Results for 'Connor Boyle'

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  1. Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Ross Upshur, Beatriz Thome, Michael Parker, Aaron Glickman, Cathy Zhang & Connor Boyle - 2020 - New England Journal of Medicine 45:10.1056/NEJMsb2005114.
    Four ethical values — maximizing benefits, treating equally, promoting and rewarding instrumental value, and giving priority to the worst off — yield six specific recommendations for allocating medical resources in the Covid-19 pandemic: maximize benefits; prioritize health workers; do not allocate on a first-come, first-served basis; be responsive to evidence; recognize research participation; and apply the same principles to all Covid-19 and non–Covid-19 patients.
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  2. US Public Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates.Emily Largent, Persad A., Sangenito Govind, Glickman Samantha, Boyle Aaron, Emanuel Connor & J. Ezekiel - 2020 - JAMA Netw. Open 3 (12):e2033324.
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  3.  1
    Selected Philosophical Papers of Robert Boyle.Robert Boyle (ed.) - 1979 - Manchester University Press Barnes & Noble Books.
    "The availability of a paperback version of Boyle's philosophical writings selected by M. A. Stewart will be a real service to teachers, students, and scholars with seventeenth-century interests. The editor has shown excellent judgment in bringing together many of the most important works and printing them, for the most part, in unabridged form. The texts have been edited responsibly with emphasis on readability.... Of special interest in connection with Locke and with the reception of Descarte's Corpuscularianism, to students of (...)
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  4.  3
    The Excellencies of Robert Boyle: The Excellency of Theology and the Excellency and Grounds of the Mechanical Hypothesis.Robert Boyle - 2008 - Broadview Press.
    Robert Boyle, one of the most important intellectuals of the seventeenth century, was a gifted experimenter, an exceptionally able philosopher, and a dedicated Christian. In Boyle's two Excellencies, The Excellency of Theology Compared with Natural Philosophy and About The Excellency and Grounds of the Mechanical Hypothesis, he explains and justifies his new philosophy of science while reconciling it with Christian theology. These pioneering works of early science and theology are now available in a modernized and accessible new edition. (...)
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  5. II—Matthew Boyle: Transparent Self-Knowledge.Matthew Boyle - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):223-241.
    I distinguish two ways of explaining our capacity for ‘transparent’ knowledge of our own present beliefs, perceptions, and intentions: an inferential and a reflective approach. Alex Byrne (2011) has defended an inferential approach, but I argue that this approach faces a basic difficulty, and that a reflective approach avoids the difficulty. I conclude with a brief sketch and defence of a reflective approach to our transparent self-knowledge, and I show how this approach is connected with the thesis that we must (...)
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  6.  25
    O'Connor's Paradox and the Teaching of Educational Philosophy.David Stenhouse & D. J. O'Connor - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (3):243 - 257.
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  7.  40
    The Misinformation Age: How False Beliefs Spread.Cailin O'Connor & James Owen Weatherall - 2019 - New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.
    "Why should we care about having true beliefs? And why do demonstrably false beliefs persist and spread despite consequences for the people who hold them? Philosophers of science Cailin O’Connor and James Weatherall argue that social factors, rather than individual psychology, are what’s essential to understanding the spread and persistence of false belief. It might seem that there’s an obvious reason that true beliefs matter: false beliefs will hurt you. But if that’s right, then why is it irrelevant to (...)
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  8. The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle.Robert Boyle - 1999
  9. Review of Martin O'Connor, Is Capitalism Sustainable? [REVIEW]Andrew Dobson & Martin O'Connor - 1998 - Environmental Values 7:1.
     
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  10.  8
    Conformity in Scientific Networks.Cailin O’Connor & James Owen Weatherall - 2020 - Synthese 198 (8):7257-7278.
    Scientists are generally subject to social pressures, including pressures to conform with others in their communities, that affect achievement of their epistemic goals. Here we analyze a network epistemology model in which agents, all else being equal, prefer to take actions that conform with those of their neighbors. This preference for conformity interacts with the agents’ beliefs about which of two possible actions yields the better result. We find a range of possible outcomes, including stable polarization in belief and action. (...)
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  11.  34
    Letter From Cardinal Murphy-O’Connor.Cormac Murphy-O’Connor - 2003 - The Chesterton Review 29 (3):410-411.
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  12.  70
    Robert Boyle and Natural Kinds.Han Thomas Adriaenssen & Lodi Nauta - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
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  13.  6
    Oppression and Responsibility: A Wittgensteinian Approach to Social Practices and Moral Theory.Peg O'Connor - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Combating homophobia, racism, sexism, and other forms of discrimination and violence in our society requires more than just focusing on the overt acts of prejudiced and abusive individuals. The very intelligibility of such acts, in fact, depends upon a background of shared beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that together form the context of social practices in which these acts come to have the meaning they do. This book, inspired by Wittgenstein as well as feminist and critical race theory, shines a critical (...)
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  14.  4
    3. The Rational Role of Perceptual Content.Matthew Boyle - 2022 - In Matthew Boyle & Evgenia Mylonaki (eds.), Reason in Nature: New Essays on Themes From John Mcdowell. Harvard University Press. pp. 83-110.
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  15.  1
    Christine Smith and Joseph F. O’Connor, Eyewitness to Old St. Peter's: A Study of Maffeo Vegio’s “Remembering the Ancient History of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome,” with Translation and a Digital Reconstruction of the Church. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, Reprinted 2020. Pp. Xvi, 307; Color and Black-and-White Figures. $99.99. ISBN: 978-1-1084-9685-8. [REVIEW]Joseph Connors - 2022 - Speculum 97 (2):571-573.
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  16.  72
    Robert Boyle's 'Designe About Natural History'.Peter Anstey & Michael Hunter - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (2):83-126.
    This paper provides an analysis of Robert Boyle's most detailed discussion of the Baconian method of natural history. In a long letter to Henry Oldenburg dated 13 June 1666 and in ancillary manuscript material, Boyle spells out the method or 'Designe' by which he believes experimental programs in natural philosophy should be written up. The 'Designe' is enormously important in giving a clear statement of the precise contours of Boyle's Baconian methodology and providing a key to understanding (...)
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  17. Flannery O’Connor on the Catholic Novelist in the Protestant South.Flannery O'Connor - 2009 - The Chesterton Review 35 (3/4):730-740.
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  18.  33
    Robert Boyle and Structural Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century.Thomas Kuhn - 1952 - Isis 43:12-36.
  19.  44
    Boyle on Science and the Mechanical Philosophy: A Reply to Chalmers.Andrew Pyle - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):171-186.
    Robert Boyle thought that his scientific achievements in pneumatics and chemistry depended on, and thus provided support for, his mechanical philosophy. In a recent article in this journal, Alan Chalmers has challenged this view. This paper consists of a reply to Chalmers on two fronts. First it tries to specify precisely what ‘the mechanical philosophy’ meant for Boyle. Then it goes on to defend, against Chalmers, the view that Boyle's science does support his natural philosophy.Keywords: Robert (...); Mechanical philosophy; Reductionism. (shrink)
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  20.  43
    Flannery O'Connor Meets Russell Kirk.Flannery O'Connor - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1/2):335-337.
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  21. Brian O'Connor, Adorno's Negative Dialectic: Philosophy and the Possibility of Critical Rationality. [REVIEW]Patrick O'Connor - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (2):114-116.
     
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  22. Review of Metaphysics, Peter van Inwagen. [REVIEW]Timothy O'Connor - 1993 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):314-317.
    In this classic, exciting, and thoughtful text, Metaphysics , Peter van Inwagen examines three profound questions: What are the most general features of the world? Why is there a world? and What is the place of human beings in the world? Metaphysics introduces to readers the curious notion that is metaphysics, how it is conceived both historically and currently. The author's work can serve either as a textbook in a university course on metaphysics or as an introduction to metaphysical thinking (...)
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  23.  69
    Boyle and the Origins of Modern Chemistry: Newman Tried in the Fire.Alan F. Chalmers - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):1-10.
    William Newman construes the Scientific Revolution as a change in matter theory, from a hylomorphic, Aristotelian to a corpuscular, mechanical one. He sees Robert Boyle as making a major contribution to that change by way of his corpuscular chemistry. In this article it is argued that it is seriously misleading to identify what was scientific about the Scientific Revolution in terms of a change in theories of the ultimate structure of matter. Boyle showed, especially in his pneumatics, how (...)
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  24.  22
    Reason in Nature: New Essays on Themes From John Mcdowell.Matthew Boyle & Evgenia Mylonaki (eds.) - 2022 - Harvard University Press.
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  25.  29
    Robert Boyle and Structural Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1952 - Isis 43 (1):12-36.
  26.  13
    Morality and Our Complicated Form of Life: Feminist Wittgensteinian Metaethics.Peg O'Connor - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    "A reassessment of metaethics that attempts to undermine the nature/normativity or world/language divide, and offer an alternative account of the world-language relationship.
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  27.  25
    And on the Role of ANALOGY. Boyle is Perhaps the Thinker Who Had the Greatest Positive Influ.Robert Boyle - 2010 - In S. J. Savonius-Wroth Paul Schuurman & Jonathen Walmsley (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Locke. Continuum. pp. 47.
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  28. Idleness, Usefulness and Self-Constitution.Brian O’Connor - 2013 - Critical Horizons 14 (2):181-199.
    The core argument of the paper is that the modern philosophical notion of self-constitution is directed against the prospect of human beings dissolving into idleness. Arguments for self-constitution are marked by non-philosophical presuppositions about the value of usefulness. Those arguments also assume a particular conception of superior experience as conscious integration of a person’s actions within an identifiable set of chosen commitments. Exploring particular arguments by Hegel, Kant, Korsgaard and Frankfurt the paper claims that those arguments are problematic in the (...)
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  29. Introductory Philosophy Edited by Frank Tillman, Bernard Berofsky [and] John O'Connor. --.Frank A. Tillman, Bernard Berofsky & John O'connor - 1967 - Harper & Row.
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  30. Boyle’s Reductive Occasionalism.Daniel Layman - 2019 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 1 (1):2.
    Was Robert Boyle an occasionalist? And if so, what kind of occasionalist was he? These questions have long troubled commentators, as Boyle’s texts often seem to offer both endorsements of occasionalism and affirmations of bodies’ causal powers. I argue that Boyle’s position is best understood as reductive occasionalism, according to which bodily powers are relations between bodies and God’s action in the world, and there is no causal efficacy in bodies that is not strictly identical to God’s (...)
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  31. Toward Understanding the Principle of Double Effect.Joseph M. Boyle Jr - 1980 - Ethics 90 (4):527-538.
  32.  19
    Boyle's Conception of Nature.J. E. McGuire - 1972 - Journal of the History of Ideas 33 (4):523.
  33.  46
    Robert Boyle on Things Above Reason.Thomas Holden - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2):283 – 312.
    Various early modern philosophers affirm the traditional distinction between ‘things above reason’ and ‘things contrary to reason.’ However, it is Robert Boyle who goes furthest to rework and defend the division, and to explore its ramifications in detail. My aim here is to examine the logical structure of Boyle’s version of the distinction, and his concomitant account of the sphere of truths beyond human understanding. I also weigh the philosophical merits of the account and clarify the relationship between (...)
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  34.  10
    Photo Provocations: Thinking in, with, and About Photographs.Brian C. O'Connor & Roger B. Wyatt - 2004 - Scarecrow Press.
    O'Connor and Wyatt use more than 250 color photographs and illustrations to help us break out of the linear mode and see the world differently.
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  35.  85
    External Preferences and Liberal Equality: P. M. O'Connor.P. M. O'Connor - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):117-133.
  36. Locke, Boyle, and the Distinction Between Primary and Secondary Qualities.E. M. Curley - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (4):438-464.
  37.  20
    Robert Boyle and Mathematics: Reality, Representation, and Experimental Practice.Steven Shapin - 1988 - Science in Context 2 (1):23-58.
  38. Line Drawings: Defining Women Through Feminist Practice.Peg O'Connor - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):194-197.
  39.  41
    Red in Tooth and Claw No More: Animal Rights and the Permissibility to Redesign Nature.Connor K. Kianpour & Eze Paez - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (2):211-231.
    Most non-human animals live in the wild and it is probable that suffering predominates in their lives due to natural events. Humans may at some point be able to engage in paradise engineering, or the modification of nature and animal organisms themselves, to improve the well-being of wild animals. We may, in other words, make nature 'red in tooth and claw' no more. We argue that this creates a tension between environmental ethics and animal ethics which is likely insurmountable. First, (...)
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  40.  80
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations (...)
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  41.  47
    The Philosophy of Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book presents the first integrated treatment of the philosophy of Robert Boyle, one of the leading English natural philosophers of the Scientific Revolution.
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  42. A Case for Machine Ethics in Modeling Human-Level Intelligent Agents.Robert James M. Boyles - 2018 - Kritike 12 (1):182–200.
    This paper focuses on the research field of machine ethics and how it relates to a technological singularity—a hypothesized, futuristic event where artificial machines will have greater-than-human-level intelligence. One problem related to the singularity centers on the issue of whether human values and norms would survive such an event. To somehow ensure this, a number of artificial intelligence researchers have opted to focus on the development of artificial moral agents, which refers to machines capable of moral reasoning, judgment, and decision-making. (...)
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  43.  23
    Robert Boyle and the Limits of Reason.Jan W. Wojcik - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this study of Robert Boyle's epistemology, Jan W. Wojcik reveals the theological context within which Boyle developed his views on reason's limits. After arguing that a correct interpretation of his views on 'things above reason' depends upon reading his works in the context of theological controversies in seventeenth-century England, Professor Wojcik details exactly how Boyle's three specific categories of things which transcend reason - the incomprehensible, the inexplicable, and the unsociable - affected his conception of what (...)
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  44.  3
    Logical Foundations: Essays in Honour of D. J. O'Connor.Daniel John O'Connor, Indira Mahalingam & Brian Carr (eds.) - 1991 - London, England: St. Martin's Press.
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  45.  75
    Boyle, Classification and the Workmanship of the Understanding Thesis.Jan-Erik Jones - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (2):171-183.
    The current consensus in Locke scholarship is that Robert Boyle anticipated Locke's thesis that classification into species is the arbitrary work of the understanding. In fact, according to Michael Ayers, inter alia, not only did Boyle and Locke both think that classification is the workmanship of the understanding but that this thesis follows directly from the mechanical hypothesis itself. In this paper I argue that this reading of Boyle is mistaken: Locke's thesis on classification was not anticipated (...)
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  46.  32
    The Status of Sense Data: D.J. O'Connor.D. O'connor - 1975 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 9:79-92.
    In the present state of philosophy in the English-speaking world, to choose to talk about sense data may seem perverse. What could be more boring for one's audience than to attempt variations on so threadbare a theme? And worse, what could be more unfashionable in the aftermath of Wittgenstein and Austin? My reasons for selecting this unpromising topic are twofold. First, the general theme of this series of lectures is empiricism. And whatever meanings we put upon that ambiguous word, it (...)
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  47.  14
    Unpublished Boyle Papers Relating to Scientific Method.—II.Richard S. Westfall - 1956 - Annals of Science 12 (2):103-117.
  48. Master Thomas Aquinas and the Fullness of Life.John F. Boyle & Philipp W. Rosemann - 2014 - St. Augustine's Press.
  49.  17
    O’Connor’s Permissive Multiverse.Michael J. Almeida - 2010 - Philosophia Christi 12 (2):296-307.
    I distinguish restrictive and permissive multiverse solutions to the problems of evil and no best world. Restrictive multiverses do not admit a single instance of gratuitous evil and they are not improvable. I show that restrictive multiverses unacceptably entail that all modal distinctions collapse. I consider Timothy O’Connor’s permissive multiverse. I show that a perfect creator minimizes aggregative suffering in permissive multiverses only if the actual universe is not included in any actualizable multiverse. I conclude that permissive multiverses do (...)
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  50. Power, Bargaining, and Collaboration.Justin Bruner & Cailin O'Connor - 2016 - In T. Boyer, C. Mayo-Wilson & M. Weisberg (eds.), Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge.
    Collaboration is increasingly popular across academia. Collaborative work raises certain ethical questions, however. How will the fruits of collaboration be divided? How will the work for the collaborative project be split? In this paper, we consider the following question in particular. Are there ways in which these divisions systematically disadvantage certain groups? -/- We use evolutionary game theoretic models to address this question. First, we discuss results from O'Connor and Bruner (unpublished). In this paper, we show that underrepresented groups (...)
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