57 found
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  1. Downward Causation.P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.) - 2000 - University of Aarhus Press.
     
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  2.  43
    Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology.Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
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  3. Does a Robot Have an Umwelt?Claus Emmeche - unknown
    It is argued that the notion of Umwelt is relevant for contemporary discussions within theoretical biology, biosemiotics, the study of Artificial Life, Autonomous Systems Research and philosophy of biology. Focus is put on the question of whether an artificial creature can have a phenomenal world in the sense of the Umwelt notion of Jakob von Uexküll, one of the founding figures of biosemiotics. Rather than vitalism, Uexküll's position can be interpreted as a version of qualitative organicism. A historical sketch of (...)
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  4. Explaining Emergence: Toward an Ontology of Levels. [REVIEW]Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (1):83-119.
    University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen Blegdamsvej 17 Njalsgade 80 Njalsgade 80 DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø DK 2300 Copenhagen S DK-2300 Copenhagen S Denmark.
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  5.  14
    Biosemiotic Questions.Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):41-55.
    This paper examines the biosemiotic approach to the study of life processes by fashioning a series of questions that any worthwhile semiotic study of life should ask. These questions can be understood simultaneously as: (1) questions that distinguish a semiotic biology from a non-semiotic (i.e., reductionist–physicalist) one; (2) questions that any student in biosemiotics should ask when doing a case study; and (3) still currently unanswered questions of biosemiotics. In addition, some examples of previously undertaken biosemiotic case studies are examined (...)
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  6.  32
    From Language to Nature: The Semiotic Metaphor in Biology.Claus Emmeche - 1991 - Semiotica 84 (1-2):1-42.
  7.  33
    Does a Robot Have an Umwelt? Reflections on the Qualitative Biosemiotics of Jakob von Uexküll.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134):653-693.
  8.  16
    Closure, Function, Emergence, Semiosis and Life: The Same Idea?Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    In this note some epistemological problems in general theories about living systems are considered; in particular, the question of hidden connections between different areas of experience, such as folk biology and scientific biology, and hidden connections between central concepts of theoretical biology, such as function, semiosis, closure and life.
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  9. On Emergence and Explanation.Nils Baas & Claus Emmeche - 1997 - Intellectica 2 (25):67-83.
    Emergence is a universal phenomenon that can be defined mathematically in a very general way. This is useful for the study of scientifically legitimate explanations of complex systems, here defined as hyperstructures. A requirement is that the observation mechanisms are considered within the general framework. Two notions of emergence are defined, and specific examples of these are discussed.
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  10. The Garden in the Machine the Emerging Science of Artificial Life.Claus Emmeche - 1994
     
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  11.  9
    Semiotic Scaffolding of the Social Self in Reflexivity and Friendship.Claus Emmeche - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):275-289.
    The individual and social formation of a human self, from its emergence in early childhood through adolescence to adult life, has been described within philosophy, psychology and sociology as a product of developmental and social processes mediating a linguistic and social world. Semiotic scaffolding is a multi-level phenomenon. Focusing upon levels of semiosis specific to humans, the formation of the personal self and the role of friendship and similar interpersonal relations in this process is explored through Aristotle’s classical idea of (...)
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  12.  58
    Aspects of Complexity in Life and Science.Claus Emmeche - 1997 - Philosophica 59.
    A short review of complexity research from the perspective of history and philosophy of biology is presented. Complexity and its emergence has scientific and metaphysical meanings. From its beginning, biology was a science of complex systems, but with the advent of electronic computing and the possibility of simulating mathematical models of complicated systems, new intuitions of complexity emerged, together with attempts to devise quantitative measures of complexity. But can we quantify the complex?
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  13. A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information System.Claus Emmeche - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (160):1-68.
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
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  14.  38
    A-Life, Organism and Body: The Semiotics of Emergent Levels.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    1Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Published pp. 117-124 in: Mark Bedeau, Phil Husbands, Tim Hutton, Sanjev Kumar and Hideaki Suzuki : Workshop and Tutorial Proceedings. Ninth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems.
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  15.  55
    A Semiotical Reflection on Biology, Living Signs and Artificial Life.Claus Emmeche - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (3):325-340.
    It is argued, that theory sf signs, especially in the tradition of the great philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) can inspire the study of central problems in the philosophy of biology. Three such problems are considered: (1) The nature of biology as a science, where a semiotically informed pluralistic approach to the theory of science is introduced. (2) The peculiarity of the general object of biology, where a realistic interpretation of sign- and information-concepts is required to see sign-processes as immanent (...)
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  16.  4
    Abduction: Can Non-Human Animals Make Discoveries?Mariana Vitti-Rodrigues & Claus Emmeche - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (2):295-313.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between information and abductive reasoning in the context of problem-solving, focusing on non-human animals. Two questions guide our investigation: What is the relation between information and abductive reasoning in the context of human and non-human animals? Do non-human animals perform discovery based on inferential processes such as abductive reasoning? In order to answer these questions, we discuss the semiotic concept of information in relation to the concept of abductive reasoning and, (...)
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  17.  27
    The Chicken and the Orphean Egg: On the Function of Meaning and the Meaning of Function.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - Σημιοτκή-Sign Systems Studies 1 (1):15-32.
    A central aspect of the relation between biosemiotics and biology is investigated by asking: Is a biological concept of function intrinsically related to a biosemiotic concept of sign action, and vice versa? A biological notion of function (as some process or part that serves some purpose in the context of maintenance and reproduction of the whole organism) is discussed in the light of the attempt to provide an understanding of life processes as being of a semiotic nature, i.e., constituted by (...)
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  18.  36
    The Sarkar Challenge to Biosemiotics: Is There Any Information in a Cell?Claus Emmeche - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):273-294.
  19.  45
    The Biosemiotics of Emergent Properties in a Pluralist Ontology.Claus Emmeche - 1999 - In Edwina Taborsky (ed.), Semiosis. Evolution. Energy: Towards a Reconceptualization of the Sign. Shaker Verlag.
    Published in: Edwina Taborsky, ed. (1999): Semiosis. Evolution. Energy: Towards a Reconceptualization of the Sign. Shaker Verlag, Aachen. (pp. 89-108). The book is based on the meeting "Semiosis. Evolution. Energy, Third International Conference on Semiotics", Victoria Collage, University of Toronto, Canada, October 17-19, 1997 (programme and list of papers, see the SEE web page:http://www.library.utoronto.ca/see).
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  20. Defining Life, Explaining Emergence.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    Bibliographical Note Abstract Explaining things - introductory remarks General attitudes and the standard view Requirements for a definition Life as the natural selection of replicators Life as an autopoietic system Life as a semiotic phenomenon Downward causation Implicitly well-defined general objects Emergence as explanatory strategy: the observer reappears Concluding remarks Acknowledgements Notes References Bibliographical note: Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Princeton History of Science Workshop on "Growing Explanations", Princeton University, February 15, 1997; and at the meeting (...)
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  21.  51
    The Computational Notion of Life.Claus Emmeche - 1994 - Theoria 9 (2):1-30.
    The present paper discusses a topic often neglected by contemporary philosophy of biology: The relation between metaphorical notions of living organisms as information processing systems, the attempts to model such systems by computational means (e.g., Artificial Life research), and the idea that life itself is a computational phenomenon. This question has ramifications in theoretical biology and thedefinition of Iife, in theoretical computer science and the concept of computation, and in semiotics (the study of signs in the most general sense, including (...)
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  22.  18
    Modeling Life: A Note on the Semiotics of Emergence and Computation in Artificial and Natural Living Systems.Claus Emmeche - forthcoming - Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web 1991.
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  23.  4
    A Biosemiotic Note on Organisms, Animals, Machines, Cyborgs, and the Quasi-Autonomy of Robots.Claus Emmeche - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 15 (3):455-483.
    It is argued in this paper that robots are just quasi-autonomous beings, which must be understood, within an emergent systems view, as intrinsically linked to and presupposing human beings as societal creatures within a technologically mediated world. Biosemiotics is introduced as a perspective on living systems that is based upon contemporary biology but reinterpreted through a qualitative organicist tradition in biology. This allows for emphasizing the differences between an organism as a general semiotic system with vegetative and self-reproductive capacities, an (...)
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  24. Biosemiotica. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Thomas A. Sebeok, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Claus Emmeche - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4).
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  25.  11
    The Chicken and the Orphean Egg.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):15-31.
    A central aspect of the relation between biosemiotics and biology is investigated by asking: Is a biological concept of function intrinsically related to a biosemiotic concept of sign action, and vice versa? A biological notion of function (as some process or part that serves some purpose in the context of maintenance and reproduction of the whole organism) is discussed in the light of the attempt to provide an understanding of life processes as being of a semiotic nature, i.e., constituted by (...)
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  26.  10
    Bioinvasion, Globalization, and the Contingency of Cultural and Biological Diversity.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):237-261.
    The increasing problem of bioinvasion (the mixing up of natural species characterising the planet's local ecosystems due to globalisation) is investigated as an example of an ecosemiotic problematic. One concern is the scarcity of scientific knowledge about long term ecological and evolutionary consequences of invading species. It is argued that a natural science conception of the ecology of bioinvasion should be supplemented with an ecosemiotic understanding of the significance of these problems in relation to human culture, the question of cultural (...)
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  27. Levels, Emergence, and Three Versions of Downward Causation.Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 2000 - In P.B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N.O. Finnemann & P.V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Press. pp. 322-348.
    The idea of a higher level phenomenon having a downward causal influence on a lower level process or entity has taken a variety of forms. In order to discuss the relation between emergence and downward causation, the specific variety of the thesis of downward causation (DC) must be identified. Based on some ontological theses about inter-level relations, types of causation and the possibility of reduction, three versions of DC are distinguished. Of these, the `Strong' form of DC is held to (...)
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  28.  11
    Autopoietic Systems, Replicators, and the Search for a Meaningful Biologic Definition of Life.Claus Emmeche - 1997 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20:244-264.
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  29.  13
    Taking the Semiotic Turn, or How Significant Philosophy of Biology Should Be Done.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):155-162.
  30.  17
    The Emergence of Signs of Living Feeling.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):369-376.
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  31.  37
    Life as an Abstract Phenomenon: Is Artificial Life Possible?Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    Is life a property of the material structure of a living system or an abstract form of organization that can be realized in other media; artificial as well as natural? One version of the Artificial Life research programme presumes, that one can separate the logical form of an organism from its material basis of construction, and that its capacity to live and reproduce is a property of the form, not the matter (Langton 1989). This seems to oppose the notion of (...)
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  32.  36
    Biology and the Unity of Science.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):153-162.
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  33.  34
    Causal Processes, Semiosis, and Consciousness.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    The evolutionary emergence of biological processes in organisms with inner, qualitative aspects has not been explained in any sufficient way by neurobiology, nor by the traditional neo-Darwinian paradigm — natural selection would appear to work just as well on insentient zombies (with the right behavioral input-output relations) as on real sentient animals. In consciousness studies one talks about the ‘hard problem’ of qualia. In this paper I sketch a set of principles about sign action, causality and emergent evolution. On the (...)
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  34.  26
    Bioinvasion, Globalization, and the Contingency of Cultural and Biological Diversity: Some Ecosemiotic Observations.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Σημιοτκή-Sign Systems Studies 1 (1):237-262.
    The increasing problem of bioinvasion (the mixing up of natural species characterising the planet's local ecosystems due to globalisation) is investigated as an example of an ecosemiotic problematic. One concern is the scarcity of scientific knowledge about long term ecological and evolutionary consequences of invading species. It is argued that a natural science conception of the ecology of bioinvasion should be supplemented with an ecosemiotic understanding of the significance of these problems in relation to human culture, the question of cultural (...)
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  35.  19
    On Emergence and Explanation.Claus Emmeche - unknown
    Emergence is a universal phenomenon that can be defined mathematically in a very general way. This is useful for the study of scientifically legitimate explanations of complex systems, here defined as hyperstructures. A requirement is that the observation mechanisms are considered within the general framework. Two notions of emergence are defined, and specific examples of these are discussed.
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  36.  22
    Is Life as a Multiverse Phenomenon?Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    When posing the question "is artificial life possible?", our immediate answer is that on the one hand : of course it is - people make it, and indeed very interesting and even breathtaking structures have already been constructed, such as `aminats', self-reproducing patterns and the other things, we have seen already. In this sense we are forced to take artificial life as a fact (at least as a fact about a new branch of research), nearly in the same way that (...)
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  37.  8
    Bioinvasioon, globaliseerumine ja kultuurilise ning bioloogilise mitmekesisuse võimalikkused - ökosemiootilisi vaatlusi. Kokkuvõte.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):262-262.
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  38.  7
    The IASS Roundtable on Biosemiotics.Donald Favareau & Claus Emmeche - 2008 - American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):1-21.
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  39.  7
    Editors' Comment.Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):11-13.
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  40.  17
    Code-Duality and the Semiotics of Nature.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    The final version of the paper is published pp. 117-166 in: Myrdene Anderson and Floyd Merrell (eds.): On Semiotic Modeling . Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, 1991.
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  41.  14
    Closure, Function, Emergence, Semiosis and Life: The Same Idea? Reflections on the Concrete and the Abstract in Theoretical Biology.Claus Emmeche - 2000 - Philosophical Explorations.
    In this note some epistemological problems in general theories about living systems are considered; in particular, the question of hidden connections between different areas of experience, such as folk biology and scientific biology, and hidden connections between central concepts of theoretical biology, such as function, semiosis, closure and life.
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  42.  11
    Transdisciplinarity, Theory-Zapping, and the Growth of Knowledge [*].Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    The dense prose in Signs Grow by the distinguished semiotician Floyd Merrell draws on and connects multiform sources and repeatedly demands extremely careful reflection and interpretation by the reader, and so it illustrates a point often taken to be a hermeneutic truism, that the incipient meaning created by the reader is most probably very different from the meaning intended by the author. Fortunately not totally different, however. Shared meanings may increase by expanded access to common background knowledge, which is always (...)
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  43.  1
    The IASS Roundtable on Biosemiotics: A Discussion with Some Founders of the Field.Donald Favareau, Claus Emmeche & Jesper Hoff Meyer - 2008 - American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):1-21.
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  44.  3
    Kana ja Orpheuse muna.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):32-32.
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  45.  2
    Book Symposium.Claus Emmeche - 2001 - SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):153.
    Books reviewed:Mark BevirThe Logic of the History of Ideas.
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  46.  3
    Organicism and qualitative aspects of self-organization.Claus Emmeche - 2004 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2:205-217.
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  47.  1
    Cross-Disciplinary Course in Research Ethics and Science Studies for Ph.D.-Students.Claus Emmeche & Tom Børsen Hansen - unknown
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  48.  5
    The Agents of Biomass.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    There were days in the 70s when studying a subject at university and participating in a cultural and social revolution seemed like one and the same thing. When you were studying something like biology there was nothing the least bit strange in the fact that `biomass' became political student slang for the mass of biology students who constantly had to be `mobilized' against the bourgeoisie's reactionary measures directed against the experimental Roskilde University, university Marxism, long student careers and other benefits (...)
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  49.  1
    Günther Witzany: Life: The Communicative Structure - a New Philosophy of Biology, Libri Books on Demand, Hamburg 2000.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - SATS 3 (1):155-162.
  50.  1
    Videnskab Som Grundlag for Regulering Af Genteknologi.Claus Emmeche - unknown
    En af velfærdsstatens civiliserende virkninger har været forsøgene på at imødegå de trusler for menneske og miljø, som stammer fra den industrielle produktion, gennem indgående statslig eller korporativ regulering af virksomhedernes udnyttelse af materielle, menneskelige og samfundsmæssige ressourcer. Regulering af ny genteknologi ser umiddelbart ud til blot at være et nyt eksempel herpå, men samtidig er genteknologien her ved det 20. århundredes slutning også et eksempel på noget nyt.
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