Results for 'Christopher W. Kahler'

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  1.  31
    Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task.C. W. Lejuez, Jennifer P. Read, Christopher W. Kahler, Jerry B. Richards, Susan E. Ramsey, Gregory L. Stuart, David R. Strong & Richard A. Brown - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 8 (2):75-84.
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  2.  17
    Virtue and Nature: Christopher W. Gowans.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  3.  2
    The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Christopher W. Tindale - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in argumentation theory has emphasized the nature of arguers and arguments along with various theoretical perspectives. Less attention has been given to the third feature of any argumentative situation - the audience. This book fills that gap by studying audience reception to argumentation and the problems that come to light as a result of this shift in focus. Christopher W. Tindale advances the tacit theories of several earlier thinkers by addressing the central problems connected with audience considerations (...)
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  4. Fallacies and Argument Appraisal.Christopher W. Tindale - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of fallacies, Tindale provides fuller (...)
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  5.  68
    The Relation Between Self-Interest and Justice in Contractarian Ethics*: CHRISTOPHER W. MORRIS.Christopher W. Morris - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):119-153.
    One of the most noteworthy features of David Gauthier's rational choice, contractarian theory of morality is its appeal to self-interested rationality. This appeal, however, will undoubtedly be the source of much controversy and criticism. For while self-interestedness is characteristic of much human behavior, it is not characteristic of all such behavior, much less of that which is most admirable. Yet contractarian ethics appears to assume that humans are entirely self-interested. It is not usually thought a virtue of a theory that (...)
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  6.  68
    Innocence Lost: An Examination of Inescapable Moral Wrongdoing.Christopher W. Gowans - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Our lives are such that moral wrongdoing is sometimes inescapable for us. We have moral responsibilities to persons which may conflict and which it is wrong to violate even when they do conflict. Christopher W. Gowans argues that we must accept this conclusion if we are to make sense of our moral experience and the way in which persons are valuable to us. In defending this position, he critically examines the recent moral dilemmas debate. He maintains that what is (...)
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  7. The Very Idea of Popular Sovereignty: “We the People” Reconsidered*: CHRISTOPHER W. MORRIS.Christopher W. Morris - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (1):1-26.
    The sovereignty of the people, it is widely said, is the foundation of modern democracy. The truth of this claim depends on the plausibility of attributing sovereignty to “the people” in the first place, and I shall express skepticism about this possibility. I shall suggest as well that the notion of popular sovereignty is complex, and that appeals to the notion may be best understood as expressing several different ideas and ideals. This essay distinguishes many of these and suggests that (...)
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  8. Moral Dilemmas.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 1987 - Oxford Uiversity Press.
    The essays in this volume illuminate a central topic in ethical theory: moral dilemmas. Some contemporary philosophers dispute the traditional view that a true moral dilemma -- a situation in which a person has two irreconcilable moral duties -- cannot exist. This collection provides the historical background to the ongoing debate with selections from Kant, Mill, Bradley, and Ross. The best recent work on the question is represented in essays by Donagan, Foot, Hare, Marcus, Nagel, van Fraassen, Williams, and others.
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  9.  1
    The Anthropology of Argument: Cultural Foundations of Rhetoric and Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Routledge.
    This innovative text reinvigorates argumentation studies by exploring the experience of argument across cultures, introducing an anthropological perspective into the domains of rhetoric, communication, and philosophy. The Anthropology of Argument fills an important gap in contemporary argumentation theory by shifting the focus away from the purely propositional element of arguments and onto how they emerge from the experiences of peoples with diverse backgrounds, demonstrating how argumentation can be understood as a means of expression and a gathering place of ideas and (...)
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  10. Medical Analogies in Buddhist and Hellenistic Thought: Tranquillity and Anger: Christopher W. Gowans.Christopher W. Gowans - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 66:11-33.
    Medical analogies are commonly invoked in both Indian Buddhist dharma and Hellenistic philosophy. In the Pāli Canon, nirvana is depicted as a form of health, and the Buddha is portrayed as a doctor who helps us attain it. Much later in the tradition, Śāntideva described the Buddha’s teaching as ‘the sole medicine for the ailments of the world, the mine of all success and happiness.’ Cicero expressed the view of many Hellenistic philosophers when he said that philosophy is ‘a medical (...)
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  11.  7
    An Essay on the Modern State.Christopher W. Morris - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important book is the first serious philosophical examination of the modern state. It inquires into the justification of this particular form of political society. It asks whether all states are 'nation-states', what are the alternative ways of organizing society, and which conditions make a state legitimate. The author concludes that, while states can be legitimate, they typically fail to have the powers that they claim. Many books analyze government and its functions but none focuses on the state as a (...)
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  12.  60
    Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Christopher W. Gowans (ed.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Can moral disagreements be rationally resolved? Can universal human rights be defended in face of moral disagreements? The problem of moral disagreement is one of the central problems in moral thinking. It also provides a stimulating stepping-stone to some of the perennial problems of philosophy, such as relativism, scepticism, and objectivity. _Moral Disagreements_ is the first anthology to bring together classic and contemporary readings on this key topic. Clearly divided into five parts; The Historical Debate; Voices from Anthropology; Challenges to (...)
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  13.  55
    Practical Rationality and Preference: Essays for David Gauthier.Christopher W. Morris & Arthur Ripstein (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    What are preferences and are they reasons for action? Is it rational to cooperate with others even if that entails acting against one's preferences? The dominant position in philosophy on the topic of practical rationality is that one acts so as to maximize the satisfaction of one's preferences. This view is most closely associated with the work of David Gauthier, and in this collection of essays some of the most innovative philosophers working in this field explore the controversies surrounding Gauthier's (...)
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  14.  5
    Mind the Gap: Kairos in the Spaces of Silence.Christopher W. Tindale - 2022 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 55 (1):66-70.
    ABSTRACT Discourses conceal as much as they reveal, but in their concealment they may invite an audience into the silences of the gaps and pauses they contain in order to reflect and find insight. The moments of opportunity provided by these gaps suggest two sides to the concept of kairos, capturing both the ability of the author/speaker to create the opportune moment in the discourse, and the ability of the reader/listener to see that moment and the experience it invites.
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  15.  12
    Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard’s Reformation of Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Christopher W. Gowans - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to mean (...)
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  16.  4
    Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction.Christopher W. Gowans - 2014 - Routledge.
    The first book of its kind, Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction introduces the reader to contemporary philosophical interpretations and analyses of Buddhist ethics. It begins with a survey of traditional Buddhist ethical thought and practice, mainly in the Pali Canon and early Mahāyāna schools, and an account of the emergence of Buddhist moral philosophy as a distinct discipline in the modern world. It then examines recent debates about karma, rebirth and nirvana, well-being, normative ethics, moral objectivity, moral psychology, and the (...)
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  17.  18
    The Social Contract Theorists: Critical Essays on Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau.Christopher W. Morris (ed.) - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This rich collection will introduce students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract political thinkers Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. A dozen essays and book excerpts have been selected to guide students through the texts and to introduce them to current scholarly controversies surrounding the contractarian political theories of these three thinkers.
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  18.  1
    Rigour and Reason: Essays in Honour of Hans Vilhelm Hansen.J. Anthony Blair & Christopher W. Tindale (eds.) - 2020 - University of Windsor.
    Built in the centre of Copenhagen, and noted for its equestrian stairway, the Rundetaarn, was intended as an astronomical observatory. Part of a complex of buildings that once included a university library, it affords expansive views of the city in every direction, towering above what surrounds it. The metaphor of the towering figure, who sees what others might not, whose vantage point allows him to visualize how things fit together, and who has an earned-stature of respect and authority, fits another (...)
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  19. The Value of Humanity in Kant’s Moral Theory—Richard Dean. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):107-109.
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  20.  11
    Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics.Christopher W. Morris - 1994 - Ethics 106 (4):817-833.
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  21.  86
    Review of David B. Wong, Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism[REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
  22. David Reisman, Theories of Collective Action: Downs, Olson and Hirsh Reviewed By.Christopher W. Morris - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (4):289-290.
     
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  23.  2
    Kant’s Impure Ethics: From Rational Beings to Human Beings. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Gowans - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):363-369.
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  24. Christopher W. Tindale, Acts of Arguing: A Rhetorical Model of Argument Reviewed By. [REVIEW]David Godden - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (5):384-386.
     
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  25.  31
    Amartya Sen.Christopher W. Morris (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1998 'for his contributions in welfare economics'. Although his primary academic appointments have been mostly in economics, Sen is also an important and influential social theorist and philosopher. His work on social choice theory is seminal, and his writings on poverty, famine, and development, as well his contributions to moral and political philosophy, are important and influential. Sen's views about the nature and primacy of liberty also make him a (...)
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  26.  80
    Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka.Jules L. Coleman & Christopher W. Morris (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Gregory S. Kavka was a prominent and influential figure in contemporary moral and political philosophy. The essays in this volume are concerned with fundamental issues of rational commitment and social justice to which Kavka devoted his work as a philosopher. The essays take Kavka's work as a point of departure and seek to advance the respective debates. The topics include: the relationship between intention and moral action as part of which Kavka's famous 'toxin puzzle' is a focus of discussion, the (...)
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  27.  25
    Christopher W. Tindale, Fallacies and Argument Appraisal: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007, Xvii + 218 Pp. Series: Critical Reasoning and Argumentation.Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (1):127-131.
  28.  95
    State Coercion and Force.Christopher W. Morris - 2012 - Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (1):28-49.
    Research Articles Christopher W. Morris, Social Philosophy and Policy, FirstView Article.
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  29.  50
    On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society.Christopher W. Morris - 1993 - Ethics 106 (1):197-199.
  30.  55
    Constrained Maneuvering: Rhetoric as a Rational Enterprise. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (4):447-466.
    This paper discusses some of the ways recent models have brought rhetoric into argumentation theory. In particular, it explores the rationale for and role of rhetoric in the strategic maneuvering project of pragma-dialectics and compares it with the author’s own implementation of rhetorical features. A case is made for considering the active ways audiences influence the strategies of arguers and for seeing the role of rhetoric in argumentation as both fundamental and reasonable on its own terms.
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  31. Rhetorical Argumentation and the Nature of Audience: Toward an Understanding of Audience—Issues in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):508-532.
    In any field, we might expect different features relevant to its understanding and development to receive attention at different times, depending on the stage of that field’s growth and the interests that occupy theorists and even the history of the theorists themselves. In the relatively young life of argumentation theory, at least as it has formed a body of issues with identified research questions, attention has almost naturally been focused on the central concern of the field—arguments. Focus is also given (...)
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  32. Punishment and Loss of Moral Standing.Christopher W. Morris - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):53 - 79.
    When any man, even in political society, renders himself by his crimes obnoxious to the public, he is punished by the laws in his goods and person; that is, the ordinary rules of justice are, with regard to him, suspended for a moment, and it becomes equitable to inflict on him, for the benefit of society, what otherwise he could not suffer without wrong or injury?
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  33.  43
    Review of Christopher Heath Wellman, A Theory of Secession: The Case for Political Self-Determination[REVIEW]Christopher W. Morris - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (5).
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  34.  11
    Christopher W. Morris, Ed., Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics. [REVIEW]W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (1):129-131.
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  35.  5
    Ten Testable Properties of Consciousness.Christopher W. Tyler - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36.  60
    Ways of Being Reasonable: Perelman and the Philosophers.Christopher W. Tindale - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):337-361.
    In 1958, Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca published Traité de l'argumentation: La nouvelle rhétorique, the culmination of many years study. A seminal work in philosophy and rhetoric, it aimed to bring classical Aristotelian rhetoric into the modern era and present a model of argumentation that promoted action and reasonableness. One distinctive feature of the dense account found in this work is the claim that the success of argumentation can in part be measured by the responses of the audience for which (...)
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  37. Two Concepts of the Given in C. I. Lewis: Realism and Foundationalism.Christopher W. Gowans - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):573-590.
    It is usually assumed that what Lewis says about the given in Mind and the World-Order (MWO) and An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (AKV) is essentially the same, and that both works are defenses of foundationalism. However, this assumption faces two problems: first, it is difficult to bring Lewis's diverse remarks on the given into coherence, especially when those in MWO are compared with those in AKV; and second, though AKV is a defense of foundationalism, there is much in (...)
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  38.  22
    The Role of Words in Cognitive Tasks: What, When, and How?Christopher W. Robinson, Catherine A. Best, Wei Deng & Vladimir M. Sloutsky - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  39.  5
    Developmental Differences in Filtering Auditory and Visual Distractors During Visual Selective Attention.Christopher W. Robinson, Andrew M. Hawthorn & Arisha N. Rahman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  40. Why the Buddha Did Not Discuss "The Problem of Free Will and Determinism".Christopher W. Gowans - 2017 - In Rick Repetti (ed.), Buddhist Perspectives on Free Will: Agentless Agency? New York: Routledge. pp. 11-21.
    I argue that the Buddha did not discuss the free will and determinism problem because he only considered issues relating to overcoming suffering and his teaching about this did not raise the problem. As represented in the Nikāyas, the heart of his teaching was an empirically based account of the causes of suffering and how to modify these to end suffering. It was primarily a practical teaching about how to achieve this goal, more a craft knowledge than a philosophical theory (...)
     
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  41.  9
    Understanding Team Learning Dynamics Over Time.Christopher W. Wiese & C. Shawn Burke - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42. An Essay on the Modern State.Christopher W. Morris - 2000 - Noûs 34 (1):153-164.
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  43. Virtue and Nature.Christopher W. Gowans - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):28-55.
    The Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism of Philippa Foot and Rosalind Hursthouse purports to establish a naturalistic criterion for the virtues. Specifically, by developing a parallel between the natural ends of nonhuman animals and the natural ends of human beings, they argue that character traits are justified as virtues by the extent to which they promote and do not inhibit natural ends such as self-preservation, reproduction, and the well-being of one’s social group. I argue that the approach of Foot and Hursthouse cannot (...)
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  44.  22
    Audiences, Relevance, and Cognitive Environments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):177-188.
    This paper discusses the fundamental sense in which the components of an argument should be relevant to the intended audience. In particular, the evidence advanced should be relevant to the facts and assumptions that are manifest in the cognitive environment of the audience. A version of Sperber and Wilson's concept of the cognitive environment is applied to argumentative concerns, and from this certain features of audience-relevance are explored: that the relevance of a premise can vary with the audience; that irrelevant (...)
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  45.  15
    On the Edge of Anarchy Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society.Christopher W. Morris - 1993
  46. Buddhist Understandings of Well-Being.Christopher W. Gowans - 2016 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. New York: Routledge. pp. 70-80.
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  47.  58
    Character and Knowledge: Learning From the Speech of Experts. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (3):341-353.
    This paper discusses the ways in which a person’s character ( ethos ) and a hearer’s emotional response ( pathos ) are part of the complex judgments made about experts’ claims, along with an actual assessment of those claims ( logos ). The analysis is rooted in the work of Aristotle, but expands to consider work on emotion and cognition conducted by Thagard and Gigerenzer. It also draws on some conclusions of the general epistemology of testimony (of which expert testimony (...)
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  48.  9
    Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions, and Social Norms.Christopher W. Gowans - 1995 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):730-732.
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  49.  11
    Morality’s Many Parts.Christopher W. Morris - 2020 - Analytic Philosophy 61 (1):57-69.
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  50.  32
    A Concept Divided: Ralph Johnson's Definition of Argument. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):299-309.
    Ralph Johnson's Manifest Rationality (2000) is a major contribution to the field of informal logic, but the concept of argument that is central to its project suffers from a tension between the components that comprise it. This paper explores and addresses that tension by examining the implications of each of five aspects of the definition of ‘argument’.
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