Results for 'Cosmology History'

999 found
Order:
  1. Contemporary History of Cosmology and the Controversy Over the Multiverse.Helge Kragh - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (4):529-551.
    Cosmology has always been different from other areas of the natural sciences. Although an observationally supported standard model of the universe emerged in the 1960s, more speculative models and conceptions continued to attract attention. During the last decade, ideas of multiple universes based on anthropic reasoning have become very popular among cosmologists and theoretical physicists. This had led to a major debate within the scientific community of the epistemic standards of modern cosmology. Is the multiverse a scientific hypothesis, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  2.  4
    Cosmology in the Philosophical Education of Ukraine: History and Modern Condition.Sergii Rudenko, Yaroslav Sobolievskyi & Vadym Tytarenko - 2018 - Filosofiâ I Kosmologiâ 20:128-138.
    The article is devoted to the philosophy of cosmology, its history and contemporary conditions, the tradition of studying and modern trends in teaching this discipline in higher education in Ukraine. There is problem of defining the subject of philosophy of cosmology, there are similar and different motifs with modern astrophysics, cosmology on the one hand, and, with the history of philosophy and modern philosophy on the other hand. The change in the subject of the philosophy (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  3
    Cosmology in the Philosophical Education of Ukraine: History and Modern Condition.Sergii Rudenko, Yaroslav Sobolievskyi & Vadym Tytarenko - 2018 - Philosophy and Cosmology 20 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  4. Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi’s Cosmology?Jeeloo Liu - 2001 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28 (3):321–338.
    In traditional Chinese cosmology, this pattern could be very well explained in terms of the fluctuation of yin and yang, or as the natural order of Heaven. This cosmological explanation fits natural history well. There are natural phenomena such as floods, draughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, etc., that are beyond human control. These events have their determining factors. Once those factors are present, a natural disaster, however unfavorably viewed by humans, is doomed to take place. The view that natural (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  33
    Cosmology and Convention.David Merritt - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 57:41-52.
    I argue that some important elements of the current cosmological model are 'conventionalist’ in the sense defined by Karl Popper. These elements include dark matter and dark energy; both are auxiliary hypotheses that were invoked in response to observations that falsified the standard model as it existed at the time. The use of conventionalist stratagems in response to unexpected observations implies that the field of cosmology is in a state of 'degenerating problemshift’ in the language of Imre Lakatos. I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  52
    The Expanding Universe: A History of Cosmology From 1917 to 1960.George Fr Ellis - 1989 - In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser. pp. 367-431.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  49
    Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology.Helge S. Kragh - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents the history of how the universe at large became the object of scientific understanding. Starting with the ancient creation myths, it offers an integrated and comprehensive account of cosmology that covers all major events from Aristotle's Earth-centred cosmos to the recent discovery of the accelearting universe.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8.  7
    Cosmology, Particles, and the Unity of Science.Henrik Zinkernagel - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (3):493-516.
    During the last three decades, there has been a growing realization among physicists and cosmologists that the relation between particle physics and cosmology may constitute yet another successful example of the unity of science. However, there are important conceptual problems in the unification of the two disciplines, e.g. in connection with the cosmological constant and the conjecture of inflation. The present article will outline some of these problems, and argue that the victory for the unity of science in the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9.  51
    More Problems for Newtonian Cosmology.David Wallace - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 57:35-40.
    I point out a radical indeterminism in potential-based formulations of Newtonian gravity once we drop the condition that the potential vanishes at infinity. This indeterminism, which is well known in theoretical cosmology but has received little attention in foundational discussions, can be removed only by specifying boundary conditions at all instants of time, which undermines the theory's claim to be fully cosmological, i.e., to apply to the Universe as a whole. A recent alternative formulation of Newtonian gravity due to (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  10.  24
    Cosmology and Political Culture in Early China.Aihe Wang - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This radical reinterpretation of the formative stages of Chinese culture and history traces the central role played by cosmology in the formation of China's early empires. It crosses the disciplines of history, social anthropology, archaeology, and philosophy to illustrate how cosmological systems, particularly the Five Elements, shaped political culture. By focusing on dynamic change in early cosmology, the book undermines the notion that Chinese cosmology was homogenous and unchanging. By arguing that cosmology was intrinsic (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Koyré on the History of Cosmology[REVIEW]J. Agassi - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (35):234-245.
  12. On Under-Determination in Cosmology.Jeremy Butterfield - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):57-69.
    I discuss how modern cosmology illustrates under-determination of theoretical hypotheses by data, in ways that are different from most philosophical discussions. I emphasise cosmology's concern with what data could in principle be collected by a single observer ; and I give a broadly sceptical discussion of cosmology's appeal to the cosmological principle as a way of breaking the under-determination.I confine most of the discussion to the history of the observable universe from about one second after the (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13. Underdetermination in Cosmology: An Invitation.Jeremy Butterfield - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):1-18.
    I discuss how modern cosmology illustrates underdetermination of theoretical hypotheses by data, in ways that are different from most philosophical discussions. I confine the discussion to the history of the observable universe from about one second after the Big Bang, as described by the mainstream cosmological model: in effect, what cosmologists in the early 1970s dubbed the ‘standard model’, as elaborated since then. Or rather, the discussion is confined to a few aspects of that history. I emphasize (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  14.  9
    Philosophical Implications of Inflationary Cosmology.Joshua Knobe, Ken D. Olum & Alexander Vilenkin - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):47-67.
    Recent developments in cosmology indicate that every history having a nonzero probability is realized in infinitely many distinct regions of spacetime. Thus, it appears that the universe contains infinitely many civilizations exactly like our own, as well as infinitely many civilizations that differ from our own in any way permitted by physical laws. We explore the implications of this conclusion for ethical theory and for the doomsday argument. In the infinite universe, we find that the doomsday argument applies (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  15.  79
    Review: Koyré on the History of Cosmology[REVIEW]J. Agassi - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (35):234 - 245.
  16. Was Newtonian Cosmology Really Inconsistent?Peter Vickers - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):197-208.
    This paper follows up a debate as to the consistency of Newtonian cosmology. Whereas Malament (1995) has shown that Newtonian cosmology *is* not inconsistent, to date there has been no analysis of Norton’s claim (1995) that Newtonian cosmology *was* inconsistent prior to certain advances in the 1930s, and in particular prior to Seeliger’s seminal paper of 1895. In this paper I agree that there are assumptions, Newtonian and cosmological in character, and relevant to the real history (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. Quantum Cosmology and the Beginning of the Universe.Gerrit Smith & Robert Weingard - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):663-667.
    In this note a recently developed quantum oscillating finite space cosmological model is described. The principle novelty of the model is that there is a quantum blurring of the classical singularity between cycles, instead of a singularity free bounce. Recently, Quentin Smith (1988) has argued that present theoretical and observational evidence justifies the belief that the past history of the universe is finite. The relevance of this cosmological model to Smith's arguments is discussed.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. A History of Cosmology 1917-1955.G. F. R. Ellis - 1989 - In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser. pp. 367--431.
  19. Cosmology, Epistemology, and the History of Geography.Hideki Nozawa (ed.) - 1986 - Institute of Geography, Faculty of Letters, Kyushu University.
  20. Predictability Crisis in Early Universe Cosmology.Chris Smeenk - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):122-133.
    Inflationary cosmology has been widely accepted due to its successful predictions: for a “generic” initial state, inflation produces a homogeneous, flat, bubble with an appropriate spectrum of density perturbations. However, the discovery that inflation is “generically eternal,” leading to a vast multiverse of inflationary bubbles with different low-energy physics, threatens to undermine this account. There is a “predictability crisis” in eternal inflation, because extracting predictions apparently requires a well-defined measure over the multiverse. This has led to discussions of anthropic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  21. Consistent Histories in Quantum Cosmology.David Craig & Parampreet Singh - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (3):371-379.
    We illustrate the crucial role played by decoherence (consistency of quantum histories) in extracting consistent quantum probabilities for alternative histories in quantum cosmology. Specifically, within a Wheeler-DeWitt quantization of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological model sourced with a free massless scalar field, we calculate the probability that the universe is singular in the sense that it assumes zero volume. Classical solutions of this model are a disjoint set of expanding and contracting singular branches. A naive assessment of the behavior of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  83
    Cosmology, Particles, and the Unity of Science.Henrik Zinkernagel - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (3):493-516.
    During the last three decades, there has been a growing realization among physicists and cosmologists that the relation between particle physics and cosmology may constitute yet another successful example of the unity of science. However, there are important conceptual problems in the unification of the two disciplines, e.g. in connection with the cosmological constant and the conjecture of inflation. The present article will outline some of these problems, and argue that the victory for the unity of science in the (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  23. Philosophical Implications of Inflationary Cosmology.Joshua Knobe, Ken D. Olum & And Alexander Vilenkin - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):47-67.
    Recent developments in cosmology indicate that every history having a non-zero probability is realized in infinitely many distinct regions of spacetime. Thus, it appears that the universe contains infinitely many civilizations exactly like our own, as well as infinitely many civilizations that differ from our own in any way permitted by physical laws. We explore the implications of this conclusion for ethical theory and for the doomsday argument. In the infinite universe, we find that the doomsday argument applies (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24. Uniformitarianism in Cosmology: Background and Philosophical Implications of the Steady-State Theory.Yuri Balashov - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (6):933-958.
    Philosophical considerations have been essentially involved in the origin and development of the steady-state cosmological theory. These considerations include an explicit uniformitarian methodology and implicit metaphysical views concerning the status of natural laws in a changing universe. I shall examine the foundations of SST by reconstructing its early history. Whereas the strong uniformitarian methodology of SST found no support in the subsequent development of cosmology, the idea of a possible influence the global structure of the universe may have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  25.  11
    Was Newtonian Cosmology Really Inconsistent?Peter Vickers - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):197-208.
    This paper follows up a debate as to the consistency of Newtonian cosmology. Whereas Malament has shown that Newtonian cosmology *is* not inconsistent, to date there has been no analysis of Norton’s claim that Newtonian cosmology *was* inconsistent prior to certain advances in the 1930s, and in particular prior to Seeliger’s seminal paper of 1895. In this paper I agree that there are assumptions, Newtonian and cosmological in character, and relevant to the real history of science, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26.  10
    Is Human History Predestined.in Wang Fuzhi’S. Cosmology - 2001 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28:321-337.
  27.  55
    Duhem, the Arabs, and the History of Cosmology.F. Jamil Ragep - 1990 - Synthese 83 (2):201 - 214.
    Duhem has generally been understood to have maintained that the major Greek astronomers were instrumentalists. This view has emerged mainly from a reading of his 1908 publication To Save the Phenomena. In it he sharply contrasted a sophisticated Greek interpretation of astronomical models (for Duhem this was that they were mathematical contrivances) with a naive insistence of the Arabs on their concrete reality. But in Le Système du monde, which began to appear in 1913, Duhem modified his views on Greek (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  28. The Implementation, Interpretation, and Justification of Likelihoods in Cosmology.C. D. McCoy - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:19-35.
    I discuss the formal implementation, interpretation, and justification of likelihood attributions in cosmology. I show that likelihood arguments in cosmology suffer from significant conceptual and formal problems that undermine their applicability in this context.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  29.  99
    On the Philosophy of Cosmology.George Francis Rayner Ellis - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):5-23.
    This paper gives an overview of significant issues in the philosophy of cosmology, starting off by emphasizing the uniqueness of the universe and the way models are used in description and explanation. It then considers, basic limits on observations; the need to test alternatives; ways to test consistency; and implications of the uniqueness of the universe as regards distinguishing laws of physics from contingent conditions. It goes on to look at the idea of a multiverse as a scientific explanation (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  30. The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno.Paul Henri Michel - 1973 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  31.  16
    Modern Cosmology and Some Implications for Religion.Joel Primack - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (5):615-621.
    Throughout history cultures have adopted cosmological myths as a means to understand the world and the place of human beings in that world. Since the time of Galileo and Descartes the cosmological myths of religion were permanently divorced from the cosmological accounts grounded in the natural sciences.Nonetheless, even contemporary scientific cosmology can act as a controllingmetaphor for thinking about humanity and its fate.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  17
    John North. The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology. London: Fontana, 1994. Pp. Xxvii + 697. ISBN 0-00-686177-6. £12.99. [REVIEW]Mari Williams - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (2):233-234.
  33. Volume I: Cosmology, Psychology, Epistemology, Ontology; Volume Ii: Natural Theology, Logic, Ethics, History of Philosophy.Cardinal Mercier - 2013 - Editiones Scholasticae.
    Cardinal Mercier’s Manual of Modern Scholastic Philosophy is a standard work, prepared at the Higher Institute of Philosophy, Louvain, mainly for the use of clerical students in Catholic Seminaries. Though undoubtedly elementary, it contains a clear, simple, and methodological exposition of the principles and problems of every department of philosophy, and its appeal is not to any particular class, but broadly human and universal. Volume II contains sections on natural theology, logic, ethics and outlines of the history of philosophy.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  9
    Feature ReviewsThe Norton History of Astronomy and Cosmology. John North.N. M. Swerdlow - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):316-317.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  5
    The Norton History of Astronomy and Cosmology by John North. [REVIEW]N. Swerdlow - 1997 - Isis 88:316-317.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Indifference Principle and Anthropic Principle in Cosmology.Ernan McMullin - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):359-389.
    The successes scored by the big bang model of cosmic evolution in the 1960’s led to an intensive application of quantum theory to the problem of how the expansion might have begun and what its likely first stages were. It seemed as though an incredibly precise setting of the initial conditions would have been needed in order that a long-lived galactic universe containing heavy elements might develop. One response was to suppose that the fine-tuning could somehow be explained by the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  37.  78
    Non-Standard Models and the Sociology of Cosmology.Martín López-Corredoira - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):86-96.
    I review some theoretical ideas in cosmology different from the standard “Big Bang”: the quasi-steady state model, the plasma cosmology model, non-cosmological redshifts, alternatives to non-baryonic dark matter and/or dark energy, and others. Cosmologists do not usually work within the framework of alternative cosmologies because they feel that these are not at present as competitive as the standard model. Certainly, they are not so developed, and they are not so developed because cosmologists do not work on them. It (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  29
    Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology: From Thales to Heraclides Ponticus.Dirk L. Couprie - 2011 - Springer.
    Exploring the decisive steps taken by Anaximander of Miletus, this book details the transition from the archaic cosmological world-picture of a flat earth with a celestial vault to the Western world-picture of a free floating earth in an ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  39.  90
    A Non-Theistic Cosmology and Natural History.Laurence Goldstein - 2006 - Analysis 66 (3):256-260.
    The plausibility of the theory of evolution depends on abandoning the assumption of a unique 'big bang' ex nihilo marking the beginning of the universe.
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Anthropocentrism in History and Contemporary Cosmology.J. Krob - 1993 - Filosoficky Casopis 41 (5):858-868.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  24
    Adventures in Earth History, Being a Volume of Significant Writings From Original Sources, on Cosmology, Geology, Climatology, Oceanography, Organic Evolution, and Related Topics of Interests to Students of Earth History, From the Time of Nicolaus Steno to the Present. Selected, Edited, and with Introductions....Preston Cloud. [REVIEW]Alexander M. Ospovat - 1972 - Isis 63 (1):112-113.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Soul: God, Self, and the New Cosmology.Angela Tilby - 1992 - Doubleday.
  43. Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology.William Lane Craig & Quentin Smith - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary science presents us with the remarkable theory that the universe began to exist about fifteen billion years ago with a cataclysmic explosion called "the Big Bang." The question of whether Big Bang cosmology supports theism or atheism has long been a matter of discussion among the general public and in popular science books, but has received scant attention from philosophers. This book sets out to fill this gap by means of a sustained debate between two philosophers, William Lane (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  44. The Universe Around Them: Cosmology and Cosmic Renewal in Indianized South-East Asia.H. G. Quaritch Wales - 1977 - A. Probsthain.
  45.  21
    The Development and Decline of Chinese Cosmology.John B. Henderson - 1984 - Columbia University Press.
  46.  52
    Historiography and Cosmology in Plato’s Laws.Andrea W. Nightingale - 1999 - Ancient Philosophy 19 (2):299-326.
  47. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds.Roger Ariew (ed.) - 1987 - University of Chicago Press.
    These selections from _Le système du monde_, the classic ten-volume history of the physical sciences written by the great French physicist Pierre Duhem, focus on cosmology, Duhem's greatest interest. By reconsidering the work of such Arab and Christian scholars as Averroes, Avicenna, Gregory of Rimini, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Duns Scotus, and William of Occam, Duhem demonstrated the sophistication of medieval science and cosmology.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Kantian Cosmology: The Very Idea.Gary Banham - 2011 - Kant Studies Online:1--26.
    The general conception of Kantian cosmology in Universal Natural History is one that folds into the “pre-Critical” period in the basic sense that the status of the types of principles invoked within the work is not subjected by Kant to critical assessment. This is far from meaning that the enquiry of Universal Natural History is simply abandoned by Kant. Rather, the stakes of the inquiry into cosmology become transformed and this transformation has much to do with (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Cosmology and Creation: The Spiritual Significance of Contemporary Cosmology.Paul Brockelman - 1999 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The Big Bang is a myth, says Paul Brockelman in this fascinating look at the spiritual side of modern cosmology. But it is a myth in the best sense--a fully realized creation story, one that, for all its scientific origins, has the power to transform us spiritually. In Cosmology and Creation, philosopher and religious scholar Brockelman seeks to bridge the gap between the scientific and the spiritual, to bring together the head and the heart. We have isolated the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  17
    Cosmology.John K. Ryan - 1932 - New Scholasticism 6 (4):373-373.
1 — 50 / 999