at its people, religions and social structures. It explains how it deployed violence, 'romanisation', and tactical power to develop an astonishingly uniform culture from Rome to its furthest outreaches.
Written by prominent scholars of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's philosophy, this collection celebrates the 300th anniversary of Rousseau's birth and the 250th anniversary of the publication of Emile. The depth and systematic character of Rousseau's thought was recognized almost immediately by thinkers such as Kant and Hegel, yet debate continues over the degree to which Rousseau's legacy is the result of poetic, literary or rhetorical genius, rather than of philosophic rigor or profundity. The authors focus on Rousseau's genuine yet undervalued stature as (...) a philosopher. This collection includes essays that develop some of the complex problems Rousseau treated so radically and profoundly, as well as essays on the vigorous debates he engaged in with thoughtful contemporaries and predecessors. (shrink)
Sometime in the mid sixth century, John Lydus , then a professor of Latin at the State University of Constantinople, decided to write his autobiography. John had led an eventful life . He was born around 490 in Philadelphia, the chief city of the province of Lydia on the western coast of Asia Minor. In 511, after an expensive education, which included learning Latin, he left his home town for the imperial capital. Arriving in Constantinople, John had high hopes of (...) a successful career. He aimed to secure a post in one of the imperial secretariats whose highly privileged staff, working within the palace, dealt with administrative and judicial matters directly involving the emperor himself. (shrink)
The notorious Treatise of the Three Impostors is so shrouded in mystery that those who study it invariably compare their endeavors to detective work. The mysteries investigated by these scholarly sleuths include the identity of the author of the Treatise, issues involving its dissemination, and even questions about the existence of some editions cited by contemporaries. This volume contains a new, accurate translation of one version of the Treatise along with related works which were published together in a 1777 edition. (...) It also contains three essays by Abraham Anderson discussing these works in relation to “the problem of enlightenment.”. (shrink)