Results for 'Christopher M. Wathes'

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  1.  52
    Adolescents Care but Don’T Feel Responsible for Farm Animal Welfare.Siobhan M. Abeyesinghe, Jen Jamieson, Lucy Asher, David Allen, Matthew O. Parker, Christopher M. Wathes & Michael J. Reiss - 2015 - Society and Animals 23 (3):269-297.
  2. Ectogestation and the Problem of Abortion.Christopher M. Stratman - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):683-700.
    Ectogestation involves the gestation of a fetus in an ex utero environment. The possibility of this technology raises a significant question for the abortion debate: Does a woman’s right to end her pregnancy entail that she has a right to the death of the fetus when ectogestation is possible? Some have argued that it does not Mathison & Davis. Others claim that, while a woman alone does not possess an individual right to the death of the fetus, the genetic parents (...)
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  3.  39
    Reconsidering the Ad Hominem: Christopher M. Johnson.Christopher M. Johnson - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):251-266.
    Ad hominem arguments are generally dismissed on the grounds that they are not attempts to engage in rational discourse, but are rather aimed at undermining argument by diverting attention from claims made to assessments of character of persons making claims. The manner of this dismissal however is based upon an unlikely paradigm of rationality: it is based upon the presumption that our intellectual capacities are not as limited as in fact they are, and do not vary as much as they (...)
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  4. Defending the Objective List Theory of Well‐Being.Christopher M. Rice - 2013 - Ratio 26 (2):196-211.
    The objective list theory of well-being holds that a plurality of basic objective goods directly benefit people. These can include goods such as loving relationships, meaningful knowledge, autonomy, achievement, and pleasure. The objective list theory is pluralistic (it does not identify an underlying feature shared by these goods) and objective (the basic goods benefit people independently of their reactive attitudes toward them). In this paper, I discuss the structure of this theory and show how it is supported by people's considered (...)
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  5.  22
    Prosocial Citizens Without a Moral Compass? Examining the Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior.Christopher M. Castille, John E. Buckner & Christian N. Thoroughgood - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (4):919-930.
    Research in the organizational sciences has tended to portray prosocial behavior as an unqualified positive outcome that should be encouraged in organizations. However, only recently, have researchers begun to acknowledge prosocial behaviors that help maintain an organization’s positive image in ways that violate ethical norms. Recent scandals, including Volkswagen’s emissions scandal and Penn State’s child sex abuse scandal, point to the need for research on the individual factors and situational conditions that shape the emergence of these unethical pro-organizational behaviors. Drawing (...)
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  6.  50
    Implicit Statistical Learning in Language Processing: Word Predictability is the Key.Christopher M. Conway, Althea Bauernschmidt, Sean S. Huang & David B. Pisoni - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):356-371.
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  7.  81
    Sequential Learning in Non-Human Primates.Christopher M. Conway & Morten H. Christiansen - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (12):539-546.
  8.  50
    Objective List Theories and Ill-Being.Christopher M. Rice - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (5):1073-1085.
    What, if anything, directly detracts from well-being? Objective list theorists affirm basic goods such as knowledge, friendship, and achievement, but it is less clear what they should say about opposing bads. In this paper, I argue that false beliefs, unhealthy relationships, and failed projects are not basic bads and do not directly detract from well-being. They can have bad effects or elements, or block the realization of basic goods, but do not themselves carry negative weight with respect to well-being. This (...)
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  9.  21
    Sense of Place, Fast and Slow: The Potential Contributions of Affordance Theory to Sense of Place.Christopher M. Raymond, Marketta Kyttä & Richard Stedman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10.  7
    Implicit Statistical Learning in Language Processing: Word Predictability is the Key.David B. Pisoni Christopher M. Conway, Althea Baurnschmidt, Sean Huang - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):356.
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  11.  44
    Chevlen, Eric, M.D., and Wesley J. Smith. Power Over Pain: How to Get the Pain Control You Need.Christopher M. Saliga - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (4):761-762.
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  12.  79
    Reconsidering the Ad Hominem.Christopher M. Johnson - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):251-266.
    Ad hominem arguments are generally dismissed on the grounds that they are not attempts to engage in rational discourse, but are rather aimed at undermining argument by diverting attention from claims made to assessments of character of persons making claims. The manner of this dismissal however is based upon an unlikely paradigm of rationality: it is based upon the presumption that our intellectual capacities are not as limited as in fact they are, and do not vary as much as they (...)
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  13.  28
    Merleau-Ponty: Space, Place, Architecture, Written by Patricia M. Locke & Rachel McCann.Christopher M. Aanstoos - 2017 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 48 (1):145-148.
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  14. Introductory Essay : Communal Agreement and Objectivity.Christopher M. Leich & Steven H. Holtzman - 1981 - In S. Holtzman & Christopher M. Leich (eds.), Wittgenstein: To Follow a Rule. Routledge.
     
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  15. The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions.Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):267-274.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and a property of conjunction (...)
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  16. Truth as Final Cause: Eschatology and Hope in Lacan and Przywara.Christopher M. Wojtulewicz - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (3):75-94.
    Truth is a locus of guilt for the Christian, according to Jacques Lacan. The religious person, he argues, punitively defers truth eschatologically. Yet Lacan’s own view dissolves eschatological deferral to the world, as the “Real”. The metaphysics of Erich Przywara SJ helps highlight that this mirrors Lacan’s view of the religious person. Przywara’s Christian metaphysics and Lacanian psychoanalysis converge on the immanence of truth to history. But Przywaran analogy corrects Lacan’s position on the religious person, which by implication calls for (...)
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  17. Physician Perspectives and Compliance with Patient Advance Directives: The Role External Factors Play on Physician Decision Making. [REVIEW]Christopher M. Burkle, Paul S. Mueller, Keith M. Swetz, C. Hook & Mark T. Keegan - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):31-.
    Background Following passage of the Patient Self Determination Act in 1990, health care institutions that receive Medicare and Medicaid funding are required to inform patients of their right to make their health care preferences known through execution of a living will and/or to appoint a surrogate-decision maker. We evaluated the impact of external factors and perceived patient preferences on physicians’ decisions to honor or forgo previously established advance directives (ADs). In addition, physician views regarding legal risk, patients’ ability to comprehend (...)
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  18.  85
    Replies to Kaczor and Rodger.Christopher M. Stratman - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1941-1944.
    In these replies, I shall respond to criticisms offered by Kaczor and Rodger to my article titled “Ectogestation and the Problem of Abortion.” In the process, I shall also try to bring into focus why the possibility of ectogestation will radically alter the shape of the abortion debate.
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  19.  49
    Making the Best Even Better.Christopher M. Brown - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (1):63-80.
    In a recent paper, “Incompatiblism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven,” Timothy Pawl and Kevin Timpe discuss and propose a novel solution to a problem posed for traditional Christian theism that they call the Problem of Heavenly Freedom. In short, Christian tradition contains what seems to be a contradiction, namely, the redeemed in heaven are free but nonetheless can’t sin. Pawl and Timpe’s solution to the Problem of Heavenly Freedom is particularly attractive for two reasons: it shows great respect for (...)
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  20.  32
    Souls, Ships, and Substances.Christopher M. Brown - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):655 - 668.
    I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus . First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical . Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive view, this (...)
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  21.  48
    Souls, Ships, and Substances: A Response to Toner.Christopher M. Brown - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):655-668.
    I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus (AST). First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical (although not impossible). Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive (...)
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  22.  29
    A Phenomenological Study of Thinking.Christopher M. Aanstoos - 1983 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 4:244-256.
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  23.  34
    The Think Aloud Method in Descriptive Research.Christopher M. Aanstoos - 1983 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 14 (1-2):243-266.
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  24.  33
    Robot life: simulation and participation in the study of evolution and social behavior.Christopher M. Kelty - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):16.
    This paper explores the case of using robots to simulate evolution, in particular the case of Hamilton’s Law. The uses of robots raises several questions that this paper seeks to address. The first concerns the role of the robots in biological research: do they simulate something or do they participate in something? The second question concerns the physicality of the robots: what difference does embodiment make to the role of the robot in these experiments. Thirdly, how do life, embodiment and (...)
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  25.  11
    On The Foundations Of Process Physics.Christopher M. Klinger - 2016 - In David Ray Griffin, Michael Epperson & Timothy E. Eastman (eds.), Physics and Speculative Philosophy: Potentiality in Modern Science. De Gruyter. pp. 143-176.
  26.  31
    The Phenomenal Basis of Intentionality by Angela Mendelovici, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, ISBN 9780190863807, 275 Pages. [REVIEW]Christopher M. Stratman - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1805-1816.
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  27.  17
    The Rise of Food Banks and the Challenge of Matching Food Assistance with Potential Need: Towards a Spatially Specific, Rapid Assessment Approach.Christopher M. Bacon & Gregory A. Baker - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (4):899-919.
    In the United States, food banks served an estimated 46 million people in 2015. A combination of government policy reforms and political economic trends contributed to the rising numbers of individuals relying on private food assistance in the US, the United Kingdom and other high-income countries. Although researchers frequently map urban food environments, this project is one of the first to map private food assistance and potential need at the census-tract scale. We utilize Geographic Information Systems, demographic data, and food (...)
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  28.  45
    Bonaventure.Christopher M. Cullen - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a brief and accessible introduction to the thought of the great Franciscan theologian St. Bonaventure. Cullen focuses on the long-debated relation between philosophy and theology in the work of this important but neglected thinker, revelaing Bonaventure as a great synthesizer. Cullen's exposition also shows in a new and more nuanced way Bonaventure's debt to Augustine, while making clear how he was influenced by Aristotle. The book is organized according to the categories of Bonaventure's own classic text. De reductione (...)
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  29.  1
    Analysing the Assisted Dying Bill [HL] Debate 2021.Christopher M. Wojtulewicz - forthcoming - The New Bioethics:1-18.
    This paper considers the number of speeches which treat central topics in the House of Lords second reading of the ‘Assisted Dying Bill’. It summarizes some of the principal argu...
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  30.  11
    Souls, Ships, and Substances: A Response to Toner.Christopher M. Brown - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):655-668.
    I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus. First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical. Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive view, this revised account (...)
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  31. Wittgenstein: To Follow A Rule.Steven H. Holtzman & Christopher M. Leich (eds.) - 1981 - Routledge.
    INTRODUCTORY ESSAY: COMMUNAL AGREEMENT AND OBJECTIVITY Christopher M. Leich and Steven H. Holtzman In this essay we shall take up certain questions raised ...
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  32.  26
    Moral Hazard in Pediatrics.Donald Brunnquell & Christopher M. Michaelson - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):29-38.
    “Moral hazard” is a term familiar in economics and business ethics that illuminates why rational parties sometimes choose decisions with bad moral outcomes without necessarily intending to behave selfishly or immorally. The term is not generally used in medical ethics. Decision makers such as parents and physicians generally do not use the concept or the word in evaluating ethical dilemmas. They may not even be aware of the precise nature of the moral hazard problem they are experiencing, beyond a general (...)
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  33.  20
    Loving the Mess : Navigating Diversity and Conflict in Social Values for Sustainability.Jasper O. Kenter, Christopher M. Raymond, Carena J. van Riper, Elaine Azzopardi, Michelle R. Brear, Fulvia Calcagni, Ian Christie, Michael Christie, Anne Fordham, Rachelle K. Gould, Christopher D. Ives, Adam P. Hejnowicz, Richard Gunton, Andra‑Ioana Horcea-Milcu, Dave Kendal, Jakub Kronenberg, Julian R. Massenberg, Seb O'Connor, Neil Ravenscroft, Andrea Rawluk, Ivan J. Raymond, Jorge Rodríguez-Morales & Samarthia Thankappan - 2019 - Sustainability Science 14 (5):1439-1461.
    Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552.
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  34.  77
    A Critique of the Computational Model of Thought: The Contribution of Merleau-Ponty.Christopher M. Aanstoos - 1987 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 18 (1-2):187-200.
  35.  18
    Entities on a Temporal Scale.Christopher M. Murray & Brian I. Crother - 2016 - Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):1-10.
    Ontological understanding of biological units is crucial to their use in experimental design, analysis, and interpretation. Conceptualizing fundamental units in biology as individuals or classes is important for subsequent development of discovery operations. While the criteria for diagnosing individuals are acknowledged, temporal boundedness is often misinterpreted and temporal minima are applied to units in question. This results in misdiagnosis or abandonment of ontological interpretation altogether. Biological units such as areas of endemism in biogeography and species in evolutionary biology fall victim (...)
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  36. The Relation of Chemistry to Other Fields of Science: Atomism, Reductionism, and Inversion of Reduction.Christoph M. Liegener & Guiseppe Del Re - 1987 - Epistemologia 10 (2):269-284.
  37.  2
    Privacy and Transparency in the 4th Space: Implications for Conspiracy Theories.Christoph M. Abels & Daniel Hardegger - 2022 - Filozofia i Nauka 10:187-212.
    This article investigates the role of privacy and transparency in the 4th Space and outlines their implications for the development and dissemination of conspiracy theories. We argue that privacy can be exploited by individuals and organizations to spread conspiracy theories online, while organizational transparency, intended to increase accountability and ultimately trust, can have the adverse effect and nurture conspiracy beliefs. Through the lens of the 4th Space concept, we offer suggestions on how to approach those challenges which emerge as a (...)
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  38. Sartre and Hegel: The Variations of an Enigma in "L'etre Et Le Néant".Christopher M. Fry - 1988 - Bouvier Verlag.
  39.  68
    Boghossian's Refutation of Relativism.Christopher M. Caldwell & Majid Amini - 2011 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 1 (2):79-103.
    In Fear of Knowledge, Paul Boghossian presents a series of arguments against epistemic relativism and constructivism, doctrines that he considers to have exerted an overly unjustified influence over the human and social sciences in the past two decades. In the presentation of his arguments, Boghossian charts out a terrain that closely identifies relativism with skepticism. Yet, the relationship between the two does not seem to be a simple matter of entailment or implication. The purpose of this paper is to clarify (...)
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  40. Reincarnation and the Akashic Field: A Dialogue with Ervin Laszlo.Christopher M. Bache - 2006 - World Futures 62 (1 & 2):114 – 126.
    This article argues that Laszlo's concept of the Akashic Field (A-field) does not render the concept of reincarnation either redundant or unnecessary, that reincarnation is a fact of nature, something the universe is doing at this stage of its evolution. Not only is Laszlo's theory compatible with the concept of rebirth, it actually strengthens that theory by clarifying some of the processes involved. This article presents a rationale for the belief that through reincarnation the universe is giving birth to a (...)
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  41.  28
    Towards a Unified Theory of Metaphor.Christopher M. Bache - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (2):185-193.
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  42. Method as Identity: Manufacturing Distance in the Academic Study of Religion.Christopher M. Driscoll & Monica R. Miller - 2018 - Lexington Books.
    Method as Identity considers how social identity shapes methodological standpoints. With a refreshing hip hop sensibility, Miller and Driscoll reorient the contemporary academic study of religion toward recognition of the costs and benefits of manufacturing “critical” distance from our objects of study.
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  43. The Search for Strange Worlds : Deleuzian Semiotics and Proust.Christopher M. Drohan - 2009 - In Mary Bryden & Margaret Topping (eds.), Beckett's Proust/Deleuze's Proust. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  44.  55
    Ambiguity Aversion in Multi-Armed Bandit Problems.Christopher M. Anderson - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (1):15-33.
    In multi-armed bandit problems, information acquired from experimentation is valuable because it tells the agent whether to select a particular option again in the future. This article tests whether people undervalue this information because they are ambiguity averse, or have a distaste for uncertainty about the average quality of each alternative. It is shown that ambiguity averse agents have lower than optimal Gittins indexes, appearing to undervalue information from experimentation, but are willing to pay more than ambiguity neutral agents to (...)
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  45.  24
    Brain–Machine Interfaces and the Integral Person.Christopher M. Reilly - 2020 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 20 (1):47-58.
    Physically enhancing brain–machine interfaces communicate elec­tronically with the patient’s mind in both directions. They present significant opportunities to improve a patient’s health and to restore his or her physical function, but they also present problems for the patient’s sense of agency and self. This is exacerbated by notions of extension and enhancement that are not grounded in an authentic human anthropology that describes the inherently dignified person as an integral union of body and soul.
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  46.  12
    An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary. [REVIEW]Christopher M. Stevens - 2011 - Speculum 86 (1):168-169.
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  47.  32
    The Child as Natural Phenomenologist: Primal and Primary Experience in Merleau-Ponty’s Psychology, Written by Talia Welsh.Christopher M. Aanstoos - 2015 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 46 (1):123-127.
  48.  14
    Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Statistical-Sequential Learning: What Do Event-Related Potentials Tell Us?Jerome Daltrozzo & Christopher M. Conway - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  49. Problem: The Influence of Late Medieval and Renaissance Logic on Contemporary American Philosophy.Christopher M. Lehner - 1959 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 33:37.
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  50.  28
    Theorizing Command-and-Commodify Regulation: The Case of Species Conservation Banking in the United States.Christopher M. Rea - 2017 - Theory and Society 46 (1):21-56.
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