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Christopher W. Gowans [71]Christopher William Gowans [1]
  1. Moral dilemmas.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 1987 - New York: Oxford Uiversity Press.
    The essays in this volume illuminate a central topic in ethical theory: moral dilemmas. Some contemporary philosophers dispute the traditional view that a true moral dilemma -- a situation in which a person has two irreconcilable moral duties -- cannot exist. This collection provides the historical background to the ongoing debate with selections from Kant, Mill, Bradley, and Ross. The best recent work on the question is represented in essays by Donagan, Foot, Hare, Marcus, Nagel, van Fraassen, Williams, and others.
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  2.  89
    Innocence lost: an examination of inescapable moral wrongdoing.Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Our lives are such that moral wrongdoing is sometimes inescapable for us. We have moral responsibilities to persons which may conflict and which it is wrong to violate even when they do conflict. Christopher W. Gowans argues that we must accept this conclusion if we are to make sense of our moral experience and the way in which persons are valuable to us. In defending this position, he critically examines the recent moral dilemmas debate. He maintains that what is important (...)
  3.  28
    Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction.Christopher W. Gowans - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    The first book of its kind, Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction introduces the reader to contemporary philosophical interpretations and analyses of Buddhist ethics. It begins with a survey of traditional Buddhist ethical thought and practice, mainly in the Pali Canon and early Mahāyāna schools, and an account of the emergence of Buddhist moral philosophy as a distinct discipline in the modern world. It then examines recent debates about karma, rebirth and nirvana, well-being, normative ethics, moral objectivity, moral psychology, and the (...)
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  4. Two concepts of the given in C. I. Lewis: Realism and foundationalism.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):573-590.
    It is usually assumed that what Lewis says about the given in Mind and the World-Order (MWO) and An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (AKV) is essentially the same, and that both works are defenses of foundationalism. However, this assumption faces two problems: first, it is difficult to bring Lewis's diverse remarks on the given into coherence, especially when those in MWO are compared with those in AKV; and second, though AKV is a defense of foundationalism, there is much in (...)
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  5.  18
    Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions, and Social Norms.Christopher W. Gowans - 1995 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):730-732.
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  6.  7
    Ethical Thought in Indian Buddhism.Christopher W. Gowans - 2013 - In Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.), A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 429–451.
    Buddhist thought flourished in India for well over a thousand years after the life of the Buddha around the fifth century BCE. During this time there were many diverse developments, but for the purpose of the overview in this chapter, two central traditions will be featured. The first centers on the original teaching of the Buddha as represented in a set of texts written in Pāli called the “Three Baskets”. The second tradition is rooted in a set of texts written (...)
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  7. Buddhist Understandings of Well-Being.Christopher W. Gowans - 2015 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. New York,: Routledge. pp. 70-80.
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  8.  40
    Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    Can moral disagreements be rationally resolved? Can universal human rights be defended in face of moral disagreements? The problem of moral disagreement is one of the central problems in moral thinking. It also provides a stimulating stepping-stone to some of the perennial problems of philosophy, such as relativism, scepticism, and objectivity. _Moral Disagreements_ is the first anthology to bring together classic and contemporary readings on this key topic. Clearly divided into five parts; The Historical Debate; Voices from Anthropology; Challenges to (...)
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  9. Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard’s Reformation of Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to mean (...)
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  10. Virtue and nature.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  11.  44
    Virtue and Nature.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  12. Why the Buddha Did Not Discuss "The Problem of Free Will and Determinism".Christopher W. Gowans - 2016 - In Rick Repetti (ed.), Buddhist Perspectives on Free Will: Agentless Agency? London, UK: Routledge / Francis & Taylor. pp. 11-21.
    I argue that the Buddha did not discuss the free will and determinism problem because he only considered issues relating to overcoming suffering and his teaching about this did not raise the problem. As represented in the Nikāyas, the heart of his teaching was an empirically based account of the causes of suffering and how to modify these to end suffering. It was primarily a practical teaching about how to achieve this goal, more a craft knowledge than a philosophical theory (...)
     
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  13.  54
    Medical Analogies in Buddhist and Hellenistic Thought: Tranquillity and Anger.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 66:11-33.
    Medical analogies are commonly invoked in both Indian Buddhist dharma and Hellenistic philosophy. In the Pāli Canon, nirvana (or, in Pāli,nibbāna) is depicted as a form of health, and the Buddha is portrayed as a doctor who helps us attain it. Much later in the tradition, Śāntideva described the Buddha’s teaching as ‘the sole medicine for the ailments of the world, the mine of all success and happiness.’ Cicero expressed the view of many Hellenistic philosophers when he said that philosophy (...)
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  14.  28
    Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard's Reformation of Kan's Moral Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to mean (...)
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  15.  32
    Virtue Ethics and Moral Relativism.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - In Steven D. Hales (ed.), A Companion to Relativism. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 391–410.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Abstract Introduction The Confrontation of Aristotelian Virtue Ethics and Moral Relativism Foot's Challenge MacIntyre's Tradition ‐ Based Defense of the Virtues Nussbaum's Non ‐ Relative Virtues The Ethical Naturalism of Foot and Hursthouse References.
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  16. C. I. Lewis's Critique of Foundationalism in Mind and the World-Order.Christopher W. Gowans - 1984 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 20 (3):241 - 252.
  17.  71
    Moral Dilemmas and Prescriptivism.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):187 - 197.
    The purpose of this paper is to establish that, For an important class of moral judgments, The claim that there are moral dilemmas is false. The judgments are the judgments an agent committed to morality makes as the conclusion of deliberation about what, All things considered, He or she morally ought to do in some situation. The argument is that these judgments are prescriptive, In the sense of implying an intention to act, And that it is implausible to think there (...)
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  18.  18
    Objectivism and Realism in the Sciences and Morality.Christopher W. Gowans - 1985 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 59:308-318.
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  19.  46
    Intimacy, Freedom, and Unique Value: A "Kantian" Account of the Irreplaceable and Incomparable Value of Persons.Christopher W. Gowans - 1996 - American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (1):75 - 89.
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  20.  22
    An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (1):124-126.
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  21.  26
    Buddhism: Introducing the Buddhist Experience.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):554-556.
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  22.  22
    Book ReviewsTom Sorell,. Moral Theory and Anomaly.Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2000. Pp. xii+218. $68.95 ; $31.95.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):641-644.
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  23.  9
    Ethics and Practical Reason.Christopher W. Gowans - 1999 - International Philosophical Quarterly 39 (1):109-110.
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  24.  9
    Intuition and Argument in Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 1984 - International Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):125-140.
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  25.  30
    Kant’s Impure Ethics.Christopher W. Gowans - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):363-369.
  26.  7
    Kane, Robert.Christopher W. Gowans - 2012 - Ethics 122 (2):425-430.
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  27.  65
    Moral Virtue and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - Philosophical Topics 38 (2):39-57.
    The paper is a defense of the thesis that there are situations in which morally virtuous persons who are epistemic peers may disagree about what to do without either person being rationally required to change his or her judgment (a version of the Steadfast position in the epistemology of disagreement debate). The argument is based in part on similarities between decisions of virtuous agents and other practical decisions such as a baseball manager’s decision to change pitchers during a game. In (...)
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  28.  11
    Responsibility.Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - Philosophical Books 35 (3):203-206.
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  29.  11
    Self-Worth and Moral Knowledge.Christopher W. Gowans - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 44:88-95.
    I argue that persons are unlikely to have moral knowledge insofar as they lack certain moral virtues; that persons are commonly deficient in these virtues, and hence that they are regularly unlikely to have adequate moral knowledge. I propose a version of this argument that employs a broad conception of self-worth, a virtue found in a wide range of moral traditions that suppose a person would have an appropriate sense of self-worth in the face of tendencies both to overestimate and (...)
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  30.  24
    Should Fred elicit our derision or our compassion?Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):14–15.
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  31.  11
    Self-Cultivation Philosophy as Fusion Philosophy: An Interpretation of Buddhist Moral Thought.Christopher W. Gowans - 2023 - In Christian Coseru (ed.), Reasons and Empty Persons: Mind, Metaphysics, and Morality: Essays in Honor of Mark Siderits. Springer. pp. 417-436.
    It is often observed that there is little or no moral philosophy in classical Indian Buddhist thought. This is sometimes believed to be surprising since obviously there is an ethical teaching in Buddhism and clearly there are other forms of Buddhist philosophy. In my view, there is something that can plausibly be called moral philosophy in Indian Buddhism, but it is not quite what many people have expected because they have approached the issue from a specific understanding of philosophy that (...)
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  32.  19
    Self-Cultivation Philosophies in Ancient India, Greece, and China.Christopher W. Gowans - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    "The book defends the thesis that the concept of self-cultivation philosophy is an informative interpretive framework for comprehending and reflecting on several philosophical outlooks in India, the Greco-Roman world and China. On the basis of an understanding of human nature and the place of human beings in the world, self-cultivation philosophies maintain that our lives can and should be substantially transformed from what is judged to be a problematic, untutored condition of human beings, our existential starting-point, into what is put (...)
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  33.  24
    The Realm of Reason.Christopher W. Gowans - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):554-556.
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  34.  16
    The Realm of Rights.Christopher W. Gowans - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (2):105-108.
  35. Universalizability.Christopher W. Gowans - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.
     
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  36. Virtue and nature.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - In Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.), Objectivism, subjectivism, and relativism in ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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  37.  6
    Values: A Symposium.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (4):232-233.
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  38. A priori refutations of disagreement arguments against moral objectivity: Why experience matters. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (2):141-157.
  39.  20
    Moral Relevance and Moral Conflict, by James D. Wallace. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):478-481.
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  40. Almeder, Robert, Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 211 pages. Audi, Robert, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 1998), 340 pages. [REVIEW]Robert Baird, Reagan Ramsower, Stuart E. Rosenbaum, Victoria Davion, Clark Wolf, John Martin Fischer, S. J. Mark Ravizza, Margaret Gilbert, Christopher W. Gowans & Jorge J. Gracia - 2000 - The Journal of Ethics 4:419-422.
     
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  41.  50
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Zain Ali, Max Charlesworth, Hans-Georg Moeller, Christopher W. Gowans, Shalom Goldman, Dmitry A. Olshansky, Sor-Hoon Tan & Patrick Hutchings - 2005 - Sophia 44 (2):71-87.
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  42.  16
    An Introduction to Kant’s Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (4):513-518.
  43.  9
    Afer Kant. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (1):105-129.
  44.  20
    After Virtue. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (3):215-218.
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  45.  8
    Buddhism: Introducing the Buddhist Experience. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):554-556.
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  46.  21
    Beyond Objectivism and Relativism. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (2):207-211.
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  47.  11
    Book ReviewsPhilippa Foot,. Moral Dilemmas and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy.Oxford: Clarendon, 2002. Pp. 218. $55.00 ; $19.95. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Ethics 115 (1):142-145.
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  48.  36
    Frege. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1983 - International Philosophical Quarterly 23 (1):99-101.
  49.  23
    Reality at Risk. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):98-101.
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  50.  8
    Friendship, Altruism, and Morality. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):101-104.
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