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Christopher W. Tindale [54]Christopher William Tindale [1]
  1. Fallacies and Argument Appraisal.Christopher W. Tindale - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of fallacies, Tindale provides fuller treatments (...)
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  2. The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Christopher W. Tindale - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in argumentation theory has emphasized the nature of arguers and arguments along with various theoretical perspectives. Less attention has been given to the third feature of any argumentative situation - the audience. This book fills that gap by studying audience reception to argumentation and the problems that come to light as a result of this shift in focus. Christopher W. Tindale advances the tacit theories of several earlier thinkers by addressing the central problems connected with audience considerations in (...)
     
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  3.  18
    Logical Fallacies and Invasion Biology.Radu Cornel Guiaşu & Christopher W. Tindale - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):34.
    Leading invasion biologists sometimes dismiss critics and criticisms of their field by invoking “the straw man” fallacy. Critics of invasion biology are also labelled as a small group of “naysayers” or “contrarians”, who are sometimes engaging in “science denialism”. Such unfortunate labels can be seen as a way to possibly suppress legitimate debates and dismiss or minimize reasonable concerns about some aspects of invasion biology, including the uncertainties about the geographic origins and complex environmental impacts of species, and the control (...)
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  4.  47
    Constrained Maneuvering: Rhetoric as a Rational Enterprise. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (4):447-466.
    This paper discusses some of the ways recent models have brought rhetoric into argumentation theory. In particular, it explores the rationale for and role of rhetoric in the strategic maneuvering project of pragma-dialectics and compares it with the author’s own implementation of rhetorical features. A case is made for considering the active ways audiences influence the strategies of arguers and for seeing the role of rhetoric in argumentation as both fundamental and reasonable on its own terms.
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  5. Rhetorical Argumentation and the Nature of Audience: Toward an Understanding of Audience—Issues in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):508-532.
    In any field, we might expect different features relevant to its understanding and development to receive attention at different times, depending on the stage of that field’s growth and the interests that occupy theorists and even the history of the theorists themselves. In the relatively young life of argumentation theory, at least as it has formed a body of issues with identified research questions, attention has almost naturally been focused on the central concern of the field—arguments. Focus is also given (...)
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  6.  35
    Applying Recent Argumentation Methods to Some Ancient Examples of Plausible Reasoning.Douglas Walton, Christopher W. Tindale & Thomas F. Gordon - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):85-119.
    Plausible (eikotic) reasoning known from ancient Greek (late Academic) skeptical philosophy is shown to be a clear notion that can be analyzed by argumentation methods, and that is important for argumentation studies. It is shown how there is a continuous thread running from the Sophists to the skeptical philosopher Carneades, through remarks of Locke and Bentham on the subject, to recent research in artificial intelligence. Eleven characteristics of plausible reasoning are specified by analyzing key examples of it recognized as important (...)
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  7.  57
    Ways of Being Reasonable: Perelman and the Philosophers.Christopher W. Tindale - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):337-361.
    In 1958, Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca published Traité de l'argumentation: La nouvelle rhétorique, the culmination of many years study. A seminal work in philosophy and rhetoric, it aimed to bring classical Aristotelian rhetoric into the modern era and present a model of argumentation that promoted action and reasonableness. One distinctive feature of the dense account found in this work is the claim that the success of argumentation can in part be measured by the responses of the audience for which (...)
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  8.  19
    `Hidden' Or `Missing' Premises.James Gough & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
  9.  31
    A Concept Divided: Ralph Johnson's Definition of Argument. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):299-309.
    Ralph Johnson's Manifest Rationality (2000) is a major contribution to the field of informal logic, but the concept of argument that is central to its project suffers from a tension between the components that comprise it. This paper explores and addresses that tension by examining the implications of each of five aspects of the definition of ‘argument’.
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  10. Fact From Opinion.Perry Weddle & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (1).
  11.  16
    Audiences, Relevance, and Cognitive Environments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):177-188.
    This paper discusses the fundamental sense in which the components of an argument should be relevant to the intended audience. In particular, the evidence advanced should be relevant to the facts and assumptions that are manifest in the cognitive environment of the audience. A version of Sperber and Wilson's concept of the cognitive environment is applied to argumentative concerns, and from this certain features of audience-relevance are explored: that the relevance of a premise can vary with the audience; that irrelevant (...)
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  12.  54
    Character and Knowledge: Learning From the Speech of Experts. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (3):341-353.
    This paper discusses the ways in which a person’s character ( ethos ) and a hearer’s emotional response ( pathos ) are part of the complex judgments made about experts’ claims, along with an actual assessment of those claims ( logos ). The analysis is rooted in the work of Aristotle, but expands to consider work on emotion and cognition conducted by Thagard and Gigerenzer. It also draws on some conclusions of the general epistemology of testimony (of which expert testimony (...)
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  13.  70
    Fallacies in Transition: An Assessment of the Pragma-Dialectical Perspective.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (1).
    The paper critically investigates the pragma-dialectics of van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the treatment of fallacies. While the pragma-dialectieians claim that dialectics combines the logical and rhetorical approaches to argumentation, it is argued here that the perspective relies heavily on rhetorical features that have been suppressed in the account and that overlooking these features leads to significant problems in the pragma-dialectical perspective. In light of these problems, the author advocates turning attention to a rhetorical account which subsumes the logical and (...)
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  14.  37
    Out of the Space of Reasons: Argumentation, Agents, and Persons.Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 19 (3):383-398.
    The paper investigates the `logical space of reasons' as a social space in which rational agents operate and persons in an important sense come to be. Building from an investigation of argumentative agents in Aristotle's Rhetoric, I discuss both interior and exterior criteria for personhood and propose that the latter shows how argumentation, as a principal activity of the space of reasons, results in the particular kinds of persons we recognize there as rational agents. The overall analysis is indebted to (...)
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  15.  17
    Fallacies, Blunders, and Dialogue Shifts: Walton‘s Contributions to the Fallacy Debate.Christopher W. Tindale - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (3):341-354.
    The paper examines Walton‘s concept of fallacy as it develops throughthree stages of his work: from the early series of papers co-authored withJohn Woods; through a second phase of involvement with thepragma-dialectical perspective; and on to the final phase in which heoffers a distinct pragmatic theory that reaches beyond the perceived limitsof the pragma-dialectical account while still exhibiting a debt to thatperspective and the early investigations with Woods. It is observed how Walton‘s model of fallacy is established in distinction to (...)
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  16.  3
    The Moral Sense in the Time of the Recluse.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 53 (3):326.
    Now is a time for isolation, reclusion, seclusion. How many terms we have for what is essentially the same experience of remoteness. We walk in silence through “the healthy wood,” although not with a mind turned, like Horace’s, to thoughts of the wise and good. Rather, we share with Montaigne a retreat from the routines of life, observing how “contagion is particularly dangerous in crowds”. Years of practice at a screened existence accustom us to the suite of technologies that now (...)
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  17.  3
    The Truth About Orangutans: Defending Acceptability.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  18. Argumentation at the Century's Turn [CD-ROM].Christopher W. Tindale, Hans V. Hansen & Elmar Sveda (eds.) - 2000 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
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  19.  27
    The Use of Irony in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale & James Gough - 1987 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 20 (1):1 - 17.
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  20.  1
    Commentary on Jorgensen.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  21.  66
    Tragic Choices.Christopher W. Tindale - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):209-222.
    Events over the last decade have returned the issue of interrogational torture to one of immediate and urgent concern, as governments attempt to circumvent the constraints of the UN Convention against Torture. Philosophers still favor variants of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario and view with suspicion, if not incomprehension, any absolutist prohibition of torture. In this paper, I reiterate and develop an absolutist position against interrogational torture, arguing that ‘ticking bomb’ scenarios are ill-considered and offer not what they purport to offer. (...)
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  22.  23
    Rethinking Rhetorical Theory, Criticism, and Pedagogy: The Living Art of Michael C. Leff.Curtis Hyra, Blake Scott & Christopher W. Tindale - 2017 - Informal Logic 37 (2):152-160.
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  23.  9
    Introduction: Of Place and Time.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (1):1-11.
    I introduce the two principal concepts of this special issue through a discussion of some of the main roles place and time play in argumentation and some of the meanings involved in those roles. Some of the definitions of kairos are explored leading to suggestions for how this concept and that of ‘place’ can operate in argumentation.
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  24.  13
    Commentary on Andone.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  25.  57
    The Logic of Torture.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
  26.  11
    Introduction: The Importance of Rhetoric for Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
  27.  8
    Commentary on Van Belle.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  28.  23
    Plato's Lysis: A Reconsideration.Christopher W. Tindale - 1984 - Apeiron 18 (2):102.
  29.  10
    Commentary on Jacquette.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
  30.  10
    The Logic of Torture: A Critical Examination.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
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  31.  29
    Hinderer`s Building Arguments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1993 - Informal Logic 15 (1).
  32.  4
    Introduction.Christopher W. Tindale - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (2):141-145.
  33.  29
    In Memoriam: Jonathan Adler 1949 – 2012.J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson, Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (2):160.
  34.  1
    The Authority of Testimony.Christopher W. Tindale - 1999 - ProtoSociology 13:96-116.
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  35.  4
    Introduction.Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
  36.  26
    Levi's In Defense of Informal Logic.Christopher W. Tindale - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (2).
  37.  25
    Introduction.Ralph H. Johnson & Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):379-391.
    When considering the interactions between rhetoric and argumentation, readers of this journal will no doubt be reminded of the seminal work of Henry W. Johnstone Jr. (1959; 1978) who gathered both concerns together in ways that were designed to engage philosophers and persuade them of the intellectual seriousness of both enterprises. He was, of course, a principal force among those who brought Chaïm Perelman’s work to the attention of audiences in North America, and he himself entered into deep and fruitful (...)
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  38.  25
    Perelman, Informal Logic and the Historicity of Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (3):341-357.
    In a posthumous paper, Perelman discusses his decision to bring his theory of argumentation together with rhetoric rather than calling it an informal logic. This is due in part because of the centrality he gives to audience, and in part because of the negative attitude that informal logicians have to rhetoric. In this paper, I explore both of these concerns by way of considering what benefits Perelman’s work can have for informal logic, and what insights the work of informal logicians (...)
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  39.  19
    Mendelson's Many Sides: A Protagorean Approach to the Theory, Practice, and Pedagogy of Argument.Christopher W. Tindale - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (2):201-205.
  40.  12
    Tragic Choices: Reaffirming Absolutes in the Torture Debate.Christopher W. Tindale - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):209-222.
    Events over the last decade have returned the issue of interrogational torture to one of immediate and urgent concern, as governments attempt to circumvent the constraints of the UN Convention against Torture. Philosophers still favor variants of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario and view with suspicion, if not incomprehension, any absolutist prohibition of torture. In this paper, I reiterate and develop an absolutist position against interrogational torture, arguing that ‘ticking bomb’ scenarios are ill-considered and offer not what they purport to offer. (...)
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  41.  13
    Commentary on Goodwin.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  42.  20
    Plato's "Lysis": A Reconsideration.Christopher W. Tindale - 1984 - Apeiron 18 (2):102 - 109.
  43.  11
    Revisiting Aristotle’s Topoi.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
    In this paper, I investígate a question in the Rhetoric surrounding the metaphorical sense of Aristotle’s topos: one can look to a location for “available means of persuasion,” evoking an image of seeing ; or topoi are viewed as “general lines of argument.” Are they places we go for arguments, or actual lines of arguments? The difference matters, given a propensity to view topoi as forerunners of argument schemes.
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  44.  10
    Commentary On: Henrique Jales Ribeiro's "What Argumentation Can Do for Philosophy in the 21st Century".Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  45.  9
    Commentary On: Paula Olmos' "Narrative as Argument".Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  46. James Warren, Epicurus and Democritean Ethics: An Archaeology of Ataraxia Reviewed By.Christopher W. Tindale - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (3):227-229.
  47.  7
    Rationality, Reasonableness and Informal Logic: A Case Study of Chaim Perelman.Rongdong Jin & Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
    Perelman’s discussion about the distinction and relation between the rational and the reason-able could be seen as an attempt to bring forward a new understanding of rationality. In light of the concep-tion of situated reason, this paper argues that Perelman’s explication of the dialectic of the rational and the reasonable highlights the balance of universality and contexuality, and could contribute a fuller conception of rationality to establishing a solid philosophical foundation for Johnson’s informal logic.
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  48.  7
    Commentary on Crosswhite.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  49.  15
    Totipotency and the Value of Embryonic Cells.Christopher W. Tindale - 1994 - Journal of Value Inquiry 28 (4):519-528.
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  50. Argumentation and its Applications, CD-ROM.Hans V. Hansen, Christopher W. Tindale, J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson & Robert C. Pinto (eds.) - 2002 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
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