Results for 'Collin O���Neil'

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  1. Profile Evidence, Fairness, and the Risks of Mistaken Convictions.Marcello Di Bello & Collin O’Neil - 2020 - Ethics 130 (2):147-178.
    Many oppose the use of profile evidence against defendants at trial, even when the statistical correlations are reliable and the jury is free from prejudice. The literature has struggled to justify this opposition. We argue that admitting profile evidence is objectionable because it violates what we call “equal protection”—that is, a right of innocent defendants not to be exposed to higher ex ante risks of mistaken conviction compared to other innocent defendants facing similar charges. We also show why admitting other (...)
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  2. Betraying Trust.Collin O'Neil - 2017 - In Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.), The Philosophy of Trust. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 70-89.
    Trust not only disposes us to feel betrayed, trust can be betrayed. Understanding what a betrayal of trust is requires understanding how trust can ground an obligation on the part of the trusted person to act specifically as trusted. This essay argues that, since trust cannot ground an appropriate obligation where there is no prior obligation, a betrayal of trust should instead be conceived as the violation of a trust-based obligation to respect an already existing obligation. Two forms of trust (...)
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  3.  20
    Current Controversies in Bioethics, Edited by S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil. [REVIEW]Nada Gligorov - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (4):513-516.
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  4.  9
    The Practice of Pharmaceutics and the Obligation to Expand Access to Investigational Drugs.Michael Buckley & Collin O’Neil - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):193-211.
    Do pharmaceutical companies have a moral obligation to expand access to investigational drugs to patients outside the clinical trial? One reason for thinking they do not is that expanded access programs might negatively affect the clinical trial process. This potential impact creates dilemmas for practitioners who nevertheless acknowledge some moral reason for expanding access. Bioethicists have explained these reasons in terms of beneficence, compassion, or a principle of rescue, but their arguments have been limited to questions of moral permissibility, leaving (...)
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  5.  92
    Lying, Trust, and Gratitude.Collin O'neil - 2012 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 40 (4):301-333.
    Among the various methods of deceit, lying is often thought to be a special affront on the grounds that it invites the victim’s trust. Such an explanation is incomplete without an account of the moral significance of trust. This article distinguishes two morally problematic relations to trust, betrayals and abuses, and, appealing to the idea that we should be grateful to be trusted, attempts to explain these wrongs as violations of distinct demands of gratitude for trust. Only the wrong of (...)
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  6.  34
    When Scientists Deceive: Applying the Federal Regulations.Collin C. O'Neil & Franklin G. Miller - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):344-350.
    Deception is a useful methodological device for studying attitudes and behavior, but deceptive studies fail to fulfill the informed consent requirements in the U.S. federal regulations. This means that before they can be approved by Institutional Review Boards, they must satisfy the four regulatory conditions for a waiver or alteration of these requirements. To illustrate our interpretation, we apply the conditions to a recent study that used deception to show that subjects judged the same wine as more enjoyable when they (...)
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  7.  53
    Methodological and Inducement Manipulation.Collin O’Neil - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):55-57.
  8. Consent in Clinical Research.Collin O'Neil - 2018 - In Andreas Müller & Peter Schaber (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 297-310.
    This article addresses two areas of continuing controversy about consent in clinical research: the question of when consent to low risk research is necessary, and the question of when consent to research is valid. The article identifies a number of considerations relevant to determining whether consent is necessary, chief of which is whether the study would involve subjects in ways that would (otherwise) infringe their rights. When consent is necessary, there is a further question of under what conditions consent is (...)
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  9.  8
    Current Controversies in Bioethics.S. Matthew Liao & Collin O'Neil (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered (...)
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  10.  2
    Commentary on ‘Autonomy-Based Criticisms of the Patient Preference Predictor’.Collin O'Neil - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (5):315-316.
    When a patient lacks sufficient capacity to make a certain treatment decision, whether because of deficits in their ability to make a judgement that reflects their values or to make a decision that reflects their judgement or both, the decision must be made by a surrogate. Often the best way to respect the patient’s autonomy, in such cases, is for the surrogate to make a ‘substituted’ judgement on behalf of the patient, which is the decision that best reflects the patient’s (...)
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  11.  7
    Pharmaceutical Research, Democracy and Conspiracy: International Clinical Trials in Local Medical Institutions by Edison Bicudo. Surrey, UK and Burlington, VT: Gower Publishing Limited and Ashgate Publishing Company, 2014. 175pp . US$94.96 & £54.00 . ISBN: 978‐1‐4724‐2357‐3. [REVIEW]Collin O'neil - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):55-57.
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  12.  9
    O'NEIL, CHARLES J. . "An Etienne Gilson Tribute". [REVIEW]James Collins - 1959 - Modern Schoolman 37:321.
  13.  5
    A Foray Into the Worlds of Animals and Humans: With a Theory of Meaning.Joseph D. O'Neil (ed.) - 2010 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Is the tick a machine or a machine operator? Is it a mere object or a subject? With these questions, the pioneering biophilosopher Jakob von Uexküll embarks on a remarkable exploration of the unique social and physical environments that individual animal species, as well as individuals within species, build and inhabit. This concept of the umwelt has become enormously important within posthumanist philosophy, influencing such figures as Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Deleuze and Guattari, and, most recently, Giorgio Agamben, who has called Uexküll (...)
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  14.  37
    The Influence of Supervisory Behavioral Integrity on Intent to Comply with Organizational Ethical Standards and Organizational Commitment.Janie Harden Fritz, Naomi Bell O’Neil, Ann Marie Popp, Cory Williams & Ronald C. Arnett - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):251-263.
    We examined cynicism as a mediator of the influence of managers’ mission-congruent communication and behavior about ethical standards (a form of supervisory behavioral integrity) on employee attitudes and intended behavior. Results indicated that cynicism partially mediates the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and organizational commitment, but not the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and intent to comply with organizational expectations for employee conduct.
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  15.  17
    Are Ethics Committee Members Competent to Consult?Diane Hoffmann, Anita Tarzian & J. Anne O'Neil - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):30-40.
    A significant amount of discussion in the bioethics community has been devoted to the question of whether individuals performing ethics consultations in healthcare institutions have any special expertise. In addition, articles in the lay press have questioned the “added value” that bioethicists bring to ethical dilemmas. Those at the forefront of the bioethics community have argued repeatedly that those doing ethics consults cannot simply be well-intentioned individuals, that some training in bioethics, group process, and facilitation is necessary to competently execute (...)
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  16.  20
    Are Ethics Committee Members Competent to Consult?Diane Hoffmann, Anita Tarzian & J. Anne O'Neil - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):30-40.
    A significant amount of discussion in the bioethics community has been devoted to the question of whether individuals performing ethics consultations in healthcare institutions have any special expertise. In addition, articles in the lay press have questioned the “added value” that bioethicists bring to ethical dilemmas. Those at the forefront of the bioethics community have argued repeatedly that those doing ethics consults cannot simply be well-intentioned individuals, that some training in bioethics, group process, and facilitation is necessary to competently execute (...)
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  17. Intrinsic Value, Moral Standing, and Species.Rick O’Neil - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):45-52.
    Environmental philosophers often conflate the concepts of intrinsic value and moral standing. As a result, individualists needlessly deny intrinsic value to species, while holists falsely attribute moral standing to species. Conceived either as classes or as historical individuals, at least some species possess intrinsic value. Nevertheless, even if a species has interests or a good of its own, it cannot have moral standing because species lack sentience. Although there is a basis for duties toward some species (in terms of their (...)
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  18.  55
    Women’s Careers at the Start of the 21st Century: Patterns and Paradoxes.Deborah A. O’Neil, Margaret M. Hopkins & Diana Bilimoria - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):727-743.
    In this article we assess the extant literature on women's careers appearing in selected career, management and psychology journals from 1990 to the present to determine what is currently known about the state of women's careers at the dawn of the 21st century. Based on this review, we identify four patterns that cumulatively contribute to the current state of the literature on women's careers: women's careers are embedded in women's larger-life contexts, families and careers are central to women's lives, women's (...)
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  19.  19
    Epistemological Direct Realism in Descartes' Philosophy.Brian E. O'Neil - 1974 - University of New Mexico Press.
  20.  34
    Women’s Careers at the Start of the 21st Century: Patterns and Paradoxes. [REVIEW]Deborah A. O’Neil, Margaret M. Hopkins & Diana Bilimoria - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):727 - 743.
    In this article we assess the extant literature on women’s careers appearing in selected career, management and psychology journals from 1990 to the present to determine what is currently known about the state of women’s careers at the dawn of the 21st century. Based on this review, we identify four patterns that cumulatively contribute to the current state of the literature on women’s careers: women’s careers are embedded in women’s larger-life contexts, families and careers are central to women’s lives, women’s (...)
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  21.  42
    Abrams on Active and Passive Euthanasia.Richard A. O'Neil - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (214):547 - 549.
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  22.  13
    Authentic Leadership: Application to Women Leaders.Margaret M. Hopkins & Deborah A. O’Neil - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  45
    Economic Criteria Versus Ethical Criteria Toward Resolving a Basic Dilemma in Business.Robert F. O'Neil & Darlene A. Pienta - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (1):71 - 78.
    Today''s headlines suggest that economic criteria alone is the basis for business decision-making. This paper argues that while profitability is a legitimate end of business, it must be moderated by ethical considerations. But can business be both successfuland ethical? Practical examples highlight individuals who chose profitability over ethical responsibility and those who chose and continue to choose both. The authors propose that there is an ethical person profile. Corporate managers can resolve the profits vs ethics dilemma by modeling ethical behavior.
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  24.  3
    Vedantic Approaches to God.L. Thomas O'Neil - 1982 - Philosophy East and West 32 (2):218-219.
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  25.  9
    Ethics and Epistemology: Ecclesial Existence in a Postmodern Era.Michael O'Neil - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (1):21 - 40.
    This essay endeavors to show that application of a universalist epistemic method in theological ethics results in a construal of God, which is, from a biblical perspective, reductionist, and is a form of ethics in which universality is achieved at the expense of plurality. It argues for the formal possibility of an ecclesial ethics grounded in a tradition-centered rationality. It further argues that such an ethic need not result in a narrow and defensive sectarianism, a rigid and static orthodoxy, or (...)
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  26.  2
    Brian O'Neil 1921 - 1985.Howard N. Tuttle - 1986 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59 (5):727 -.
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  27. Fact and Theory: An Aspect of the Philosophy of Science.William Matthew O'Neil - 1969 - London: Methuen.
  28.  6
    The Fortunes of Avant-Garde Poetry.Mary Anne O'Neil - 2001 - Philosophy and Literature 25 (1):142-154.
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  29. Being Seen: Headscarves and the Contestation of Public Space in Turkey.Mary Lou O'Neil - 2008 - European Journal of Women's Studies 15 (2):101-115.
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  30. Edward N. O'Neil.: Teles (The Cynic Teacher). (Society of Biblical Literature, Texts and Translations Number 11, Graeco-Roman Religion No. 3.) Pp. Xxv + 97. Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1977. Paper. [REVIEW]John Glucker - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (01):150-151.
  31.  16
    Recognition Memory is Improved by a Structured Temporal Framework During Encoding.Sathesan Thavabalasingam, Edward B. O’Neil, Zheng Zeng & Andy C. H. Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  40
    Cartesian Simple Natures.Brian E. O'Neil - 1972 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 10 (2):161-179.
  33.  26
    Local Agro-Ecological Knowledge and its Relationship to Farmers' Pest Management Decision Making in Rural Honduras.Kris A. G. Wyckhuys & Robert J. O’Neil - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (3):307-321.
    Integrated pest management (IPM) has been widely promoted in the developing world, but in many regions its adoption rates have been variable. Experience has shown that to ensure IPM adoption, the complexities of local agro-production systems and context-specific folk knowledge need to be appreciated. Our research explored the linkages between farmer knowledge, pest management decision making, and ecological attributes of subsistence maize agriculture. We report a case study from four rural communities in the highlands of southeast Honduras. Communities were typified (...)
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  34.  23
    Determining Proxy Consent.Richard O'Neil - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (4):389-403.
    The paper clarifies the relative merits and proper roles of standards of review in the determination of proxy consent for those unable to make decisions concerning their own medical treatment. The "substituted judgment" standard asks which treatment the incompetent person would choose if competent, while the "best interests" test asks which treatment would benefit the patient. The tests are discussed in relation to the moral principles of autonomy and beneficence which provide their justification. I distinguish six types of cases involving (...)
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  35.  55
    Animal Liberation Versus Environmentalism.Rick O’Neil - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (2):183-190.
    Animal liberationism and environmentalism generally are considered incompatible positions. But, properly conceived, they simply provide answers to different questions, concerning moral standing and intrinsic value, respectively. The two views together constitute an environmental ethic that combines environmental justice and environmental care. I show that this approach is not only consistent but defensible.
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  36.  13
    Accurate Monitoring Leads to Effective Control and Greater Learning of Patient Education Materials.Katherine A. Rawson, Rochelle O'Neil & John Dunlosky - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 17 (3):288-302.
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  37. Ayn Rand and the Is-Ought Problem.Patrick O'neil - 1983 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 7 (1):81-99.
     
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  38. "Academic Freedom as a" Canonical Value".Robert M. O'Neil - 2009 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (2):437-450.
    The central thesis of this article is that academic freedom has indeed become a "canonical value" of American higher education, though not for the reasons that conventional wisdom might posit. As recently as a half century ago, few university administrators or governing boards felt constrained in dismissing or refusing to hire outspoken professors. The quite remote risk of potential legal liability for such adverse action posed a minor deterrent. The Supreme Court's first recognition of academic freedom came only in the (...)
     
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  39. Near Term Artificial Intelligence and the Ethical Matrix.Hanna Gunn & Cathy O'Neil - 2020 - In S. Matthew Liao (ed.), Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. New York, NY, USA: pp. 235-269.
    In this paper we take up the issue of near-term artificial intelligence (AI). "Near-term AI" is used to denote artificial intelligence algorithms that are already in place in a variety of public and private sectors, guiding decision that pertain to advertising, credit ratings, and sentencing in the justice system. Our focus here is to contribute to a critical discussion of the ways that AI is already being widely used in decision-making procedures in these areas. We will argue that developers and (...)
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  40.  27
    Gender and Leadership: A Frame Analysis of University Home Web Page Images.Kristine F. Hoover, Deborah A. O’Neil & Michael Poutiatine - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (1):15-27.
    With calls for (business) leaders to contribute to greater global fairness and social justice (BAWB 2006; Maak and Pless Journal of Business Ethics, 88, 537–550, 2009), this paper considers gender equality on University home web page images as one means of communicating equal access to leadership roles for both men and women. Although there are many paths for leadership development, one important purpose of Universities is to create people who will potentially become leaders in our society (Shapiro 2005). We analyzed (...)
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  41. Autonomy in Nursing.Mary O'Neil Mundinger - 1980 - Aspen Systems.
  42.  51
    Freedom.Charles J. O'Neil - 1941 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 16 (2):388-389.
  43.  45
    The Triumph of the Theaetetus (Part Two; to Be Concluded in Modern Schoolman 11: 4 [May 1934]).Charles J. O'Neil - 1934 - Modern Schoolman 11 (3):55-59.
  44.  38
    Is Prudence Love?Charles J. O’Neil - 1974 - The Monist 58 (1):119-139.
    This question takes us to the very center of the cooperation of the human powers in the act of choice. If prudence is wanting, that act of dominion is neither truly human nor truly praiseworthy. Unless there can be truly praiseworthy human excellence in the absence of love the answer to our question ought to be affirmative. Surely the affirmative answer is favored by I Cor. 13:13 and John 14:23. Is the dominion then still human? A negative answer to the (...)
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  45.  28
    Aristotle’s Natural Slave Reexamined.Charles J. O’Neil - 1953 - New Scholasticism 27 (3):247-279.
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  46.  28
    Modern Social and Political Philosophies: Burkean Conservatism and Classical Liberalism. [REVIEW]Patrick O’Neil - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):108-109.
  47.  27
    Is Locke’s State the Secular State?Charles J. O’Neil - 1952 - New Scholasticism 26 (4):424-440.
  48.  7
    The Exile of Themistokles and Democracy in the Peloponnese.J. L. O'Neil - 1981 - Classical Quarterly 31 (02):335-.
    The period after the repulse of Xerxes' invasion is one of the more obscure in Greek history, and this is particularly true of the eclipse of Themistokles and the history of the Peloponnese in the seventies and sixties. On the period of Themistokles' ostracism before the flight which led him to Persia Thucydides says only that he was ostracized and lived at Argos while also travelling to the rest of the Peloponnese. Other writers add a few details to Thucydides' account (...)
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  49.  41
    Interpreting the World, Changing the World.Onora O’Neil - 2013 - Philosophy Now 95:8-9.
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  50. An Etienne Gilson Tribute.Charles J. O'Neil - 1959 - Milwaukee, Marquette Univ. Press.
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