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Claude Gratton
University of Toronto (PhD)
  1.  15
    Infinte Regress Arguments.Claude Gratton - 2009 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Infinite regress arguments are part of a philosopher's tool kit of argumentation. But how sharp or strong is this tool? How effectively is it used? The typical presentation of infinite regress arguments throughout history is so succinct and has so many gaps that it is often unclear how an infinite regress is derived, and why an infinite regress is logically problematic, and as a result, it is often difficult to evaluate infinite regress arguments. These consequences of our customary way of (...)
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  2.  98
    What is an Infinite Regress Argument?Claude Gratton - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (2).
    I describe the general structure of most infinite regress arguments; introduce some basic vocabulary; present a working hypothesis of the nature and derivation of an infinite regress; apply this working hypothesis to various infinite regress arguments to explain why they fail to entail an infinite regress; describe a common mistake in attempting to derive certain infinite regresses; and examine how infinite regresses function as a premise.
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  3.  89
    Circular definitions, circular explanations, and infinite regresses.Claude Gratton - 1994 - Argumentation 8 (3):295-308.
    This paper discusses some of the ways in which circular definitions and circular explanations entail or fail to entail infinite regresses. And since not all infinite regresses are vicious, a few criteria of viciousness are examined in order to determine when the entailment of a regress refutes a circular definition or a circular explanation.
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  4. Aspects of the Logic of Infinite Regress Arguments.Claude Gratton - 1995 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    I investigate various logical and contextual factors involved in the derivation and use of infinite regresses in infinite regress arguments. I discuss the concept of a regress; identify different kinds of infinite regresses; clarify the core structure of most infinite regress arguments; use the logic of binary relations to explain the derivation of the most common kind of infinite regress encountered in my research; explain how circular definitions and circular explanations entail infinite regresses; discuss the rhetorical features of infinite regress (...)
     
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  5.  43
    Counterexamples and Tacit Premises.Claude Gratton - 2000 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 20 (1):9-22.
    I argue that there are at least two kinds of tacit premises; describe a certain type of counterexample against the validity of arguments, and then use it to identify one kind of tacit premise. I distinguish two classes of tacit premises on the grounds that they are discovered or constructed differently, they have different roles in an argument or causal explanation, and have different logical relations to each other.
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  6.  42
    Counterexamples by Possible Conjunction and the Sufficiency of Premises.Claude Gratton - 2003 - Teaching Philosophy 26 (1):57-81.
    Showing that the premises of an argument are not sufficient for (viz., do not entail) a conclusion a conclusion involves citing a counterexample that would show the premises of the argument to be true and the conclusion false. This paper distinguishes counterexamples by analogy (an argument with the same form as argument against which it is advanced but where it is clearly the case that the premises are true and the conclusion is false), counterexamples by possible conjunction (a conjunction of (...)
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  7.  29
    Common pedagogical weaknesses in critical thinking textbooks and courses.Claude Gratton - unknown
  8.  18
    Infinite Regress of Recurring Questions and Answers.Claude Gratton - unknown
    I examine a number of infinite regress arguments whose infinite regresses are presented or described in terms of recurring questions and answers in order to determine whether such recurring questions have any role in generating these infinite regresses, or in disqualifying the recurring answers. I argue that despite the existence of such infinite regress arguments and the suggestions of some philosophers, these recurring questions have no such roles. Some ways of handling these infinite regress arguments are then proposed.
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  9.  39
    An Exorcism of an Evil Demon of Skepticism.Claude Gratton - 1998 - Critica 30 (90):77-87.
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  10.  26
    Commentary on Alvarez.Claude Gratton - unknown
  11.  10
    Commentary on Friemann.Claude Gratton - unknown
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  12.  12
    Commentary on Fulkerson.Claude Gratton - unknown
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  13.  9
    Commentary on Gough.Claude Gratton - unknown
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  14.  66
    Critical Thinking and Emotional Well-Being.Claude Gratton - 2001 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 20 (3):39-51.
    I describe some pedagogical challenges of teaching critical thinking, and propose one way of partly meeting them: the application of critical thinking skills to beliefs responsible for our emotions. I suggest ways of introducing the topic of emotions in our critical thinking courses, describe a project assigned to my students, and provide a model of the project.
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  15.  44
    Critical Thinking and Small Group Activities.Claude Gratton - 2010 - Informal Logic 30 (4).
    I mention the benefits, challenges, and costs of using small group activities to enhance our students’ learning of critical thinking skills in our courses, and then describe ten examples of these groups. Two of these examples are not commonly reported in the literature on small groups, so I describe them in greater detail to facilitate their use in our courses.
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  16.  27
    Eemeren, Frans H. van, Grootendorst, Rob and Snoeck Henkemans, A. Francisca (2002).Claude Gratton - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (4):489-494.
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  17.  2
    From The Editor.Claude Gratton - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (3).
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  18. Louis Althusser, Ecrits philosophiques et politiques Reviewed by.Claude Gratton - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (5):303-303.
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  19. Louis Althusser, L'Avenir dure longtemps suivi de Les faits Reviewed by.Claude Gratton - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (1):4-4.
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  20. Louis Althusser, Sur la philosophie Reviewed by.Claude Gratton - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (1):1-1.
  21.  8
    Premise, Conclusion and Conditional Indicators.Claude Gratton - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (2).
  22.  3
    Precision, Consistency, Implication, and Inference.Claude Gratton - 2000 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 15 (1):30-37.
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  23.  4
    Plantin's L'argumentation.Claude Gratton - 1999 - Informal Logic 19 (2).
  24.  8
    Perelman`s Rhetorique.Claude Gratton - 1990 - Informal Logic 12 (2).
  25.  9
    The Overall Evaluation of Arguments: How Probable/Acceptable is a Conclusion Given the Evaluation of the Truth and Support of its Reasons?Claude Gratton - unknown
    : I explore the logic of counterexamples by possible conjunction in order to extend their use to estimate the degree of support of premises; address some problems with my proposal; discuss some ways of teaching this extended use; and argue that conditional probability fails to express the degree of support of premises. The scant literature on this topic sometimes presents the degree of support of premises P1…Pn for conclusion C in terms of conditional probability, Pr. I will argue that the (...)
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  26.  14
    The Viciousness of Infinite Regresses.Claude Gratton - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:25-29.
    Henry W. Johnstone (1996) attempts to use a notion of postponement to give a general account of viciousness of infinite regresses. Though some of his examples suggest that his notion applies to only beginningless regresses (...eRdRcRbRa), I will show that it also applies to endless ones (aRbRcRdRe...). Unfortunately, despite this expanded application, it does not apply to all vicious regresses, even to some of his own examples; it is cumbersome and unnecessary, and it fails to explain how some infinite regresses (...)
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  27. The Viciousness of Infinite Regresses.Claude Gratton - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:25-29.
    Henry W. Johnstone (1996) attempts to use a notion of postponement to give a general account of viciousness of infinite regresses. Though some of his examples suggest that his notion applies to only beginningless regresses (...eRdRcRbRa), I will show that it also applies to endless ones (aRbRcRdRe...). Unfortunately, despite this expanded application, it does not apply to all vicious regresses, even to some of his own examples; it is cumbersome and unnecessary, and it fails to explain how some infinite regresses (...)
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  28.  8
    Using Counterexamples to Estimate Degrees of Support.Claude Gratton - unknown
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  29.  20
    Veilleurs de nuit: esquisse pour un essai Alexis Klimov Québec: Editions du Beffroi, 1984. 87 p.Claude Gratton - 1985 - Dialogue 24 (1):165-.
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  30.  28
    W. Peter Robinson, Arguing to Better Conclusions. A Human Odyssey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey, 2006, ISBN:0-8058-5951-9.Claude Gratton - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (2):291-292.
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  31.  2
    Yvan Lamonde: historien de la culture : essai de bibliographie, 1965-1984.Claude Gratton - 1986 - Sorel, Québec : Éditions Artisanales.
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  32.  24
    Letting and making death happen, withholding and withdrawing life-support: Morally irrelevant distinctions. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 1990 - Journal of Medical Humanities 11 (2):75-80.
    The author argues that there is no morally relevant distinction between letting and making death happen, and between withholding and withdrawing life-support. There is a discussion of possible adverse consequences in believing that there are moral distinctions. And then he shows that acknowledging the absence of such a distinction does not necessarily imply any endorsement of active euthanasia.
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  33.  23
    Arguments about Arguments. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2004 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 24 (1-2):49-51.
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  34.  7
    Arguments about Arguments. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2004 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 24 (1-2):49-51.
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  35.  4
    W. Peter Robinson, Arguing to Better Conclusions. A Human Odyssey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey, 2006, ISBN:0-8058-5951-9. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (2):291-292.
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  36.  3
    Sharon Bailin and Mark Battersby: Reason in Balance: An Inquiry Approach to Critical Thinking: MacGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2010, 348 pp. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (1):93-96.
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  37.  2
    Hegel, 1945-1985: prospective bibliographique sur la présence de G.W.F. Hegel dans cinq revues canadiennes de philosophie.Claude Gratton - 1986 - Sorel, Québec : Éditions Artisanales.
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  38.  25
    Jacques Pierre, Mircea Eliade : le jour et la nuit. Entre la littérature et la science, Montréal, Hurtubise HMH , 1989, 376 pages. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 1993 - Philosophiques 20 (1):205-206.
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  39. Louis Althusser, Ecrits philosophiques et politiques. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15:303-303.
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  40. Louis Althusser, L'Avenir dure longtemps suivi de Les faits. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:4-4.
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  41. Louis Althusser, Sur la philosophie. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15:1-1.
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  42.  53
    Sharon Bailin and Mark Battersby: Reason in Balance: An Inquiry Approach to Critical Thinking: MacGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2010, 348 pp. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (1):93-96.
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  43. Thinking in Education. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (1):105-110.
     
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  44.  36
    Thinking in Education. [REVIEW]Claude Gratton - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (1):105-110.