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  1.  46
    Brain–Computer Interfaces, Completely Locked-In State in Neurodegenerative Diseases, and End-of-Life Decisions.Christopher Poppe & Bernice S. Elger - 2024 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 21 (1):19-27.
    In the future, policies surrounding end-of-life decisions will be faced with the question of whether competent people in a completely locked-in state should be enabled to make end-of-life decisions via brain-computer interfaces (BCI). This article raises ethical issues with acting through BCIs in the context of these decisions, specifically self-administration requirements within assisted suicide policies. We argue that enabling patients to end their life even once they have entered completely locked-in state might, paradoxically, prolong and uphold their quality of life.
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  2.  21
    Evaluation of decision-making capacity in patients with dementia: challenges and recommendations from a secondary analysis of qualitative interviews.Christopher Poppe, Bernice S. Elger, Tenzin Wangmo & Manuel Trachsel - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundEvaluation of decision-making capacity to consent to medical treatment has proved to be difficult in patients with dementia. Studies showed that physicians are often insufficiently trained in the evaluation of decision-making capacity. In this study, we present findings from a secondary analysis of a qualitative interviews with physicians. These interviews were initially used to assess usability of an instrument for the evaluation of decision-making capacity. By looking at difficult cases of decision-making capacity evaluation in patients with dementia, we provide recommendations (...)
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  3.  30
    Karl Jaspers and artificial neural nets: on the relation of explaining and understanding artificial intelligence in medicine.Christopher Poppe & Georg Starke - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (3):1-10.
    Assistive systems based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) are bound to reshape decision-making in all areas of society. One of the most intricate challenges arising from their implementation in high-stakes environments such as medicine concerns their frequently unsatisfying levels of explainability, especially in the guise of the so-called black-box problem: highly successful models based on deep learning seem to be inherently opaque, resisting comprehensive explanations. This may explain why some scholars claim that research should focus on rendering AI systems understandable, rather (...)
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  4.  22
    Digital pills: a scoping review of the empirical literature and analysis of the ethical aspects.Andrea Martani, Lester Darryl Geneviève, Christopher Poppe, Carlo Casonato & Tenzin Wangmo - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-13.
    Digital Pills are an innovative drug-device technology that permits to combine traditional medications with a monitoring system that automatically records data about medication adherence as well as patients’ physiological data. Although DP are a promising innovation in the field of digital medicine, their use has also raised a number of ethical concerns. These ethical concerns, however, have been expressed principally from a theoretical perspective, whereas an ethical analysis with a more empirically oriented approach is lacking. There is also a lack (...)
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  5.  19
    The Road to Ixtlan in Neuro-Degenerative Diseases Is Paved with Palliative Cobblestones.Christopher Poppe & Manuel Trachsel - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (2):134-136.
    While the developers of the “Ixtlan Basic Kit” promise a curative treatment taking advantage of increased neuroplasticity for targeting the underlying neurological causes of Alzheimer's disease and...
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  6.  3
    Hopelessness in palliative care for people with motor neurone disease: Conceptual considerations.Christopher Poppe - 2020 - Nursing Ethics 27 (1):316-320.
    The concepts of hope and its absence, hopelessness, are seen as crucial in palliative care for people with motor neurone disease. A primary measure in psychological research on hopelessness in people with motor neurone disease is the Beck Hopelessness Scale. This scale can be understood as being conceptually based on the philosophical standard account of hope, which understands hope as an intentional expectancy. This essay argues that this is a misconstruction of hopelessness in palliative care. Rather, pre-intentional hope is essential (...)
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