Results for 'Citizens United'

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  1. Corporate Speech in Citizens United Vs. Federal Election Commission.Kirk Ludwig - 2016 - SpazioFilosofico 16:47-79.
    In its January 20th, 2010 decision in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission, the United States Supreme Court ruled that certain restrictions on independent expenditures by corporations for political advocacy violate the First Amendment of the Constitution, which provides that “Congress shall make no law […] abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Justice Kennedy, writing for (...)
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  2.  38
    Business Ethics After Citizens United: A Contractualist Analysis.David Silver - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):385-397.
    In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission , the US Supreme Court sharply curtailed the ability of the state to limit political speech by for-profit corporations. This new legal situation elevates the question of corporate political involvement: in what manner and to what extent is it ethical for for-profit corporations to participate in the political process in a liberal democratic society? Using Scanlon’s version of contractualism, I argue for a number of substantive and procedural constraints on the political (...)
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  3.  11
    Consumers United Did Not Fail! It Was Killed by Regulatory Rape!Consumers United - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
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  4.  27
    Rethinking the Ethics of Corporate Political Activities in a Post-Citizens United Era: Political Equality, Corporate Citizenship, and Market Failures.Pierre-Yves Néron - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (4):715-728.
    The aim of this paper is to provide some insights for a normative theory of corporate political activities. Such a theory aims to provide theoretical tools to investigate the legitimacy of corporate political involvement and allows us to determine which political activities and relations with government regulators are appropriate or inappropriate, permissible or impermissible, obligatory or forbidden for corporations. After having explored what I call the “normative presumption of legitimacy” of CPAs, this paper identifies three different plausible strategies to criticize (...)
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  5. Campaigning as the Press: Citizens United and the Problem of Press Exemptions in Law.Jason M. Shepard - 2010 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 16:137.
     
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  6. Avoiding Campaign Finance Reform: Examining the Doctrine of Constitutional Avoidance in Campaign Finance Reform Law in Light of Citizens United V. Federal Election Commission.Michelle R. Slack - 2010 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 16:153.
     
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  7. Tell Us Who You Are-Maybe: Speaker Disclaimers After Citizens United.Darryl R. Wold - 2010 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 16:171.
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  8. Citizens United is No Dred Scott.Richard Esenberg - 2010 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 16:99.
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  9. Tyranny of Reform and Transparency: A Plea to the Supreme Court to Revisit and Overturn Citizens United's Disclaimer and Disclosure Holding, The.James Bopp Jr & Jared Haynie - 2010 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 16:3.
     
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  10.  2
    The Intellectual Forebears of Citizens United.Ronald D. Rotunda - 2011 - Nexus 16:113.
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  11.  25
    Protecting Citizens in Hard Times: Citizenship and Repatriation Pressures in the United States and France During the 1930s.Matthew J. Baltz - 2015 - Theory and Society 44 (2):101-124.
  12.  46
    Froebel and the Rise of Educational Theory in the United States.Meika Sophia Baader - 2004 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (5-6):427-444.
    This contribution compares entries on Friedrich Froebel and the kindergarten in German and United States’ histories of education from 1857 to 1933. In the American histories, Froebel appears as the great “hero” of education of the 19th century, whereas in the German histories, Pestalozzi is the “hero.” This difference in the perspectives goes back to fundamental differences in the political culture and political traditions of the two countries, which differed greatly as to the shaping of the public and private (...)
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  13.  43
    Democratic Equality and Corporate Political Speech.Jon Mahoney - 2013 - Public Affairs Quarterly 27:137-156.
    This paper examines some of the ways that equality in political status is threatened by corporate political speech. I offer a critique of Citizens United v Federal Election Commission which emphasizes a democratic equality approach to law and politics.
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  14.  28
    The Incompatibility of the United Nations’ Goals and Conventionalist Ethical Relativism.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):234-243.
    ABSTRACTThe Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights seeks to provide moral direction to nations and their citizens on a series of bioethical concerns. In articulating principles, it ranks respect for human rights, human dignity and fundamental freedoms ahead of respect for cultural diversity and pluralism. This ranking is controversial because it entails the rejection of the popular theory, conventionalist ethical relativism. If consistently defended, this theory also undercuts other United Nations activities that assume member states and (...)
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  15. Participatory Budgeting in the United States: A Preliminary Analysis of Chicago's 49th Ward Experiment.LaShonda M. Stewart, Steven A. Miller, R. W. Hildreth & Maja V. Wright-Phillips - 2014 - New Political Science 36 (2):193-218.
    This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the first participatory budgeting experiment in the United States, in Chicago's 49th Ward. There are two avenues of inquiry: First, does participatory budgeting result in different budgetary priorities than standard practices? Second, do projects meet normative social justice outcomes? It is clear that allowing citizens to determine municipal budget projects results in very different outcomes than standard procedures. Importantly, citizens in the 49th Ward consistently choose projects that the research literature (...)
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  16.  10
    Beyond the Market: The Role of Constitutions in Health Care System Convergence in the United States of America and the United Kingdom.Jamie Fletcher & Jane Marriott - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):455-474.
    Health care reform in the United States and United Kingdom has resulted in the cross-fertilization of policy. The “new” health care models adopted by the two jurisdictions utilize free market principles for reasons of quality, efficiency, and cost, but also feature characteristics of a state-run model, through the provision of a safety net for citizens and a buffer against the commodification of health. In this sense, the health care systems of the US and UK are more congruent (...)
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  17.  26
    American Public Education and the Responsibility of Its Citizens: Supporting Democracy in the Age of Accountability by Sarah M. Stitzlein.Johnnie R. Blunt - 2018 - Education and Culture 34 (1):81-85.
    In his 1916 preface to Democracy and Education, John Dewey comments that the main goal of his book was “to detect and state the ideas implied in a democratic society and to apply these ideas to the problems and enterprise of education. The discussion includes an indication of the constructive aims and methods of public education as seen from this point of view.”1 More than 100 years later, Sarah M. Stitzlein confirms Dewey’s ideas and expands his scholarship to defend the (...)
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  18.  7
    ”The Heart of This People is in its Right Place”: The American Press and Private Charity in the United States During the Irish Famine.Paweł Hamera - 2018 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 8 (8):151-167.
    The potato blight that struck Ireland in 1845 led to ineffable suffering that sent shockwaves throughout the Anglosphere. The Irish Famine is deemed to be the first national calamity to attract extensive help and support from all around the world. Even though the Irish did not receive adequate support from the British government, their ordeal was mitigated by private charity. Without the donations from a great number of individuals, the death toll among the famished Irishmen and Irishwomen would have been (...)
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  19.  10
    Active Industrial Citizenship of Domestic Workers: Lessons Learned From Unionizing Attempts in Israel and the United Kingdom.Virginia Mantouvalou & Einat Albin - 2016 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 17 (1):321-350.
    In this Article we offer a new conceptualization of industrial citizenship, which is sensitive to gender and migration status. Our conceptualization builds on the theoretical distinction between active and passive citizenship and the analyses of active industrial citizenship. We suggest that active industrial citizenship should be detached from the old and influential tradition of trade unionism that is connected with the public/private divide. Our proposed conceptualization leads to attaching value to activities related to ethics of care and to the pursuit (...)
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  20.  17
    ‘We the People of the United States…’: The Matrix and the Realisation of Constitutional Sovereignty. [REVIEW]Kirsty Duncanson - 2011 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (4):385-404.
    In its enunciation of “We the people,” the Constitution of the United States of America becomes a constitution of the flesh as it simultaneously invokes a constitution, a nation and a people. Correspondingly, its amendments as a list of rights pertaining to sex and race discrimination, and freedoms of bodily movement and action, assert the Constitution’s authority through the evocation of “natural” human bodies. In this article, I explore the way in which a sovereignty of the United States’ (...)
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  21.  21
    Images of Government, Business, and Citizen Identity in the United States.Gill Steel - 2010 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 11 (1):99-123.
    This paper presents a country profile of the United States using data from the AsiaBarometer (2008) survey. I first examine how citizens see themselves, their government and big business. My findings show that Americans remain ambivalent toward politics, their government, and big business. Citizens overwhelmingly support democracy as a political system and are satisfied with a broad range of specific democratic rights, but, at the same time, they complain about the workings of their democratic system, policy output, (...)
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  22.  14
    Political Expertise, Interdependent Citizens, and the Value Added Problem in Democratic Politics.Franz Urban Pappi, Robert Huckfeldt & Kenichi Ikeda - 2000 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 1 (2):171-195.
    In this paper we are primarily concerned with political expertise, interest, and agreement as factors that might accelerate the flow of information between citizens. We examine dyadic exchanges of information as a function of two primary sets of factors: the characteristics of the citizens in the dyadic relationship and the characteristics of the larger network within which the dyad is located. Moreover, we compare political communication within dyads across several different national contexts: Germany, Japan, and the United (...)
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  23.  9
    Financialization and Outsourcing in a Different Guise: The Ethical Chaos of Workforce Localization in the United Arab Emirates.Valerie Priscilla Goby - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):415-421.
    This paper addresses the tension between the government policy to increase the number of citizens working in the private sector in the United Arab Emirates and the organizational preference for employing expatriate workers. Currently a dominant construal of the limited success of the policy is that the local workforce, traditionally employed largely in government positions, is unwilling to commit to the perceived greater rigor of the private sector. The author reconceptualizes the issue as one deriving from a principle (...)
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  24.  4
    The United Nations Global Compact as a Facilitator of the Lockean Social Contract.Damian Bäumlisberger - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (1):187-200.
    The United Nations Global Compact has difficulties in attracting new voluntary members and inciting them to implement its ten principles. The present article analyzes this implementation deficit from the perspective of Lockean social contract theory and derives new strategies for reducing it. On this view, the UNGC presents itself as the attempt to realize a set of moral norms, typically enforced by an impartial minimal state, protecting its citizens from violations of their natural rights, negative externalities and discrimination (...)
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  25.  8
    The Declaration of the United Colonies: America's First Just War Statement.Eric Patterson & Nathan Gill - 2015 - Journal of Military Ethics 14 (1):7-34.
    Was the American War for Independence just? In July 1775, a full year before the Declaration of Independence, the colonists argued that they had the right to self-defense. They made this argument using language that accords with what we can broadly call classical just war thinking, based, inter alia, on their claim that their provincial authorities had a responsibility to defend the colonists from British violence. In the 1775 Declaration of the United Colonies, written two months after British troops (...)
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  26.  16
    Defining the Contours of United States V. Hensley: Limiting the Use of Terry Stops for Completed Misdemeanors.Rachel Weiss - unknown
    In United States v. Hensley, a unanimous Court set forth the rule that, "if police have a reasonable suspicion, grounded in specific and articulable facts, that a person they encounter was involved in or is wanted in connection with a completed felony, then a Terry stop may be made to investigate that suspicion." By expanding the scope of the Terry doctrine, Hensley strengthened the power of law enforcement officials to "stop and frisk" individuals who they believe may pose a (...)
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  27.  6
    The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Implementation in the 21st Century.C. J. Pawson & R. E. S. Tanner - 2005 - Global Bioethics 18 (1):1-15.
    The ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child demands that those participating nations, adopt the aims of the convention as state responsibilities toward their child citizens. The central premise of the convention is clear: that it is the right of all children to develop to their full potential. The authors propose six basic interdependent developmental requirements if the child is to reach ‘full potential’. Without prioritising any one need, but instead concentrating on the (...)
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  28. States and Citizens: History, Theory, Prospects.Quentin Skinner & Bo Stråth (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The imminent demise of the nation-state in the face of global capitalism and supra-national agencies like the United Nations has often been predicted, yet in practice the death of the state seems unimaginable: indeed terrorist activity and corporate collapse have made states, if anything, more assertive in recent years, and the condition of 'statelessness' is regarded as pitiable and grave in the extreme. This volume, first published in 2003, offers a coherent survey of perceptions of the state, its history, (...)
     
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  29. Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality: A Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States.Joel Spring - 2016 - Routledge.
    Joel Spring’s history of school polices imposed on dominated groups in the United States examines the concept of deculturalization—the use of schools to strip away family languages and cultures and replace them with those of the dominant group. The focus is on the education of dominated groups forced to become citizens in territories conquered by the U.S., including Native Americans, Enslaved Africans, Chinese, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Hawaiians. In 7 concise, thought-provoking chapters, this analysis and documentation of how (...)
     
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  30.  52
    Mass Media Campaigns and Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests. [REVIEW]Mohamed Y. Rady, Joan L. McGregor & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):229-241.
    Mass media campaigns are widely and successfully used to change health decisions and behaviors for better or for worse in society. In the United States, media campaigns have been launched at local offices of the states’ department of motor vehicles to promote citizens’ willingness to organ donation and donor registration. We analyze interventional studies of multimedia communication campaigns to encourage organ-donor registration at local offices of states’ department of motor vehicles. The media campaigns include the use of multifaceted (...)
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  31. The Making and Maintenance of Human Rights in an Age of Skepticism.Abram Trosky - 2017 - Human Rights Review 18 (3):347-353.
    The democratic surprises of 2016—Brexit and the Trump phenomenon—fueled by “fake news”, both real and imagined, have come to constitute a centrifugal, nationalistic, even tribal moment in politics. Running counter to the shared postwar narrative of increasing internationalism, these events reignited embers of cultural and moral relativism in academia and public discourse dormant since the culture wars of the 1990s and ‘60s. This counternarrative casts doubt on the value of belief in universal human rights, which many in the humanities and (...)
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  32. Creating Frugal Citizens. The Liberal Egalitarian Case for Teaching Frugality.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2015 - Theory and Research in Education 13 (3):286-307.
    According to Agenda 21, the United Nation’s action plan for sustainable development, ‘Governments and private sector organisations should promote more positive attitudes towards sustainable consumption through education, public awareness programmes and other means’. But some could wonder whether the cultivation of frugal consumption habits in schools is compatible with basic liberal principles. This article argues that, in societies like ours, liberal egalitarian theories of justice should permit and even advocate teaching frugality in educational institutions. Liberal egalitarianism expects educational institutions (...)
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  33.  84
    There Is No Moral Right to Immigrate to the United States.Stephen Kershnar - 2000 - Public Affairs Quarterly 14 (2):141-158.
    U.S. citizens have a right to exclude potential immigrants. This right rests in part on the threat immigration poses to change the character of the institutions to which the current citizens have consented and in part on the threat immigrants pose to the citizens' rights to collective property. This right is probably not opposed by a human right to immigrate since such a right cannot be supported by arguments from equality, fairness, legitimate state authority, or libertarianism.
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  34.  65
    The United States Health Care System Under Managed Care: How the Commodification of Health Care Distorts Ethics and Threatens Equity. [REVIEW]Larry R. Churchill - 1999 - Health Care Analysis 7 (4):393-411.
    Describing the U.S. health care system meansdescribing managed care under commercial forces. Managed care creates new moral tension forpractitioners, but more importantly, in its currentform it intensifies the commercialization of healthexpectations and interactions. The largely unregulatedmarketing of health services under managed care hasbeen a major factor in the increasing number ofuninsured citizens, while claims for cost reductionthrough managed care are equivocal. Risk-ratingpractices integral to the current medical marketplacethwart concerns for justice in allocation and createvulnerabilities for almost everyone. Thepolitical-moral concern (...)
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  35.  26
    Common Principles, Different Histories: Understanding Religious Liberty in the United States and France: R. Laurence Moore.R. Laurence Moore - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (2):459-478.
    In her book Liberty of Conscience: In Defense of America's Tradition of Religious Equality the American philosopher Martha Nussbaum joins a chorus of American intellectuals who have criticized France and other European nations for their failure to embrace the concept of cultural pluralism. In Nussbaum's opinion, the meaning that the French attach to egalité has remained stuck in circumstances peculiar to the eighteenth century. The concept is outdated and has not in the contemporary world been able to protect cultural diversity (...)
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  36.  13
    The Ever‐Shifting Psychological Foundations of Democratic Theory: Do Citizens Have the Right Stuff?Philip E. Tetlock - 1998 - Critical Review 12 (4):545-561.
    Abstract Timur Kuran's Private Truths, Public Lies makes a compelling case that people often misrepresent their private preferences in response to real or imagined social pressures, that the relative power of competing interest groups to punish opinion deviance and reward conformity determines the patterns and pervasiveness of preference falsification, and that preference falsifi?cation helps explain such diverse outcomes as the persistence and sudden collapse of communism and the precarious persistence of racial preferences in the United States and of the (...)
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  37.  7
    Thinking with Kant "Beyond" Kant.Claudio Corradetti - 2017 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 50 (1):59-82.
    In the following essay, I attempt to reactualize some of Kant’s most fundamental conceptions of a state’s sovereignty and the legitimacy of the cosmopolitan order. To this end, I provide what appears as a viable solution to Kant’s “sovereignty dilemma”; that is, the reconciliation between state sovereignty and the international enforceability of laws. I consider that a key component of the overall Kantian cosmopolitan project is the role played by the transcendental notion of an “originally united will” in its (...)
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  38.  78
    “If You Tickle Us….”: How Corporations Can Be Moral Agents Without Being Persons.Kendy M. Hess - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):319-335.
    I aim to disentangle two very important debates: one about whether corporations can be moral agents (and thus have moral obligations), one about whether corporations are persons (and thus entitled to certain rights and protections). Critics often conflate these two debates, arguing that moral agency entails personhood and then treating that entailment as a kind of reductio for claims of corporate moral agency. My primary purpose is to rebut the claim of entailment, demonstrating that even the highly sophisticated moral agency (...)
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  39.  10
    Changes in Firms’ Political Investment Opportunities, Managerial Accountability, and Reputational Risk.Hollis A. Skaife & Timothy Werner - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-25.
    We use the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission to assess the reputational risks created by political investment opportunities that allow managers to spend unlimited and potentially undisclosed firm resources on independent political expenditures. This new opportunity raises important ethical questions, as it is difficult, and perhaps impossible, under current law for shareholders to hold managers accountable for this investment choice and the reputational risks it entails. Using firms’ known political activity as a (...)
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  40. La démocratie sans limites : corruption et publicités dans les campagnes électorales américaines.Juliette Roussin - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (1):146-166.
    Cet article analyse le risque de corruption que les arrêts Citizens United de 2010 et l’apparition des Super-PACs font peser sur le système électoral états-unien. Lors de la dernière campagne présidentielle, plus de 730 millions de dollars ont été investis dans des publicités électorales par de riches contributeurs et des entreprises privées regroupés en Super-PACs. Nous montrons que cet afflux d’argent consacré à des publicités politiques expose la démocratie américaine à trois formes de « corruption grise », en (...)
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  41.  99
    Democracy and Law: Situating Law Within John Dewey's Democratic Vision.Brian E. Butler - 2010 - Etica & Politica 12 (1):256-280.
    In this paper I argue that John Dewey developed a philosophy of law that follows directly from his conception of democracy. Indeed, under Dewey’s theory an understanding of law can only follow from an accurate understanding of the social and political context within which it functions. This has important implications for the form law takes within democ- ratic society. The paper will explore these implications through a comparison of Dewey’s claims with those of Richard Posner and Ronald Dworkin; two other (...)
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  42.  15
    Decomposing Legal Personhood.Jon Garthoff - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (4):967-974.
    The claim that corporations are not people is perhaps the most frequently voiced criticism of the United States Supreme Court decision Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. There is something obviously correct about this claim. While the nature and extent of obligations with respect to group agents like corporations and labor unions is far from clear, it is manifest in moral understanding and deeply embedded in legal practice that there is no general requirement to treat them like (...)
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  43.  28
    Corruption and Campaign Finance Law.John M. Holcomb - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:190-201.
    This paper explains and criticizes the definition of corruption used by the U.S. Supreme Court in its campaign finance decisions and proposes components of a new definition to be applied by the Court. The paper also offers a preliminary assessment of the impact of the Citizens United v. FEC decision of 2010, and suggests that much of the analysis to date has been inaccurate or superficial. Further, given the Court’s expansive analysis and application of the First Amendment to (...)
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  44.  22
    Antecedents of Corporate Political Finance Disclosure.Naomi A. Gardberg, Donald H. Schepers & Louis Lipani - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:424-435.
    U.S. corporations have long tried to enact a favorable business environment via political activities such as lobbying and campaign contributions. This particular strategy is receiving increased attention due to the recent Supreme Court decision, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which establishes that corporations have the same rights with regard to political activities as individuals. In this work, we examine the nature of corporate political activity and the need for accountability; define transparency in the context of corporate political (...)
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  45.  14
    Corporate Electoral Activities and the 2012 Elections.John M. Holcomb - 2013 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 24:188-198.
    This paper challenges the conventional wisdom concerning the impact of the Citizens United v. FEC decision by examining the flow of corporate money into the 2012 election. The decision, which is consistent with most prior case law and was not a radical departure, promoted the use of super PACs and 501-c committees for political money that were not widely used by corporations, and the super PACs and c-4 committees were largely ineffective in the 2012 election. They also did (...)
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  46. Democracy and Law: Situating Law Within John Dewey’s Democratic Vision.Brian Butler - 2010 - Etica E Politica 12 (1):256-280.
    In this paper I argue that John Dewey developed a philosophy of law that follows directly from his conception of democracy. Indeed, under Dewey’s theory an understanding of law can only follow from an accurate understanding of the social and political context within which it functions. This has important implications for the form law takes within democratic society. The paper will explore these implications through a comparison of Dewey’s claims with those of Richard Posner and Ronald Dworkin; two other theorists (...)
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  47. Preventive Wars, Just War Principles, and the United Nations.John W. Lango - 2005 - Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):247-268.
    This paper explores the question of whether the United Nations should engage in preventive military actions. Correlatively, it asks whether UN preventive military actions could satisfy just war principles. Rather than from the standpoint of the individual nation state, the ethics of preventive war is discussed from the standpoint of the UN. For the sake of brevity, only the legitimate authority, just cause, last resort, and proportionality principles are considered. Since there has been disagreement about the specific content of (...)
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  48. Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry.Amy Gutmann (ed.) - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    Michael Ignatieff draws on his extensive experience as a writer and commentator on world affairs to present a penetrating account of the successes, failures, and prospects of the human rights revolution. Since the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, this revolution has brought the world moral progress and broken the nation-state's monopoly on the conduct of international affairs. But it has also faced challenges. Ignatieff argues that human rights activists have rightly drawn criticism from (...)
     
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  49.  25
    Citizen science or scientific citizenship? Disentangling the uses of public engagement rhetoric in national research initiatives.J. Patrick Woolley, Michelle L. McGowan, Harriet J. A. Teare, Victoria Coathup, Jennifer R. Fishman, Richard A. Settersten, Sigrid Sterckx, Jane Kaye & Eric T. Juengst - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    The language of “participant-driven research,” “crowdsourcing” and “citizen science” is increasingly being used to encourage the public to become involved in research ventures as both subjects and scientists. Originally, these labels were invoked by volunteer research efforts propelled by amateurs outside of traditional research institutions and aimed at appealing to those looking for more “democratic,” “patient-centric,” or “lay” alternatives to the professional science establishment. As mainstream translational biomedical research requires increasingly larger participant pools, however, corporate, academic and governmental research programs (...)
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  50.  66
    Corporate Social Responsibility Practices and Environmentally Responsible Behavior: The Case of The United Nations Global Compact.Dilek Cetindamar - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):163-176.
    The aim of this paper is to shed some light on understanding why companies adopt environmentally responsible behavior and what impact this adoption has on their performance. This is an empirical study that focuses on the United Nations (UN) Global Compact (GC) initiative as a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) mechanism. A survey was conducted among GC participants, of which 29 responded. The survey relies on the anticipated and actual benefits noted by the participants in the GC. The results, while (...)
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