Results for 'Christopher P. Alfeld'

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  1.  14
    Non-Branching Degrees in the Medvedev Lattice of [Image] Classes.Christopher P. Alfeld - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (1):81 - 97.
    A $\Pi _{1}^{0}$ class is the set of paths through a computable tree. Given classes P and Q, P is Medvedev reducible to Q, P ≤M Q, if there is a computably continuous functional mapping Q into P. We look at the lattice formed by $\Pi _{1}^{0}$ subclasses of 2ω under this reduction. It is known that the degree of a splitting class of c.e. sets is non-branching. We further characterize non-branching degrees, providing two additional properties which guarantee non-branching: inseparable (...)
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  2.  23
    Classifying the Branching Degrees in the Medvedev Lattice of $\pi^0_1$ Classes.Christopher P. Alfeld - 2008 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (3):227-243.
    A $\Pi^0_1$ class can be defined as the set of infinite paths through a computable tree. For classes $P$ and $Q$, say that $P$ is Medvedev reducible to $Q$, $P \leq_M Q$, if there is a computably continuous functional mapping $Q$ into $P$. Let $\mathcal{L}_M$ be the lattice of degrees formed by $\Pi^0_1$ subclasses of $2^\omega$ under the Medvedev reducibility. In "Non-branching degrees in the Medvedev lattice of $\Pi \sp{0}\sb{1} classes," I provided a characterization of nonbranching/branching and a classification of (...)
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  3. The Ontological Reappropriation of Phronēsis.Christopher P. Long - 2002 - Continental Philosophy Review 35 (1):35-60.
    Ontology has been traditionally guided by sophia, a form of knowledge directed toward that which is eternal, permanent, necessary. This tradition finds an important early expression in the philosophical ontology of Aristotle. Yet in the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle's intense concern to do justice to the world of finite contingency leads him to develop a mode of knowledge, phronsis, that implicitly challenges the hegemony of sophia and the economy of values on which it depends. Following in the tradition of the early (...)
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  4.  66
    The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics.Christopher P. Martin - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (3):489 – 509.
    (2008). The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 489-509. doi: 10.1080/09608780802200489.
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  5.  50
    Maximizing Human Potential: Capabilities Theory and the Professional Work Environment.Christopher P. Vogt - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):111-123.
    . Human capabilities theory has emerged as an important framework for measuring whether various social systems promote human flourishing. The premise of this theory is that human beings share some nearly universal capabilities; what makes a human life fulfilling is the opportunity to exercise these capabilities. This essay proposes that the use of human capabilities theory can be expanded to assess whether a company has organized the work environment in such a way that allows workers to develop a variety of (...)
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  6.  21
    Jones, Christopher P., Between Pagan and Christian. [REVIEW]Jude P. Dougherty - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 68 (1):170-171.
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  7.  9
    The Ethics of Ontology: Rethinking an Aristotelian Legacy.Christopher P. Long - 2004 - State University of New York Press.
    A novel rereading of the relationship between ethics and ontology in Aristotle.
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  8.  17
    A response to the problem of wild coincidences.Christopher P. Taggart - 2020 - Synthese 198 (12):11421-11435.
    Derk Pereboom has posed an empirical objection to agent-causal libertarianism: The best empirically confirmed scientific theories feature physical laws predicting no long-run deviations from fixed conditional frequencies that govern events. If agent-causal libertarianism were true, however, then it would be virtually certain, absent ‘wild coincidences’, that such long-run deviations would occur. So, current empirical evidence makes agent-causal libertarianism unlikely. This paper formulates Pereboom’s ‘Problem of Wild Coincidences’ as a five-step argument and considers two recent responses. Then, it offers a different (...)
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  9.  3
    Socratic and Platonic Political Philosophy: Practicing a Politics of Reading.Christopher P. Long - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the Gorgias, Socrates claims to practice the true art of politics, but the peculiar politics he practices involves cultivating in each individual he encounters an erotic desire to live a life animated by the ideals of justice, beauty and the good. Socratic and Platonic Political Philosophy demonstrates that what Socrates sought to do with those he encountered, Platonic writing attempts to do with readers. Christopher P. Long's attentive readings of the Protagoras, Gorgias, Phaedo, Apology, and Phaedrus invite us (...)
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  10.  34
    Crisis of Community: The Topology of Socratic Politics in the Protagoras.Christopher P. Long - 2011 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2):361-377.
    In Plato’s Protagoras Alcibiades plays the role of Hermes, the ‘ambassador god,’ who helps lead Socrates’ conversation with Protagoras through a crisis of dialogue that threatens to destroy the community of education established by the dialogue itself. By tracing the moments when Alcibiades intervenes in the conversation, we are led to an understanding of Socratic politics as always concerned with the course of the life of an individual and the proper time in which it might be turned toward the question (...)
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  11. Planetary Ecosynthesis on Mars : Restoration Ecology and Environmental Ethics.Christopher P. McKay - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  12.  2
    Critical Thinking: Conceptual Perspectives and Practical Guidelines.Christopher P. Dwyer - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dwyer's book is unique and distinctive as it presents and discusses a modern conceptualization of critical thinking – one that is commensurate with the exponential increase in the annual output of knowledge. The abilities of navigating new knowledge outputs, engaging in enquiry and constructively solving problems are not only important in academic contexts, but are also essential life skills. Specifically, the book provides a modern, detailed, accessible and integrative model of critical thinking that accounts for critical thinking sub-skills and real-world (...)
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  13.  56
    Reading Feynman Into Nanotechnology.Christopher P. Toumey - 2008 - Techne 12 (3):133-168.
    As histories of nanotechnology are created, one question arises repeatedly: how influential was Richard Feynman’s 1959 talk, “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom”? It is often said by knowledgeable people that this talk was the origin of nanotech. It preceded events like the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, but did it inspire scientists to do things they would not have done otherwise? Did Feynman’s paper directly influence important scientific developments in nanotechnology? Or is his paper being retroactively read (...)
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  14.  14
    Aristotle’s Phenomenology of Form: The Shape of Beings That Become.Christopher P. Long - 2007 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2):435-448.
    Scholars often assume that Aristotle uses the terms morphē and eidos interchangeably. Translators of Aristotle's works rarely feel the need to carry the distinctionbetween these two Greek terms over into English. This article challenges the orthodox view that morphē and eidos are synonymous. Careful analysis of texts fromthe Categories, Physics, and Metaphysics in which these terms appear in close proximity reveals a fundamental tension of Aristotle's thinking concerning the being of natural beings. Morphē designates the form as inseparable from the (...)
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  15.  49
    Aristotle on the Nature of Truth.Christopher P. Long - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Prolegommenon; 1. The saying of things; 2. A history of truth as cor-respondence; 3. Saving the things said; 4. By way of address: lending voice to things; 5. By way of response: the logic of cooperative encounter; 6. The truth of nature and the nature of truth in Aristotle; 7. On saying the beautiful in light of the good; 8. Ecological justice and the ethics of truth.
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  16.  9
    The Moral Character of Mad Scientists: A Cultural Critique of Science.Christopher P. Toumey - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (4):411-437.
    The mad scientist stories of fiction and film are exercises in antirationalism, particularly its Gothic horror variant. As such, they convey the argument that rationalist secular science is dangerous, and their principal device for doing so is to invest the evil of science in the personality of the scientist. To understand this cultural critique of science, it is necessary to understand how the symbols of the scientist's personality are manipulated. This article argues that mad scientists become increasingly amoral as nineteenth-century (...)
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  17.  47
    Self-Moving Machines and the Soul: Leibniz Contra Spinoza on the Spiritual Automaton.Christopher P. Noble - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:65-89.
    The young Spinoza and the mature Leibniz both characterize the soul as a self-moving spiritual automaton. Though it is unclear if Leibniz’s use of the term was suggested to him from his reading of Spinoza, Leibniz was aware of its presence in Spinoza’s Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect. Considering Leibniz’s staunch opposition to Spinozism, the question arises as to why he was willing to adopt this term. I propose an answer to this question by comparing the spiritual automaton (...)
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  18. Untitled Review: E.F.Kittay, Learning from My Daugther. [REVIEW]Christoph P. Trueper - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 74:313-316.
  19.  8
    Crisis of Community: The Topology of Socratic Politics in the Protagoras.Christopher P. Long - 2011 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2):361-377.
    In Plato’s Protagoras Alcibiades plays the role of Hermes, the ‘ambassador god,’ who helps lead Socrates’ conversation with Protagoras through a crisis of dialogue that threatens to destroy the community of education established by the dialogue itself. By tracing the moments when Alcibiades intervenes in the conversation, we are led to an understanding of Socratic politics as always concerned with the course of the life of an individual and the proper time in which it might be turned toward the question (...)
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  20.  25
    Ethical Problems in Rural Healthcare: Local Symptoms, Systemic Disease.Christopher P. Morley & Peter G. Beatty - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):59-60.
  21.  71
    Peter Warnek: Descent of Socrates: Self-Knowledge & Cryptic Nature in the Platonic Dialogues: Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, 2005, 234 Pp, ISBN 0-253-34677-0, US$70.00 , ISBN 0-253-21816-0, US$26.95. [REVIEW]Christopher P. Long - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (2):291-295.
    Peter Warnek: Descent of socrates: Self-knowledge & cryptic nature in the platonic dialogues Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11007-012-9214-0 Authors Christopher P. Long, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA Journal Continental Philosophy Review Online ISSN 1573-1103 Print ISSN 1387-2842.
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  22.  21
    The Voice of Singularity and a Philosophy to Come: Schürmann, Kant, and the Pathology Of Being.Christopher P. Long - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (Supplement):138-150.
  23. Perceived Duration Increases with Contrast, but Only a Little.Christopher P. Benton & Annabelle S. Redfern - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  24.  12
    Immaterial Mechanism in the Mature Leibniz.Christopher P. Noble - 2019 - Idealistic Studies 49 (1):1-21.
    Leibniz standardly associates “mechanism” with extended material bodies and their aggregates. In this paper, I identify and analyze a further distinct sense of “mechanism” in Leibniz that extends, by analogy, beyond the domain of material bodies and applies to the operations of immaterial substances such as the monads that serve, for Leibniz, as the metaphysical foundations of physical reality. I argue that in this sense, Leibniz understands “mechanism” as an intelligible process that is capable of providing a sufficient reason for (...)
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  25.  17
    The Search on Mars for a Second Genesis of Life in the Solar System and the Need for Biologically Reversible Exploration.Christopher P. McKay - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (2):103-110.
    The discovery of a second genesis of life besides the one on Earth, this time on Mars, would have profound scientific and philosophical implications. Scientifically, it would provide a second example of biochemistry and of evolutionary history. Many important biological questions may be answerable through the comparison of biochemistry between the life forms on the two planets. Philosophically, the discovery of a second genesis of life in our solar system would suggest that the phenomenon of life is distributed throughout the (...)
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  26.  9
    Symptoms of Interruption.Christopher P. Long - 2018 - Philosophy Today 62 (3):1009-1018.
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  27. Immanence and Causation in Spinoza.Christopher P. Martin - 2015 - In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts. Exeter, UK: pp. 14-24.
    I defend an expanded reading of immanent causation that includes both inherence and causal efficacy; I argue that the latter is required if God is to remain the immanent cause of finite modes.
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  28. Coexistence or Conflict? A European Perspective on GMOs and the Problem of Liability.Christopher P. Rodgers - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (3):233-250.
    In March 2004, the U.K. government announced its intention to grant limited authorization for the growing of commercial genetically modified crops. This article reviews the potential liabilities that may arise from GM cropping, for environmental damage and for economic losses claimed by non-GM producers. It considers the application of the European Community Environmental Liability Directive of 2004 to genetically modified organisms releases, and the proposed statutory scheme for the coexistence of GM and non-GM agriculture in England and Wales. It also (...)
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  29.  39
    Cultivating Communities of Learning with Digital Media: Cooperative Education Through Blogging and Podcasting.Christopher P. Long - 2010 - Teaching Philosophy 33 (4):347-361.
    Digital media technology, when deployed in ways that cultivate shared learning communities in which students and teachers are empowered to participate as partners in conjoint educational practices, can transform the way we teach and learn philosophy. This essay offers a model for how to put blogging and podcasting in the service of a cooperative approach to education that empowers students to take ownership of their education and enables teachers to cultivate in themselves and their students the excellences of dialogue. The (...)
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  30.  69
    Capital Punishment: Its Lost Appeal?Christopher P. Ferbrache - 2013 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 21 (2):75-89.
    A large proportion of the population thinks that capital punishment is a reasonable method to reduce crime and punish those who have been convicted of a capital crime. I discuss aspects to the philosophy of capital punishment, and analyze factual elements of murder conviction processes, to significantly cast doubt on the pro-capital punishment argument. In order to measure the true value and need for capital punishment, one must analyze pro capital punishment arguments in light of the alternatives. While theories of (...)
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  31.  60
    How Can 'Positivism' Account for Legal Adjudicative Duty?Christopher P. Taggart - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (1):169-196.
    One aspiration of an analytic jurisprudential theory is to provide an account of how legal obligations arise, including the legal obligation of judges to apply only legally valid norms when adjudicating cases. Also, any fully adequate theory should enable a solution to a ‘chicken-egg’ puzzle regarding legal authority: legal authority can exist only in virtue of rules that authorize it, but such rules require a legal authority as their source. Which came first? This article argues that it is difficult to (...)
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  32. Once More with Feeling : Integrating Emotion in Teaching Business Ethics' Educational Implications From Cognitive Neuroscience and Social Psychology.Christopher P. Adkins - 2011 - In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics. Information Age.
  33.  2
    Following Leibniz through the labyrinth.Christopher P. Noble - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
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  34.  31
    10.5840/Jbee20118134.Christopher P. Adkins - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (1):383-391.
    Despite the emphasis on moral intuition in the research literature, little attention has been given to the ways in which moral intuition can be educated within management settings. In this paper, I discuss an experiential learning approach that links Robin Hogarth’s work on the learning of intuition with Mary Gentile’s educational program on values-based leadership, Giving Voice To Values. Building on Hogarth’s proposal that intuitions are primarily acquired and thus shaped by our experiences, GVV offers a pedagogical framework for reflective, (...)
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  35.  18
    On Analogues of the Church–Turing Thesis in Algorithmic Randomness.Christopher P. Porter - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (3):456-479.
  36. The Intertwinement of Legal and Economic Systems in Transition.Christopher P. Ball - 2002 - Rechtstheorie 33 (2-4):299-317.
     
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  37.  73
    Two Powers, One Ability: The Understanding and Imagination in Kant’s Critical Philosophy.Christopher P. Long - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):233-253.
    This essay suggests the possibility of conceiving the transcendental synthesis of imagination in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason as the understanding at work on sensibility by developing an active conception of identity according to which the distinction between the imagination and the understanding is merely nominal. Aristotle's philosophy is shown both to provide such a conception of identity and to be tacitly at work in Kant's thinking. Finally, the essay traces this position into the discussion of aesthetic judgment in the (...)
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  38.  44
    Leibniz on the Divine Preformation of Souls and Bodies.Christopher P. Noble - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):327-342.
  39.  36
    The Ethical Culmination of Aristotle’s Metaphysics.Christopher P. Long - 2003 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):121-140.
    This article suggests that Aristotle’s Metaphysics culminates not in the purity of God’s self-thinking, but rather in the contingent principles found in the Nicomachean Ethics. Drawing on such contemporary thinkers as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Theodor Adorno, and Emmanuel Levinas, the article rethinks the relationship between ethics and ontology by reinvestigating the relationship between Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Nicomachean Ethics. It is argued that the ontological conception of praxis developed in the middle books of the Metaphysics points already to the Nicomachean (...)
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  40.  10
    The Ethics of Encounter: Christian Neighbor Love as a Practice of Solidarity.Christopher P. Vogt - 2021 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 18 (1):155-157.
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  41.  28
    The Daughters of Metis: Patriarchal Dominion and the Politics of the Between.Christopher P. Long - 2007 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 28 (2):67-86.
  42.  28
    The Duplicity of Beginning: Schürmann, Aristotle, and the Origins of Metaphysics.Christopher P. Long - 2008 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 29 (2):145-159.
  43. Between the Universal and the Singular in Aristotle.Christopher P. Long - 2003 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2003 (126):25-40.
     
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  44.  60
    The Rhetoric of the Geometrical Method: Spinoza's Double Strategy.Christopher P. Long - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (4):292-307.
  45.  19
    Sports Medicine and Ethics.Daniela Testoni, Christoph P. Hornik, P. Brian Smith, Daniel K. Benjamin & Ross E. McKinney - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):4 - 12.
    Physicians working in the world of competitive sports face unique ethical challenges, many of which center around conflicts of interest. Team-employed physicians have obligations to act in the club's best interest while caring for the individual athlete. As such, they must balance issues like protecting versus sharing health information, as well as issues regarding autonomous informed consent versus paternalistic decision making in determining whether an athlete may compete safely. Moreover, the physician has to deal with an athlete's decisions about performance (...)
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  46.  33
    The Fuzziness of “Paganism”.Christopher P. Jones - 2012 - Common Knowledge 18 (2):249-254.
    The subject of “the last pagans” or “the end of paganism” in the Greco-Roman world has interested scholars for over a century but begs the question “What is paganism?” Is the term usable as a tool of analysis? It originates from the Latin paganus, meaning “villager,” “rustic,” and reflects the way that Latin speakers viewed early Christianity as a phenomenon of the countryside, much as the English heathen, or German Heide, derives from a root meaning “heath.” Greek-speaking Christians, by contrast, (...)
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  47.  1
    Rational Herds: Economic Models of Social Learning.Christophe P. Chamley - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    Penguins jumping off a cliff, economic forecasters and financial advisors speculating against a currency, and farmers using traditional methods in India are all practising social learning. Such learning from the behavior of others may and does lead to herds, crashes, and booms. These issues have become, over the last ten years, an exciting field of research in theoretical and applied economics, finance, and in other social sciences. This book provides both an informal introduction and in-depth insights into the subject. Each (...)
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  48. Introducing Moral Theology: True Happiness and the Virtues.Christopher P. Vogt - 2008 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 31 (1):230-231.
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  49.  6
    An Epigram on Apollonius of Tyana: Plate Ib.Christopher P. Jones - 1980 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 100:190-194.
  50.  27
    The Daughters of Metis: Patriarchal Dominion and the Politics of the Between.Christopher P. Long - 2007 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 28 (2):67-86.
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