Results for 'Cindy Lau'

543 found
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  1. Development of Children’s Moral Evaluations of Modesty and Self-Promotion in Diverse Cultural Settings.Catherine Ann Cameron, Cindy Lau, Genyue Fu & Kang Lee - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (1):61-78.
    This cross-cultural study of the moral judgements of Mainland Han-Chinese, Chinese-Canadian, and Euro-Canadian children aged seven to 11 examined the evaluations of narrative protagonists? modest lies and self-promoting truthful statements in situations where they had done a good deed. The story characters had thus either lied or told the truth about a prosocial act that they had committed. Chinese children judged modest lies more positively and boastful truths less positively than Euro-Canadian children. Chinese and Chinese-Canadian children rated immodest statements more (...)
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  2.  14
    Cindy Rottmann 61.Cindy Rottmann - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  3. The Emperor's New Phenomenology? The Empirical Case for Conscious Experience Without First-Order Representations.Hakwan Lau & Richard Brown - 2019 - In Adam Pautz & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), Blockheads! Essays on Ned Block's Philosophy of Mind and Consciousness. MIT Press.
    We discuss cases where subjects seem to enjoy conscious experience when the relevant first-order perceptual representations are either missing or too weak to account for the experience. Though these cases are originally considered to be theoretical possibilities that may be problematical for the higher-order view of consciousness, careful considerations of actual empirical examples suggest that this strategy may backfire; these cases may cause more trouble for first-order theories instead. Specifically, these cases suggest that (I) recurrent feedback loops to V1 are (...)
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  4.  76
    Beyond Faces and Modularity: The Power of an Expertise Framework.Cindy M. Bukach, Isabel Gauthier & Michael J. Tarr - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (4):159-166.
  5. The Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 233-260.
    In this chapter, we discuss a selection of current views of the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). We focus on the different predictions they make, in particular with respect to the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) during visual experiences, which is an area of critical interest and some source of contention. Our discussion of these views focuses on the level of functional anatomy, rather than at the neuronal circuitry level. We take this approach because we currently understand more about experimental (...)
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  6. Understanding the Higher-Order Approach to Consciousness.Richard Brown, Hakwan Lau & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):754-768.
    Critics have often misunderstood the higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global The higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness has often been misunderstood by critics. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global workspace theory (GWT) and early sensory models (e.g. first-order local recurrency theories). For example, HOT has been criticized for over-intellectualizing consciousness. We show (...)
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  7.  30
    Visual Expectations Change Subjective Experience Without Changing Performance.Lau Møller Andersen, Morten Overgaard & Frank Tong - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 71:59-69.
  8.  36
    Working Memory Span and the Role of Proactive Interference.Cindy Lustig, Cynthia P. May & Lynn Hasher - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):199.
  9.  42
    How to Measure Metacognition.Stephen M. Fleming & Hakwan C. Lau - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  10.  71
    A Signal Detection Theoretic Approach for Estimating Metacognitive Sensitivity From Confidence Ratings.Brian Maniscalco & Hakwan Lau - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):422-430.
    How should we measure metacognitive sensitivity, i.e. the efficacy with which observers’ confidence ratings discriminate between their own correct and incorrect stimulus classifications? We argue that currently available methods are inadequate because they are influenced by factors such as response bias and type 1 sensitivity . Extending the signal detection theory approach of Galvin, Podd, Drga, and Whitmore , we propose a method of measuring type 2 sensitivity that is free from these confounds. We call our measure meta-d′, which reflects (...)
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  11.  35
    Mencius.Ke Meng, Mencius & D. C. Lau - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    Consequently, Mencius's impact was felt not only in the thought of the intellectual and social elite but also in the value and belief systems of all Chinese people.
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  12. Is Blindsight Possible Under Signal Detection Theory? Comment on Phillips (2021).Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):585-591.
    Phillips argues that blindsight is due to response criterion artefacts under degraded conscious vision. His view provides alternative explanations for some studies, but may not work well when one considers several key findings in conjunction. Empirically, not all criterion effects are decidedly non-perceptual. Awareness is not completely abolished for some stimuli, in some patients. But in other cases, it was clearly impaired relative to the corresponding visual sensitivity. This relative dissociation is what makes blindsight so important and interesting.
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  13.  7
    Using Collaborative Models to Overcome Obstacles to Undergraduate Publication in Cognitive Neuroscience.Cindy M. Bukach, Kendall Stewart, Jane W. Couperus & Catherine L. Reed - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  14.  1
    Cindy Sherman's Office Killer: Another Kind of Monster.Dahlia Schweitzer - 2014 - Intellect.
    One of the twentieth century's most significant artists, Cindy Sherman has quietly uprooted conventional understandings of portraiture and art, questioning everything from identity to feminism. Critics around the world have taken Sherman's photographs and extensively examined what lies underneath. However, little critical ink has been spilled on Sherman's only film, Office Killer, a piece that plays a significant role both in Sherman's body of work and in American art in the late twentieth century. Dahlia Schweitzer breaks the silence with (...)
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  15.  19
    L'institution Et la Place des Familles En Protection de L'Enfance.Cindy Vicente, Anne-Clémence Schom & Philippe Robert - 2014 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 206 (4):35.
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  16. Empirical Support for Higher-Order Theories of Conscious Awareness.Hakwan Lau & David Rosenthal - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):365-373.
  17.  14
    The Psychological Veracity of Zaller's Model.Cindy D. Kam - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (4):545-567.
    Zaller's model of public-opinion formation portrays the average citizen as an automaton who responds unthinkingly to elite cues. That is, once people have received information from political elites, they tend to abide by whatever their respective cue-givers dictate, since rejecting information is more cognitively costly than simply accepting it. Empirical research in psychology on priming supports this view of the citizen as a passive receiver of information. For example, people are likely to be unconsciously influenced by subtle cues and they (...)
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  18. Breastfeeding and the Good Maternal Body.Cindy A. Stearns - 1999 - Gender and Society 13 (3):308-325.
    Breastfeeding remains an understudied topic in research and theorizing about reproductive experience and women's bodies. This article reports on women's experiences of breastfeeding in public as revealed through in-depth interviews with 51 women. The current construction of the good maternal body requires women to carefully manage the performance of breastfeeding in specific ways and with particular attention to the dominant notion of a sexualized rather than nurturing breast. Women accommodate to, and resist, the perceived boundaries of the good maternal body (...)
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  19. Confucius: The Analects.D. C. Lau (ed.) - 2000 - Columbia University Press.
    A record of the words and teachings of Confucius, _The Analects_ is considered the most reliable expression of Confucian thought. However, the original meaning of Confucius's teachings have been filtered and interpreted by the commentaries of Confucianists of later ages, particularly the Neo-Confucianists of the Song dynasty, not altogether without distortion.In this monumental translation by Professor D. C. Lau, an attempt has been made to interpret the sayings as they stand. The corpus of the sayings is taken as an organic (...)
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  20.  56
    The Influence of Ethical Leadership and Regulatory Focus on Employee Outcomes.Mitchell J. Neubert, Cindy Wu & James A. Roberts - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):269-296.
    Regulatory focus theory is proposed as offering an explanation for the influence of ethical leadership on organizational citizenship behaviors and employee commitments. The prevention focus mindset of an employee is argued to be the mechanism by which an ethical leader influences extra-role compliance behavior as well as normative commitment, whereas the promotion focus mindset of an employee is argued to be the mechanism by which an ethical leader influences extra-role voice behavior as well as affective commitment. Moreover, leader-member exchange is (...)
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  21. The Voices of Nurses on Ethics Committees.Cindy Hylton Rushton - 1994 - Bioethics Forum 10 (4):30-35.
     
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  22.  25
    The Cost of Science: Knowledge and Ethics in the HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Trials.Cindy Patton & Hye Jin Kim - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):295-310.
    Over the past decade AIDS research has turned toward the use of pharmacology in HIV prevention, including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP): the use of HIV medication as a means of preventing HIV acquisition in those who do not have it. This paper explores the contradictory reasons offered in support of PrEP—to empower women, to provide another risk-reduction option for gay men—as the context for understanding the social meaning of the experimental trials that appear to show that PrEP works in gay men (...)
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  23.  1
    Can Philosophy Love?: Reflections and Encounters.Cindy Zeiher & Todd McGowan (eds.) - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This volume considers formalisations of love in the 21st century. Engaging with the Slovenian School of Philosophy, the book contends that psychoanalysis is the one line of thought that exposes the role that love plays in all knowledge, emphasising the importance of love in these unsettled times.
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  24.  56
    The Theory of Reflexive Modernization.Ulrich Beck, Wolfgang Bonss & Christoph Lau - 2003 - Theory, Culture and Society 20 (2):1-33.
    How can one distinguish the concept of second modernity from the concept of postmodernity? Postmodernists are interested in deconstruction without reconstruction, second modernity is about deconstruction and reconstruction. Social sciences need to construct new concepts to understand the world dynamics at the beginning of the 21st century. Modernity has not vanished, we are not post it. Radical social change has always been part of modernity. What is new is that modernity has begun to modernize its own foundations. This is what (...)
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  25.  5
    Error-Driven Retrieval in Agreement Attraction Rarely Leads to Misinterpretation.Zoe Schlueter, Dan Parker & Ellen Lau - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  26.  16
    On the Dangers of Conflating Strong and Weak Versions of a Theory of Consciousness.Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (II).
    Some proponents of the Integrated Information Theory of consciousness profess strong views on the Neural Correlates of Consciousness, namely that large swathes of the neocortex, the cerebellum, at least some sensory cortices, and the so-called limbic system are all not essential for any form of conscious experiences. We argue that this connection is not incidental. Conflation between strong and weak versions of the theory has led these researchers to adopt definitions of NCC that are inconsistent with their own previous definitions, (...)
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  27.  74
    Mencius.D. C. Lau - 2003 - Penguin Classics.
    Mencius, who lived in the 4th century B.C., is second only to Confucius in importance in the Confucian tradition. The _Mencius_ consists of sayings of Mencius and conversations he had with his contemporaries. When read side by side with the _Analects_, the _Mencius_ throws a great deal of light on the teachings of ConfuciusMencius developed many of the ideas of Confucius and at the same time discussed problems not touched upon by Confucius. He drew out the implications of Confucius' moral (...)
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  28.  13
    The Impact of an Aged Care Pharmacist in a Department of Emergency Medicine.Cindy Mortimer, Lynne Emmerton & Elaine Lum - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (3):478-485.
  29.  44
    Sources for the Achaemenids - Kuhrt The Persian Empire. A Corpus of Sources From the Achaemenid Period. In Two Volumes. Pp. Xxx + Xxx + 1020, Ills, Maps. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2007. Cased, £160. ISBN: 978-0-415-43628-1. [REVIEW]Cindy Nimchuk - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (1):157-160.
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  30. On the Alleged Extensionality of "Causal Explanatory Contexts".Cindy Stern - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (4):614-625.
    In a recent paper, Michael Levin argues that both statements reporting causal relations and causal explanatory statements are extensional. We show that his argument for the extensionality of causal explanatory statements fails to establish that conclusion. His claim that certain 'because' statements are elliptical for statements of what he terms the 'causal explanatory' form is unsubstantiated. The argument for the referential transparency of the allegedly explanatory form, regardless of whether it is a distinct explanatory form, fails because of scope problems. (...)
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  31.  29
    On the Necessity of Consciousness for Sophisticated Human Action.Roy F. Baumeister, Stephan Lau, Heather M. Maranges & Cory J. Clark - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  32.  80
    Domain-General and Domain-Specific Patterns of Activity Support Metacognition in Human Prefrontal Cortex.Jorge Morales, Hakwan Lau & Stephen M. Fleming - 2018 - The Journal of Neuroscience 38 (14):3534-3546.
    Metacognition is the capacity to evaluate the success of one's own cognitive processes in various domains; for example, memory and perception. It remains controversial whether metacognition relies on a domain-general resource that is applied to different tasks or if self-evaluative processes are domain specific. Here, we investigated this issue directly by examining the neural substrates engaged when metacognitive judgments were made by human participants of both sexes during perceptual and memory tasks matched for stimulus and performance characteristics. By comparing patterns (...)
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  33. The Mnemonic Basis of Subjective Experience.Hakwan Lau, Matthias Michel, Joseph LeDoux & Stephen Fleming - 2022 - Nature Reviews Psychology.
    Conscious experiences involve subjective qualities, such as colours, sounds, smells and emotions. In this Perspective, we argue that these subjective qualities can be understood in terms of their similarity to other experiences. This account highlights the role of memory in conscious experience, even for simple percepts. How an experience feels depends on implicit memory of the relationships between different perceptual representations within the brain. With more complex experiences such as emotions, explicit memories are also recruited. We draw inspiration from work (...)
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  34. An In-Class, Humane Education Program Can Improve Young Students' Attitudes Toward Animals.Kate Nicoll Samuels, Cindy Trifone & William Ellery - 2008 - Society and Animals 16 (1):45-60.
    All 8 first-grade classes of an elementary school participated in a study of the efficacy of an in-class humane education program that incorporated regular visits from therapy animals. The study also investigated the relative efficacy of a popular, printed humane-education publication, although it was not possible to use this printed material in its optimal manner. The in-class humane-education program—but not the printed material—significantly increased students' self-reported attitudes toward nonhuman animals as compared to those of students who did not participate in (...)
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  35.  9
    Individuation Experience Predicts Other-Race Effects in Holistic Processing for Both Caucasian and Black Participants.Cindy M. Bukach, Jasmine Cottle, JoAnna Ubiwa & Jessica Miller - 2012 - Cognition 123 (2):319-324.
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  36.  33
    Lau-Tsze's Tau-Teh-King: The Old Philosopher's Classic on Reason and Virtue Translated.Paul Carus - 1896 - The Monist 7 (4):571-601.
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  37.  84
    Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
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  38.  9
    Should We Reject the Expertise Hypothesis?Isabel Gauthier & Cindy Bukach - 2007 - Cognition 103 (2):322-330.
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  39.  30
    The Presumption of Liberty and the Coerciveness of the State.Cindy Phillips - 2016 - Jurisprudence 7 (3):557-574.
    A dominant belief in political philosophy is that states must be entitled to authorize the use of coercion in order to justifiably coerce its subjects. Call this view the entitlement view. On this view, for a state to justifiably coerce its subjects, a necessary condition is that it is entitled to authorize the use of coercion. Sceptics hold the entitlement view. However, they deny that states are entitled to authorize the use of coercion. This denial informs their views regarding the (...)
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  40.  14
    Preface.M. I. Lau, T. Neugebauer & U. Schmidt - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (3):287-290.
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  41. Controlling for Performance Capacity Confounds in Neuroimaging Studies of Conscious Awareness.Jorge Morales, Jeffrey Chiang & Hakwan Lau - 2015 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 1:1-11.
    Studying the neural correlates of conscious awareness depends on a reliable comparison between activations associated with awareness and unawareness. One particularly difficult confound to remove is task performance capacity, i.e. the difference in performance between the conditions of interest. While ideally task performance capacity should be matched across different conditions, this is difficult to achieve experimentally. However, differences in performance could theoretically be corrected for mathematically. One such proposal is found in a recent paper by Lamy, Salti and Bar-Haim [Lamy (...)
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  42. The Case of Zimbabwe.Cindy Courville - 1993 - In Stanlie M. James & Abena P. A. Busia (eds.), Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women. Routledge. pp. 31.
  43. On and On, Over and Over: The Gender War in Child Support Enforcement Court.Cindy Elmore - 2010 - Feminist Studies 36 (2):397-403.
     
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  44. Recommendations for a Balanced Approach to Supporting Academic Integrity: Perspectives From a Survey of Students, Faculty, and Tutors.Cindy Ives & Cheryl A. Kier - 2022 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 18 (1).
    Maintaining academic integrity is a growing concern for higher education, increasingly so due to the pivot to remote learning in 2020 caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. We canvassed students, faculty, and tutors at an online Canadian university about their perspectives on academic integrity and misconduct. The survey asked how the university could improve policies concerning issues of academic integrity, how faculty and tutors handled cases of misconduct, about satisfaction with how academic violations were treated, and about the role of students, (...)
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  45. A Little History Goes a Long Way Toward Understanding Why We Study Consciousness the Way We Do Today.Joseph LeDoux, Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1.
    Consciousness is currently a thriving area of research in psychology and neuroscience. While this is often attributed to events that took place in the early 1990s, consciousness studies today are a continuation of research that started in the late 19th century and that continued throughout the 20th century. From the beginning, the effort built on studies of animals to reveal basic principles of brain organization and function, and of human patients to gain clues about consciousness itself. Particularly important and our (...)
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  46.  80
    Enfranchising Incompetents: Suretyship and the Joint Authorship of Laws.Robert E. Goodin & Joanne C. Lau - 2011 - Ratio 24 (2):154-166.
    Proposals to lower the age of voting, to 15 for example, are regularly met with worries that people that age are not sufficiently ‘competent’. Notice however that we allow people that age to sign binding legal contracts, provided that those contracts are co-signed by their parents. Notice, further, that in a democracy voters are collectively ‘joint authors’ of the laws that they enact. Enfranchising some less competent voters is no worry, the Condorcet Jury Theorem assures us, so long as the (...)
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  47.  1
    Janet Bennion and Lisa Fishbayn Joffe : The Polygamy Question: Utah State University Press, Logan, 2016, 262 Pp, ISBN: 978-0-87421-980-7 978-0-87421-997-5. [REVIEW]Cindy Scheopner - 2016 - Feminist Legal Studies 24 (3):347-349.
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  48.  10
    Report From Hong Kong.Shelley Lau - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):364.
    Hong Kong is a territory of only 400 square miles in size, but with a large population of six million people. We have excellent medical facilities in both the public and private sector and the general health indices of the population are good, with low infant mortality rates and long life expectancies.
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  49. A Cortical Network for Semantics: (De)Constructing the N400.E. Lau, C. Phillips & D. Poeppel - 2008 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9:920-933.
    Measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) has been fundamental to our understanding of how language is encoded in the brain. One particular ERP response, the N400 response, has been especially influential as an index of lexical and semantic processing. However, there remains a lack of consensus on the interpretation of this component. Resolving this issue has important consequences for neural models of language comprehension. Here we show that evidence bearing on where the N400 response is generated provides key insights into what it (...)
     
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  50.  13
    Economic Determination in the Last Instance: China's Political- Economic Development Under the Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis.Raymond Lau - 2001 - Historical Materialism 8 (1):215-252.
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