Results for 'Conservation of natural resources'

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  1. Conservation," X-Inefficiency" and Efficient Use of Natural Resources.E. C. Pasour Jr - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3 (4):371-390.
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    The Role of Agricultural Economists in the Conservation of Natural Resources.Keith O. Campbell - 1981 - Minerva 19 (4):632-639.
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  3.  42
    Stewardship of Natural Resources: Definition, Ethical and Practical Aspects. [REVIEW]Richard Worrell & Michael C. Appleby - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (3):263-277.
    Stewardship is potentially a usefulconcept in modernizing management philosophies. Use ofthe term has increased markedly in recent years, yetthe term is used loosely and rarely defined in landmanagement literature. The connections between thispractical usage and the ethical basis of stewardshipare currently poorly developed. The followingdefinition is proposed: ``Stewardship is theresponsible use (including conservation) of naturalresources in a way that takes full and balancedaccount of the interests of society, futuregenerations, and other species, as well as of privateneeds, and accepts significant (...)
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  4. Natural Resources Management in North-East India: Linking Ecology, Economics & Ethics.A. Arunachalam & K. Arunachalam (eds.) - 2010 - Dvs Publishers.
    section 1. Natural resources management -- section 2. Biodiversity and ecosystems -- section 3. Traditional farming and its management -- section 4. Conservation and sustainable development.
     
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  5.  29
    Natural Selection and the Limited Nature of Environmental Resources.Bence Nanay - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):418-419.
    In this paper, I am clarifying and defending my argument in favor of the claim that cumulative selection can explain adaptation provided that the environmental resources are limited. Further, elaborate on what this limitation of environmental resources means and why it is relevant for the explanatory power of natural selection.
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  6.  7
    Property Rights, Future Generations and the Destruction and Degradation of Natural Resources.Dan Dennis - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (1):107-139.
    The paper argues that members of future generations have an entitlement to natural resources equal to ours. Therefore, if a currently living individual destroys or degrades natural resources then he must pay compensation to members of future generations. This compensation takes the form of “primary goods” which will be valued by members of future generations as equally useful for promoting the good life as the natural resources they have been deprived of. As a result (...)
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  7.  22
    Conservation or Preservation? A Qualitative Study of the Conceptual Foundations of Natural Resource Management.Ben A. Minteer & Elizabeth A. Corley - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):307-333.
    Few disputes in the annals of US environmentalism enjoy the pedigree of the conservation-preservation debate. Yet, although many scholars have written extensively on the meaning and history of conservation and preservation in American environmental thought and practice, the resonance of these concepts outside the academic literature has not been sufficiently examined. Given the significance of the ideals of conservation and preservation in the justification of environmental policy and management, however, we believe that a more detailed analysis of (...)
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    Corporate Responsibilities and Property Rights in the Management of Natural Resources.Murray Sheard - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 6 (2):99-106.
    Businesses interface with the natural world through rights to property. The shape of these rights and the responsibilities we assign to managers are important determinants of both patterns of resource use and pollutant levels. Consequently, conflicts have arisen between regulating bodies, indigenous groups, andcorporations over the entitlements of businesses in the use of their property when that property is ecologically sensitive or significant.In this paper I develop an account of the ethical responsibilities of managers regarding their treatment of the (...)
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  9.  26
    Farmers' Views of Soil Erosion Problems and Their Conservation Knowledge at Beressa Watershed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia.Aklilu Amsalu & Jan de Graaff - 2006 - Agriculture and Human Values 23 (1):99-108.
    Farmers’ decisions to conserve natural resources generally and soil and water particularly are largely determined by their knowledge of the problems and perceived benefits of conservation. In Ethiopia, however, farmer perceptions of erosion problems and farmer conservation practices have received little analysis or use in conservation planning. This research examines farmers’ views of erosion problems and their conservation knowledge and practices in the Beressa watershed in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Data were obtained from (...)
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  10. The Political Economy of Natural Resources.Paul Collier - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (4):1105-1132.
    The rise in world prices of natural resources, coupled with the resource discoveries induced by high prices, is transforming Africa's opportunities. The economic future of Africa will be determined by whether this opportunity is seized or missed. The history of resource extraction in Africa is not encouraging. This paper reviews and develops the political economy of natural resources as a guide to how Africa might avoid a repetition of that history.
     
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  11.  15
    Global Distributive Justice and the Taxation of Natural Resources |[Mdash]| Who Should Pick Up the Tab?Dirk Haubrich - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (1):48.
    Increasingly visible global distributive inequalities and famine pose considerable challenges for policy-makers and political philosophers alike. A recent proposal forwarded by Thomas Pogge has taken on the challenge of outlining a concept of global justice according to which redistribution is not merely predicated on the beneficiaries being in a state of need. The scheme, which he calls the Global Resources Dividend , aims to compensate people who are excluded from the benefits of the common stock of natural (...), by taxing those who unilaterally exploit it and by subsequently redistributing the revenues to the globally poor. This article assesses the GRD's moral standing once it is institutionalized in the real world. It analyses the causal link between a country's resource endowments and its economic prosperity and identifies the beneficiaries of, and contributors to, the monetary transfers under two possible tax-shifting scenarios. The article concludes that in order to offset the morally questionable results that Pogge's scheme produces, some moral demands need to be relaxed and the GRD scheme be divided into separate stages that operate with distinct moral rationales. (shrink)
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    Global Distributive Justice and the Taxation of Natural Resources — Who Should Pick Up the Tab?Dirk Haubrich - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (1):48-69.
    Increasingly visible global distributive inequalities and famine pose considerable challenges for policy-makers and political philosophers alike. A recent proposal forwarded by Thomas Pogge has taken on the challenge of outlining a concept of global justice according to which redistribution is not merely predicated on the beneficiaries being in a state of need. The scheme, which he calls the Global Resources Dividend, aims to compensate people who are excluded from the benefits of the common stock of natural resources, (...)
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  13.  1
    Natural Selection and the Limitations of Environmental Resources.Bence Nanay - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):418-419.
    In this paper, I am clarifying and defending my argument in favor of the claim that cumulative selection can explain adaptation provided that the environmental resources are limited. Further, elaborate on what this limitation of environmental resources means and why it is relevant for the explanatory power of natural selection.
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  14. Removing the Commons: A Lockean Left-Libertarian Approach to the Just Use and Appropriation of Natural Resources.Eric Roark - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Removing the Commons defends a Lockean Left-Libertarian account of the moral conditions in which people may remove, either via use or appropriation, natural resources from the commons. I conclude that self-owning agents may remove natural resources from the commons just so long as they leave others the competitive value of their removal in a way that best affords others an equal opportunity for welfare.
     
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  15.  48
    Natural Resources: The Demands of Equality.Chris Armstrong - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):331-347.
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  16.  3
    The Commons, Game Theory and Aspects of Human Nature That May Allow Conservation of Global Resources.Walter K. Dodds - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):411-425.
    Fundamental aspects of human use of the environment can be explained by game theory. Game theory explains aggregate behaviour of the human species driven by perceived costs and benefits. In the 'game' of global environmental protection and conservation, the stakes are the living conditions of all species including the human race, and the playing field is our planet. The question is can we control humanity's hitherto endless appetite for resources before we irreparably harm the global ecosystem and cause (...)
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  17.  1
    The Commons, Game Theory, and Aspects of Human Nature That May Allow Conservation of Global Resources.Walter K. Dodds - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):411-425.
    Fundamental aspects of human use of the environment can be explained by game theory. Game theory explains aggregate behaviour of the human species driven by perceived costs and benefits. In the 'game' of global environmental protection and conservation, the stakes are the living conditions of all species including the human race, and the playing field is our planet. The question is can we control humanity's hitherto endless appetite for resources before we irreparably harm the global ecosystem and cause (...)
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  18.  13
    Self-Determination and Resource Rights: In Defence of Territorial Jurisdiction Over Natural Resources.Ayelet Banai - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (1):9-20.
    Is territorial jurisdiction over natural resources justified? This paper argues that a freedom-based account of self-determination coupled with ‘functionalist’ justifications of territorial right support territorial jurisdiction over natural resources. This justification simultaneously gives rise to limits on the permissible exercise of the right: the principles of reciprocity and generality, and of equal freedom. This ‘reciprocal’ view on territorial jurisdiction over natural resources, defended here, differs from two alternatives: the traditional sovereignty view on the one (...)
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  19.  4
    A Rhetorical Critique of 'Nonmarket' Economic Valuations for Natural Resources.Markus J. Peterson & Tarla Rai Peterson - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (1):47-65.
    Various 'nonmarket' economic valuation methods have been used to compute 'total' value of nonmarketed natural resources and related recreation. We first outline the history of these valuation techniques and use the Exxon Valdez disaster response and the valuation of whooping cranes, an endangered species, as examples of how these tools can constrain policy. We then explain how, by excluding non-economic social spheres, economic valuation techniques produce a terministic screen that deforms policy makers' vision of the ecological problems faced (...)
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  20.  37
    Natural Languages as Collections of Resources.Robin Cooper & Aarne Ranta - unknown
    We propose a shift in perspective from the view of natural languages as formal languages to natural languages as a collection of resources for constructing local languages for use in particular situations. This is suggested by our experience constructing natural language grammars for particular applications using the Grammatical Framework. It points to a research programme investigating how such resources play a role in linguistic innovation by agents constructing situation-specific local languages and how they can be (...)
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  21.  3
    Ubuntu, Cosmopolitanism, and Distribution of Natural Resources.Edwin Etieyibo - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (1):139-162.
    In this paper, I argue that Ubuntu can be construed as a strict form of cosmopolitan moral and political theory. The implication of this is that the duty or obligation that humans owe other humans arises in virtue of humanity or the notion of human-ness. That is, one is a person insofar as he or she forms humane relations and it is this particular way of beingness that makes every person both an object and subject of duty. On this cosmopolitan (...)
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  22.  11
    Totonac Homegardens and Natural Resources in Veracruz, Mexico.Del Angel-pérez Ana Lid & Alfonso Mendoza B. Martín - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 21 (4):329-346.
    The Totonac homegarden is a traditionally designed agroecosystem mixing different elements, such as cultivated and wild plants, and livestock. Our objective was to understand the role and importance of homegardens as a strategy for subsistence and natural resources management. Anthropological fieldwork was carried out in Coxquihui, Veracruz, Mexico, a Totonac community. Conventional sampling using a questionnaire yielded a sample of 40 individuals, each representing a family group. Personal interviews, life stories, observations, and field transects enriched survey information. Fieldwork (...)
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  23.  2
    Science, Culture, and Politics in U.S. Natural Resources Management.Arthur F. McEvoy - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):469-486.
    What I have tried to do here is to provide a historical example of the interdependence between nature and culture that is one of the themes of this conference. To sum up: Scientific descriptions of the world emerge out of a complex interaction between nature, economic production, and the legal system. “Science” consists of a struggle among scientists, and between scientists and citizens, over what counts as “reality.” Lawmaking, in turn, consists of a struggle between people who want to allocate (...)
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  24. The Presence of Nature: A Study in Phenomenology and Environmental Philosophy.Simon P. James - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  25. Beyond Nature Writing Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocriticism.Karla Armbruster & Kathleen R. Wallace - 2001
     
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  26. Conservation and Practical Morality: Challenges to Education and Reform.Les Brown - 1987 - St. Martins [Sic] Press.
  27.  8
    [Natural limits versus administrative limits: when botanical geography meets politics].P. Matagne - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (4):523-541.
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    Socio-Ecological and Religious Perspective of Agrobiodiversity Conservation: Issues, Concern and Priority for Sustainable Agriculture, Central Himalaya. [REVIEW]Vikram S. Negi & R. K. Maikhuri - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):491-512.
    A large section of the population (70%) of Uttarakhand largely depends upon agricultural based activities for their livelihood. Rural community of the mountains has developed several indigenous and traditional methods of farming to conserve the crop diversity and rejoice agrodiversity with religious and cultural vehemence. Traditional food items are prepared during occasion, festivals, weddings, and other religious rituals from diversified agrodiversity are a mean to maintain agrodiversity in the agriculture system. Agrodiversity is an insurance against disease and extreme climatic fluctuations, (...)
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  29.  30
    Laws and Meta-Laws of Nature: Conservation Laws and Symmetries.Marc Lange - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (3):457-481.
    Symmetry principles are commonly said to explain conservation laws—and were so employed even by Lagrange and Hamilton, long before Noether's theorem. But within a Hamiltonian framework, the conservation laws likewise entail the symmetries. Why, then, are symmetries explanatorily prior to conservation laws? I explain how the relation between ordinary (i.e., first-order) laws and the facts they govern (a relation involving counterfactuals) may be reproduced one level higher: as a relation between symmetries and the ordinary laws they govern. (...)
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  30. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, Sandusky, Ohio.Reef Area of Western Lake Erie - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 188.
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  31.  45
    Some Fundamentals of Conservation in the Southwest.Aldo Leopold - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (2):131-141.
    Leopold first discusses the conservation of natural resources in the southwestern United States in economic tenns, stressing, in particular, erosion and aridity. He then concludes his analysis with a discussion of the moral issues involved, developing his general position within the context of P. D. Ouspenky’s early philosophy of organism.
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  32.  14
    Reply to Bence Nanay's 'Natural Selection and the Limited Nature of Environmental Resources'.Ulrich Stegmann - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):420-421.
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  33.  31
    Left Libertarianism and the Ownership of Natural Resources.Hillel Steiner - 2009 - Public Reason 1 (1):1-8.
  34.  10
    Species Conservation and Minority Rights: The Case of Spring Time Bird Hunting.Elisa Aaltola & Markku Oksanen - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (4):443-460.
    The article examines the case of springtime bird hunting in Åland from a moral point of view. In Åland springtime hunting has been a cultural practice for centuries but is now under investigation due to the EU Directive on the protection of birds. The main question of the article is whether restrictions on bird hunting have a sound basis. We approach this question by analysing three principles: The animal rights principle states that if hunting is not necessary for survival, it (...)
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  35.  9
    Species Conservation and Minority Rights: The Case of Springtime Bird Hunting in Aland.E. Aaltola & M. Oksanen - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (4):443-460.
    The article examines the case of springtime bird hunting in Åland from a moral point of view. In Åland springtime hunting has been a cultural practice for centuries but is now under investigation due to the EU Directive on the protection of birds. The main question of the article is whether restrictions on bird hunting have a sound basis. We approach this question by analysing three principles: The animal rights principle states that if hunting is not necessary for survival, it (...)
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    Diverse Ecological, Economic and Socio-Cultural Values of a Traditional Common Natural Resource Management System in the Moroccan High Atlas: The Aït Ikiss "Tagdalts".Pablo Dominguez, Alain Bourbouze, Sébastien Demay, Didier Genin & Nicolas Kosoy - 2012 - Environmental Values 21 (3):277 - 296.
    This study examines the multiple dimensions of the agdal system, a traditional Berber form of environmental management that regulates access to communal natural resources so as to allow the regeneration of natural resources. In fact, this ingenious system of agro-pastoral land rotation is ultimately beneficial for the conservation of the bio-physical environment, the performance of the present-day local economy and the maintenance of prevailing social cohesion and cultural coherence. Hence, agdals constitute a key element for (...)
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  37. Diverse Ecological, Economic and Socio-Cultural Values of a Traditional Common Natural Resource Management System in the Moroccan High Atlas: The Aït Ikiss Tagdalts.Pablo Dominguez, Alain Bourbouze, Sebastien Demay, Didier Genin & Nicolas Kosoy - 2012 - Environmental Values 21 (3):277-296.
    This study examines the multiple dimensions of the agdal system, a traditional Berber form of environmental management that regulates access to communal natural resources so as to allow the regeneration of natural resources. In fact, this ingenious system of agro-pastoral land rotation is ultimately beneficial for the conservation of the bio-physical environment, the performance of the present-day local economy and the maintenance of prevailing social cohesion and cultural coherence. Hence, agdals constitute a key element for (...)
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  38.  11
    Conservation and Natural Resources.N. W. Pirie - 1966 - The Eugenics Review 58 (3):163.
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  39.  1
    Natural Selection and the Limitations of Environmental Resources.Bence Nanay - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):418-419.
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    Introduction: Justice, Climate Change, and the Distribution of Natural Resources.Fabian Schuppert - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (1):3-8.
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  41. The conservation of coal resources.J. W. Gregory - 1921 - Scientia 15 (29):185.
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  42. Ecotechnological Productivity: A Conceptual Basis for the Integrated Management of Natural Resources.E. Leff - 1986 - Social Science Information 25 (3):681-702.
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    Reply to Bence Nanay’s ‘Natural Selection and the Limited Nature of Environmental Resources’.Ulrich Stegmann - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):420-421.
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  44.  43
    The Ownership and Distribution of the World's Natural Resources: A Symposium. [REVIEW]Brian Barry - 1989 - Journal of Value Inquiry 23 (3):169-170.
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  45. The Representation of Number in Natural Language Syntax and in Language of Thought: A Case Study of the Evolution and Development of Representational Resources.Susan Carey - 2001 - In João Branquinho (ed.), The Foundations of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 23--53.
  46.  3
    Planning Material Resources and Conservation.E. I. Ignat'ev - 1974 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 13 (2):22-26.
    In his remarks E. I. Ignat'ev considered a number of economic matters associated with the problem of the environment. Ignat'ev emphasized that environmental protection is becoming a vitally essential field of social activity. Inasmuch as this is the fact, he said, it is natural that, under the conditions existing in our country, this field of activity be planned in a specific way. The financial, material, and human resources needed to implement the program of conservation and improvement of (...)
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  47. Ethics Journal of the American Medical Association June 2004, Volume 6, Number 6 Clinical Case Splitting the Difference—Patient Preference Vs Conservation of Resources[REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips Jr - 2004 - Ethics 6 (6).
     
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  48. Producing Knowledge About Natural Resources: The Case of Scientific Research on Rice in India.K. Adhikari - 1991 - Social Science Information 30 (3):445-470.
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  49. Roman Economics. Erdkamp, Verboven, Zuiderhoek Ownership and Exploitation of Land and Natural Resources in the Roman World. Pp. XIV + 407, Figs, Ills, Maps. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Cased, £90, Us$150. Isbn: 978-0-19-872892-4. [REVIEW]D. W. Rathbone - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-2.
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  50. Bamboo Production in the Philippines. Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, Department of Environment and Natural Resources: College.F. D. Virtucio & C. A. Roxas - forthcoming - Laguna.
     
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