Results for 'Cosmological Argument'

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  1. The Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe - 1971 - Noûs 5 (1):49-61.
  2.  40
    The Cosmological Argument From Plato to Leibniz.William Lane Craig - 1980 - Barnes & Noble.
  3. Does the Cosmological Argument Depend on the Ontological?William F. Vallicella - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (4):441-458.
    Does the cosmological argument (CA) depend on the ontological (OA)? That depends. If the OA is an argument “from mere concepts,” then no; if the OA is an argument from possibility, then yes. That is my main thesis. Along the way, I explore a number of subsidiary themes, among them, the nature of proof in metaphysics, and what Kant calls the “mystery of absolute necessity.”.
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  4. The Cosmological Argument: A Reassessment.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1972 - Springfield, IL: Charles Thomas.
    The book adapts St. Thomas's Third Way of demonstrating the existence of God in light of contemporary issues in philosophy. Major topics in this study are causation, the principles of causation and sufficient reason, logical and real necessity, causation of the cosmos, and non-dependency of the cosmological on the ontological argument.
     
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  5. The Leibnizian Cosmological Argument.Alexander Pruss - 2009 - In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Blackwell. pp. 24--100.
  6.  73
    The Cosmological Argument and the Causal Principle.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1975 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (3):185 - 190.
    I reply to Houston Craighead, who presents two arguments against my version of the cosmological argument. First, he argues that my arguments in defense of the causal principle in terms of the existence being accidental to an essence is fallacious because it begs the question. I respond that the objection itself is circular, and that it invokes the questionable contention that what is conceivable is possible. Against my contention that the causal principle might be intuitively known, I reply (...)
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  7.  16
    The Cosmological Argument.Pheroze S. Wadia - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):411 - 420.
  8. The Kalām Cosmological Argument and the Infinite God Objection.Jacobus Erasmus & Anné Hendrik Verhoef - 2015 - Sophia 54 (4):411-427.
    In this article, we evaluate various responses to a noteworthy objection, namely, the infinite God objection to the kalām cosmological argument. As regards this objection, the proponents of the kalām argument face a dilemma—either an actual infinite cannot exist or God cannot be infinite. More precisely, this objection claims that God’s omniscience entails the existence of an actual infinite with God knowing an actually infinite number of future events or abstract objects, such as mathematical truths. We argue, (...)
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  9. Koons' Cosmological Argument.Graham Oppy - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (3):378-389.
    Robert Koons has recently defended what he claims is a successful argument for the existence of a necessary first cause, and which he develops by taking “a new look” at traditional arguments from contingency. I argue that Koons’ argument is less than successful; in particular, I claim that his attempt to “shift the burden of proof” to non-theists amounts to nothing more than an ill-disguised begging of one of the central questions upon which theists and non-theists disagree. I (...)
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  10.  56
    The Cosmological Argument.Robert Merrihew Adams & William L. Rowe - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (3):445.
  11. On ‘a New Cosmological Argument’.Graham Oppy - 2000 - Religious Studies 36 (3):345-353.
    Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss contend that their ‘new cosmological argument’ is an improvement over familiar cosmological arguments because it relies upon a weaker version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason than that used in those more familiar arguments. However, I note that their ‘weaker’ version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason entails the ‘stronger’ version of that principle which is used in more familiar arguments, so that the alleged advantage of their proof turns out to be (...)
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  12. A New Cosmological Argument.Richard M. Gale & Alexander R. Pruss - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (4):461-476.
    We will give a new cosmological argument for the existence of a being who, although not proved to be the absolutely perfect God of the great Medieval theists, also is capable of playing the role in the lives of working theists of a being that is a suitable object of worship, adoration, love, respect, and obedience. Unlike the absolutely perfect God, the God whose necessary existence is established by our argument will not be shown to essentially have (...)
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  13. Early Modern Women on the Cosmological Argument: A Case Study in Feminist History of Philosophy.Marcy P. Lascano - 2019 - In Eileen O'Neill & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.), Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women’s Philosophical Thought. Springer, NM 87747, USA: pp. 23-47.
    This chapter discusses methodology in feminist history of philosophy and shows that women philosophers made interesting and original contributions to the debates concerning the cosmological argument. I set forth and examine the arguments of Mary Astell, Damaris Masham, Catherine Trotter Cockburn, Emilie Du Châtelet, and Mary Shepherd, and discuss their involvement with philosophical issues and debates surrounding the cosmological argument. I argue that their contributions are original, philosophically interesting, and result from participation in the ongoing debates (...)
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  14.  6
    The Cosmological Argument From Plato to Leibniz.Michael Durrant - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (2):289-291.
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  15. The Cosmological Argument.William Lane Craig - 2008 - In Paul Copan & Chad V. Meister (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues. Blackwell.
  16. Epistemological Foundations for Koons' Cosmological Argument?Graham Oppy - 2010 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (1):107 - 125.
    Some people -- including the present author -- have proposed and defended alternative restricted causal principles that block Robert Koons’s ’new’ cosmological argument without undermining the intuition that causation is very close to ubiquitous. In "Epistemological Foundations for the Cosmological Argument", Koons argues that any restricted causal principles that are insufficient for the purposes of his cosmological argument cause epistemological collapse into general scepticism. In this paper I argue, against Koons, that there is no (...)
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  17. Spinoza's Cosmological Argument in the Ethics.Mogens Laerke - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):439 - 462.
    This paper discusses Baruch de Spinoza’s cosmological argument for the existence of God (CA) as it can be found in ’Ethics’, I, proposition 11, demonstration 3. The aim of the article is to provide a reconstruction of the argument by developing the underlying metaphysical framework governing it. It is partly motivated by Michael Della Rocca’s attempt to account of fundamental principles of Spinoza’s philosophy. According to him, all dependence relations in Spinoza can be reduced to conceptual ones. (...)
     
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  18. A New Look at the Cosmological Argument.Robert C. Koons - 1997 - American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (2):193 - 211.
    The cosmological argument for God’s existence has a long history, but perhaps the most influential version of it has been the argument from contingency. This is the version that Frederick Copleston pressed upon Bertrand Russell in their famous debate about God’s existence in 1948 (printed in Russell’s 1957 Why I am not a Christian). Russell’s lodges three objections to the Thomistic argument.
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  19. The Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe & John J. Shepherd - 1975 - Religious Studies 13 (1):116-118.
     
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  20. The Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe - 1971 - Studia Leibnitiana 12 (2):290-292.
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  21. The Cosmological Argument and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.William L. Rowe - 1968 - Man and World 1 (2):278-292.
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  22. The New Cosmological Argument: O’Connor on Ultimate Explanation.Tyron Craig Goldschmidt - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (2):267-288.
    Timothy O’Connor presents a novel and powerful version of the cosmological argument from contingency. What distinguishes his argument is that it does not depend on the Principle of Sufficient Reason. This version thus avoids powerful objections facing the Principle. We present and develop the argument, strengthening it in various ways. We fill in big gaps in the argument and answer criticisms. These include the criticisms that O’Connor considers as well as new criticisms. We explain how (...)
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  23.  96
    Epistemological Foundations for the Cosmological Argument.Robert Koons - 2008 - In Jon Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 105-133.
  24. The KalAm Cosmological Argument.William Lane Craig - 1979 - In Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie. Rutgers University Press. pp. 383-383.
  25. Arguing About The Kalam Cosmological Argument.Graham Oppy - 2002 - Philo 5 (1):34-61.
    This paper begins with a fairly careful and detailed discussion of the conditions under which someone who presents an argument ought to be prepared to concede that the argument is unsuccessful. The conclusions reached in this discussion are then applied to William Lane Craig’s defense of what he calls “the kalam cosmological argument.” Perhaps unsurprisingly, the chief contention of the paper is that Craig ought to be prepared to concede that “the kalam cosmological argument (...)
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  26. Spinoza's Cosmological Argument in the Ethics.Mogens Lærke - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):439-462.
  27. Kalam Cosmological Argument for God.Mark R. Nowacki - 2006 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  28.  35
    The Cosmological Argument and the Endless Regress.James A. Sadowsky - 1980 - International Philosophical Quarterly 20 (4):465-467.
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  29.  51
    A Cosmological Argument Against Physicalism.Mats Wahlberg - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (2):165-188.
    In this article, I present a Leibnizian cosmological argument to the conclusion that either the totality of physical beings has a non-physical cause, or a necessary being exists. The crucial premise of the argument is a restricted version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, namely the claim that every contingent physical phenomenon has a sufficient cause (PSR-P). I defend this principle by comparing it with a causal principle that is fundamental for physicalism, namely the Causal Closure of (...)
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  30.  34
    Spinoza and the Cosmological Argument According to Letter 12.Mogens Lærke - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (1):57 - 77.
    (2013). Spinoza and the Cosmological Argument According to Letter 12. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 57-77. doi: 10.1080/09608788.2012.696052.
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  31. Kant on the Cosmological Argument.Ian Proops - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14:1-21.
    In the first Critique Kant levels two main charges against the cosmological argument. First, it commits the fallacy of ignoratio elenchi. Second, in two rather different ways, it presupposes the ontological argument. Commentators have struggled to find merit in either of these charges. The paper argues that they can nonetheless be shown to have some merit, so long as one takes care to correctly identify the version of the cosmological argument that Kant means to be (...)
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  32.  20
    The Cosmological Argument.David Oderberg - 2007 - In C. Meister & P. Copan (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion. pp. 341-50.
  33. New Remarks on the Cosmological Argument.Gustavo E. Romero & Daniela Pérez - 2012 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (2):103-113.
    We present a formal analysis of the Cosmological Argument in its two main forms: that due to Aquinas, and the revised version of the Kalam Cosmological Argument more recently advocated by William Lane Craig. We formulate these two arguments in such a way that each conclusion follows in first-order logic from the corresponding assumptions. Our analysis shows that the conclusion which follows for Aquinas is considerably weaker than what his aims demand. With formalizations that are logically (...)
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  34. The Kalām Cosmological Argument, the Big Bang, and Atheism.John Park - 2016 - Acta Analytica 31 (3):323-335.
    While there has been much work on cosmological arguments, novel objections will be presented against the modern day rendition of the Kalām cosmological argument as standardly articulated by William Lane Craig. The conclusion is reached that this cosmological argument and several of its variants do not lead us to believe that there is inevitably a supernatural cause to the universe. Moreover, a conditional argument for atheism will be presented in light of the Big Bang (...)
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  35. The Cosmological Argument: Assessment of a Reassessment. [REVIEW]Houston Craighead - 1975 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (2):117 - 124.
  36.  2
    The Cosmological Argument.George Nakhnikian & William L. Rowe - 1977 - Noûs 11 (1):61.
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  37. Cosmological Argument: A Pragmatic Defense.Evan Sandsmark & Jason L. Megill - 2010 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (1):127 - 142.
    We formulate a sort of "generic" cosmological argument, i.e., a cosmological argument that shares premises (e.g., "contingent, concretely existing entities have a cause") with numerous versions of the argument. We then defend each of the premises by offering pragmatic arguments for them. We show that an endorsement of each premise will lead to an increase in expected utility; so in the absence of strong evidence that the premises are false, it is rational to endorse them. (...)
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  38. The Cosmological Argument From Plato to Leibniz.Eleonore Stump - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (3):701-703.
    As he makes plain in the preface, Craig's purpose in writing this book is to provide a historical, rather than a critical, exposition of the cosmological proof for the existence of God. In recent years, interest in the cosmological argument has been increasing, but evaluation of it on the part of philosophers of religion has been marked by "woeful ignorance of the historical versions of the argument," as Craig quite correctly remarks. In this book, Craig attempts (...)
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  39.  78
    Kalam Cosmological Argument.Drago Djuric - 2011 - Filozofija I Društvo 22 (1):29-51.
    In this paper it will be presented polemics about kalam cosmological argument developed in medieval islamic theology and philosophy. Main moments of that polemics was presented for a centuries earlier in Philoponus criticism of Aristotle?s thesis that the world is eternal, and of impossibilty of actual infinity. Philoponus accepts the thesis that actual infinity is impossible, but he thinks that, exactly because of that, world cannot be eternal. Namely, according to Philoponus, something can?not come into being if its (...)
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  40. Two Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe - 1970 - The Monist 54 (3):441-459.
    In this paper I wish to consider two major criticisms that have been advanced against the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God, criticisms which many philosophers regard as constituting a decisive refutation of that argument. Before stating and examining these objections it will be helpful to have before us a version of the Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument has two distinct parts. The first part is an argument to establish the existence (...)
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  41. A Big Bang Cosmological Argument for God's Nonexistence.Quentin Smith - 1992 - Faith and Philosophy 9 (2):217-237.
    The big bang cosmological theory is relevant to Christian theism and other theist perspectives since it represents the universe as beginning to exist ex nihilo about 15 billion years ago. This paper addresses the question of whether it is reasonable to believe that God created the big bang. Some theists answer in the affirmative, but it is argued in this paper that this belief is not reasonable. In the course of this argument, there is a discussion of the (...)
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  42.  61
    Divine Necessity and the Cosmological Argument.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1970 - The Monist 54 (3):401-415.
    An analysis of the use of "necessary" in the cosmological argument reveals that the criticism of it, i.e., that its conclusion is self-contradictory because no existential proposition can be logically necessary, is due to the mistaken contention that the necessity involved is logical rather than conditional necessity.
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  43. Leibniz's Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God.Mogens Lærke - 2011 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 93 (1):58-84.
    In this article, I discuss Leibniz's interpretation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God. In particular, I consider whether Leibniz's position on this point was developed partly in reference to Spinoza's position. First, I analyze Leibniz's annotations from 1676 on Spinoza's Letter 12. The traditional cosmological argument, as found in Avicenna and Saint Thomas for example, relies on the Aristotelian assumption that an actual infinite is impossible and on the idea that there can be (...)
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  44.  15
    The Kalam Cosmological Argument[REVIEW]William J. Wainwright - 1982 - Noûs 16 (2):328-334.
  45. A Leibnizian Cosmological Argument.Brian Leftow - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (2):135 - 155.
    I explicate and defend leibniz's argument from "eternal truths" to the existence of god. I argue that necessary beings can be caused to exist, Showing how one can apply a counterfactual analysis to such causation, Then argue that if such beings can be caused to exist, They are.
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  46.  94
    A Naturalist Cosmological Argument.Brian Leftow - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (3):321-338.
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  47.  55
    The Cosmological Argument.R. G. Swinburne - 1976 - Philosophical Books 17 (2):60-62.
  48. The Cosmological Argument.Richard Taylor - unknown
     
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  49.  57
    Cosmological Argument for a/Theism: Craig's and Smith's Interpretation of Big Bang Cosmology.Drago Đurić - 2012 - Theoria: Beograd 55 (3):81-97.
  50.  8
    The Cosmological Argument: A Reappraisal.William A. Wallace - 1972 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 46:43-57.
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