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Christopher W. Gowans [66]Christopher William Gowans [1]
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Christopher Gowans
Fordham University
  1. Moral Dilemmas.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 1987 - Oxford Uiversity Press.
    The essays in this volume illuminate a central topic in ethical theory: moral dilemmas. Some contemporary philosophers dispute the traditional view that a true moral dilemma -- a situation in which a person has two irreconcilable moral duties -- cannot exist. This collection provides the historical background to the ongoing debate with selections from Kant, Mill, Bradley, and Ross. The best recent work on the question is represented in essays by Donagan, Foot, Hare, Marcus, Nagel, van Fraassen, Williams, and others.
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  2.  59
    Innocence Lost: An Examination of Inescapable Moral Wrongdoing.Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Our lives are such that moral wrongdoing is sometimes inescapable for us. We have moral responsibilities to persons which may conflict and which it is wrong to violate even when they do conflict. Christopher W. Gowans argues that we must accept this conclusion if we are to make sense of our moral experience and the way in which persons are valuable to us. In defending this position, he critically examines the recent moral dilemmas debate. He maintains that what is important (...)
  3. Why the Buddha Did Not Discuss "The Problem of Free Will and Determinism".Christopher W. Gowans - 2017 - In Rick Repetti (ed.), Buddhist Perspectives on Free Will: Agentless Agency? New York: Routledge. pp. 11-21.
    I argue that the Buddha did not discuss the free will and determinism problem because he only considered issues relating to overcoming suffering and his teaching about this did not raise the problem. As represented in the Nikāyas, the heart of his teaching was an empirically based account of the causes of suffering and how to modify these to end suffering. It was primarily a practical teaching about how to achieve this goal, more a craft knowledge than a philosophical theory (...)
     
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  4. Buddhist Understandings of Well-Being.Christopher W. Gowans - 2016 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. New York: Routledge. pp. 70-80.
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  5. Virtue and Nature.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  6. Medical Analogies in Buddhist and Hellenistic Thought: Tranquillity and Anger: Christopher W. Gowans.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 66:11-33.
    Medical analogies are commonly invoked in both Indian Buddhist dharma and Hellenistic philosophy. In the Pāli Canon, nirvana is depicted as a form of health, and the Buddha is portrayed as a doctor who helps us attain it. Much later in the tradition, Śāntideva described the Buddha’s teaching as ‘the sole medicine for the ailments of the world, the mine of all success and happiness.’ Cicero expressed the view of many Hellenistic philosophers when he said that philosophy is ‘a medical (...)
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  7.  6
    Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions, and Social Norms.Christopher W. Gowans - 1995 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):730-732.
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  8. A Priori Refutations of Disagreement Arguments Against Moral Objectivity: Why Experience Matters. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (2):141-157.
  9. Two Concepts of the Given in C. I. Lewis: Realism and Foundationalism.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):573-590.
    It is usually assumed that what Lewis says about the given in Mind and the World-Order (MWO) and An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (AKV) is essentially the same, and that both works are defenses of foundationalism. However, this assumption faces two problems: first, it is difficult to bring Lewis's diverse remarks on the given into coherence, especially when those in MWO are compared with those in AKV; and second, though AKV is a defense of foundationalism, there is much in (...)
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  10.  88
    Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard’s Reformation of Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to mean (...)
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  11.  14
    Virtue and Nature: Christopher W. Gowans.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  12. Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction.Christopher W. Gowans - 2014 - Routledge.
    The first book of its kind, Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction introduces the reader to contemporary philosophical interpretations and analyses of Buddhist ethics. It begins with a survey of traditional Buddhist ethical thought and practice, mainly in the Pali Canon and early Mahāyāna schools, and an account of the emergence of Buddhist moral philosophy as a distinct discipline in the modern world. It then examines recent debates about karma, rebirth and nirvana, well-being, normative ethics, moral objectivity, moral psychology, and the (...)
     
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  13.  51
    Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Can moral disagreements be rationally resolved? Can universal human rights be defended in face of moral disagreements? The problem of moral disagreement is one of the central problems in moral thinking. It also provides a stimulating stepping-stone to some of the perennial problems of philosophy, such as relativism, scepticism, and objectivity. _Moral Disagreements_ is the first anthology to bring together classic and contemporary readings on this key topic. Clearly divided into five parts; The Historical Debate; Voices from Anthropology; Challenges to (...)
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  14.  22
    The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (1):117-129.
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  15.  43
    An Introduction to Kant’s Moral Philosophy: A Critical Guide. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (4):513-518.
  16.  28
    Book ReviewsPhilippa Foot,. Moral Dilemmas and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy.Oxford: Clarendon, 2002. Pp. 218. $55.00 ; $19.95. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Ethics 115 (1):142-145.
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  17. Almeder, Robert, Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 211 Pages. Audi, Robert, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 1998), 340 Pages. [REVIEW]Robert Baird, Reagan Ramsower, Stuart E. Rosenbaum, Victoria Davion, Clark Wolf, John Martin Fischer, S. J. Mark Ravizza, Margaret Gilbert, Christopher W. Gowans & Jorge J. Gracia - 2000 - The Journal of Ethics 4:419-422.
     
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  18.  7
    Perplexity in the Moral Life: Philosophical and Theological Considerations.Moral Dilemmas.Christopher W. Gowans, Edmund N. Santurri & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 1992 - Noûs 26 (2):252.
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  19.  9
    Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard’s Reformation of Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to mean (...)
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  20.  9
    Moral Relevance and Moral Conflict.Christopher W. Gowans - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):478-481.
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  21.  66
    C. I. Lewis's Critique of Foundationalism in Mind and the World-Order.Christopher W. Gowans - 1984 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 20 (3):241 - 252.
  22.  17
    Objectivism and Realism in the Sciences and Morality.Christopher W. Gowans - 1985 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59:308.
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  23.  27
    Tessman, Lisa. Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality.New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. X+281. $69.00. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):1124-1129.
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  24.  28
    Intuition and Argument in Philosophy: A Critique of Chisholm and Rorty.Christopher W. Gowans - 1984 - International Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):125-140.
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  25.  18
    Book ReviewsTom Sorell,. Moral Theory and Anomaly.Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2000. Pp. Xii+218. $68.95 ; $31.95.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):641-644.
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  26.  78
    Review of David B. Wong, Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism[REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
  27.  23
    Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and a Reaffirmation. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (3):380-382.
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  28.  22
    Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (2):207-211.
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  29.  15
    Should Fred Elicit Our Derision or Our Compassion?Christopher W. Gowans - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):14–15.
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  30.  42
    Moral Virtue and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - Philosophical Topics 38 (2):39-57.
    The paper is a defense of the thesis that there are situations in which morally virtuous persons who are epistemic peers may disagree about what to do without either person being rationally required to change his or her judgment (a version of the Steadfast position in the epistemology of disagreement debate). The argument is based in part on similarities between decisions of virtuous agents and other practical decisions such as a baseball manager’s decision to change pitchers during a game. In (...)
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  31.  24
    Intimacy, Freedom, and Unique Value: A "Kantian" Account of the Irreplaceable and Incomparable Value of Persons.Christopher W. Gowans - 1996 - American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (1):75 - 89.
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  32.  12
    Is It Ever Right to Do Wrong?Innocence Lost: An Examination of Inescapable Moral Wrongdoing.James Lindemann Nelson & Christopher W. Gowans - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):48.
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  33.  61
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb - 2005 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.
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  34.  32
    Moral Relevance and Moral Conflict, by James D. Wallace.Christopher W. Gowans - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):478-481.
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  35.  36
    Moral Dilemmas and Prescriptivism.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):187 - 197.
    The purpose of this paper is to establish that, For an important class of moral judgments, The claim that there are moral dilemmas is false. The judgments are the judgments an agent committed to morality makes as the conclusion of deliberation about what, All things considered, He or she morally ought to do in some situation. The argument is that these judgments are prescriptive, In the sense of implying an intention to act, And that it is implausible to think there (...)
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  36.  19
    Reality at Risk.Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):98-101.
  37.  36
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Zain Ali, Max Charlesworth, Hans-Georg Moeller, Christopher W. Gowans, Shalom Goldman, Dmitry A. Olshansky, Sor-Hoon Tan & Patrick Hutchings - 2005 - Sophia 44 (2):71-87.
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  38.  20
    The Value of Humanity in Kant’s Moral Theory—Richard Dean.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):107-109.
  39.  24
    Kant’s Impure Ethics.Christopher W. Gowans - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):363-369.
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  40.  15
    Friendship, Altruism, and Morality.Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):101-104.
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  41.  17
    Reason in Action.Christopher W. Gowans - 1997 - International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (2):235-236.
  42.  17
    The Realm of Reason.Christopher W. Gowans - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):554-556.
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  43.  9
    Wittgenstein, Ethics and Aesthetics: The View From Eternity. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (1):128-129.
  44.  12
    Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions, and Social Norms.Christopher W. Gowans - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):730-732.
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  45.  18
    Buddhism.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):554-556.
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  46.  18
    Frege.Christopher W. Gowans - 1983 - International Philosophical Quarterly 23 (1):99-101.
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  47.  21
    Integrity in the Corporation: The Plight of Corporate Product Advocates. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):21 - 28.
    The integrity of corporate product advocates (advertisers and salespersons) is questionable for the same reason the integrity of lawyers is questionable. In both cases the requirements of a professional role inevitably lead to forms of deception. However, the integrity of lawyers has been taken to be a more serious issue than the integrity of product advocates. I consider why this is so, and I conclude that we should pay more attention to the integrity issue in the corporate case. In addition, (...)
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  48.  16
    An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (1):124-126.
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  49.  6
    Reality at Risk: A Defense of Realism in Philosophy and the Sciences. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1982 - International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):98-101.
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  50.  6
    Reason in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 1997 - International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (2):235-236.
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