Results for 'Claes Stranneg��rd'

253 found
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  1.  25
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  2.  4
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  3.  58
    The Framing of Corporate Social Responsibility and the Globalization of National Business Systems: A Longitudinal Case Study.Stefan Tengblad & Claes Ohlsson - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):653-669.
    The globalization movement in recent decades has meant rapid growth in trade, financial transactions, and cross-country ownership of economic assets. In this article, we examine how the globalization of national business systems has influenced the framing of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This is done using text analysis of CEO letters appearing in the annual reports of 15 major corporations in Sweden during a period of transformational change. The results show that the discourse about CSR in the annual reports has changed (...)
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  4.  6
    Algorithms as Folding: Reframing the Analytical Focus.Robin Williams, Claes-Fredrik Helgesson, Lukas Engelmann, Jeffrey Christensen, Jess Bier & Francis Lee - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (2).
    This article proposes an analytical approach to algorithms that stresses operations of folding. The aim of this approach is to broaden the common analytical focus on algorithms as biased and opaque black boxes, and to instead highlight the many relations that algorithms are interwoven with. Our proposed approach thus highlights how algorithms fold heterogeneous things: data, methods and objects with multiple ethical and political effects. We exemplify the utility of our approach by proposing three specific operations of folding—proximation, universalisation and (...)
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  5.  94
    Sophisticated Selectionism as a General Theory of Knowledge.Claes Andersson - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):229-242.
    Human knowledge is a phenomenon whose roots extend from the cultural, through the neural and the biological and finally all the way down into the Precambrian “primordial soup.” The present paper reports an attempt at understanding this Greater System of Knowledge (GSK) as a hierarchical nested set of selection processes acting concurrently on several different scales of time and space. To this end, a general selection theory extending mainly from the work of Hull and Campbell is introduced. The perhaps most (...)
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  6.  27
    Victim and Society: Sharing Wrongs, but in Which Roles? [REVIEW]Claes Lernestedt - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):187-203.
    This paper discusses what kinds of conflicts arise when a crime has been committed, and with whom—and in which of their possible roles—the offender should be seen as having such conflicts. The possible roles of the victim are in focus, as is the constitutive role of the act of criminalizing a certain kind of behavior. It is argued that while in the tort conflict the victim should be seen as a party qua him- or herself in a ‘fuller’ sense (and (...)
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  7.  2
    Styles of Valuation: Algorithms and Agency in High-Throughput Bioscience.Claes-Fredrik Helgesson & Francis Lee - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (4):659-685.
    In science and technology studies today, there is a troubling tendency to portray actors in the biosciences as “cultural dopes” and technology as having monolithic qualities with predetermined outcomes. To remedy this analytical impasse, this article introduces the concept styles of valuation to analyze how actors struggle with valuing technology in practice. Empirically, this article examines how actors in a bioscientific laboratory struggle with valuing the properties and qualities of algorithms in a high-throughput setting and identifies the copresence of several (...)
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  8.  28
    Metaphorically Speaking. [REVIEW]Claes Entzenberg - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):523-526.
  9.  97
    Reasoning Processes in Propositional Logic.Claes Strannegård, Simon Ulfsbäcker, David Hedqvist & Tommy Gärling - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (3):283-314.
    We conducted a computer-based psychological experiment in which a random mix of 40 tautologies and 40 non-tautologies were presented to the participants, who were asked to determine which ones of the formulas were tautologies. The participants were eight university students in computer science who had received tuition in propositional logic. The formulas appeared one by one, a time-limit of 45 s applied to each formula and no aids were allowed. For each formula we recorded the proportion of the participants who (...)
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  10.  11
    Vision and Power, John Hyman the Causal Analysis of Perceiving Misrepresents the Senses as Natural Powers. Although the Senses Are Not Voluntary Powers, the Concept of an Opportunity to See, Hear, and so Forth, is an Essential Part of the Concept of a Sense.(Hence the Concept of an Opportunity is Not Coincident with the Con). [REVIEW]Pe Griffiths & Rd Gray - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5).
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  11.  29
    The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.Claes Hägg - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):71 - 76.
    In July 1976 the OECD adopted voluntary guidelines for multinational enterprises. These guidelines deal, among other things, with transfer pricing and other transactions between companies which belong to the same multinational enterprise. The purpose of the present article is to analyze the OECD Guidelines from the point of view of business ethics. It is shown that inherent in the guidelines is a conflict between different goals. In the latter part of the article it is shown how this conflict could be (...)
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  12.  89
    An Action Perspective on Motor Development.Claes von Hofsten - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):266-272.
  13.  7
    A Proof System for Modeling Reasoning Processes in Propositional Logic.Claes Strannegård - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (5).
  14.  34
    Relativity Phenomena in Set Theory.Claes Åberg - 1974 - Synthese 27 (1-2):189 - 198.
  15.  10
    Metabletica or a Psychology of History.Jacques Claes - forthcoming - Humanitas.
  16.  32
    Just Price and Equal Opportunity.Claes Hägg - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):269-272.
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate if just price could be given a precise and relevant definition. First, the historical background is sketched. Then a definition is formulated which is based on a gradual interpretation of possibility. The meaning of the definition is, that the buyer and the seller are given equal opportunity of reaching a justified standard of living.
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  17.  38
    Object Perception and Object-Directed Reaching in Infancy.Claes von Hofsten & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (2):198-212.
  18.  6
    Lack of Existing Guidelines for a Large Group of Patients in Sweden: A National Survey Across the Acute Surgical Care Delivery Chain.Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Claes Juhlin & Eva Jangland - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (1):89-95.
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  19.  10
    Civic Meaningfulness.Erik Claes - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (2):347-372.
    This paper starts from qualitative research on volunteering and citizenship, with a special focus on volunteering within a setting of restorative justice and mediation. In a first stage, the author reconstructs two models of meaningfulness as hermeneutical lenses to better understand how volunteers see their engagement and experiences as a source of meaningfulness. The paper argues that a biographical model of meaningfulness is in need of a complementary approach to meaningfulness, which focuses on transformational experiences with a strong existential depth. (...)
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  20.  2
    PACT : A Protocol for Assessment, Mechanism‐Based Case Formulation and Treatment Planning.York Hagmayer, Cilia Witteman & Laurence Claes - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):648-656.
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  21.  11
    Truancy as a Contextual and School‐Related Problem: A Comparative Multilevel Analysis of Country and School Characteristics on Civic Knowledge Among 14 Year Olds.Ellen Claes, Marc Hooghe & Tim Reeskens - 2009 - Educational Studies 35 (2):123-142.
    In recent years, various governments and education agencies have developed stricter policies to reduce truancy levels, mainly based on the argument that truancy is associated with risk behaviour, crime and substance abuse. In this article, we use a large, 28‐nation comparative survey among 14 year olds to detect general patterns in consequences and causes of truancy by using multilevel analysis differentiating between the individual, school and country levels. The analysis shows that schools can have a major impact on truancy levels (...)
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  22.  34
    Claes Entzenberg: Metaphor as a Mode of Interpretation.R. A. Sharpe - 1999 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 11 (18).
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  23.  5
    Ethical, Legal, and Political Problems Affecting Epidemiology in European Countries.Claes-Göran Westrin - 1993 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (3):6.
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  24.  12
    Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Identity Formation in Adolescence: A Cross-Lagged Longitudinal Approach.Margaux Verschueren, Laurence Claes, Annabel Bogaerts, Nina Palmeroni, Amarendra Gandhi, Philip Moons & Koen Luyckx - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  10
    Valenced News Frames and Public Support for the EU.Hajo Boomgaarden & Claes de Vreese - 2003 - Communications 28 (4):361-381.
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  26.  22
    Leo Strauss and History: The Philosopher as Conspirator.Claes G. Ryn - 2005 - Humanitas 18 (1):31-58.
  27. RD Laing as Negative Thinker.Scott Bortle - 2001 - Janus Head 4 (1):4-1.
  28. RD Laing and The Politics of Diagnosis [Electronic Version].D. Burston - 2001 - Janus Head 4 (1):2911-2005.
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  29.  40
    Holm Claes-Göran. Till fràgan om kvantifikationens uppkomst . Sju filosofiska studier tillägnade Anders Wedberg, mimeographed, Filosofiska studier utgivna av Filosofiska Institutionen vid Stockholms Universitet, no. 9, Stockholm 1963, pp. 4–8. [REVIEW]Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):605-605.
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  30.  4
    Review: Claes-Goran Holm, On the Question of the Rise of Quantification Theory. [REVIEW]Dagfinn Follesdal - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):605-605.
  31. Catterall, Rd 1918-1993-Obituary.E. Shotter - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (4):227-227.
     
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  32. Error and Inference in an Artificial Universe Task.Rd Tweney, Me Doherty & C. Reilly - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):324-324.
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  33. Externally Aided Memory and Faraday Problem-Solving Strategies.Rd Tweney - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):528-528.
     
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  34.  64
    In AI We Trust? Perceptions About Automated Decision-Making by Artificial Intelligence.Theo Araujo, Natali Helberger, Sanne Kruikemeier & Claes H. de Vreese - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):611-623.
    Fueled by ever-growing amounts of data and advances in artificial intelligence, decision-making in contemporary societies is increasingly delegated to automated processes. Drawing from social science theories and from the emerging body of research about algorithmic appreciation and algorithmic perceptions, the current study explores the extent to which personal characteristics can be linked to perceptions of automated decision-making by AI, and the boundary conditions of these perceptions, namely the extent to which such perceptions differ across media, health, and judicial contexts. Data (...)
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  35.  20
    Dealing with Feelings: Positive and Negative Discrete Emotions as Mediators of News Framing Effects.Claes H. de Vreese, Andreas R. T. Schuck & Sophie Lecheler - 2013 - Communications 38 (2):189-209.
    The underlying psychological processes that enable framing effects are often described as cognitive. Yet, recent studies suggest that framing effects may also be mediated by emotional response. The role of specific emotions in mediating the framing effect process, however, has yet to be fully empirically investigated. In an experimental survey design, this study tests two positive and two negative emotions as mediators of framing effects. Our results show that while anger and enthusiasm mediate a framing effect, contentment and fear do (...)
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  36.  16
    Toward a Knowledge of Local Knowledge and its Importance for Agricultural RD&E.Constance M. McCorkle - 1989 - Agriculture and Human Values 6 (3):4-12.
    Local knowledge (both technological and sociological) and communication systems represent a logical starting point and a rich body of resources for successful agricultural research, development, and extension (RD&E). Drawing upon concrete examples from Asia, Africa, and Latin America, this essay presents an overview of definitions, topics, and applications of local knowledge in agricultural RD&E. Also noted are caveats, future research and training needs, and human values issues related to the study and utilization of local knowledge systems and their products.
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  37.  22
    Infants' Emerging Ability to Represent Occluded Object Motion.Kerstin Rosander & Claes von Hofsten - 2004 - Cognition 91 (1):1-22.
  38.  6
    Defining Historicism.Claes G. Ryn - 1998 - Humanitas 11 (2):86-101.
  39. Hill, Archibald, A.-Obituary.Rd King - 1994 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70--1.
     
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  40.  29
    Technocracy and Democracy: The Challenges to Development in Africa.Fea Owakah & Rd Aswani - 2009 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 1 (1):87-99.
    In this paper, we argue that the future of development in Africa lies in the shift from democracy in the conventional sense to technocracy, where the role of the expert is recognized and appreciated. We set out by presenting conceptualizations ofdemocracy and technocracy. Thereafter, we highlight the challenge posed by the demands of the information society to traditional concepts of democracy.
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  41.  15
    Media Coverage of Right-Wing Populist Leaders.Claes de Vreese, Wouter van der Brug & Linda Bos - 2010 - Communications 35 (2):141-163.
    This article focuses on how leaders of new right-wing populist parties are portrayed in the mass media. More so than their established counterparts, new parties depend on the media for their electoral breakthrough. From a theoretical perspective, we expect prominence, populism, and authoritativeness of the party leaders' media appearance to be essential for their electoral fortunes. We used systematic content analyses of 17 Dutch media outlets during the eight weeks prior to the 2006 national elections and compared the appearances of (...)
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  42.  36
    Generic Extensions and Elementary Embeddings.Claes Åberg - 1975 - Theoria 41 (2):96-104.
  43.  60
    Realism and Relativism in Modern Physics.Claes Åberg - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):41 - 61.
    The standpoint of realism has been widely used to argue in favour of, or against, particular physical theories. An analysis is made of the adequacy of such arguments, taking an argument by Einstein as a starting point.Some reflexions are given on relativism and invariance. Invariances can be seen as generators of both regularity and paradox in physics.
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  44. Moralization as a Link Between Idealism and Naturalism in the Ethical Discourse.Claes Gustafsson - 1994 - In Alan Lewis & Karl Erik Wärneryd (eds.), Ethics and Economic Affairs. Routledge. pp. 115.
     
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  45.  3
    The Production of Seriousness: The Metaphysics of Economic Reason.Claes Gustafsson - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This bookis about the roots of managerial rationality. A theoretical base, founded on the concept of 'memetics' is developed in order to explain human thinking and human reason as products of cultural evolution. Cultural change and development are explained by simple, value-driven memetic mechanisms like 'ritualization' and 'extremization'.
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  46. Violence and Love.Rd Laing - 1966 - Humanitas 2 (2):199-206.
     
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  47. Who Pays for Azt-Commentary.Rd Lamm - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (5):32-32.
     
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  48.  20
    Neuromonitoring for Awareness During Surgery.Claes Lennmarken & Rolf Sandin - 2004 - Lancet 363 (9423).
  49.  20
    The Ethics of Capital Punishment. A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and Its Consequences, by Matthew H. Kramer. [REVIEW]Claes Lernestedt - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):361-366.
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  50.  7
    Fernald, RD 9, 16.R. Dunbar, J. Barman, A. Einstein, S. Empiricus, C. Fehr, S. J. Gould, T. Grantham, M. Grene, P. Griffiths & A. Guignard - 2002 - In James H. Fetzer (ed.), Consciousness Evolving. John Benjamins. pp. 247.
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