Claudette Kulkarni explores lesbian experience from a Jungian and feminist perspective, through interviews with women who see themselves as lesbians or who are in a lesbian relationship. Although a feminist treatment of the subject challenges the heterosexism of Jungian theory, the author presents a link between theory and experience that is consistent with both approaches. She concludes that when a woman finds herself loving another woman she is often responding to a profound psychological instinct to act, in spite of (...) internal conflict or external opposition, and that this is a significant move in the service of personal and collective individuation and a movement toward achieving self-understanding. (shrink)
Terms of service of on-line platforms too often contain clauses that are potentially unfair to the consumer. We present an experimental study where machine learning is employed to automatically detect such potentially unfair clauses. Results show that the proposed system could provide a valuable tool for lawyers and consumers alike.
La présente contribution se propose de réfléchir, à partir de l’exemple péloponnésien, au rôle joué par les références mythiques dans la représentation qu’élaborent d’elles-mêmes les cités grecques d’époque impériale romaine. Sans que soit négligé l’apport de l’archéologie, de la numismatique ou du texte de Pausanias, l’enquête s’appuie essentiellement sur les inscriptions honorifiques qui, même si elles s’inscrivent dans un cérémonial de la célébration publique, peuvent être considérées comme discours officiels, traces documentaires de la conscience de soi des cités. Dans le (...) jeu complexe des influences romanisantes et de la continuité hellénique, la question sera aussi posée de la portée spécifique que prennent les références mythiques et, pour mon propos, spécialement les figures héroïques doriennes, dans la définition des axes grec et romain de l’identité civique. Myth and civic identity in the Roman Peloponnese. In the present article, I explore how far mythical references are involved in the way the Peloponnesian cities define themselves during the Roman imperial age. Archaeological remains and numismatical material will be taken in account, but also Pausanias’ Description of Greece and mainly epigraphic texts, especially honorific inscriptions, which, despite their rhetorical phraseology, provide evidence of great interest for the study of self-definition in the cities of Roman Greece. Through a study of the relationship between Greek and Latin components of civic identity, I will try to make a reasonable assessment of the primacy of Dorian heroic characters, as revealed particularly throughout the Spartan epigraphic material, and I will ask whether this is to be understood as the expression of a distinct sense of Dorian self-consciousness. (shrink)
Major depression is associated with a decrease of 1st person visual perspective in autobiographical memory, even after full remission. This study aimed to examine visual perspective in healthy never-depressed subjects presenting with either genetic or psychological vulnerability for depression. Sixty healthy participants performed the Autobiographical Memory Test with an assessment of visual perspective. Genetic vulnerability was defined by the presence of at least one S or LG allele of the polymorphism of the serotonin-transporter-linked promoter region . Psychological vulnerability was defined (...) by high scores of harm avoidance measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory. Life stress exposure, depressive mood, rumination, and familial history of depression were assessed through standardized procedures. Visual perspective for positive memories was independently predicted by both harm avoidance and a gene by environment interaction between the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and life stress exposure. Visual perspective and vulnerability for depression may share some biological bases. (shrink)
Dung’s abstract argumentation provides us with a general framework to deal with argumentation, non-monotonic reasoning and logic programming. For the extension-based semantics, one of the basic principles is I-maximality which is in particular related with the notion of skeptical justification. Another one is directionality which can be employed for the study of dynamics of argumentation. In this paper, we introduce two new extension-based semantics into Dung’s abstract argumentation, called grounded-like semantics and initial semantics which satisfy the I-maximality and directionality principles. (...) The initial semantics has many good properties and can be expected to play a central role in studying other extension-based semantics, such as admissible, complete and preferred semantics. (shrink)