Search results for 'Clancy Blair' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  27
    Clancy Blair (2006). Toward a Revised Theory of General Intelligence: Further Examination of Fluid Cognitive Abilities as Unique Aspects of Human Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):145-153.
    Primary issues raised by the commentaries on the target article relate to (1) the need to differentiate distinct but overlapping aspects of fluid cognition, and (2) the implications that this differentiation may hold for conceptions of general intelligence. In response, I outline several issues facing researchers concerned with differentiation of human cognitive abilities and suggest that a revised and expanded theory of intelligence is needed to accommodate an increasingly diverse and varied empirical base. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  2.  20
    Clancy Blair (2007). Inherent Limits on the Identification of a Neural Basis for General Intelligence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):154-155.
    The target article provides a thoughtful review and synthesis of studies examining the neural basis of cognitive abilities associated with intelligence test performance. In its attempt to present a new or generative theory of the neural basis for intelligence, however, the review faces specific limits to its theoretical model that relate to processes of development and the role of automaticity in cognition.
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  3.  65
    R. J. R. Blair (1995). A Cognitive Developmental Approach to Morality: Investigating the Psychopath. Cognition 57 (1):1-29.
    Various social animal species have been noted to inhibit aggressive attacks when a conspecific displays submission cues. Blair (1993) has suggested that humans possess a functionally similar mechanism which mediates the suppression of aggression in the context of distress cues. He has suggested that this mechanism is a prerequisite for the development of the moral/conventional distinction; the consistently observed distinction in subject's judgments between moral and conventional transgressions. Psychopaths may lack this violence inhibitor. A causal model is developed showing (...)
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  4.  42
    Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.) (2010). Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials. University of Alabama Press.
    introduction Rhetoric/Memory/Place Carole Blair, Greg Dickinson, and Brian L. Ott The story is told of the poet Simonides of Ceos who, after chanting a poem ...
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  5.  83
    David Blair (2012). Science Works Better Than That. The Australian Humanist 108 (108):12.
    Blair, David David Tribe, in his article, 'On science, good, bad and ugly' (AH, No. 107, Spring 2012), criticises an earlier article by Victor Bien. Bien - rightly in my view - defends present-day science in respect of three areas where science is under attack; the most prominent of these three is anthropogenic global warming (AGW). Tribe claims that, Victor Bien appears to have inflated views on the sagacity, objectivity and probity of scientists, who can be called our new (...)
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  6.  23
    R. J. R. Blair (1997). Affect and the Moral‐Conventional Distinction. Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):187-196.
    Abstract The effect of inducing negative, positive or neutral affect on the recall of moral and conventional transgressions and positive moral and conventional acts was examined. It was found that inducing negative affect was associated with higher recall of moral transgressions while inducing positive affect was associated with higher recall of positive moral acts. Affect induction condition did not have a significant effect on the recall of the conventional transgressions or positive acts. The results are interpreted within the Violence Inhibition (...)
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  7.  19
    David Blair (2015). Nuclear Power: An Urgent Need. Australian Humanist, The 116:18.
    Blair, David What's the best policy to deal with the catastrophe that looms due to global warming? Fundamentally, we must quickly change our sources of energy away from fossil fuels to non-carbon emitting sources - namely nuclear power and the various renewable sources. 'What's nuclear doing in there?' you may respond. 'Isn't the news about nuclear all bad?' But a growing chorus of scientists and thinkers is warning that, not only is nuclear power quite safe, but that to rule (...)
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  8.  4
    J. Anthony Blair (2016). An Early Exchange on the Interpretation of Arguments in Texts. Informal Logic 36 (1):83-91.
    These letters between Irving Copi and Anthony Blair exchanged in 1981 are of poss ible interest for the history of informal logic.
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  9.  25
    David Blair (2013). Review Essay, Part II [Book Review]. The Australian Humanist 109 (109):23.
    Blair, David Review of: Incognito: The secret lives of the brain, by David Eagleman, Text Publishing, Melbourne, 2011, paperback, $35.
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  10.  18
    David Blair (2012). Review Essay, Part I [Book Review]. The Australian Humanist 108 (108):23.
    Blair, David Review(s) of: Incognito: The secret lives of the brain, by David Eagleman, Text Publishing, Melbourne, 2011, paperback, $35.
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  11. David Blair (2013). Real Science. The Australian Humanist 110 (110):16.
    Blair, David Concerning David Tribe's rejoinder to my 'Science works better than that' , it's pleasing to see that there are some points on which we agree. Unfortunately he continues to make a strong and unjustified attack on the scientific community as a whole-essentially on the grounds that, of the conclusions of science that later turned out to be false, virtually all of them were at some time 'believed' by most scientists. In reply, I shall show that it is (...)
     
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  12. David Blair (2013). Here on Earth: An Argument for Hope [Book Review]. The Australian Humanist 110 (110):23.
    Blair, David Review of: Here on earth: An argument for hope, by Tim Flannery, Text Publishing Co. 2010 $35.
     
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  13.  1
    Walter Blair (1977). Americanized Comic Braggarts. Critical Inquiry 4 (2):331-349.
    During nearly two centuries, American storytellers have celebrated comic figures, ebullient showoffs who turned up on one frontier after another—in the old South, in Kentucky and Tennessee, along the great inland rivers, in the mountains and the mines and on the prairies. Often, the stories went, when these characters engaged in a favorite pastime—playfully bragging about their strength, their skill and their exploits—they used animal metaphors such as Opossum, Screamer, Half-Horse Half-Alligator, the Big Bear of Arkansas or Gamecock of the (...)
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  14. George A. Blair (1998). Plato's Republic for Readers: A Constitution. Upa.
    Blair's new translation of Plato's Republic is more readable and accessible than any translation on the market. Blair makes a persuasive case for using "honesty" rather than "morality" when translating a key Greek term.
     
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  15. P. A. Minkus, J. A. Blair & R. H. Johnson (1980). Arguments That Aren't Arguments. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium, Ed. Ja Blair and Rh Johnson 69:76.
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  16. R. J. R. Blair, D. Mitchell & K. Blair (2005). The Psychopath. Emotion and the Brain. Blackwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
     
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  17.  36
    Catherine N. Axinn, M. Elizabeth Blair, Alla Heorhiadi & Sharon V. Thach (2004). Comparing Ethical Ideologies Across Cultures. Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):103 - 119.
    Using measures developed by Singhapakdi et al. (1996, Journal of Business ethics 15, 1131–1140) the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility (PRESOR) is measured among MBA students in the United States, Malaysia and Ukraine revealing a stockholder view and two stakeholder views. Relativism and Idealism are also measured. The scores of MBA students are compared among each other and with those of the U.S. managers who were part of the original study. Managers'' scores tend to be significantly higher on (...)
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  18.  43
    R. J. R. Blair (2005). Responding to the Emotions of Others: Dissociating Forms of Empathy Through the Study of Typical and Psychiatric Populations. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):698-718.
    Empathy is a lay term that is becoming increasingly viewed as a unitary function within the field of cognitive neuroscience. In this paper, a selective review of the empathy literature is provided. It is argued from this literature that empathy is not a unitary system but rather a loose collection of partially dissociable neurocognitive systems. In particular, three main divisions can be made: cognitive empathy , motor empathy, and emotional empathy. The two main psychiatric disorders associated with empathic dysfunction are (...)
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  19.  16
    J. Anthony Blair (2015). Probative Norms for Multimodal Visual Arguments. Argumentation 29 (2):217-233.
    The question, “What norms are appropriate for the evaluation of the probative merits of visual arguments?” underlies the investigation of this paper. The notions of argument and of multimodal visual argument employed in the study are explained. Then four multimodal visual arguments are analyzed and their probative merits assessed. It turns out to be possible to judge these qualities using the same criteria that apply to verbally expressed arguments. Since the sample is small and not claimed to be representative, this (...)
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  20. R. J. R. Blair (2007). What Emotional Responding is to Blame It Might Not Be to Responsibility. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (2):pp. 149-151.
  21.  45
    R. J. R. Blair (2007). The Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex in Morality and Psychopathy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):387-392.
  22. Travis Timmerman & Sean Clancy (2015). Book Review of Levy, N., "Consciousness and Moral Responsibility". [REVIEW] The Philosophers' Magazine 68 (1):109-111.
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  23. James Blair, A. A. Marsh, E. Finger, K. S. Blair & J. Luo (2006). Neuro-Cognitive Systems Involved in Morality. Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):13 – 27.
    In this paper, we will consider the neuro-cognitive systems involved in mediating morality. Five main claims will be made. First, that there are multiple, partially separable neuro-cognitive architectures that mediate specific aspects of morality: social convention, care-based morality, disgust-based morality and fairness/justice. Second, that all aspects of morality, including social convention, involve affect. Third, that the neural system particularly important for social convention, given its role in mediating anger and responding to angry expressions, is ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Fourth, that the (...)
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  24.  76
    Jacob Blair (2016). Fiona Woollard, Doing and Allowing Harm. Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (3):673-681.
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  25.  21
    Marcus R. Watson, Mark R. Blair, Pavel Kozik, Kathleen A. Akins & James T. Enns (2012). Grapheme-Color Synaesthesia Benefits Rule-Based Category Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1533-1540.
    Researchers have long suspected that grapheme-color synaesthesia is useful, but research on its utility has so far focused primarily on episodic memory and perceptual discrimination. Here we ask whether it can be harnessed during rule-based Category learning. Participants learned through trial and error to classify grapheme pairs that were organized into categories on the basis of their associated synaesthetic colors. The performance of synaesthetes was similar to non-synaesthetes viewing graphemes that were physically colored in the same way. Specifically, synaesthetes learned (...)
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  26.  11
    R. J. R. Blair (2006). The Emergence of Psychopathy: Implications for the Neuropsychological Approach to Developmental Disorders. Cognition 101 (2):414-442.
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  27. Qian Luo, Xi Cheng, Tom Holroyd, Duo Xu, Frederick Carver & R. James Blair (2014). Theta Band Activity in Response to Emotional Expressions and its Relationship with Gamma Band Activity as Revealed by MEG and Advanced Beamformer Source Imaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  28. Jacob Blair (2011). Honor in the Military and the Possible Implication for the Traditional Separation of Jus Ad Bellum and Jus in Bello. In Applied Ethics Series (Center for Applied Ethics and Philosophy). pp. 94-102.
    Traditional just war theory maintains that the two types of rules that govern justice in times of war, jus ad bellum (justice of war) and jus in bello (justice in war), are logically independent of one another. Call this the independence thesis. According to this thesis, a war that satisfies the ad bellum rules does not guarantee that the in bello rules will be satisfied; and a war that violates the ad bellum rules does not guarantee that the in bello (...)
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  29.  31
    Sean Clancy (2013). A Strong Compatibilist Account of Settling. Inquiry 56 (6):653-665.
  30. R. James R. Blair (2008). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Psychopathy and Implications for Judgments of Responsibility. Neuroethics 1 (3):149-157.
    Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with specific forms of emotional dysfunction and an increased risk for both frustration-based reactive aggression and goal-directed instrumental antisocial behavior. While the full behavioral manifestation of the disorder is under considerable social influence, the basis of this disorder appears to be genetic. At the neural level, individuals with psychopathy show atypical responding within the amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Moreover, the roles of the amygdala in stimulus-reinforcement learning and responding to emotional expressions and vmPFC (...)
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  31.  9
    Ann Blair (2004). Note Taking as an Art of Transmission. Critical Inquiry 31 (1):85-107.
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  32.  12
    Barry T. Peterson, Steven J. Clancy, Kay Champion & Jerry W. McLarty (forthcoming). Improving Readability of Consent Forms: What the Computers May Not Tell You. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  33.  20
    Anita Bandrowski, Ryan Brinkman, Mathias Brochhausen, Matthew H. Brush, Bill Bug, Marcus C. Chibucos, Kevin Clancy, Mélanie Courtot, Dirk Derom, Michel Dumontier, Liju Fan, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Frank Gibson, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Melissa A. Haendel, Yongqun He, Mervi Heiskanen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Mark Jensen, Yu Lin, Allyson L. Lister, Phillip Lord, James Malone, Elisabetta Manduchi, Monnie McGee, Norman Morrison, James A. Overton, Helen Parkinson, Bjoern Peters, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alan Ruttenberg, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith, Larisa N. Soldatova, Christian J. Stoeckert, Chris F. Taylor, Carlo Torniai, Jessica A. Turner, Randi Vita, Patricia L. Whetzel & Jie Zheng (2016). The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations. PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0154556.
    The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) is an ontology that provides terms with precisely defined meanings to describe all aspects of how investigations in the biological and medical domains are conducted. OBI re-uses ontologies that provide a representation of biomedical knowledge from the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) project and adds the ability to describe how this knowledge was derived. We here describe the state of OBI and several applications that are using it, such as adding semantic expressivity to (...)
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  34.  43
    Jacob Blair (2008). Tensions in a Certain Conception of Just War as Law Enforcement. Res Publica 14 (4):303-311.
    Many just war theorists (call them traditionalists) claim that just as people have a right to personal self-defense, so nations have a right to national-defense against an aggressive military invasion. David Rodin claims that the traditionalist is unable to justify most defensive wars against aggression. For most aggressive states only commit conditional aggression in that they threaten to kill or maim the citizens of the nation they are invading only if those citizens resist the occupation. Most wars, then, claimed to (...)
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  35. R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell (2001). Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/ (...)
     
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  36.  2
    Deborah G. Kemler Nelson, Anne Frankenfield, Catherine Morris & Elizabeth Blair (2000). Young Children's Use of Functional Information to Categorize Artifacts: Three Factors That Matter. Cognition 77 (2):133-168.
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  37. R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman (2004). Passive Avoidance Learning in Individuals with Psychopathy: Modulation by Reward but Not by Punishment. Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point punishment specific (...)
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  38.  17
    Kimberly M. Meier & Mark R. Blair (2013). Waiting and Weighting: Information Sampling is a Balance Between Efficiency and Error-Reduction. Cognition 126 (2):319-325.
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  39.  91
    Clancy Blair (2006). How Similar Are Fluid Cognition and General Intelligence? A Developmental Neuroscience Perspective on Fluid Cognition as an Aspect of Human Cognitive Ability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):109-125.
    This target article considers the relation of fluid cognitive functioning to general intelligence. A neurobiological model differentiating working memory/executive function cognitive processes of the prefrontal cortex from aspects of psychometrically defined general intelligence is presented. Work examining the rise in mean intelligence-test performance between normative cohorts, the neuropsychology and neuroscience of cognitive function in typically and atypically developing human populations, and stress, brain development, and corticolimbic connectivity in human and nonhuman animal models is reviewed and found to provide evidence of (...)
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  40.  24
    Ann Blair (2003). Reading Strategies for Coping With Information Overload Ca.1550-1700. Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (1):11-28.
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  41. Jacob Blair (2013). Self-Defense, Proportionality, and Defensive War Against Mitigated Aggression. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):207-224.
    A nation commits mitigated aggression by threatening to kill the citizens of a victim nation if and only if they do not submit to being ruled in a non-egregiously oppressive way. Such aggression primarily threatens a nation’s common way of life . According to David Rodin, a war against mitigated aggression is automatically disproportionate, as the right of lethal self-defense only extends to protecting against being killed or enslaved. Two strategies have been adopted in response to Rodin. The first strategy (...)
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  42.  25
    J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson (2000). Informal Logic: An Overview. Informal Logic 20 (2).
    In this overview article, we first explain what we take informal logic to be, discussing misconceptions and distinguishing our conception of it from competing ones; second, we briefly catalogue recent informal logic research, under 14 headings; third, we suggest four broad areas of problems and questions for future research; fourth, we describe current scholarly resources for informal logic; fifth, we discuss three implications of informal logic for philosophy in particular, and take note ofpractical consequences of a more general sort.
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  43.  11
    Mark R. Blair, Marcus R. Watson & Kimberly M. Meier (2009). Errors, Efficiency, and the Interplay Between Attention and Category Learning. Cognition 112 (2):330-336.
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  44.  7
    J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson (1987). Argumentation as Dialectical. Argumentation 1 (1):41-56.
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  45.  58
    J. Anthony Blair (2012). Argumentation as Rational Persuasion. Argumentation 26 (1):71-81.
    I argue that argumentation is not to be identified with (attempted) rational persuasion, because although rational persuasion appears to consist of arguments, some uses of arguments are not attempts at rational persuasion. However, the use of arguments in argumentative communication to try to persuade is one kind of attempt at rational persuasion. What makes it rational is that its informing ideal is to persuade on the basis of adequate grounds, grounds that make it reasonable and rational to accept the claim (...)
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  46.  28
    J. Anthony Blair (1997). The Limits of the Dialogue Model of Argument. Argumentation 12 (2):325-339.
    The paper's thesis is that dialogue is not an adequate model for all types of argument. The position of Walton is taken as the contrary view. The paper provides a set of descriptions of dialogues in which arguments feature in the order of the increasing complexity of the argument presentation at each turn of the dialogue, and argues that when arguments of great complexity are traded, the exchanges between arguers are turns of a dialogue only in an extended or metaphorical (...)
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  47. David G. Blair (1975). On Purely Probabilistic Theories of Scientific Inference. Philosophy of Science 42 (3):242-249.
    This paper derives a mathematical expression giving the development of the probability of a scientific hypothesis with the number of confirming tests, as determined by Bayes's theorem, in a special case in which all the tests are "independent" of one another. The simple expression obtained shows clearly how the various factors influence the growth of the probability. The result is used to set a numerical lower bound on the probabilities representing the a priori beliefs of humans in generalizations that become (...)
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  48. W. K. Ahn, F. X. Alario, J. Arnold, M. Ashcraft, J. Baird, D. Balota, I. Berent, C. Best, E. Bigand & J. Blair (2002). Thanks to Our Guest Reviewers of 2001. Cognition 83:319-320.
     
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  49.  1
    Seth S. Blair (1995). Compartments and Appendage Development in Drosophila. Bioessays 17 (4):299-309.
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  50.  32
    Joseph P. Clancy (1954). Chant for Three Voices. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):380-380.
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