Results for 'Cosmology, Medieval'

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  1. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1985 - University of Chicago Press.
  2. Time Matters Time, Creation, and Cosmology in Medieval Jewish Philosophy.Tamar Rudavsky - 2000
     
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  3. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds.Roger Ariew (ed.) - 1987 - University of Chicago Press.
    These selections from _Le système du monde_, the classic ten-volume history of the physical sciences written by the great French physicist Pierre Duhem, focus on cosmology, Duhem's greatest interest. By reconsidering the work of such Arab and Christian scholars as Averroes, Avicenna, Gregory of Rimini, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Duns Scotus, and William of Occam, Duhem demonstrated the sophistication of medieval science and cosmology.
     
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  4.  36
    The later medieval cosmology (kosmologia dojrzalego sredniowiecza).Karas Marcin - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (1).
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    Were There Significant Differences Between Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Natural Philosophy? The Case for Cosmology.Edward Grant - 1984 - Noûs 18 (1):5-14.
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  6. Pierre Duhem, Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. Trans. Roger Ariew. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pp. Xxxi, 601. $35. Abridged Edition in Translation of Le Système du Monde: Histoire des Doctrines Cosmologiques de Platon À Copernic, 10 Vols., Published by Hermann, Paris, 1913–59. [REVIEW]Edward Grant - 1987 - Speculum 62 (4):927-929.
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  7.  4
    Bruce S. Eastwood, Ordering the Heavens: Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance.(History of Science and Medicine Library, 4; Medieval and Early Modern Science, 8.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007. Pp. Xxiii, 452; Many Black-and-White Figures and Tables.€ 99. [REVIEW]Natalia Lozovsky - 2008 - Speculum 83 (3):692-694.
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  8.  1
    An Angel's View of Heaven: The Mystical Heliocentricity of Medieval Geocentric Cosmology.Keith Hutchison - 2012 - History of Science 50 (166):33-74.
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    Mechanics and Cosmology in the Medieval and Early Modern Period.A. Goddu - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (2):281-284.
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    Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. [REVIEW]Edward Grant - 1987 - Speculum 62 (4):927-929.
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  11. Time Matters: Time, Creation, and Cosmology in Medieval Jewish Philosophy by T. M. Rudavsky. [REVIEW]Gad Freudenthal - 2001 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 92:160-161.
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  12. Time Matters: Time, Creation, and Cosmology in Medieval Jewish PhilosophyT. M. Rudavsky.Gad Freudenthal - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):160-161.
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  13. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of WorldsPierre Duhem Roger Ariew.Edward Grant - 1987 - Speculum 62 (4):927-929.
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  14. Armagh and the Royal Centres in Early Medieval Ireland: Monuments, Cosmology, and the Past.N. B. Aitchison.J. P. Mallory - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):777-778.
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  15. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of WorldsPierre Duhem Roger Ariew.Edward Peters - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):299-300.
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  16. Massimo Bucciantini; Michele Camerota; Sophie Roux .Mechanics and Cosmology in the Medieval and Early Modern Period. Xv + 210 Pp., Illus., Figs., Index. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2007. €23. [REVIEW]Katherine A. Tredwell - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):375-376.
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  17. Medieval Views of the Cosmos.Evelyn Edson - 2004 - Bodleian Library, University of Oxford.
    Once upon a time, the universe was much simpler: before our modern understanding of an infinite formless space scattered with pulsating stars, revolving planets, and mysterious black holes, the universe was seen as a rigid hierarchical system with the earth and the human race at its center. Medieval Views of the Cosmos investigates this worldview shared by medieval societies, revealing how their modes of thought affect us even today. In the medieval world system--inherited by Christians and Muslims (...)
     
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  18. The Wittich Connection Conflict and Priority in Late Sixteenth-Century Cosmology.Owen Gingerich & Robert S. Westman - 1988
  19. Fabula: Explorations Into the Uses of Myth in Medieval Platonism.Peter Dronke - 1974 - Brill.
  20. Kosmos I Dusha: Uchenii͡a o Vselennoĭ I Cheloveke V Antichnosti I V Srednie Veka: (Issledovanii͡a I Perevody).P. P. Gaĭdenko & V. V. Petrov (eds.) - 2005 - Progress-Tradit͡sii͡a.
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  21. Hermes Trismegistus, de Sex Rerum Principiis. Hermes (ed.) - 2006 - Brepols Publishers.
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  22. Cosmogonie E Cosmologie Nel Medioevo: Atti Del Convegno Della Società Italiana Per Lo Studio Del Pensiero Medievale (S.I.S.P.M.), Catania, 22-24 Settembre 2006. [REVIEW]Concetto Martello, Chiara Militello & Andrea Vella (eds.) - 2008 - Brepols Publishers.
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  23. Cosmogonie E Cosmologie Nel Medioevo: Atti Del Convegno Della Società Italiana Per Lo Studio Del Pensiero Medievale (S).Concetto Martello, Chiara Militello & Andrea Vella (eds.) - 2008 - Brepols Publishers.
    Le volume rassemble 25 études concernant la cosmologie médiévale, abordée à travers ses diverses composantes, à l’intérieur d’une fourchette chronologique allant de Calcidius jusqu’au XIVe siècle. Dix contributions sont consacrées à des questions de cosmologie hébraïque et islamique, traitant en particulier de Gersonide (R. Gatti), Maïmonide (L. Pepi), Avicenne (C. Di Martino, O. Lizzini), Sohravardî (I. Panzeca), Qûnawî (P. Spallino), les Frères de la Pureté (C. Baffioni) ainsi qu’aux interférences qui existent entre moyen âge islamique et latin : la grande (...)
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  24. The Harmony of the Spheres: Speculations on Western Man's Ever-Changing Views of the Cosmos, From Hesiod (700 B.C.) to Newton (1650 A.D.). [REVIEW]Robert Navon - 1991 - Selene Books.
  25. La Cosmologie Médiévale: Textes Et Images.Barbara Obrist - 2004 - Sismel, Edizioni Del Galluzzozioni Del Galluzzo.
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  26.  11
    Heaven and Earth in the Middle Ages: The Physical World Before Columbus.Rudolf Simek - 1996 - Boydell Press.
    A discussion of European understanding of the physical world from the 9th century to the 15th, ranging from astronomy to zoology and refuting the more recent ...
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  27. Aristotel I Predsokratovcite: Fizikalno-Kosmološki Teorii.Marija Todoroska - 2009 - Az-Buki.
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  28. Nature, Formative Power and Intellect in the Natural Philosophy of Albert the Great.Adam Takahashi - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (5):451-481.
    The Dominican theologian Albert the Great was one of the first to investigate into the system of the world on the basis of an acquaintance with the entire Aristotelian corpus, which he read under the influence of Islamic philosophers. The present study aims to understand the core of Albert's natural philosophy. Albert's emblematic phrase, “every work of nature is the work of intelligence” , expresses the conviction that natural things are produced by the intellects that move the celestial bodies, just (...)
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  29. A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology.A. Grunbaum - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1-43.
    This paper is a sequel to my 'Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology' (Foundations of Physics [1996], 26 (4); revised in Philo [1998], 1 (1)). There I argued that the Big Bang models of (classical) general relativity theory, as well as the original 1948 versions of the steady state cosmology, are each logically incompatible with the time-honored theological doctrine that perpetual divine creation ('creatio continuans') is required in each of these two theorized worlds. Furthermore, I challenged the perennial theological doctrine (...)
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  30.  26
    Philosophical Cosmology in Judaism.T. M. Rudavsky - 1997 - Early Science and Medicine 2 (2):149-184.
    In this paper I shall examine the philosophical cosmology of medieval Jewish thinkers as developed against the backdrop of their views on time and creation. I shall concentrate upon the Neoplatonic and Aristotelian traditions, with a particular eye to the interweaving of astronomy, cosmology and temporality. This interweaving occurs in part because of the influence of Greek cosmological and astronomical texts upon Jewish philosophers. The tension between astronomy and cosmology is best seen in Maimonides' discussion of creation. Gersonides, on (...)
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  31. Philosophical Cosmology in Judaism.T. Rudavsky - 1997 - Early Science and Medicine 1 (2):149-184.
    In this paper I shall examine the philosophical cosmology of medieval Jewish thinkers as developed against the backdrop of their views on time and creation. I shall concentrate upon the Neoplatonic and Aristotelian traditions, with a particular eye to the interweaving of astronomy, cosmology and temporality. This interweaving occurs in part because of the influence of Greek cosmological and astronomical texts upon Jewish philosophers. The tension between astronomy and cosmology is best seen in Maimonides' discussion of creation. Gersonides, on (...)
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  32. Science Et Technique : Études d'Histoire Et D'Épistémologie.François Elmir - 2005 - Siress.
    -- t. 2. Origines médiévales de la science.
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  33.  12
    Copernicus and the Aristotelian Tradition: Education, Reading, and Philosophy in Copernicus's Path to Heliocentrism.André Goddu - 2010 - Brill.
    Drawing on a half century of scholarship, of Polish studies of Copernicus and Cracow University, and of Copernicus's sources, this book offers a comprehensive re-evaluation of Copernicus's achievement, and explains his commitment to the ...
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  34. Die Weltanschauung des Mittelalters.Heinrich Schaller - 1934 - R. Oldenbourg.
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    The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology: Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings.Gad Freudenthal - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):111-137.
    How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar (...)
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  36.  7
    A Twelfth-Century Text on the Number Nine and Divine Creation: A New Interpretation of Boethian Cosmology?Kurt Lampe - 2005 - Mediaeval Studies 67 (1):1-26.
  37. The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology: Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings: Gad Freudenthal.Gad Freudenthal - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):111-137.
    How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean (...)
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    "Utrum Figura Dictionis Sit Fallacia in Dictione. Et Quod Non Videtur". A Taxonomic Puzzle or How Medieval Logicians Came to Account for an Odd Question by an Impossible Answer.Leone Gazziero - 2016 - In Alain de Libera, Laurent Cesalli & Frédéric Goubier (eds.), A. de Libera, L. Cesalli et F. Goubier (éd.), Formal Approaches and Natural Language in Medieval Logic. Barcelona - Roma: Barcelona - Roma, Fédération Internationale des Instituts d’Etudes Médiévales. pp. 239-267.
    One of the singularities of Latin exegesis of Aristotle’s Sophistici elenchi, is that it arbitrarily brought together two families of fallacies, the «figure of speech» and the «accident», despite the fact that they are on either side of the divide between sophisms related to expression and sophisms independent of expression, a divide that lays at the heart of Aristotle’s taxonomy of sophistic arguments. What is behind this surprising identification? The talk is meant to show that it actually originates from a (...)
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  39. Sociology of Modern Cosmology.Martín López Corredoira - 2009 - In J. A. Rubiño-Martín, J. A. Belmonte, F. Prada & A. Alberdi (eds.), Cosmology across Cultures. Astronomical Society of Pacific. pp. 66-73.
    Certain results of observational cosmology cast critical doubt on the foundations of standard cosmology but leave most cosmologists untroubled. Alternative cosmological models that differ from the Big Bang have been published and defended by heterodox scientists; however, most cosmologists do not heed these. This may be because standard theory is correct and all other ideas and criticisms are incorrect, but it is also to a great extent due to sociological phenomena such as the "snowball effect" or "groupthink". We might wonder (...)
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  40. Can We Justifiably Assume the Cosmological Principle in Order to Break Model Underdetermination in Cosmology?Claus Beisbart - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):175-205.
    If cosmology is to obtain knowledge about the whole universe, it faces an underdetermination problem: Alternative space-time models are compatible with our evidence. The problem can be avoided though, if there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle (CP), because, assuming the principle, one can confine oneself to the small class of homogeneous and isotropic space-time models. The aim of this paper is to ask whether there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle in order to avoid underdetermination (...)
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  41. Medieval Representations of Change and Their Early Modern Application.Matthias Schemmel - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (1):11-34.
    The article investigates the role of symbolic means of knowledge representation in concept development using the historical example of medieval diagrams of change employed in early modern work on the motion of fall. The parallel cases of Galileo Galilei, Thomas Harriot, and René Descartes and Isaac Beeckman are discussed. It is argued that the similarities concerning the achievements as well as the shortcomings of their respective work on the motion of fall can to a large extent be attributed to (...)
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  42. Theism and Physical Cosmology.Hans Halvorson - forthcoming - In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), Routledge Companion to Theism.
    Physical cosmology purports to establish precise and testable claims about the origin of the universe. Thus, cosmology bears directly on traditional metaphysical claims -- in particular, claims about whether the universe has a creator (i.e. God). What is the upshot of cosmology for the claims of theism? Does big-bang cosmology support theism? Do recent developments in quantum and string cosmology undermine theism? We discuss the relations between physical cosmology to theism from both historical and systematic points of view.
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    Plato's Cosmology and It's Ethical Dimensions.Gabriela Roxana Carone - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although a great deal has been written on Plato's ethics, his cosmology has not received so much attention in recent times, and its importance for his ethical thought has remained under-explored. By offering integrated accounts of Timaeus, Philebus, Politicus and Laws X, the book reveals a strongly symbiotic relation between the cosmic and the human sphere. It is argued that in his late period Plato presents a picture of an organic universe, endowed with structure and intrinsic value, which both urges (...)
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  44.  28
    Unity, Truth and the Liar: The Modern Relevance of Medieval Solutions to the Liar Paradox.Shahid Rahman, Tero Tulenheimo & Emmanuel Genot (eds.) - 2008 - Springer.
    This volume includes a target paper, taking up the challenge to revive, within a modern (formal) framework, a medieval solution to the Liar Paradox which did ...
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  45. Relations: Medieval Theories, 1250-1325.Mark Gerald Henninger - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Scholars have known that a variety of medieval theories on relation existed, but no full-length systematic study has been attempted until now. With this book Henninger fills an important gap in our knowledge of medieval philosophy. Dealing with such varied thinkers as Aquinas, Henry of Ghent, Richard of Mediavilla, John Duns Scotus, Henry of Harclay, William of Ockham, and Peter Aureoli, the book will interest anyone concerned with late medieval philosophy and the transition to the early modern (...)
     
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  46. On Some Alleged Consequences of 'the Hartle-Hawking Cosmology'.Graham Oppy - 1997 - Sophia 36 (1):84-95.
    In [3], Quentin Smith claims that `the Hartle-Hawking cosmology' is inconsistent with classical theism in a way which redounds to the discredit of classical theism; and, moreover, that the truth of `the Hartle- Hawking cosmology' would undermine reasonsed belief in any other varieties of theism which hold that the universe is created.
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    Arthur Prior and Medieval Logic.Sara L. Uckelman - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):349-366.
    Though Arthur Prior is now best known for his founding of modern temporal logic and hybrid logic, much of his early philosophical career was devoted to history of logic and historical logic. This interest laid the foundations for both of his ground-breaking innovations in the 1950s and 1960s. Because of the important rôle played by Prior's research in ancient and medieval logic in his development of temporal and hybrid logic, any student of Prior, temporal logic, or hybrid logic should (...)
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  48.  39
    Predictability Crisis in Early Universe Cosmology.Chris Smeenk - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):122-133.
    Inflationary cosmology has been widely accepted due to its successful predictions: for a “generic” initial state, inflation produces a homogeneous, flat, bubble with an appropriate spectrum of density perturbations. However, the discovery that inflation is “generically eternal,” leading to a vast multiverse of inflationary bubbles with different low-energy physics, threatens to undermine this account. There is a “predictability crisis” in eternal inflation, because extracting predictions apparently requires a well-defined measure over the multiverse. This has led to discussions of anthropic predictions (...)
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  49. Less Interpretation and More Decoherence in Quantum Gravity and Inflationary Cosmology.Elise M. Crull - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1019-1045.
    I argue that quantum decoherence—understood as a dynamical process entailed by the standard formalism alone—carries us beyond conceptual aspects of non-relativistic quantum mechanics deemed insurmountable by many contributors to the recent quantum gravity and cosmology literature. These aspects include various incarnations of the measurement problem and of the quantum -to-classical puzzle. Not only can such problems be largely bypassed or dissolved without default to a particular interpretation, but theoretical work in relativistic arenas stands to gain substantial physical and philosophical insight (...)
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    Non-Standard Models and the Sociology of Cosmology.Martín López-Corredoira - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):86-96.
    I review some theoretical ideas in cosmology different from the standard “Big Bang”: the quasi-steady state model, the plasma cosmology model, non-cosmological redshifts, alternatives to non-baryonic dark matter and/or dark energy, and others. Cosmologists do not usually work within the framework of alternative cosmologies because they feel that these are not at present as competitive as the standard model. Certainly, they are not so developed, and they are not so developed because cosmologists do not work on them. It is a (...)
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