Results for 'Cletus S. Brauer'

982 found
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  1.  60
    Just Sustainability? Sustainability and Social Justice in Professional Codes of Ethics for Engineers.Cletus S. Brauer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):875-891.
    Should environmental, social, and economic sustainability be of primary concern to engineers? Should social justice be among these concerns? Although the deterioration of our natural environment and the increase in social injustices are among today’s most pressing and important issues, engineering codes of ethics and their paramountcy clause, which contains those values most important to engineering and to what it means to be an engineer, do not yet put either concept on a par with the safety, health, and welfare of (...)
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  2.  64
    Age rationing and prudential lifespan account in Norman Daniels' Just health.S. Brauer - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):27-31.
    Could age be a valid criterion for rationing? In Just health, Norman Daniels argues that under certain circumstances age rationing is prudent, and therefore a morally permissible strategy to tackle the problem of resource scarcity. Crucial to his argument is the distinction between two problem-settings of intergenerational equity: equity among age groups and equity among birth cohorts. While fairness between age groups can involve unequal benefit treatment in different life stages, fairness between birth cohorts implies enjoying approximate equality in benefit (...)
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  3.  6
    Exploring the reasons for perennial attacks on churches in Nigeria through the victims’ perspective.Enweonwu O. Anthony, Cletus O. Obasi, Deborah O. Obi, Benjamin O. Ajah, Okpanocha S. Okpan, Chukwuemeka D. Onyejegbu, Aloysius C. Obiwulu & Emeka M. Onwuama - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (1).
    Although there are several provisions within the Nigerian legal framework that, however, address the issue of church attack, the state capacity to implement effective constitutional sanctioning on perpetrators of this heinous crime has always been found wanting or completely absent, leading to countless religious attacks on churches with seeming state consent. This study employs semi-structured interviews to draw data from affected families from Benue and Enugu States, Nigeria. The article explored their experiences. The study participants were recruited through snowball sampling (...)
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  4.  11
    Exploring the reasons for perennial attacks on churches in Nigeria through the victims’ perspective.Enweonwu O. Anthony, Cletus O. Obasi, Deborah O. Obi, Benjamin O. Ajah, Okpanoch S. Okpan, Chukwuemeka D. Onyejegbu, Aloysius C. Obiwulu & Emeka M. Onwuama - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):8.
    Although there are several provisions within the Nigerian legal framework that, however, address the issue of church attack, the state capacity to implement effective constitutional sanctioning on perpetrators of this heinous crime has always been found wanting or completely absent, leading to countless religious attacks on churches with seeming state consent. This study employs semi-structured interviews to draw data from affected families from Benue and Enugu States, Nigeria. The article explored their experiences. The study participants were recruited through snowball sampling (...)
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  5. The Quest: History and Meaning in Religion.Mircea Eliade, Joseph Kitagawa, Charles H. Long, Jerald C. Brauer & Marshall G. S. Hodson - 1969 - Religious Studies 7 (1):77-79.
     
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  6.  64
    Relevance for the Classical Logician.Ethan Brauer - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (2):436-457.
    Although much technical and philosophical attention has been given to relevance logics, the notion of relevance itself is generally left at an intuitive level. It is difficult to find in the literature an explicit account of relevance in formal reasoning. In this article I offer a formal explication of the notion of relevance in deductive logic and argue that this notion has an interesting place in the study of classical logic. The main idea is that a premise is relevant to (...)
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  7.  6
    Narrative Potential of Picture-Book Apps: A Media- and Interaction-Oriented Study.Claudia Müller-Brauers, Christiane Miosga, Silke Fischer, Alina Maus & Ines Potthast - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Digital literature is playing an increasingly important role in children's everyday lives and opening up new paths for family literacy and early childhood education. However, despite positive effects of electronic books and picture-book apps on vocabulary learning, early writing, or phonological awareness, research findings on early narrative skills are ambiguous. Particularly, there still is a research gap regarding how app materiality affects children's story understanding. Thus, based on the ViSAR model for picture-book app analysis and data stemming from 12 digital (...)
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  8. Aesthetic Testimony and Aesthetic Authenticity.Felix Bräuer - 2023 - British Journal of Aesthetics 63 (3):395–416.
    Relying on aesthetic testimony seems problematic. For instance, it seems problematic for me to simply believe or assert that The Velvet Underground's debut album The Velvet Underground and Nico (1964) is amazing solely because you have told me so, even though I know you to be an honest and competent music critic. But why? After all, there do not seem to be similar reservations regarding testimony from many other domains. In this paper, I will argue that relying on aesthetic testimony (...)
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  9. Statistics as Figleaves.Felix Bräuer - 2023 - Topoi 42 (2):433-443.
    Recently, Jennifer Saul (“Racial Figleaves, the Shifting Boundaries of the Permissible, and the Rise of Donald Trump”, 2017; “Racist and Sexist Figleaves”, 2021) has explored the use of what she calls “figleaves” in the discourse on race and gender. Following Saul, a figleaf is an utterance that, for some portion of the audience, blocks the conclusion that some other utterance, R, or the person who uttered R is racist or sexist. Such racial and gender figleaves are pernicious, says Saul, because, (...)
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  10. The transparency of expressivism.Wolfgang Freitag & Felix Bräuer - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-15.
    The paper argues that Gareth Evans’ argument for transparent self-knowledge is based on a conflation of doxastic transparency with ascriptive transparency. Doxastic transparency means that belief about one’s own doxastic state, e.g., the belief that one thinks that it will rain, can be warranted by ordinary empirical observation, e.g., of the weather. In contrast, ascriptive transparency says that self-ascriptions of belief, e.g., “I believe it will rain”, can be warranted by such observation. We first show that the thesis of doxastic (...)
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  11. The transparency of expressivism.Wolfgang Freitag & Felix Bräuer - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-15.
    The paper argues that Gareth Evans’ argument for transparent self-knowledge is based on a conflation of doxastic transparency with ascriptive transparency. Doxastic transparency means that belief about one’s own doxastic state, e.g., the belief that one thinks that it will rain, can be warranted by ordinary empirical observation, e.g., of the weather. In contrast, ascriptive transparency says that self-ascriptions of belief, e.g., “I believe it will rain”, can be warranted by such observation. We first show that the thesis of doxastic (...)
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  12.  21
    Disagreement, the Independence Thesis, and the Value of Repeated Reasoning.Ethan Brauer - 2023 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 104 (3):494-510.
    The problem of peer disagreement is to explain how you should respond when you and a peer have the same evidence bearing on some proposition and are equally competent epistemic agents, yet have reached opposite conclusions about. According to Christensen's Independence Thesis, in assessing the effect of your peer's disagreement, you must not rely on the reasoning behind your initial belief. I note that ‘the reasoning behind your initial belief’ can be given either a token or type reading. I argue (...)
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  13.  13
    Philosophy of Globalization.Johannes Rohbeck, Daniel Brauer & Concha Roldán (eds.) - 2018 - Boston: De Gruyter.
    Not so long ago, it seemed the intellectual positions on globalization were clear, with advocates and opponents making their respective cases in decidedly contrasting terms. Recently, however, the fronts have shifted dramatically. The aim of this publication is to contribute philosophical depth to the debates on globalization conducted within various academic fields – principally by working out its normative dimensions. The interdisciplinary nature of this book’s contributors also serves to scientifically ground the ethical-philosophical discourse on global responsibility. Though by no (...)
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  14.  38
    Transmission of Verification.Ethan Brauer & Neil Tennant - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-16.
    This paper clarifies, revises, and extends the account of the transmission of truthmakers by core proofs that was set out in chap. 9 of Tennant. Brauer provided two kinds of example making clear the need for this. Unlike Brouwer’s counterexamples to excluded middle, the examples of Brauer that we are dealing with here establish the need for appeals to excluded middle when applying, to the problem of truthmaker-transmission, the already classical metalinguistic theory of model-relative evaluations.
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  15.  18
    The dependence of computability on numerical notations.Ethan Brauer - 2021 - Synthese 198 (11):10485-10511.
    Which function is computed by a Turing machine will depend on how the symbols it manipulates are interpreted. Further, by invoking bizarre systems of notation it is easy to define Turing machines that compute textbook examples of uncomputable functions, such as the solution to the decision problem for first-order logic. Thus, the distinction between computable and uncomputable functions depends on the system of notation used. This raises the question: which systems of notation are the relevant ones for determining whether a (...)
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  16.  11
    In Defense of the Implicit Commitment Thesis.Ethan Brauer - 2022 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 9.
    The implicit commitment thesis is the claim that believing in a mathematical theory S carries an implicit commitment to further sentences not deductively entailed by the theory, such as the consistency sentence Con(S). I provide a new argument for this thesis based on the notion of mathematical certainty. I also reply to a recent argument by Walter Dean against the implicit commitment thesis, showing that my formulation of the thesis avoids the difficulties he raises.
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  17. The dialectic nature of reason-Hegel's concepts of negation and contradiction.D. Brauer - 1995 - Hegel-Studien 30:89-104.
  18. Common Ground, Conversational Roles and Epistemic Injustice.Felix Bräuer - 2021 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 28 (2):399–419.
    People partaking in a conversation can add to the common ground of said conversation by performing different speech acts. That is, they can influence which propositions are presumed to be shared among them. In this paper, I am going to apply the common ground framework to the phenomenon of epistemic injustice. In doing so, I am going to focus on two kindsof speech acts: making assertions and asking certain kinds of questions. And I am going to look at three varieties (...)
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  19. Looking beyond reductionism and anti-reductionism.Felix Bräuer - 2020 - Episteme 17 (2):230-248.
    Under which conditions are we epistemically justied to believe that what other people tell us is true? Traditionally, the answer has either been reductionist or anti-reductionist: Either our justication reduces to non-testimonial reasons, or we have a presumptive, though defeasible, right to believe what we are told. However, different cases pull in different directions. Intuitively, someone asking for the time is subject to different epistemic standards than a surgeon consulting a colleague before a dangerous operation. Following this line of thought, (...)
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  20.  7
    Vitalist modernism: art, science, energy and creative evolution.Fae Brauer (ed.) - 2023 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    This book reveals how, when, where and why vitalism and its relationship to new scientific theories, philosophies and concepts of energy became seminal from the fin de siècle until the Second World War for such Modernists as Sophie Tauber-Arp, Hugo Ball, Juliette Bisson, Eva Carrière, Salvador Dalì, Robert Delaunay, Marcel Duchamp, Edvard Munch, Picasso, Yves Tanguy, Gino Severini and John Cage. For them Vitalism entailed the conception of life as a constant process of metamorphosis impelled by the free flow of (...)
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  21.  8
    I do not understand but I care.Juliane Bräuer - 2015 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 16 (3):341-360.
    Prosocial behaviour benefits another individual and occurs voluntarily. It may have a cognitive and a motivational component. The actor who benefits a recipient – for example by solving her/his problem must recognize the recipient’s goal and understand how to fulfil it and has to be motivated to support the recipient. In the current paper I will review recent studies on prosocial behavior in dogs and I will compare them to studies with primates. I will address the cognitive and motivational skills (...)
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  22. The transparency of expressivism.Wolfgang Freitag & Felix Bräuer - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-15.
    The paper argues that Gareth Evans’ argument for transparent self-knowledge is based on a conflation of doxastic transparency with ascriptive transparency. Doxastic transparency means that belief about one’s own doxastic state, e.g., the belief that one thinks that it will rain, can be warranted by ordinary empirical observation, e.g., of the weather. In contrast, ascriptive transparency says that self-ascriptions of belief, e.g., “I believe it will rain”, can be warranted by such observation. We first show that the thesis of doxastic (...)
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  23.  11
    The Impact of the Church upon its Culture. [REVIEW]O. H. S. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):582-583.
    The theme of the church's impact on culture does not ignore, but rather rounds out the Chicago school's earlier and opposite preoccupation with the cultural-environmental factors in the development of the church. Brauer sees the socio-historical method which is identified with the Chicago school as "the first serious attempt in America to make church history a responsible scientific discipline at home in the university." These essays by faculty and alumni of Chicago Divinity School are presented chronologically and cover ancient, (...)
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  24.  15
    The Impact of the Church upon its Culture. [REVIEW]S. O. H. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):582-583.
    The theme of the church's impact on culture does not ignore, but rather rounds out the Chicago school's earlier and opposite preoccupation with the cultural-environmental factors in the development of the church. Brauer sees the socio-historical method which is identified with the Chicago school as "the first serious attempt in America to make church history a responsible scientific discipline at home in the university." These essays by faculty and alumni of Chicago Divinity School are presented chronologically and cover ancient, (...)
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  25. S. brauer, die anfänge Des reformatorischen gottesdienstes 51.Umgestaltung Und Übergänge - 2005 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 85:51.
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  26.  24
    From worst slum to best example of regeneration: Complexity in the regeneration of Hulme, Manchester.Cletus Moobela - 2005 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 7 (1).
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  27.  10
    Critical Reflection on the Human Nature and the African Underdevelopment.Cletus Umezinwa - 2022 - Open Journal of Philosophy 12 (4):541-558.
    African countries can at best be said to be underdeveloped. Graciously, however, they are said to be developing countries. But the indices of underdevelopment far outweigh the ones that designate them as developing. Compared to the developed world, African countries appear to be retrogressing by the day. This is worrisome. And many have wondered aloud the source of this precarious and parlous situation in which the Africans have found themselves. Some have identified it as a lack of true and committed (...)
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  28.  12
    Bioethics and the Challenges to Its Growth in Africa.Andoh Cletus - 2011 - Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):67-75.
    Bioethics has now become a burgeoning interdisciplinary field of scholarly investigation which has in the past decades migrated from bedside consultations to public policy debates and wider cultural and social consultations that privilege all discourse about everyday life issues. It has made exponential progress in addressing moral issues in science, technology and medicine in the world. In spite of this progress, core bioethics issues, approaches and values are still exclusively Western dominated and largely foreign to most African societies. Although medical (...)
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  29.  83
    Bioethics and the challenges to its growth in Africa.Cletus T. Andoh - 2011 - Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):67.
    Bioethics has now become a burgeoning interdisciplinary field of scholarly investigation which has in the past decades migrated from bedside consultations to public policy debates and wider cultural and social consultations that privilege all discourse about everyday life issues. It has made exponential progress in addressing moral issues in science, technology and medicine in the world. In spite of this progress, core bioethics issues, approaches and values are still exclusively Western dominated and largely foreign to most African societies. Although medical (...)
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  30.  23
    Pioneers of Representation Theory: Frobenius, Burnside, Schur, and Brauer[REVIEW]Leo Corry - 2002 - Isis 93:126-127.
    Charles W. Curtis is a prominent mathematician who has made important contributions to the field of representation theory. His textbooks in this field have been classics for a long time. In Pioneers of Representation Theory he has set out to present the historical development of the main ideas of the discipline, from the work of Georg Ferdinand Frobenius in the 1890s up to 1960. In addition to Frobenius, the book focuses mainly on three other “pioneers”: William Burnside, Issai Schur, and (...)
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  31.  7
    Applied ethics and HIV/AIDS in Africa: a philosophical discourse.Cletus N. Chukwu - 2003 - Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery.
  32.  11
    Introduction to philosophy in an African perspective.Cletus N. Chukwu - 2002 - Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery.
  33.  24
    Bioethics Education in Africa: Still Complex Challenges.Cletus T. Andoh - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):507.
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  34.  78
    When did her smile drop? Facial mimicry and the influences of emotional state on the detection of change in emotional expression.Paula M. Niedenthal, Markus Brauer, Jamin B. Halberstadt & Åse H. Innes-Ker - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (6):853-864.
  35.  14
    Obi J. Oguejiofor, J., The philosophical significance of immortality in Thomas Aquinas.Cletus Umezinwa - 2002 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 100 (4):806-808.
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  36. Proverbs as sources of african philosophy.Cletus Umezinwa - 2005 - In Theophilus Okere, J. Obi Oguejiofor & Godfrey Igwebuike Onah (eds.), African Philosophy and the Hermeneutics of Culture: Essays in Honour of Theophilus Okere. Distributed in North America by Transaction Publishers.
  37. The problem of governance in multiethnic African nations.Cletus Umezinwa - 2003 - In J. Obi Oguejiofor (ed.), Philosophy, Democracy, and Responsible Governance in Africa. Delta Publications. pp. 1--216.
     
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  38.  40
    Critical issues on informed consent in Africa.Cletus Andoh - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):109-123.
    Biomedical research has made tremendous advances during the last decade in improving human health and well being. In spite of these advances, research has encountered serious emerging challenges as it moves across boarders and confronts different societies with different cultural practices, beliefs, moral thoughts and different values. A pervasive and perplexing issue affecting the current advances in research is the perception that research might end up exploiting populations unless it is conducted in the context of a strong ethical framework. Furthermore, (...)
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  39. Assertion: The Constitutive Rule Account and the Engagement Condition Objection.Felix Bräuer - 2023 - Erkenntnis 88 (6):2259–2276.
    Many philosophers, following Williamson (The Philosophical Review 105(4): 489–523, 1996), Williamson (Knowledge and its Limits, Oxford, Oxford Univer- sity Press, 2000), subscribe to the constitutive rule account of assertion (CRAA). They hold that the activity of asserting is constituted by a single constitutive rule of assertion. However, in recent work, Maitra (in: Brown & Cappelen (ed). Assertion: new philosophical essays, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011), Johnson (Acta Analytica 33(1): 51–67, 2018), and Kelp and Simion (Synthese 197(1): 125–137, 2020a), Kelp and (...)
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  40.  97
    Divergent Potentialism: A Modal Analysis With an Application to Choice Sequences.Ethan Brauer, Øystein Linnebo & Stewart Shapiro - 2022 - Philosophia Mathematica 30 (2):143-172.
    Modal logic has been used to analyze potential infinity and potentialism more generally. However, the standard analysis breaks down in cases of divergent possibilities, where there are two or more possibilities that can be individually realized but which are jointly incompatible. This paper has three aims. First, using the intuitionistic theory of choice sequences, we motivate the need for a modal analysis of divergent potentialism and explain the challenges this involves. Then, using Beth–Kripke semantics for intuitionistic logic, we overcome those (...)
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  41.  22
    The Modal Logic of Potential Infinity: Branching Versus Convergent Possibilities.Ethan Brauer - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (5):2161-2179.
    Modal logic provides an elegant way to understand the notion of potential infinity. This raises the question of what the right modal logic is for reasoning about potential infinity. In this article I identify a choice point in determining the right modal logic: Can a potentially infinite collection ever be expanded in two mutually incompatible ways? If not, then the possible expansions are convergent; if so, then the possible expansions are branching. When possible expansions are convergent, the right modal logic (...)
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  42.  34
    The Modal Logic of Potential Infinity: Branching Versus Convergent Possibilities.Ethan Brauer - 2020 - Erkenntnis:1-19.
    Modal logic provides an elegant way to understand the notion of potential infinity. This raises the question of what the right modal logic is for reasoning about potential infinity. In this article I identify a choice point in determining the right modal logic: Can a potentially infinite collection ever be expanded in two mutually incompatible ways? If not, then the possible expansions are convergent; if so, then the possible expansions are branching. When possible expansions are convergent, the right modal logic (...)
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  43.  98
    Metaphysical Nihilism and Modal Logic.Ethan Brauer - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (9):2751-2763.
    In this paper I argue, that if it is metaphysically possible for it to have been the case that nothing existed, then it follows that the right modal logic cannot extend D, ruling out popular modal logics S4 and S5. I provisionally defend the claim that it is possible for nothing to have existed. I then consider the various ways of resisting the conclusion that the right modal logic is weaker than D.
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  44.  39
    Patientenverfügungen als Ausdruck individualistischer Selbstbestimmung?: Die Rolle der Angehörigen in Patientenverfügungsformularen.Caroline Zellweger, Susanne Brauer, Christopher Geth & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2008 - Ethik in der Medizin 20 (3):201-212.
    Patientenverfügungen werden häufig als Ausdruck eines Bestrebens verstanden, ausschließlich selbst über die eigene Behandlung am Lebensende oder in anderen medizinisch kritischen Situationen entscheiden zu wollen. Kritische Stimmen wenden sich gegen eine Marginalisierung von Angehörigen oder ein verkürztes Verständnis von Autonomie, welches von der Relationalität als Grundgegebenheit menschlicher Existenz abstrahiert. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird zunächst der rechtliche Rahmen beschrieben, der die Praxis bezüglich Patientenverfügungen und Stellvertretern in der Schweiz bestimmt. Zudem werden in der Schweiz verfügbare Patientenverfügungsformulare hinsichtlich der darin vorgesehenen Rolle (...)
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  45.  7
    A Classical Modal Theory of Lawless Sequences.Ethan Brauer - 2023 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 29 (3):406-452.
    Free choice sequences play a key role in the intuitionistic theory of the continuum and especially in the theorems of intuitionistic analysis that conflict with classical analysis, leading many classical mathematicians to reject the concept of a free choice sequence. By treating free choice sequences as potentially infinite objects, however, they can be comfortably situated alongside classical analysis, allowing a rapprochement of these two mathematical traditions. Building on recent work on the modal analysis of potential infinity, I formulate a modal (...)
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  46.  10
    Una aproximación a la recepción reciente de la filosofía de Hegel en la Argentina.: Entrevista con Daniel Brauer.Daniel Brauer - 2021 - Tópicos 42:150-157.
    En esta entrevista con el Prof. Dr. Daniel Brauer, uno de los investigadores que ha dedicado importantes estudios al pensamiento de Hegel y ha contribuido a su recepción en Argentina, se ponen de manifiesto algunos momentos significativos de su experiencia como docente e investigador en las últimas décadas.
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  47.  39
    Second-order Logic and the Power Set.Ethan Brauer - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (1):123-142.
    Ignacio Jane has argued that second-order logic presupposes some amount of set theory and hence cannot legitimately be used in axiomatizing set theory. I focus here on his claim that the second-order formulation of the Axiom of Separation presupposes the character of the power set operation, thereby preventing a thorough study of the power set of infinite sets, a central part of set theory. In reply I argue that substantive issues often cannot be separated from a logic, but rather must (...)
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  48.  45
    Mirroring Theorems in Free Logic.Ethan Brauer - 2020 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 61 (4):561-572.
    Linnebo and Shapiro have recently given an analysis of potential infinity using modal logic. A key technical component of their account is to show that under a suitable translation ◊ of nonmodal language into modal language, nonmodal sentences ϕ 1, …, ϕ n entail ψ just in case ϕ 1 ◊, …, ϕ n ◊ entail ψ ◊ in the modal logic S4.2. Linnebo and Shapiro establish this result in nonfree logic. In this note I argue that their analysis of (...)
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  49. Hedonismus: Genuss - Laster - Widerstand.Lothar Kolmer & Michael Brauer (eds.) - 2013 - Wien: Mandelbaum.
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  50.  8
    Editorial.Susanne Brauer Nikola Biller‐Andorno - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):ii-iv.
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