Results for 'Claudia Kraft'

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  1.  14
    Whither the “Improvement Standard”? Coverage for Severe Brain Injury After Jimmo V. Sebelius.Joseph J. Fins, Megan S. Wright, Claudia Kraft, Alix Rogers, Marina B. Romani, Samantha Godwin & Michael R. Ulrich - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):182-193.
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  2. Bibliography of Julius Kraft's Works.M. Kraft - 1962 - Ratio (Misc.) 4 (1):12.
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  3. Progress and Regress in Philosophy From Hume and Kant to Hegel and Fries. Edited Posthumously by Julius Kraft. With a Pref. By Paul Bernays. Translated [From the German] by Humphrey Palmer. --. [REVIEW]Leonard Nelson & Julius Kraft - 1970 - Blackwell.
  4.  57
    The Relative Importance of Social Responsibility in Determining Organizational Effectiveness: Managers From Two Service Industries. [REVIEW]Kenneth L. Kraft - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7):485 - 491.
    This paper investigates the relative importance of social responsibility criteria in determining organizational effectiveness as seen by managers of two service industries. The Organizational Effectiveness Menu (Kraft and Jauch, 1988) was used as a questionnaire with a sample of 53 firms. The conclusion is that while managers view ethical conduct as among the most important determinants of organizational effectiveness, numerous other social responsibility criteria are assigned relatively low priority. A question remains as to what managers will actually do when (...)
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  5.  63
    The Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility: A Scale Development. [REVIEW]Anusorn Singhapakdi, Scott J. Vitell, Kumar C. Rallapalli & Kenneth L. Kraft - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1131 - 1140.
    Marketers must first perceive ethics and social responsibility to be important before their behaviors are likely to become more ethical and reflect greater social responsibility. However, little research has been conducted concerning marketers' perceptions regarding the importance of ethics and social responsibility as components of business decisions. The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale for measuring marketers' perceptions regarding the importance of ethics and social responsibility. The authors develop an instrument for the measurement of (...)
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  6. Scepticism, Infallibilism, Fallibilism.Tim Kraft - 2012 - Discipline Filosofiche 22 (2):49-70.
    The relation of scepticism to infallibilism and fallibilism is a contested issue. In this paper I argue that Cartesian sceptical arguments, i.e. sceptical arguments resting on sceptical scenarios, are neither tied to infallibilism nor collapse into fallibilism. I interpret the distinction between scepticism and fallibilism as a scope distinction. According to fallibilism, each belief could be false, but according to scepticism all beliefs could be false at the same time. However, to put this distinction to work sceptical scenarios have to (...)
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  7. The Epistemology of Religious Disagreement: A Better Understanding.James Kraft - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  8.  60
    Sceptical Scenarios Are Not Error-Possibilities.Tim Kraft - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):59-72.
    On a common view of scenario-based sceptical arguments sceptical scenarios are error-possibilities, i.e. their point is to introduce the possibility of having only false beliefs. However, global error is impossible for purely logical/conceptual reasons: Even if one’s beliefs are consistent, the negations of one’s beliefs need not be consistent as well. My paper deals with the question of what the consequences of this result are. Two attempts at repairing scenario-based sceptical arguments within the framework of understanding sceptical scenarios as error-possibilities (...)
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  9. The Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility in Achieving Organizational Effectiveness: Students Versus Managers. [REVIEW]Kenneth L. Kraft & Anusorn Singhapakdi - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):679 - 686.
    This paper investigates the differences in perceptions between business students and service-sector managers regarding the role that ethics and social responsibility serve in determining organizational effectiveness. An organizational effectiveness instrument containing business ethics and social responsibility items served as a questionnaire for a sample of 151 senior business undergraduates and 53 service-sector managers. The results indicated that while students acting as managers rate some social responsibility issues as more important than do managers, they also rate ethical conduct and a few (...)
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  10.  53
    The Relative Importance of Social Responsibility in Determining Organizational Effectiveness: Student Responses. [REVIEW]Kenneth L. Kraft - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (3):315 - 326.
    This paper investigates the relative importance of social responsibility criteria in determining organizational effectiveness. The organizational effectiveness menu was used as a questionnaire with a sample of 151 senior undergraduates. Each respondent was asked to rate the importance of the criteria from three constituent perspectives within a service organization: (1) as a manager, (2) as an investor, (3) as an employee. Later, a subsample of students (n=61) responded to the same questionnaire acting as a manager in an assigned case study. (...)
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  11.  27
    Neuroscience and Education: Blind Spots in a Strange Relationship.Volker Kraft - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):386-396.
    This article—mainly referring to the situation in Germany—consists of three parts. In a first section the current presence of neurosciences in the public discourse will be described in order to illuminate the background which is relevant for contemporary educational thinking. The prefix ‘neuro-’ is ubiquitous today and therefore concepts like ‘neuropedagogy’ or ‘neurodidactics’ seem to be in the mainstream of modern thinking. In the second part of the article the perspective changes from the public discourse to the disciplinary discourse; a (...)
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  12.  32
    Pragmatism, Patronage and Politics in English Biology: The Rise and Fall of Economic Biology 1904–1920. [REVIEW]Alison Kraft - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):213 - 258.
    The rise of applied biology was one of the most striking features of the biological sciences in the early 20th century. Strongly oriented toward agriculture, this was closely associated with the growth of a number of disciplines, notably, entomology and mycology. This period also saw a marked expansion of the English University system, and biology departments in the newly inaugurated civic universities took an early and leading role in the development of applied biology through their support of Economic Biology. This (...)
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  13.  37
    Strategy, Social Responsibility and Implementation.Kenneth L. Kraft & Jerald Hage - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):11 - 19.
    This paper correlates community service goals from 82 business firms with various organizational characteristics, including goals, niches, structure, context, and performance. The results demonstrate that community-service goals are positively correlated with prestige goals, assets goals, superior-design niche, net assets size, and performance on income to net assets. Community-service goals, however, were not significantly correlated with profit goals, low-price niche, multiplicity of outputs, workflow continuity, qualifications, or centralization, as expected.
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  14.  36
    Pregnancy as a Harm?Rory E. Kraft - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (2):201-217.
  15.  22
    'Equal Though Different': Laboratories, Museums and the Institutional Development of Biology in Late-Victorian Northern England.A. Kraft & M. M. - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):203-236.
    Traditional accounts of the emergence of professional biology have privileged not only metropolis over province, but research over teaching and laboratory over museum. This paper seeks to supplement earlier studies of the 'transformation of biology' in the late nineteenth century by exploring in detail the developments within three biology departments in Northern English civic colleges. By outlining changes in the teaching practices, research topics and the accommodation of the departments, the authors demonstrate both locally contingent factors in their development and (...)
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  16.  30
    Conflicting Higher and Lower Order Evidences in the Epistemology of Disagreement About Religion.James Kraft - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):65-89.
    This paper concentrates on the issue of what happens to the confidence one has in the justification of one’s belief when one discovers an epistemic peer with conflicting higher and/or lower order evidences. Certain symmetries surface during epistemic peer disagreement, which tend to make one less confident. The same happens in religious disagreements. Mostly externalist perspectives are considered. The epistemology of ordinary disagreements and that of religious ones behave similarly, such that principles used in the former can be seen to (...)
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  17.  21
    The Vienna Circle.Viktor Kraft - 1953 - New York: Greenwood Press.
  18.  31
    Why I Signed, and Why I Would Do It Again.Rory E. Kraft - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):62-63.
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  19.  38
    Watershed Planning: Pseudo-Democracy and its Alternatives – The Case of the Cache River Watershed, Illinois. [REVIEW]Jane Adams, Steven Kraft, J. B. Ruhl, Christopher Lant, Tim Loftus & Leslie Duram - 2005 - Agriculture and Human Values 22 (3):327-338.
    Watershed planning has typically been approached as a technical problem in which water quality and quantity as influenced by the hydrology, topography, soil composition, and land use of a watershed are the significant variables. However, it is the human uses of land and water as resources that stimulate governments to seek planning. For the past decade or more, many efforts have been made to create democratic planning processes, which, it is hoped, will be viewed as legitimate by those the plans (...)
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  20.  55
    Fishers Weigh In: Benefits and Risks of Eating Great Lakes Fish From the Consumer’s Perspective. [REVIEW]Jennifer Dawson, Judy Sheeshka, Donald C. Cole, David Kraft & Amy Waugh - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):349-364.
    Three decades of concern over consumption of potentially contaminated Great Lakes fish has led government agencies and public health proponents to implement risk assessment and management programs as a means of protecting the health of fishers and their families. While well-meaning in their intent, these programs––and much of the research conducted to support and evaluate them––were not designed to accommodate the understandings and concerns of the fish consumer. Results from a qualitative component of a multi-disciplinary, multi-year research project on frequent (...)
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  21.  34
    Dharma Rain: Sources of Buddhist Environmentalism.Stephanie Kaza & Kenneth Kraft (eds.) - 2000 - Shambhala Publications.
    A comprehensive collection of classic texts, contemporary interpretations, guidelines for activists, issue-specific information, and materials for environmentally-oriented religious practice. Sources and contributors include Basho, the Dalai Lama, Thich Nhat Hanh, Gary Snyder, Chogyam Trungpa, Gretel Ehrlich, Peter Mathiessen, Helen Tworkov (editor of Tricycle ), and Philip Glass.
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  22.  26
    Warum Wissen nicht der allgemeinste faktive mentale Zustand ist.Tim Kraft - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 83 (1):33-65.
    In Knowledge and its Limits (2000) Williamson defends not only the negative claim that knowledge cannot be analysed, but also the positive claim that knowledge is the most general factive mental state. In this paper two objections to the positive claim are presented: First, knowledge is not more general than e. g. seeing. After discussing several alleged examples of seeing without knowing a new example is offered. Although both seeing and knowing are incompatible with luck, they are incompatible with different (...)
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  23.  78
    Content, Form, and Originality.Selma Kraft - 1986 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 44 (4):406-409.
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  24.  64
    Religious Tolerance Through Religious Diversity and Epistemic Humility.James Kraft - 2006 - Sophia 45 (2):101-116.
    This paper uses developments in externalist epistemology and philosophy of mind as a foundation for a tolerance-producing attitude of epistemic humility towards the beliefs one retains in light of religious diversity. The first section of this paper describes the conditions under which epistemic humility tends to occur in both the philosophy of mind and externalist epistemology due to what shall be called the resolution problem, and the second section argues that these conditions often obtain in the presence of religious diversity. (...)
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  25.  50
    Philip Quinn's Contribution to the Epistemic Challenge of Religious Diversity.James Kraft - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (4):453-465.
    In this essay I describe seven central characteristics of Philip Quinn's approach to the epistemic challenge of religious diversity as they surface in his responses to other contemporary approaches. In the process an assessment is given of Quinn's contribution, and continued relevance, to the contemporary discussions about this topic. The first three sections describe Quinn's confrontations with Alvin Plantinga, William Alston, and John Hick. The next section presents critical comments on Quinn's unique notion of thinning.
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  26.  57
    Linda Zagzebski: Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority and Autonomy in Belief: Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2012, Xiii + 281 Pp, $40.50. [REVIEW]James Kraft - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (2):173-177.
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  27.  36
    Thinking the Physico-Teleological Proof.Michael Kraft - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (2):65 - 74.
  28.  68
    Discussions.Victor Kraft & Konrad Marc-Wogau - 1940 - Theoria 6 (1):58-74.
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  29.  28
    The Vienna Circle, the Origin of Neo-Positivism.Viktor Kraft - 1953 - New York: Philosophical Library.
  30.  47
    Brain in the Vat.Alison Reiheld & Rory Kraft - 2008 - Questions 8:4-4.
    A summary and brief discussion of the pedagogical usefulness of Hilary Putnam’s classic thought experiment from Reason, Truth, and History.
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  31.  8
    Kants Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten in der Edition der Akademieausgabe.Bernd Kraft & Dieter Schönecker - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91 (s1):20-22.
  32.  28
    Dr. Gisela Bockenheimer-Lucius: Koordinierende Schriftleiterin, Diplomatin, Wissenschaftlerin, rztin.Wiesemann G. Ttingen Claudia - 2008 - Ethik in der Medizin 20 (4):263-264.
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  33.  31
    La dominación y el discurso jurídico de los abogados de las organizaciones de empleadores en el campo brasileño.Diogo Tavares & Ana Claudia - 2012 - Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 13:147-155.
    Con base en la hipótesis de que las leyes son fuentes de legitimación de las relaciones de dominación existentes en las sociedades capitalistas, aunque contradictorias, y que en este contexto, el abogado como especialista en el manejo de la ley, tiene una mayor importancia, en este artículo analizo los discurso políticos y legales de los abogados que han actuado y/o actuan en la asesoría jurídica de la entidad oficial que representa a empleadores rurales en el Brasil, denominada “Confederação de Agricultura (...)
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  34.  33
    The Last Roman Emperor Topos in the Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition.András Kraft - 2012 - Byzantion 82:213-257.
    Christian apocalyptic sentiments of the late seventh century produced the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, a Syriac composition which proposes the immediate downfall of the Arab dominion at the hands of a last Roman emperor. This notion of the Last Roman Emperor who – after having defeated the Arabs – would usher in a time of prosperity, face the eschatological people of the North, and ultimately abdicate to God at the end of times developed into an apocalyptic motif of ubiquitous influence. Out (...)
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  35.  35
    Über Moralbegründung.Victor Kraft - 1940 - Theoria 6 (3):191-226.
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  36.  29
    Improving Information Systems in Europe: EURETHNET.Fangerau Heiner, Simon Alfred & Wiesemann Claudia - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):67-69.
    The efforts of the European Commission to create a European Research Area in the field of biotechnology are accompanied by a growing demand for an ethical discourse. Cultural differences between the European Union's member states create a vital need to improve bioethical information structures in Europe so as to foster European bioethics discourses and to cope with ethical pluralism. Responding to the need for an increased European contribution to the international discussion on ethics in medicine and biotechnology, some of Europe's (...)
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  37.  27
    Normal and Mad.William F. Kraft - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:7-14.
  38.  36
    Communication in Medical Education: Students' Demands.Maren Kraft & Gerald Neitzke - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):185-190.
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  39.  21
    Das Problem von Staatsräson und Kriegführung in Deutschland bis zum Jahr 1917.Heinz Kraft - 1971 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 23 (4):289-318.
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  40.  20
    Review: Elizabeth Lane Beardsley, Imperative Sentences in Relation to Indicatives. [REVIEW]Julius Kraft - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):48-49.
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  41.  19
    Die Giltigkeit Von Aussagen.Victor Kraft - 1973 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 4 (1):54-80.
    Das Thema dieser Abhandlung ist die Begründung der Giltigkeit von Aussagen, 1. von Erkenntnis, 2. von Normen, 3. von Werturteilen. Giltigkeit bedeutet anerkannt-werdensollen. Dazu muß das Verhältnis von Sollen und Sein in einer neuen Weise bestimmt werden. 1. Die Begründung der Giltigkeit von Aussagen einer Erkenntnis rein gedanklicher Sachverhalte erfolgt durch die Logik bei Festsetzung von Axiomen. Die Aussagen von Wirklichkeitserkenntnis sind teils solche von subjektiven Erlebnissen, teils solche über eine objektive Wirklichkeit. Die Giltigkeitsbegründung erfolgt dadurch, daß die Übereinstimmung des (...)
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  42.  38
    To the Editor or "Mind".C. A. Baylis, A. Conelius Benjamin, Edgar S. Brightman, Rudolf Carnap, Alonzo Church, G. Watts Cunningham, C. J. Ducasse, Irwin Edman, Hunter Guthrie, J. S., Julius Kraft, Glenn R. Morrow, Joseph Ratner & And Julius R. Welnberg - 1942 - Mind 51 (203):296-a-296.
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  43.  23
    The Philosophy of Existence: Its Structure and Significance.Julius Kraft - 1940 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 1 (3):339-358.
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  44.  18
    Review: J. R. Kantor, Postulates for a Logic of Specificity. [REVIEW]J. Kraft - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):75-75.
  45.  15
    The Judgment of Size, Contrast, and Sharpness of Letter Forms.William C. Howell & Conrad L. Kraft - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):30.
  46.  15
    Editor's Note.Rory Kraft - 2012 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 12:2-2.
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  47.  25
    Die Giltigkeit Von Normen.Victor Kraft - 1974 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):317-322.
    Diese Abhandlung ist eine Ergänzung zum Abschnitt IIB meiner Abhandlung über "Die Giltigkeit von Aussagen" , S. 54-80). Die Giltigkeit von Normen bedarf einer ausführlicheren Begründung, weil sie problematisch erscheint. Eine Begründung von Normen wird durch den teleologischen Gesichtspunkt möglich: Wenn ein allgemein angestrebtes Ziel vorliegt, dann ergeben die Bedingungen für seine Erreichung Normen des Verhaltens, die von jedem anerkannt werden müssen, der das Ziel erreichen will. Das wird für die Normen gezeigt, welche das Verfahren der Erkenntnisbildung bestimmen; für die (...)
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  48.  12
    Dinglers "Methodische Philosophie" und der Neopositivismus.Viktor Kraft - 1954 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 8 (2):259 - 266.
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  49.  12
    Review: Joergen Joergensen, The Development of Logical Empiricism; Norman M. Martin, Postcript. [REVIEW]Victor Kraft - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):289-289.
  50.  16
    Ist Die Zukunft Eine Extrapolation?Victor Kraft - 1972 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 3 (2):358-358.
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