Results for 'Clifford Stevenson'

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  1.  20
    Explaining Effervescence: Investigating the Relationship Between Shared Social Identity and Positive Experience in Crowds.Nick Hopkins, Stephen D. Reicher, Sammyh S. Khan, Shruti Tewari, Narayanan Srinivasan & Clifford Stevenson - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):20-32.
  2. Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture.Clifford Geertz - 1973 - In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books.
  3.  55
    Ethics and Language.Charles L. Stevenson - 1945 - American Mathematical Society.
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  4.  16
    The Dark Side of Morality – Neural Mechanisms Underpinning Moral Convictions and Support for Violence.Clifford I. Workman, Keith J. Yoder & Jean Decety - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):269-284.
    People are motivated by shared social values that, when held with moral conviction, can serve as compelling mandates capable of facilitating support for ideological violence. The current study examined this dark side of morality by identifying specific cognitive and neural mechanisms associated with beliefs about the appropriateness of sociopolitical violence, and determining the extent to which the engagement of these mechanisms was predicted by moral convictions. Participants reported their moral convictions about a variety of sociopolitical issues prior to undergoing functional (...)
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  5. The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms.Charles Leslie Stevenson - 1937 - Mind 46 (181):14-31.
  6.  13
    Experiences in the Cave, the Closet and the Vat—and in Bed: Leslie F. Stevenson.Leslie F. Stevenson - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (272):167-189.
    The notion of experience plays a deeply ambiguous role in philosophical thinking. In ordinary discourse we say that applicants for employment as joiner, farmhand or nanny should have some previous experience with carpentry, livestock or children. Such uses of the word clearly presuppose the existence of the relevant objects of experience. In other usages the focus is more on the mental effect on the subject , as when someone says that they have had several unpleasant experiences that day–a wetting in (...)
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  7. Hermeneutical Paths to the Sacred Worlds of India Essays in Honour of Robert W. Stevenson.Robert W. Stevenson & Katherine K. Young - 1994
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  8. Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography.James Clifford & George E. Marcus (eds.) - 1986 - University of California Press.
  9.  27
    Facts and Values.Charles L. Stevenson - 1963 - Yale University Press.
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  10. Recursive Well-Orderings.Clifford Spector - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):151-163.
  11.  15
    Philosophy of Logic.Leslie Stevenson - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (86):80.
  12.  23
    Science and Metaphysics: Variations on Kantian Themes.Leslie Stevenson - 1970 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (78):86.
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  13.  76
    Orientalism.James Clifford & Edward W. Said - 1980 - History and Theory 19 (2):204.
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  14.  36
    Available Light: Anthropological Reflections on Philosophical Topics.Clifford Geertz - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    In this collection of essays, Clifford Geertz explores the nature of his anthropological work in relation to a broader public, serving as the foremost spokesperson of his generation of scholars, those who came of age after World War II. ...
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  15. Persuasive Definitions.Charles Leslie Stevenson - 1938 - Mind 47 (187):331-350.
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  16.  9
    Deduction From Uncertain Premises.Rosemary J. Stevenson & David E. Over - 1995 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A 48 (3):613-643.
    We investigate how the perceived uncertainty of a conditional affects a person's choice of conclusion. We use a novel procedure to introduce uncertainty by manipulating the conditional probability of the consequent given the antecedent. In Experiment 1, we show first that subjects reduce their choice of valid conclusions when a conditional is followed by an additional premise that makes the major premise uncertain. In this we replicate Byrne. These subjects choose, instead, a qualified conclusion expressing uncertainty. If subjects are given (...)
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  17. ``The Ethics of Belief".W. K. Clifford - 1877 - In The Ethics of Belief and Other Essays. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. pp. 70-97.
     
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  18. Clifford, William Kingdom.Luis R. G. Oliveira - forthcoming - In Stewart Goetz & Charles Taliaferro (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion. Wiley-Blackwell.
    W.K. Clifford’s famous 1876 essay The Ethics of Belief contains one of the most memorable lines in the history of philosophy: "it is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence." The challenge to religious belief stemming from this moralized version of evidentialism is still widely discussed today.
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  19.  55
    Phenomenal and Access Consciousness in Olfaction.Richard J. Stevenson - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1004-1017.
    Contemporary literature on consciousness, with some exceptions, rarely considers the olfactory system. In this article the characteristics of olfactory consciousness, viewed from the standpoint of the phenomenal /access distinction, are examined relative to the major senses. The review details several qualitative differences in both olfactory P consciousness and A consciousness . The basis for these differences is argued to arise from the functions that the olfactory system performs and from the unique neural architecture needed to instantiate them. These data suggest, (...)
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  20. Lectures and Essays by the Late William Kingdon Clifford, F.R.S.William Kingdon Clifford, Leslie Stephen & Frederick Pollock - 1918 - Watts & Co.
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  21. The Predicament of Culture Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art.James Clifford - 1988
  22.  83
    Why Believe What People Say?Leslie Stevenson - 1993 - Synthese 94 (3):429 - 451.
    The basic alternatives seem to be either a Humean reductionist view that any particular assertion needs backing with inductive evidence for its reliability before it can retionally be believed, or a Reidian criterial view that testimony is intrinscially, though defeasibly, credible, in the absence of evidence against its reliability.Some recent arguments from the constraints on interpreting any linguistic performances as assertions with propositional content have some force against the reductionist view. We thus have reason to accept the criterial view, at (...)
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  23. Facts and Values.C. L. Stevenson - 1963 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 19 (3):487-487.
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  24.  34
    Facts and Values: Studies in Ethical Analysis.Charles L. Stevenson - 1963 - Greenwood Press.
  25.  66
    The Metaphysics of a- and B-Time.Clifford Williams - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184):371-381.
    The traditional description of A- and B-time is that the former consists of a mind-independent past, present, and future, and that the latter consists solely of the time relations--earlier than, simultaneous with, and later than. Although this description makes it look as if there are two clearly contrasting concepts of time, it does not differentiate the passage of A-time from the succession in B-time. Nor does it explain what it means for events in B-time to be equally real and for (...)
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  26.  16
    Bodily Sensations.J. T. Stevenson - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (4):543.
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  27. The Ethics of Belief.William Clifford - 1879 - In Brian Davies (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28. Opinion, Belief or Faith, and Knowledge.Leslie Stevenson - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:72-101.
    Kant famously said he 'had to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith ’ . But what exactly was his conception of Glaube, and how does it fit into his epistemology? In the first Critique it is not until the concluding Method section that he explicitly addresses these issues. In the Canon of Pure Reason he lists three questions that sum up ‘all interest of my reason’: What can I know? What should I do? What may I hope? (...)
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  29.  46
    Experience Machines, Conflicting Intuitions and the Bipartite Characterization of Well-Being.Chad M. Stevenson - 2018 - Utilitas 30 (4):383-398.
    While Nozick and his sympathizers assume there is a widespread anti-hedonist intuition to prefer reality to an experience machine, hedonists have marshalled empirical evidence that shows such an assumption to be unfounded. Results of several experience machine variants indicate there is no widespread anti-hedonist intuition. From these findings, hedonists claim Nozick's argument fails as an objection to hedonism. This article suggests the argument surrounding experience machines has been misconceived. Rather than eliciting intuitions about what is prudentially valuable, these intuitive judgements (...)
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  30. Ethics and Language.Charles L. Stevenson - 1946 - Science and Society 10 (4):434-437.
     
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  31. Twelve Conceptions of Imagination.Leslie F. Stevenson - 2003 - British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (3):238-59.
    The ability to think of something not presently perceived, but spatio-temporally real. (2) The ability to think of whatever one acknowledges as possible in the spatio-temporal world. (3) The liability to think of something that the subject believes to be real, but which is not. (4) The ability to think of things that one conceives of as fictional. (5) The ability to entertain mental images. (6) The ability to think of anything at all. (7) The non-rational operations of the mind, (...)
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  32.  39
    A Cross-National Comparison of University Students' Perceptions Regarding the Ethics and Acceptability of Sales Practices.Thomas H. Stevenson & Charles D. Bodkin - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (1):45 - 55.
    This scenario-based study examines the perceptions of university students in the United States and Australia regarding the ethics and acceptability of various sales practices. Study results indicate several significant differences between U.S. and Australian university students regarding the perceptions of ethical and acceptable sales practices. These differences centered on company-salesperson and salesperson-customer relationships. The findings are significant for the employer, and have consequences for customers and competitors. They also have implications for recruiters and managers of salespeople, academics with an interest (...)
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  33.  25
    Exploring the Ethics and Economics of Global Labor Standards: A Challenge to Integrated Social Contract Theory.Rodney Stevenson - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2):193-220.
    The challenge that confronts corporate decision-makers in connection with global labor conditions is often in identifying the standardsby which they should govern themselves. In an effort to provide greater direction in the face of possible global cultural conflicts, ethicistsThomas Donaldson and Thomas Dunfee draw on social contract theory to develop a method for identifying basic human rights: Integrated Social Contract Theory (ISCT). In this paper, we apply ISCT to the challenge of global labor standards, attempting to identify labor rights that (...)
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  34.  21
    Olfactory Illusions: Where Are They?Richard J. Stevenson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1887-1898.
    It has been suggested that there maybe no olfactory illusions. This manuscript examines this claim and argues that it arises because olfactory illusions are not typically accompanied by an awareness of their illusory nature. To demonstrate that olfactory illusions do occur, the relevant empirical literature is reviewed, by examining instances of where the same stimulus results in different percepts, and of where different stimuli result in the same percept. The final part of the manuscript evaluates the evidence favoring the existence (...)
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  35. Roundabout the Runabout Inference-Ticket.J. T. Stevenson - 1960 - Analysis 21 (6):124-128.
  36.  89
    The Phenomenology of B-Time.Clifford Williams - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):123-137.
    I argue that our experience of time supports the B-Theory of time and not the A-Theory of time. We do not experience pastness, presentness, and futurity as mind-independent properties of events. My method in supporting this experiential claim is to show that our experience of presentness is like our experience of hereness--in neither case are we aware of a mind-independent property over and above the events or objects to which we ascribe the presentness or hereness.
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  37. Good News: Social Ethics and the Press.Clifford G. Christians, John P. Ferré & P. Mark Fackler - 1993 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Mass media ethics and the classical liberal ideal of the autonomous individual are historically linked and professionally dominant--yet the authors of this work feel this is intrinsically flawed. They show how recent research in philosophy and social science--together with a longer tradition in theological inquiry--insist that community, mutuality, and relationship are fundamental to a full concept of personhood. The authors argue that "persons-in-community" provides a more defensible grounding for journalists' professional moral decision-making in crucial areas such as truthtelling, privacy, organizational (...)
     
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  38. The Ethics of Belief and Other Essays.William Kingdon Clifford - 1947 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  39.  67
    Six Levels of Mentality.Leslie Stevenson - 2002 - Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):105-124.
    Examination of recent debates about belief shows the need to distinguish: (a) non-linguistic informational states in animal perception; (b) the uncritical use of language, e.g. by children; (c) adult humans' reasoned judgments. If we also distinguish between mind-directed and object-directed mental states, we have: Perceptual 'beliefs' of animals and infants about their material environment. 'Beliefs' of animals and infants about the mental states of others. Linguistically-expressible beliefs about the world, resulting from e.g. the uncritical tendency to believe what we are (...)
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  40. Ten Theories of Human Nature.Leslie Forster Stevenson - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Over three previous editions, Ten Theories of Human Nature has been a remarkably popular introduction to some of the most influential developments in Western and Eastern thought. This thoroughly revised fourth edition features substantial new chapters on Aristotle and on evolutionary theories of human nature; the latter centers on Edward O. Wilson but also outlines the ideas of Emile Durkheim, B. F. Skinner, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, Noam Chomsky, and recent evolutionary psychology. This edition also includes a rewritten introduction that (...)
     
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  41.  30
    Reasoning From Uncertain Premises: Effects of Expertise and Conversational Context.Rosemary J. Stevenson & David E. Over - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (4):367 – 390.
    Four experiments investigated uncertainty about a premise in a deductive argument as a function of the expertise of the speaker and of the conversational context. The procedure mimicked everyday reasoning in that participants were not told that the premises were to be treated as certain. The results showed that the perceived likelihood of a conclusion was greater when the major or the minor premise was uttered by an expert rather than a novice (Experiment 1). The results also showed that uncertainty (...)
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  42. Routes Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century.James Clifford - 1997
     
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  43.  4
    Philosophy of Logic.Leslie Stevenson - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):366-367.
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  44.  11
    G. S. Kavka, "Moral Paradoxes of Nuclear Deterrence". [REVIEW]Leslie Stevenson - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (55):250.
  45.  25
    A Proximal Perspective on Disgust.Richard J. Stevenson, Trevor I. Case, Megan J. Oaten, Lorenzo Stafford & Supreet Saluja - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (3):209-225.
    The functional basis of disgust in disease avoidance is widely accepted; however, there is disagreement over what disgust is. This is a significant problem, as basic questions about disgust require...
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  46. The Nature of Ethical Disagreement.Charles L. Stevenson - 1998 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
  47. The Predicament of Culture.James Clifford, George E. Marcus & Clifford Geertz - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):635-649.
  48.  17
    Assessing Information and Best Practices for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness.Clifford M. Rees, Daniel O'Brien, Peter A. Briss, Joan Miles, Poki Namkung & Patrick M. Libbey - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):42-46.
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  49.  11
    Relative Identity.Leslie Stevenson - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):83.
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  50.  7
    Meaning and the Moral Sciences.Leslie Stevenson - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (115):176-178.
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