Results for 'Clayton Neighbors'

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  1.  22
    Do Undergraduate Student Research Participants Read Psychological Research Consent Forms? Examining Memory Effects, Condition Effects, and Individual Differences.Eric R. Pedersen, Clayton Neighbors, Judy Tidwell & Ty W. Lostutter - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):332 - 350.
    Although research has examined factors influencing understanding of informed consent in biomedical and forensic research, less is known about participants' attention to details in consent documents in psychological survey research. The present study used a randomized experimental design and found the majority of participants were unable to recall information from the consent form in both in-person and online formats. Participants were also relatively poor at recognizing important aspects of the consent form including risks to participants and confidentiality procedures. Memory effects (...)
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  2.  9
    What Should We Do When Participants Report Dangerous Drinking? The Impact of Personalized Letters Versus General Pamphlets as a Function of Sex and Controlled Orientation.Clayton Neighbors, Eric R. Pedersen, Debra Kaysen, Magdalena Kulesza & Theresa Walter - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (1):1 - 15.
    Research in which participants report potentially dangerous health-related behaviors raises ethical and professional questions about what to do with that information. Policies and laws regarding reportable behaviors vary across states and Institutional Review Boards (IRB). In alcohol research, IRBs often require researchers to respond to participants who report dangerous drinking practices. Researchers have little guidance regarding how best to respond in such cases. Personalized feedback or general nonpersonalized information may prove differentially effective as a function of gender and/or level of (...)
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  3.  3
    Poem by Mark Clayton.Mark Clayton - 1985 - Between the Species 1 (3):8.
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  4. Clayton Response to Robbins-Religion Science Without God.P. Clayton - 1992 - Zygon 27 (4):457-459.
     
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  5. Mr. Clayton's Rejoinder.Joseph Clayton - 1926 - New Blackfriars 7 (73):244-246.
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  6. Mr. Joseph Clayton's Reply.Joseph Clayton - 1920 - New Blackfriars 1 (7):433-434.
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  7.  40
    Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing.Matthew Clayton - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    At what age should children acquire adult rights? To what extent are parents morally permitted to shape the beliefs of their children? How should childbearing rights and resources be distributed? Matthew Clayton provides a controversial set of answers to these and related issues in this pivotal new work.
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  8.  4
    Episodic Future Thinking in 3- to 5-Year-Old Children: The Ability to Think of What Will Be Needed From a Different Point of View. [REVIEW]James Russell, Dean Alexis & Nicola Clayton - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):56-71.
    Assessing children's episodic future thinking by having them select items for future use may be assessing their functional reasoning about the future rather than their future episodic thinking. In an attempt to circumvent this problem, we capitalised on the fact that episodic cognition necessarily has a spatial format (Clayton & Russell, 2009; Hassabis & Maguire, 2007). Accordingly, we asked children of 3, 4, and 5 to chose items they would need to play a game (blow football) from the opposite (...)
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  9.  30
    Moral Theory in Śāntideva's Śikṣāsamuccaya: Cultivating the Fruits of Virtue.Barbra R. Clayton - 2006 - Routledge.
    This book analyses the moral theory of the seventh century Indian Mahayana master, Santideva. Santideva is the author of the well-known religious poem the Bodhicaryavatara (Entering the Path of Enlightenment) , as well as the significant, but relatively overlooked, Siksasamuccaya (Compendium of Teachings) . Both of these works describe the nature and path of the bodhisattva, the altruistic spiritual ideal especially exalted in Mahayana literature. With particular focus on the Siksasamuccaya , this work offers a response to three questions: What (...)
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  10. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consiousness.Philip Clayton - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof (...)
     
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  11.  7
    Narrative and Theories of Desire.Jay Clayton - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 16 (1):33-53.
    The hope of moving beyond formalism is one of two things that unites an otherwise diverse group of literary theorists who have begun to explore the role of desire in narrative. Peter Brooks, for example, in Reading for the Plot, says in more than one place that his interest in desire “derives from my dissatisfaction with the various formalisms that have dominated critical thinking about narrative.”3 Leo Bersani sees desire as establishing a crucial link between social and literary structures. Teresa (...)
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  12. Explanation From Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Yale University Press.
    In this book Philip Clayton defends the rationality of religious explanations by exploring the parallels between explanatory effects in the sciences and the explanations offered by religious believers, students of religion, and theologians. Clayton begins by surveying the types of religious explanation, offering a synopsis of the most significant competing positions. He then critically examines recent important developments in the philosophy of science regarding the nature of scientific explanations—including the work of Popper, Hempel, Kuhn, and Lakatos in the (...)
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  13. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness.Philip Clayton - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof (...)
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  14. Religion and Science: The Basics.Philip Clayton - 2011 - Routledge.
    Religion and science are arguably the two most powerful social forces in the world today. But where religion and science were once held to be compatible, most people now perceive them to be in conflict. This unique book provides the best available introduction to the burning debates in this controversial field. Examining the defining questions and controversies, renowned expert Philip Clayton presents the arguments from both sides, asking readers to decide for themselves where they stand: science _or_ religion, or (...)
     
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  15.  7
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):3-9.
    American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Medical Genetics recently provided two recommendations about predictive genetic testing of children. The Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Consortium's Pediatrics Working Group compared these recommendations, focusing on operational and ethical issues specific to decision making for children. Content analysis of the statements addresses two issues: how these recommendations characterize and analyze locus of decision making, as well as the risks and benefits of testing, and whether the guidelines conflict or come to different but (...)
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  16. The Problem of God in Modern Thought.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Ars Disputandi 1.
     
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  17.  9
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  18. The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion.Philip Clayton & P. C. W. Davies (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
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  19.  17
    The Roles of Cortical Oscillations in Sustained Attention.Michael S. Clayton, Nick Yeung & Roi Cohen Kadosh - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):188-195.
  20. Understanding the Unpredictable: Beyond Traditional Research on Mergers and Acquisitions.Byron C. Clayton - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (3):1-19.
     
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  21. The Fruits of Pluralism: A Vision for the Next Seven Years in Religion/Science.Philip Clayton - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):430-442.
    This article offers a vision for work at the intersection of science and religion over the coming seven years. Because predictions are inherently risky and are more often than not false, the text first offers an assessment of the current state of the science-religion discussion and a quick survey of the last 50 years of work in this field. The implications of the six features of this vision for the future of the field are then presented in some detail. Rather (...)
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  22.  2
    God and Contemporary Science.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Eerdmans.
    This series relates past thought from the history of Western theological traditions to areas of contemporary concern in fresh, innovative, and constructive ways.
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  23. On Emergence, Agency, and Organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary (and, we believe, conjointly sufficient) for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; (...)
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  24.  2
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
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  25. Social Cognition by Food-Caching Corvids: The Western Scrub-Jay as a Natural Psychologist.Nicola S. Clayton, Joanna M. Dally & Emery & J. Nathan - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
  26. Quantum Mechanics: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action 5.R. J. Russell, Philip Clayton, Kirk Wegter-McNelly & John Polkinghorne (eds.) - 2002 - Vatican Observatory Publications.
     
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  27.  14
    Informed Consent and Biobanks.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 33 (1):15-21.
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  28.  45
    Episodic Memory: What Can Animals Remember About Their Past?Daniel Griffiths, Anthony Dickinson & Nicola Clayton - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):74-80.
  29.  29
    On Widening Participation in Higher Education Through Positive Discrimination.Matthew Clayton - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):414-431.
    Notwithstanding an ongoing concern about the low representation of certain groups in higher education, there is reluctance on the part of politicians and policy makers to adopt positive discrimination as an appropriate means of widening participation. This article offers an account of the different objections to positive discrimination and, thereafter, clarifies and criticises the view that universities ought to select those applicants who are expected to be most successful as students. It distinguishes arguments from meritocracy, desert, respect, and productivity and (...)
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  30. Shared Vision and Autonomous Motivation Vs. Financial Incentives Driving Success in Corporate Acquisitions.Byron C. Clayton - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31.  90
    Why We Should Allow Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport.Julian Savulescu, Bennett Foddy & M. Clayton - 2004 - British Journal of Sports Medicine 38:666-670.
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  32.  25
    Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science.P. Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to treatments of questions of methodology and implications for life and practice, the Handbook includes sections devoted to the major scientific ...
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  33.  39
    Liberal Equality: Political Not Erinaceous.Matthew Clayton - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (4):416-433.
    Ronald Dworkin’s Justice for Hedgehogs defends liberal political morality on the basis of a rich account of dignity as constitutive of living well. This article raises the Rawlsian concern that making political morality dependent on ethics threatens citizens’ political autonomy. Thereafter, it addresses whether the abandonment of ethical foundations signals the demise of Dworkin’s liberalism and explores the possibility of laundering his conception so as to facilitate a marriage between the political philosophies of Rawls and Dworkin. The article finishes by (...)
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  34.  92
    Genetic Intervention in Human Subjects.R. Clayton - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):385-386.
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  35.  5
    Experienced Utility or Decision Utility for QALY Calculation? Both.Paige A. Clayton & Douglas P. MacKay - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phx006.
    Policy-makers must allocate scarce resources to support constituents’ health needs. This requires policy-makers to be able to evaluate health states and allocate resources according to some principle of allocation. The most prominent approach to evaluating health states is to appeal to the strength of people’s preferences to avoid occupying them, which we refer to as decision utility metrics. Another approach, experienced utility metrics, evaluates health states based on their hedonic quality. In this article, we argue that although decision utility metrics (...)
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  36. Emergence From Quantum Physics to Religion: A Critical Appraisal.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 303.
     
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  37. Elements of Episodic-Like Memory in Animals.N. S. Clayton, D. P. Griffiths, N. J. Emery & A. Dickenson - 2001 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  38.  17
    Prometheus to Proust: The Case for Behavioural Criteria for ‘Mental Time Travel’.Nicola S. Clayton, Timothy J. Bussey, Nathan J. Emery & Anthony Dickinson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):436-437.
  39. The Ideal of Equality.Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.) - 2000 - Macmillan.
     
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  40. Neuroscience, the Person, and God: An Emergentist Account.Philip Clayton - 1999 - In Zygon. Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press. pp. 613-652.
  41. Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action.Philip Clayton - 1999 - Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press.
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  42.  21
    Panentheisms East and West.Philip Clayton - 2010 - Sophia 49 (2):183-191.
    In the West panentheism is known as the view that the world is contained within the divine, though God is also more than the world. I trace the history of this school of philosophy in both Eastern and Western traditions. Although the term is not widely known, the position in fact draws together a broad range of important positions in 20th and 21st century metaphysics, theology, and philosophy of religion. I conclude with some reflections on the practical importance of this (...)
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  43.  38
    When God Commands Disobedience: Political Liberalism and Unreasonable Religions.Matthew Clayton & David Stevens - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (1):65-84.
    Some religiously devout individuals believe divine command can override an obligation to obey the law where the two are in conflict. At the extreme, some individuals believe that acts of violence that seek to change or punish a political community, or to prevent others from violating what they take to be God’s law, are morally justified. In the face of this apparent clash between religious and political commitments it might seem that modern versions of political morality—such as John Rawls’s political (...)
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  44.  79
    Origins of Spatial, Temporal and Numerical Cognition: Insights From Comparative Psychology.Daniel B. M. Haun, Fiona M. Jordan, Giorgio Vallortigara & Nicky S. Clayton - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):552-560.
  45. Emergence From Physics to Theology: Toward a Panoramic View.Philip Clayton - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):675-687.
  46. Cognitive Adaptations of Social Bonding in Birds.Nathan J. Emery, Amanda M. Seed, Auguste M. P. Von Bayern & Clayton & S. Nicola - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
     
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  47.  41
    Rawls and Natural Aristocracy.Matthew Clayton - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):239-259.
    The author discusses Rawls’s conception of socioeconomic justice, Democratic Equality. He contrasts Rawls’s account, which includes the difference principle constrained by the principle of fair equality of opportunity, with Natural Aristocracy, which constrains the difference principle only by the principle of careers open to talents. According to the author, many of Rawls’s own arguments support NaturalAristocracy over Democratic Equality. In particular, Natural Aristocracy appears well placed to avoid a challenge that naturally arises in consideration of Democratic Equality, with respect to (...)
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  48. Conceptual Foundations of Emergence Theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Sheldon Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--31.
     
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  49.  8
    Designing Programs with a Purpose: To Promote Civic Engagement for Life. [REVIEW]Robert Bringle, Morgan Studer, Jarod Wilson, Patti Clayton & Kathryn Steinberg - 2011 - Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (2):149-164.
    Curricular and co-curricular civic engagement activities and programs are analyzed in terms of their capacity to contribute to a common set of outcomes associated with nurturing civic-minded graduates: academic knowledge, familiarity with volunteering and nonprofit sector, knowledge of social issues, communication skills, diversity skills, self-efficacy, and intentions to be involved in communities. Different programs that promote civic-mindedness, developmental models, and assessment strategies that can contribute to program enhancement are presented.
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  50.  7
    Incidental Findings in Genetics Research Using Archived DNA.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):286-291.
    Despite calls by some commentators for disclosing incidental fndings in genetics research, several factors weigh in favor of caution. The technology of genetics has the power to uncover a vast array of information. The most potent argument for restraint in disclosure is that much research is pursued without consent so that the individual participant may not know that research is being conducted at all. Often the work is done by investigators and at institutions with which the person has no prior (...)
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