Results for 'Collin O���Neil'

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  1. Profile Evidence, Fairness, and the Risks of Mistaken Convictions.Marcello Di Bello & Collin O’Neil - 2020 - Ethics 130 (2):147-178.
    Many oppose the use of profile evidence against defendants at trial, even when the statistical correlations are reliable and the jury is free from prejudice. The literature has struggled to justify this opposition. We argue that admitting profile evidence is objectionable because it violates what we call “equal protection”—that is, a right of innocent defendants not to be exposed to higher ex ante risks of mistaken conviction compared to other innocent defendants facing similar charges. We also show why admitting other (...)
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  2.  82
    Lying, Trust, and Gratitude.Collin O'neil - 2012 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 40 (4):301-333.
    Among the various methods of deceit, lying is often thought to be a special affront on the grounds that it invites the victim’s trust. Such an explanation is incomplete without an account of the moral significance of trust. This article distinguishes two morally problematic relations to trust, betrayals and abuses, and, appealing to the idea that we should be grateful to be trusted, attempts to explain these wrongs as violations of distinct demands of gratitude for trust. Only the wrong of (...)
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  3.  81
    Betraying Trust.Collin O'Neil - 2017 - In Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.), The Philosophy of Trust. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 70-89.
    Trust not only disposes us to feel betrayed, trust can be betrayed. Understanding what a betrayal of trust is requires understanding how trust can ground an obligation on the part of the trusted person to act specifically as trusted. This essay argues that, since trust cannot ground an appropriate obligation where there is no prior obligation, a betrayal of trust should instead be conceived as the violation of a trust-based obligation to respect an already existing obligation. Two forms of trust (...)
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  4. Consent in Clinical Research.Collin O'Neil - 2018 - In Andreas Müller & Peter Schaber (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 297-310.
    This article addresses two areas of continuing controversy about consent in clinical research: the question of when consent to low risk research is necessary, and the question of when consent to research is valid. The article identifies a number of considerations relevant to determining whether consent is necessary, chief of which is whether the study would involve subjects in ways that would (otherwise) infringe their rights. When consent is necessary, there is a further question of under what conditions consent is (...)
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  5.  32
    When Scientists Deceive: Applying the Federal Regulations.Collin C. O'Neil & Franklin G. Miller - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):344-350.
    Deception is a useful methodological device for studying attitudes and behavior, but deceptive studies fail to fulfill the informed consent requirements in the U.S. federal regulations. This means that before they can be approved by Institutional Review Boards, they must satisfy the four regulatory conditions for a waiver or alteration of these requirements. To illustrate our interpretation, we apply the conditions to a recent study that used deception to show that subjects judged the same wine as more enjoyable when they (...)
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  6.  7
    The Practice of Pharmaceutics and the Obligation to Expand Access to Investigational Drugs.Michael Buckley & Collin O’Neil - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):193-211.
    Do pharmaceutical companies have a moral obligation to expand access to investigational drugs to patients outside the clinical trial? One reason for thinking they do not is that expanded access programs might negatively affect the clinical trial process. This potential impact creates dilemmas for practitioners who nevertheless acknowledge some moral reason for expanding access. Bioethicists have explained these reasons in terms of beneficence, compassion, or a principle of rescue, but their arguments have been limited to questions of moral permissibility, leaving (...)
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  7.  35
    Methodological and Inducement Manipulation.Collin O’Neil - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):55-57.
  8.  18
    Current Controversies in Bioethics, Edited by S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil. [REVIEW]Nada Gligorov - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (4):513-516.
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  9. Current Controversies in Bioethics.S. Matthew Liao & Collin O'Neil (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered (...)
     
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  10.  7
    Pharmaceutical Research, Democracy and Conspiracy: International Clinical Trials in Local Medical Institutions by Edison Bicudo. Surrey, UK and Burlington, VT: Gower Publishing Limited and Ashgate Publishing Company, 2014. 175pp . US$94.96 & £54.00 . ISBN: 978‐1‐4724‐2357‐3. [REVIEW]Collin O'neil - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):55-57.
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  11.  9
    O'NEIL, CHARLES J. . "An Etienne Gilson Tribute". [REVIEW]James Collins - 1959 - Modern Schoolman 37:321.
  12.  19
    Epistemological Direct Realism in Descartes' Philosophy.Brian E. O'Neil - 1974 - University of New Mexico Press.
  13.  21
    Minimal Risk, Administrative Firm Trials, and Informed Consent.T. J. O'Neil, H. Goldberg & H. McGough - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 14 (3):9-10.
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  14.  15
    Are Ethics Committee Members Competent to Consult?Diane Hoffmann, Anita Tarzian & J. Anne O'Neil - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):30-40.
    A significant amount of discussion in the bioethics community has been devoted to the question of whether individuals performing ethics consultations in healthcare institutions have any special expertise. In addition, articles in the lay press have questioned the “added value” that bioethicists bring to ethical dilemmas. Those at the forefront of the bioethics community have argued repeatedly that those doing ethics consults cannot simply be well-intentioned individuals, that some training in bioethics, group process, and facilitation is necessary to competently execute (...)
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  15.  36
    The Influence of Supervisory Behavioral Integrity on Intent to Comply with Organizational Ethical Standards and Organizational Commitment.Janie Harden Fritz, Naomi Bell O’Neil, Ann Marie Popp, Cory Williams & Ronald C. Arnett - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):251-263.
    We examined cynicism as a mediator of the influence of managers’ mission-congruent communication and behavior about ethical standards (a form of supervisory behavioral integrity) on employee attitudes and intended behavior. Results indicated that cynicism partially mediates the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and organizational commitment, but not the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and intent to comply with organizational expectations for employee conduct.
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  16.  53
    Women’s Careers at the Start of the 21st Century: Patterns and Paradoxes.Deborah A. O’Neil, Margaret M. Hopkins & Diana Bilimoria - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):727-743.
    In this article we assess the extant literature on women's careers appearing in selected career, management and psychology journals from 1990 to the present to determine what is currently known about the state of women's careers at the dawn of the 21st century. Based on this review, we identify four patterns that cumulatively contribute to the current state of the literature on women's careers: women's careers are embedded in women's larger-life contexts, families and careers are central to women's lives, women's (...)
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  17. A Foray Into the Worlds of Animals and Humans: With a Theory of Meaning.Joseph D. O'Neil (ed.) - 2010 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Is the tick a machine or a machine operator? Is it a mere object or a subject? With these questions, the pioneering biophilosopher Jakob von Uexküll embarks on a remarkable exploration of the unique social and physical environments that individual animal species, as well as individuals within species, build and inhabit. This concept of the umwelt has become enormously important within posthumanist philosophy, influencing such figures as Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Deleuze and Guattari, and, most recently, Giorgio Agamben, who has called Uexküll (...)
     
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  18. Intrinsic Value, Moral Standing, and Species.Rick O’Neil - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):45-52.
    Environmental philosophers often conflate the concepts of intrinsic value and moral standing. As a result, individualists needlessly deny intrinsic value to species, while holists falsely attribute moral standing to species. Conceived either as classes or as historical individuals, at least some species possess intrinsic value. Nevertheless, even if a species has interests or a good of its own, it cannot have moral standing because species lack sentience. Although there is a basis for duties toward some species (in terms of their (...)
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  19.  19
    Are Ethics Committee Members Competent to Consult?Diane Hoffmann, Anita Tarzian & J. Anne O'Neil - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):30-40.
    A significant amount of discussion in the bioethics community has been devoted to the question of whether individuals performing ethics consultations in healthcare institutions have any special expertise. In addition, articles in the lay press have questioned the “added value” that bioethicists bring to ethical dilemmas. Those at the forefront of the bioethics community have argued repeatedly that those doing ethics consults cannot simply be well-intentioned individuals, that some training in bioethics, group process, and facilitation is necessary to competently execute (...)
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  20.  33
    Women’s Careers at the Start of the 21st Century: Patterns and Paradoxes. [REVIEW]Deborah A. O’Neil, Margaret M. Hopkins & Diana Bilimoria - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):727 - 743.
    In this article we assess the extant literature on women’s careers appearing in selected career, management and psychology journals from 1990 to the present to determine what is currently known about the state of women’s careers at the dawn of the 21st century. Based on this review, we identify four patterns that cumulatively contribute to the current state of the literature on women’s careers: women’s careers are embedded in women’s larger-life contexts, families and careers are central to women’s lives, women’s (...)
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  21.  44
    Economic Criteria Versus Ethical Criteria Toward Resolving a Basic Dilemma in Business.Robert F. O'Neil & Darlene A. Pienta - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (1):71 - 78.
    Today''s headlines suggest that economic criteria alone is the basis for business decision-making. This paper argues that while profitability is a legitimate end of business, it must be moderated by ethical considerations. But can business be both successfuland ethical? Practical examples highlight individuals who chose profitability over ethical responsibility and those who chose and continue to choose both. The authors propose that there is an ethical person profile. Corporate managers can resolve the profits vs ethics dilemma by modeling ethical behavior.
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  22.  12
    Authentic Leadership: Application to Women Leaders.Margaret M. Hopkins & Deborah A. O’Neil - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  3
    Vedantic Approaches to God.L. Thomas O'Neil - 1982 - Philosophy East and West 32 (2):218-219.
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  24.  1
    Buried Treasure: Contradictions in the Perception and Reality of Women's Leadership.Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah Anne O'Neil, Diana Bilimoria & Alison Broadfoot - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The impact of gender on assessments of leadership performance and leadership potential was examined through two clusters of leadership behaviors, one set related to traditional constructions of leadership labeled directing others and another associated with contemporary constructions of leadership labeled engaging others. Based on data collected from a sample of 91 senior leaders in one US financial services organization over a 3-year period prior to Covid-19, the results showed a negative relationship between directing others behaviors and leadership potential ratings for (...)
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  25.  39
    Cartesian Simple Natures.Brian E. O'Neil - 1972 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 10 (2):161-179.
  26.  23
    Determining Proxy Consent.Richard O'Neil - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (4):389-403.
    The paper clarifies the relative merits and proper roles of standards of review in the determination of proxy consent for those unable to make decisions concerning their own medical treatment. The "substituted judgment" standard asks which treatment the incompetent person would choose if competent, while the "best interests" test asks which treatment would benefit the patient. The tests are discussed in relation to the moral principles of autonomy and beneficence which provide their justification. I distinguish six types of cases involving (...)
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  27.  16
    Recognition Memory is Improved by a Structured Temporal Framework During Encoding.Sathesan Thavabalasingam, Edward B. O’Neil, Zheng Zeng & Andy C. H. Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28.  49
    Animal Liberation Versus Environmentalism.Rick O’Neil - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (2):183-190.
    Animal liberationism and environmentalism generally are considered incompatible positions. But, properly conceived, they simply provide answers to different questions, concerning moral standing and intrinsic value, respectively. The two views together constitute an environmental ethic that combines environmental justice and environmental care. I show that this approach is not only consistent but defensible.
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  29. Epistemological Direct Realism in Descartes' Philosophy.Brian E. O'neil - 1976 - Critica 8 (24):128-130.
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  30. An Etienne Gilson Tribute.Charles J. O'Neil - 1959 - Milwaukee, Marquette Univ. Press.
  31.  13
    Accurate Monitoring Leads to Effective Control and Greater Learning of Patient Education Materials.Katherine A. Rawson, Rochelle O'Neil & John Dunlosky - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 17 (3):288-302.
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  32.  1
    Contemporary Social and Political Theory: An Introduction.Fidelma Ashe, Alan Finlavson, Moya Lloyd, Iain MacKenzie, James Martin & Shane O'Neil (eds.) - 1998 - Open University Press.
    This introduction to contemporary social and political theory examines the impact of new ideas such as feminist theory, poststructuralism, hermeneutics and critical theory. The innovations brought by these intellectual traditions of Europe and America are outlined and discussed. Rather than focus on individual thinkers, the authors take a "conceptual" approach by examining contemporary theories through themes such as "critique", "rationality", "power", "the subject", "the body", and "culture". Each chapter considers the evolution of a concept and examines the major debates and (...)
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  33. Fact and Theory: An Aspect of the Philosophy of Science.W. M. O'NEIL - 1969 - London: Methuen.
  34. Sexuality and Moral Responsibility.Robert P. O'Neil - 1968 - Washington: Corpus Books.
  35. An Étienne Gilson Tribute Presented by His North American Students with a Response by Etienne Gilson. --.Charles J. O'neil - 1959 - Marquette University Press.
    Excerpt from An Etienne Gilson Tribute: Presented by His North American Students With a Response by Etienne Gilson The statement of these basic positions does not, of course, sweep away the special difficulties of predicating science or scientific of God. And these difficulties we ought now to gather together from St. Thomas' various Statements of them. There is the argument, for example, that science shares the lot of all intellectual k'nowledges in the accidentality of its being; whereas God is Without (...)
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  36. Māyā in Śaṅkara: Measuring the Immeasurable.L. Thomas O'Neil - 1980 - Motilal Banarsidass.
     
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  37.  9
    Ethics and Epistemology: Ecclesial Existence in a Postmodern Era.Michael O'Neil - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (1):21 - 40.
    This essay endeavors to show that application of a universalist epistemic method in theological ethics results in a construal of God, which is, from a biblical perspective, reductionist, and is a form of ethics in which universality is achieved at the expense of plurality. It argues for the formal possibility of an ecclesial ethics grounded in a tradition-centered rationality. It further argues that such an ethic need not result in a narrow and defensive sectarianism, a rigid and static orthodoxy, or (...)
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  38.  40
    Abrams on Active and Passive Euthanasia.Richard A. O'Neil - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (214):547 - 549.
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  39.  42
    Killing, Letting Die, and Justice.Richard O'Neil - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):124 - 125.
  40.  35
    Rawls, the Right of Emigration, the Muted Premise of the Original Position.Patrick M. O'Neil - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):489-501.
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  41.  22
    Rawls, the Right of Emigration, and the Muted Promise of the Original Position.Patrick M. O'Neil - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):489-501.
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  42.  7
    The Exile of Themistokles and Democracy in the Peloponnese.J. L. O'Neil - 1981 - Classical Quarterly 31 (02):335-.
    The period after the repulse of Xerxes' invasion is one of the more obscure in Greek history, and this is particularly true of the eclipse of Themistokles and the history of the Peloponnese in the seventies and sixties. On the period of Themistokles' ostracism before the flight which led him to Persia Thucydides says only that he was ostracized and lived at Argos while also travelling to the rest of the Peloponnese. Other writers add a few details to Thucydides' account (...)
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  43.  2
    Brian O'Neil 1921 - 1985.Howard N. Tuttle - 1986 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59 (5):727 -.
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  44.  6
    The Fortunes of Avant-Garde Poetry.Mary Anne O'Neil - 2001 - Philosophy and Literature 25 (1):142-154.
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  45. Being Seen: Headscarves and the Contestation of Public Space in Turkey.Mary Lou O'Neil - 2008 - European Journal of Women's Studies 15 (2):101-115.
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  46.  9
    Earthcare: An Anthology in Environmental Ethics.Spencer Abraham, Ray Anderson, Nik Ansell, St Thomas Aquinas, St Francis of Assisi, William Baxter, Philip J. Bentley, Joachim Blatter, Murray Bookchin, Maya Brennan, Majora Carter, Carl Cohen, Deane Curtin, Herman Daly, Bill Devall, Calvin DeWitt, David Ehrenfeld, Paul, Anne Ehrlich, Robert Elliot, Stuart Ewen, Nuria Fernandez, Stephen Gardiner, Ramachandra Guha, Garrett Hardin, Eugene Hargrove, John Hasse, Po-Keung Ip, Ralf Isenmann, Kauser Jahan, Marianne B. Karsh, Andrew Kernohan, Marti Kheel, Kenneth Kraft, Aldo Leopold, Miriam MacGillis, Juan Martinez-Alier, Ed McGaa, Katie McShane, Roberto Mechoso, Arne Naess, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Michael Nelson, Bryan Norton, Philip Nyhus, John O'Neil, Stephen Pacala, Ernest Partridge, Erv Peterson & Tom Regan - 2009 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Earthcare: Readings and Cases in Environmental Ethics presents a diverse collection of writings from a variety of authors on environmental ethics, environmental science, and the environmental movement overall. Exploring a broad range of world views, religions and philosophies, David W. Clowney and Patricia Mosto bring together insightful thoughts on the ethical issues arising in various areas of environmental concern.
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  47.  27
    Gender and Leadership: A Frame Analysis of University Home Web Page Images.Kristine F. Hoover, Deborah A. O’Neil & Michael Poutiatine - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (1):15-27.
    With calls for (business) leaders to contribute to greater global fairness and social justice (BAWB 2006; Maak and Pless Journal of Business Ethics, 88, 537–550, 2009), this paper considers gender equality on University home web page images as one means of communicating equal access to leadership roles for both men and women. Although there are many paths for leadership development, one important purpose of Universities is to create people who will potentially become leaders in our society (Shapiro 2005). We analyzed (...)
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  48. Edward N. O'Neil.: Teles (The Cynic Teacher). (Society of Biblical Literature, Texts and Translations Number 11, Graeco-Roman Religion No. 3.) Pp. Xxv + 97. Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1977. Paper. [REVIEW]John Glucker - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (01):150-151.
  49.  13
    The Twentieth-Century Humanist Critics From Spitzer to Frye (Review).Mary Anne O'Neil - 2010 - Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 260-262.
    In The Twentieth-Century Humanists from Spitzer to Frye, William Calin examines the contributions of eight scholar-critics who produced their most important work between the mid-1930s and the early 1960s, before the advent of contemporary critical theory. Five are from Continental Europe. Leo Spitzer, Robert Curtius and Erich Auerbach were German-language students of Romance literatures, while Albert Béguin and Jean Rousset, both speakers of French, were leading figures of the Geneva school. Calin also includes English-language scholars: the Oxford don C. S. (...)
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  50. Autonomy in Nursing.Mary O'Neil Mundinger - 1980 - Aspen Systems.
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