Results for 'Copying'

170 found
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  1.  3
    Private Copying Exception in Lithuanian Copyright Law: Compatibility with the European Union Law After Preliminary Ruling in Padawan Case.Antanas Rudzinskas & Ąžuolas Čekanavičius - 2011 - Jurisprudence 18 (1):125-141.
    Private copying exception is an exception to copyright which is present both in Lithuanian national law and law of the European Union. Recent jurisprudence of Court of Justice of the European Union interpreted legal regulation of private copying exception in the laws of the European Union. The mentioned jurisprudence raised concern whether Lithuanian copyright laws on private copying exception and their interpretation in case law of Supreme Court of Lithuania are compatible with the European Union law. This (...)
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  2.  5
    In Praise of Copying.Marcus Boon - 2010 - Harvard University Press.
    What is a copy? -- Copia, or, The abundant style -- Copying as transformation -- Copying and deception -- Montage -- The mass production of copies -- Copying as appropriation.
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  3.  1
    Copying Redundant Messages.Jerry A. Hogan - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):153.
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  4.  13
    Text-Based Plagiarism in Scientific Writing: What Chinese Supervisors Think About Copying and How to Reduce It in Students' Writing.Yongyan Li - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):569-583.
    Text-based plagiarism, or textual copying, typically in the form of replicating or patchwriting sentences in a row from sources, seems to be an issue of growing concern among scientific journal editors. Editors have emphasized that senior authors (typically supervisors of science students) should take the responsibility for educating novices against text-based plagiarism. To address a research gap in the literature as to how scientist supervisors perceive the issue of textual copying and what they do in educating their students, (...)
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  5.  17
    Mate Choice Copying in Humans.D. Waynforth - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):264-271.
    There is substantial evidence that in human mate choice, females directly select males based on male display of both physical and behavioral traits. In non-humans, there is additionally a growing literature on indirect mate choice, such as choice through observing and subsequently copying the mating preferences of conspecifics (mate choice copying). Given that humans are a social species with a high degree of sharing information, long-term pair bonds, and high parental care, it is likely that human females could (...)
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  6.  11
    Copying and Conflation in Geoffrey Chaucer's Treatise on the Astrolabe: A Stemmatic Analysis Using Phylogenetic Software.Catherine Eagleton & Matthew Spencer - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):237-268.
    Chaucer’s Treatise on the astrolabe is one of the earliest English-language works on an astronomical instrument. It draws on earlier sources, including a work on the astrolabe attributed in the Middle Ages to Messahalla, but reorders and reworks these sources to produce a description of the parts of, and the use of, the planispheric astrolabe. In their turn, fifteenth-century scribes sometimes drew on more than one source when producing a new copy of Chaucer’s text. Conflation of this kind means that (...)
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  7.  4
    Imitation, Inspiration, and Creation: Cognitive Process of Creative Drawing by Copying Others' Artworks.Takeshi Okada & Kentaro Ishibashi - 2016 - Cognitive Science:1804-1837.
    To investigate the cognitive processes underlying creative inspiration, we tested the extent to which viewing or copying prior examples impacted creative output in art. In Experiment 1, undergraduates made drawings under three conditions: copying an artist's drawing, then producing an original drawing; producing an original drawing without having seen another's work; and copying another artist's work, then reproducing that artist's style independently. We discovered that through copying unfamiliar abstract drawings, participants were able to produce creative drawings (...)
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  8.  5
    The Relationship Between General Ethical Judgments and Copying Behavior at Work.Tracy A. Suter, Steven W. Kopp & David M. Hardesty - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):61-70.
    Electronic technologies, in general, and computer-oriented technologies specifically have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of business. One area of increased concern is the protection of intellectual properties -- notably copyrights -- within the boundaries of the broadly defined technology industry. While the ability to share copyrighted information has always existed at the most basic levels, the advent of the information age has allowed the sharing of this information to take place in potentially greater quantities and without a loss (...)
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  9.  1
    Imitation, Inspiration, and Creation: Cognitive Process of Creative Drawing by Copying Others' Artworks.Takeshi Okada & Kentaro Ishibashi - 2016 - Cognitive Science:1804-1837.
    To investigate the cognitive processes underlying creative inspiration, we tested the extent to which viewing or copying prior examples impacted creative output in art. In Experiment 1, undergraduates made drawings under three conditions: copying an artist's drawing, then producing an original drawing; producing an original drawing without having seen another's work; and copying another artist's work, then reproducing that artist's style independently. We discovered that through copying unfamiliar abstract drawings, participants were able to produce creative drawings (...)
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  10.  2
    Pathogens Promote Matrilocal Family Ties and the Copying of Foreign Religions.Lei Chang, Hui Jing Lu & Bao Pei Wu - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):82-83.
    Within the same pathogen-stress framework as proposed by Fincher & Thornhill (F&T), we argue further that pathogen stress promotes matrilocal rather than patrilocal family ties which, in turn, slow down the process of modernity; and that pathogen stress promotes social learning or copying, including the adoption of foreign religions.
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  11. On Truth and Copying.F. H. Bradley - 1907 - Mind 16 (62):165-180.
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  12.  12
    Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality.Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  13.  4
    Permitting, Forcing, and Copying of a Given Recursive Relation.C. J. Ash, P. Cholak & J. F. Knight - 1997 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 86 (3):219-236.
  14.  7
    Unbounded Syntactic Copying in Mandarin Chinese.Daniel Radzinski - 1990 - Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (1):113 - 127.
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  15.  60
    Copying in Imperial China.D. Elisseeff & J. Fletcher - 1998 - Diogenes 46 (183):7-23.
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  16.  12
    In Defense of Copying.Selmer Bringsjord - 1989 - Public Affairs Quarterly 3 (1):1-9.
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  17.  25
    Unauthorized Copying of Software: An Empirical Study of Reasons for and Against.Mikko T. Siponen & Tero Vartiainen - 2007 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 37 (1):30-43.
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  18.  3
    Copying Early Christian Texts. A Study of Scribal Practice.Bengt Alexanderson - 2016 - Augustinianum 56 (2):470-472.
  19.  3
    Movement Imitation as Faithful Copying in the Absence of Insight.Ludwig Huber - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):694-694.
    Byrne & Russon use novelty as the primary requirement for providing evidence of true imitation in animals. There are three reasons to object to this. First, experiential learning cannot always be completely excluded as an alternative explanation of the observed behavior. Second, the imitator's manipulations performed during ontogeny cannot be known in full detail. Finally, there is at present only a weak understanding of how novel forms emerge. Data from our own recent experiments will be used to emphasize the need (...)
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  20.  6
    Writing, Copying, and Autograph Manuscripts in Ancient Rome.Myles Mcdonnell - 1996 - Classical Quarterly 46 (02):469-.
    A familiar image from the Roman world is a Pompeian portrait of a man and woman sometimes identified as Terentius Neo and his wife. He has a papyrus roll under his chin, while she looks out with a writing tablet in one hand, a stylus held to her lips in the other. The message of the attributes presented would seem to be: ‘ We can and do read and write’. But how should the message be interpreted? To judge from the (...)
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  21.  6
    A Recycling Approach Worth Copying.Bill Wagner - 1993 - Business Ethics 7 (3):17-17.
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  22. Identity and the Copying of Minds.Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    I argue against psychological theories of identity that claim that in cases where one’s personality and memories are moved into the brain of another, we move with them. I am not entirely convinced by my arguments here, I must confess, but I think they deserve some thought.
     
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  23.  6
    E-Commerce Law at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law. He Can Reached at< Mgeist@ Uottawa. Ca>. This Appeared in the Toronto Star on 8 August 2005 as" Copying Levy Hasn't Worked Well For Anyone". [REVIEW]Michael Geist - 2005 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 18 (3):6-19.
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  24.  4
    Anders Breivik: On Copying the Obscure.Vincent W. J. Van Gerven Oei - 2011 - Continent 1 (3):213-223.
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  25.  4
    Copying a Model Stack of Colored Blocks by Chimpanzees and Humans.Misato Hayashi, Sumirena Sekine, Masayuki Tanaka & Hideko Takeshita - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (2):130-149.
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  26.  2
    A Recycling Approach Worth Copying.Bill Wagner - 1993 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 7 (3):17-17.
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  27.  7
    Mr. Bradley on Truth and Copying.Henry Sturt - 1907 - Mind 16 (63):416-417.
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  28.  1
    Digital Copying: A Voice From Canada.Maureen Cavan - 2005 - Logos 16 (1):35-37.
  29.  1
    Anders Breivik: On Copying the Obscure.Vincent Wj van Gerven Oei - 2011 - Continent 1 (3):213-223.
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  30. Writing, Copying, Translating: Ethiopia as a Manuscript Culture.Alessandro Bausi - 2014 - In Jan-Ulrich Sobisch, Dmitry Bondarev & Jörg Quenzer (eds.), Manuscript Cultures: Mapping the Field. De Gruyter. pp. 37-78.
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  31. On Truth and Copying.F. H. Bradley - 1907 - Philosophical Review 16:665.
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  32. The Directional Bias in Children's Line Copying Does Not Generalise to Pointing Actions.A. Davis & B. De Bruyn - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 168-168.
  33. The Optative Suffix -A As an Example of Frequencial Copying.Nurettin Demi̇r - 2010 - Journal of Turkish Studies 5:276-290.
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  34. Darren Hudson Hick and Reinhold Schmücker, Eds., The Aesthetics and Ethics of Copying. Reviewed By.Karen Gover - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (2):59-61.
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  35. Copying a Model Stack of Colored Blocks by Chimpanzees and Humans.Misato Hayashi, Sumirena Sekine, Masayuki Tanaka & Hideko Takeshita - 2009 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (2):130-149.
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  36. Copying Machines Taking Notes for the Automaton.Catherine Liu - 2000
     
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  37. Does Testing with Feedback Improve Adult Spelling Skills Relative to Copying and Reading?Steven C. Pan, Benjamin R. Rubin & Timothy C. Rickard - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 21 (4):356-369.
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  38. A Role of DLPFC in the Learning Process of Human Mate Copying.Jin-Ying Zhuang, Jiajia Xie, Die Hu, Mingxia Fan & Li Zheng - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  39.  10
    Human Mate Choice and the Wedding Ring Effect.Tobias Uller & L. Christoffer Johansson - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (3):267-276.
    Individuals are often restricted to indirect cues when assessing the mate value of a potential partner. Females of some species have been shown to copy each other’s choice; in other words, the probability of a female choosing a particular male increases if he has already been chosen by other females. Recently it has been suggested that mate-choice copying could be an important aspect of human mate choice as well. We tested one of the hypotheses, the so-called wedding ring effect—that (...)
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  40.  5
    The Culture of the Copy: Striking Likenesses, Unreasonable Facsimiles.Hillel Schwartz - 1996 - Zone Books.
    The Culture of the Copy is an unprecedented attempt to make sense of our Western fascination with replicas, duplicates, and twins. In a work that is breathtaking in both its synthetic and critical achievements, Hillel Schwartz charts the repercussions of our entanglement with copies of all kinds, whose presence alternately sustains and overwhelms us.Through intriguing, and at times humorous, historical analysis and case studies in contemporary culture, Schwartz investigates most varieties of simulacra, including counterfeits, decoys, mannequins, ditto marks, portraits, genetic (...)
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  41.  95
    Predicting Unethical Behavior: A Comparison of the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behavior. [REVIEW]Man Kit Chang - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1825-1834.
    This study is a comparison of the validity of theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior as applied to the area of moral behavior (i.e., illegal copying of software) using structural equation modeling. Data were collected from 181 university students on the various components of the theories and used to asses the influence of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control on the intention to make unauthorized software copies. Theory of planned behavior was found to be better (...)
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  42.  56
    Situational Determinants of Software Piracy: An Equity Theory Perspective. [REVIEW]Richard S. Glass & Wallace A. Wood - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1189 - 1198.
    Software piracy has become recognized as a major problem for the software industry and for business. One research approach that has provided a theoretical framework for studying software piracy has been to place the illegal copying of software within the domain of ethical decision making assumes that a person must be able to recognize software piracy as a moral issue. A person who fails to recognize a moral issue will fail to employ moral decision making schemata. There is substantial (...)
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  43.  16
    Working Together: Critical Perspectives on Six Cross-Sector Partnerships in Southern Africa. [REVIEW]Melanie Rein & Leda Stott - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):79 - 89.
    This paper examines six cross-sector partnerships in South Africa and Zambia. These partnerships were part of a research study undertaken between 2003 and 2005 and were selected because of their potential to contribute to poverty reduction in their respective countries. This paper examines the context in which the partnerships were established, their governance and accountability mechanisms and the engagement and participation of the partners and the intended beneficiaries in the partnerships. We argue that a partnership approach which has proven successful (...)
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  44. Factors That Influence the Intention to Pirate Software and Media.Timothy Paul Cronan & Sulaiman Al-Rafee - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):527-545.
    This study focuses on one of the newer forms of software piracy, known as digital piracy, and uses the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a framework to attempt to determine factors that influence digital piracy (the illegal copying/downloading of copyrighted software and media files). This study examines factors, which could determine an individual’s intention to pirate digital material (software, media, etc.). Past piracy behavior and moral obligation, in addition to the prevailing theories of behavior (Theory of Planned Behavior), (...)
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  45.  42
    The Paradigms of Biology.Marcello Barbieri - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (1):33-59.
    Today there are two major theoretical frameworks in biology. One is the ‘chemical paradigm’, the idea that life is an extremely complex form of chemistry. The other is the ‘information paradigm’, the view that life is not just ‘chemistry’ but ‘chemistry-plus-information’. This implies the existence of a fundamental difference between information and chemistry, a conclusion that is strongly supported by the fact that information and information-based-processes like heredity and natural selection simply do not exist in the world of chemistry. Against (...)
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  46. Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy.Robert F. Easley - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163-168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks (...)
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  47.  55
    Plagiarism: Words and Ideas.Mathieu Bouville - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):311-322.
    Plagiarism is a crime against academy. It deceives readers, hurts plagiarized authors, and gets the plagiarist undeserved benefits. However, even though these arguments do show that copying other people’s intellectual contribution is wrong, they do not apply to the copying of words. Copying a few sentences that contain no original idea (e.g. in the introduction) is of marginal importance compared to stealing the ideas of others. The two must be clearly distinguished, and the ‘plagiarism’ label should not (...)
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  48.  30
    Softlifting: A Model of Motivating Factors. [REVIEW]Penny M. Simpson, Debasish Banerjee & Claude L. Simpson - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (6):431 - 438.
    Softlifting (software piracy by individuals) is an unethical behavior that pervades today''s computer dependent society. Since a better understanding of underlying considerations of the behavior may provide a basis for remedy, a model of potential determinants of softlifting behavior is developed and tested. The analysis provides some support for the hypothesized model, specifically situational variables, such as delayed acquisition times, and personal gain variables, such as the challenge of copying, affect softlifting behavior. Most importantly, the analysis indicated that ethical (...)
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  49.  93
    Student Attitudes on Software Piracy and Related Issues of Computer Ethics.Robert M. Siegfried - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (4):215-222.
    Software piracy is older than the PC and has been the subject of several studies, which have found it to be a widespread phenomenon in general, and among university students in particular. An earlier study by Cohen and Cornwell from a decade ago is replicated, adding questions about downloading music from the Internet. The survey includes responses from 224 students in entry-level courses at two schools, a nondenominational suburban university and a Catholic urban college with similar student profiles. The study (...)
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  50. Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games.Peter Danielson - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book explores the role of artificial intelligence in the development of a claim that morality is person-made and rational. Professor Danielson builds moral robots that do better than amoral competitors in a tournament of games like the Prisoners Dilemma and Chicken. The book thus engages in current controversies over the adequacy of the received theory of rational choice. It sides with Gauthier and McClennan, who extend the devices of rational choice to include moral constraint. Artificial Morality goes further, by (...)
     
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