Results for 'Courtney Murren'

400 found
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  1. Phenotypic Plasticity and Evolution by Genetic Assimilation.Massimo Pigliucci, Courtney Murren & Carl Schlichting - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Biology 209:2362-2367.
    In addition to considerable debate in the recent evolutionary literature about the limits of the Modern Synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, there has also been theoretical and empirical interest in a variety of new and not so new concepts such as phenotypic plasticity, genetic assimilation and phenotypic accommodation. Here we consider examples of the arguments and counter- arguments that have shaped this discussion. We suggest that much of the controversy hinges on several misunderstandings, including unwarranted fears of a general (...)
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  2.  58
    Courtney S. Cox and Jessica C. Campbell Reply.Courtney S. Campbell & Jessica C. Cox - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report 41 (4):8-9.
  3.  25
    Response From Courtney, Ungerleider and Haxby.S. M. Courtney, L. G. Ungerleider & J. V. Haxby - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):125-126.
  4.  9
    The Potential Role for Cognitive Training in Sport: More Research Needed.Courtney C. Walton, Richard J. Keegan, Mike Martin & Harry Hallock - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  5. Metaphysics: A Critical Translation with Kant's Elucidations, Selected Notes, and Related Materials.Courtney Fugate, John Hymers & Alexander Baumgarten - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier's 18th-century German translation. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant's elucidations and notes, Eberhard's insertions in the 1783 German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten's Metaphysics is an essential, authoritative (...)
     
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  6.  6
    Deciding For When You Can’T Decide: The Medical Treatment Planning and Decisions Act 2016.Courtney Hempton & Neera Bhatia - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):109-120.
    The Australian state of Victoria introduced new legislation regulating medical treatment and associated decision-making in March 2018. In this article we provide an overview of the new Medical Treatment Planning and Decisions Act 2016 and compare it to the former Medical Treatment Act 1988. Most substantially, the new Act provides for persons with relevant decision-making capacity to make decisions in advance regarding their potential future medical care, to take effect in the event they themselves do not have decision-making capacity. Prima (...)
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  7.  8
    Cross-Situational and Ostensive Word Learning in Children with and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.Courtney E. Venker - 2019 - Cognition 183:181-191.
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  8.  23
    The Teleology of Reason: A Study of the Structure of Kant's Critical Philosophy.Courtney D. Fugate - 2014 - De Gruyter.
  9.  10
    Reconciliation: Six Reasons to Worry.Courtney Jung - 2018 - Journal of Global Ethics 14 (2):252-265.
    ABSTRACTSince the release of the Final Report of the Canadian Truth and Reconciliation Commission, many non-Indigenous Canadians, politicians, and educational and cultural institutions have embraced reconciliation. Yet, many Indigenous people in Canada remain skeptical. In this article, I examine six reasons Indigenous people may resist reconciliation. Reconciliation may aim to restore a relationship that never existed in the first place, and may limit an Indigenous future. Reconciliation may look more like adaptation than transformation. Reconciliation may serve as a government project (...)
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  10.  9
    Brain Modularity: A Biomarker of Intervention-Related Plasticity.Courtney L. Gallen & Mark D’Esposito - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (4):293-304.
  11.  3
    The Unbearable Burden of Suffering: Moral Crisis or Structural Failure?Courtney S. Campbell - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):46-47.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 46-47.
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  12.  20
    The Effects of Residential Locality on Parental and Alloparental Investment Among the Aka Foragers of the Central African Republic.Courtney L. Meehan - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (1):58-80.
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  13. Harvesting the Living?: Separating Brain Death and Organ Transplantation.Courtney S. Campbell - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):301-318.
    : The chronic shortage of transplantable organs has reached critical proportions. In the wake of this crisis, some bioethicists have argued there is sufficient public support to expand organ recovery through use of neocortical criteria of death or even pre-mortem organ retrieval. I present a typology of ways in which data gathered from the public can be misread or selectively used by bioethicists in service of an ideological or policy agenda, resulting in bad policy and bad ethics. Such risks should (...)
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  14.  22
    Urban Agriculture, Social Capital, and Food Security in the Kibera Slums of Nairobi, Kenya.Courtney M. Gallaher, John M. Kerr, Mary Njenga, Nancy K. Karanja & Antoinette M. G. A. WinklerPrins - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):389-404.
    Much of the developing world, including Kenya, is rapidly urbanizing. Rising food and fuel prices in recent years have put the food security of the urban poor in a precarious position. In cities worldwide, urban agriculture helps some poor people gain access to food, but urban agriculture is less common in densely populated slums that lack space. In the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya, households have recently begun a new form of urban agriculture called sack gardening in which vegetables such (...)
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  15.  8
    Informing Consent for Organ Donation.Courtney Thiele & Ryan Nash - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (3):187-191.
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  16. Religious Ethics and Active Euthanasia in a Pluralistic Society.Courtney S. Campbell - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (3):253-277.
  17.  30
    Reframing Fantasy: Toward a Common Language of Hope, Dying, and Death in Long-Shot Pediatrics.Courtney Addison & Courtney Hempton - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):36-38.
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  18.  74
    On a Supposed Solution to the Reinhold/Sidgwick Problem in Kant's Metaphysics of Morals.Courtney D. Fugate - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):349-373.
    The purpose of this paper is to challenge the suggestion that Kant offers a solution to the Reinhold/Sidgwick Problem in his Metaphysics of Morals. The problem, briefly, is about how Kant can hold moral evil to be imputable when he also seems to hold that freedom is found only in moral actions. After providing a new formulation of this problem under the title ‘Objection R/S’ and describing the popular strategy for addressing it through reference to this text, the paper recounts (...)
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  19.  4
    Pragmatic Clinical Trial-Collateral Findings: Recognizing the Needs of Low-Resource Research Participants.Courtney A. Stewart, Kayla E. Cooper, Megan B. Raymond, Faith E. Fletcher & Vence L. Bonham - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (1):19-21.
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  20.  18
    Religion and Moral Meaning in Bioethics.Courtney S. Campbell - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (4):4-10.
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  21.  7
    An Experimental Ethics, but an Ethical Experiment? Anthropological Perspectives on Using Unproven Vaccines on Endangered Primates.Courtney Addison & Nicholas Malone - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):53-55.
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  22. The Highest Good and Kant's Proof(s) of God's Existence.Courtney Fugate - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (2).
    This paper explains a way of understanding Kant's proof of God's existence in the Critique of Practical Reason that has hitherto gone unnoticed and argues that this interpretation possesses several advantages over its rivals. By first looking at examples where Kant indicates the role that faith plays in moral life and then reconstructing the proof of the second Critique with this in view, I argue that, for Kant, we must adopt a certain conception of the highest good, and so also (...)
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  23.  1
    The Effects of Maternal Locality on Alloparental Behavior and Frequency of Caregiving Among the Aka Foragers of the Central African Republic.Courtney L. Meehan - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (1):58-80.
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  24.  10
    Body, Self, and the Property Paradigm.Courtney S. Campbell - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (5):34-42.
  25.  1
    Bifurcated Conversations in Sociological Studies of Religion and Gender.Courtney Ann Irby & Orit Avishai - 2017 - Gender and Society 31 (5):647-676.
    Feminist sociologists claim that while feminist insights have been incorporated in sociological paradigms and women sociologists have been well-integrated into academia, sociological frameworks have not been transformed, a process known as the missing feminist revolution. Yet, few have examined how the missing feminist revolution operates in specific subdisciplines and the mechanisms that sustain it. This article undertakes these tasks by analyzing religion and gender scholarship published in six sociology journals over the past 32 years. We find evidence of partial integration (...)
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  26.  17
    Ethics in the Twilight Zone. [REVIEW]Courtney S. Campbell - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (2):44.
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  27. The Moral Force of Indigenous Politics: Critical Liberalism and the Zapatistas.Courtney Jung - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Tracing the political origins of the Mexican indigenous rights movement, from the colonial encounter to the Zapatista uprising, and from Chiapas to Geneva, Courtney Jung locates indigenous identity in the history of Mexican state formation. She argues that indigenous identity is not an accident of birth but a political achievement that offers a new voice to many of the world's poorest and most dispossessed. The moral force of indigenous claims rests not on the existence of cultural differences, or identity, (...)
     
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  28.  38
    Hospice and Physician-Assisted Death: Collaboration, Compliance, and Complicity.Courtney S. Campbell & Jessica C. Cox - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):26-35.
  29.  89
    The Bodily Incorporation of Mechanical Devices: Ethical and Religious Issues.Courtney S. Campbell, Lauren A. Clark, David Loy, James F. Keenan, Kathleen Matthews, Terry Winograd & Laurie Zoloth - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):229-239.
    A substantial portion of the developed world's population is increasingly dependent on machines to make their way in the everyday world. For certain privileged groups, computers, cell phones, PDAs, Blackberries, and IPODs, all permitting the faster processing of information, are commonplace. In these populations, even exercise can be automated as persons try to achieve good physical fitness by riding stationary bikes, running on treadmills, and working out on cross-trainers that send information about performance and heart rate.
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  30.  19
    Conflicts of Conscience Hospice and Assisted Suicide.Courtney S. Campbell, Jan Hare & Pam Matthews - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):36.
  31.  21
    Maternal Time Allocation in Two Cooperative Childrearing Societies.Courtney L. Meehan - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (4):375-393.
    This paper examines maternal trade-offs between subsistence/economic activities and caregiving, and it explores the effect of allomaternal investment on maternal time allocation and child care. I examine how nonmaternal investment in two multiple caregiving populations may offset possible risk factors associated with reductions in maternal caregiving. Behavioral observations were conducted on 8- to 12-month-old infants and their caregivers among the Aka tropical forest foragers and Ngandu farmers of Central Africa. Analysis demonstrates that mothers face trade-offs between subsistence/economic activities and infant (...)
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  32. A No-Brainer: Criticisms of Brain-Based Standards of Death.Courtney S. Campbell - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):539 – 551.
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  33.  74
    Prophecy and Policy.Courtney S. Campbell - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (5):15-17.
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  34.  33
    Implementing International Human Rights Law at Home: Domestic Politics and the European Court of Human Rights.Courtney Hillebrecht - 2012 - Human Rights Review 13 (3):279-301.
    The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) boasts one of the strongest oversight systems in international human rights law, but implementing the ECtHR’s rulings is an inherently domestic and political process. This article begins to bridge the gap between the Court in Strasbourg and the domestic process of implementing the Court’s rulings by looking at the domestic institutions and politics that surround the execution of the ECtHR’s judgments. Using case studies from the UK and Russia, this article identifies two factors (...)
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  35.  46
    Biotechnology and the Fear of Frankenstein.Courtney S. Campbell - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):342-352.
    It is a commonplace in the scientific and corporate discourse advocating biotechnology that the public is largely uneducated or scientifically illiterate when it comes to understanding the research methods and goals of biotechnology. Public dissent from biotechnology is, in this understanding, based exclusively in irrational fears. The way to dispel these public fears is for scientists in the research community and among corporate culture to engage in education of the public. At one level, it is argued that public educational forums (...)
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  36.  20
    Further Routes to Psychological Constructionism.Courtney Humeny, Deirdre Kelly & Andrew Brook - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):153-154.
    In this commentary, we do two things. First, we sketch two further routes to psychological constructionism. They are complementary to Lindquist et al.'s meta-analyses and have potential to add new evidence. Second, we look at a challenging kind of case for constructionism, namely, emotional anomalies where there are correlated, and probably relevant, brain anomalies. Psychopaths are our example.
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  37.  10
    Federal Legal Preparedness Tools for Facilitating Medical Countermeasure Use During Public Health Emergencies.Brooke Courtney, Susan Sherman & Matthew Penn - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):22-27.
    Preparing for and responding to public health emergencies involving medical countermeasures raise often complex legal challenges and questions among response stakeholders at the local, state, and federal levels. This includes concerns about emergency legal authorities, liability, emergency use of regulated medical products, and regulations that might enhance or hinder public health response goals. In this article, lawyers from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the General Counsel , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , and Food (...)
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  38.  25
    It Never Dies: Assessing the Nazi Analogy in Bioethics. [REVIEW]Courtney S. Campbell - 1992 - Journal of Medical Humanities 13 (1):21-29.
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  39.  50
    What More in the Name of God?: Theologies and Theodicies of Faith Healing.Courtney S. Campbell - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 1-25.
  40.  32
    Phenomenology and Ninian Smart's Philosophy of Religion.Charles Courtney - 1978 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (1):41 - 52.
  41.  16
    Awe Diminished.Courtney S. Campbell - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):44-44.
  42.  3
    Community, Complicity, and Critique: Christian Concepts in Secular Bioethics.Aline H. Kalbian, Courtney S. Campbell & James F. Childress - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (12):37-39.
    McCarthy, Homan, and Rozier’s call for a renewal of open and honest dialogue between secular and theologically grounded bioethics is admirable. Yet, their essay argues for more than mere dia...
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  43.  19
    Allomaternal Investment and Relational Uncertainty Among Ngandu Farmers of the Central African Republic.Courtney L. Meehan - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (2):211-226.
    Several studies have suggested a matrilateral bias in allomaternal (non-maternal) infant and child caregiving. The bias has been associated with the allomother’s certainty of genetic relatedness, where allomothers with high certainty of genetic relatedness will invest more in children because of potential fitness benefits. Using quantitative behavioral observations collected on Ngandu 8- to 12-month-old infants from the Central African Republic, I examine who is caring for infants and test whether certainty of genetic relatedness may influence investment by allomothers. Results indicate (...)
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  44.  14
    Discerning the Division of Cognitive Labor: An Emerging Understanding of How Knowledge Is Clustered in Other Minds.Frank C. Keil, Courtney Stein, Lisa Webb, Van Dyke Billings & Leonid Rozenblit - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (2):259-300.
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  45.  29
    Interpersonal Aggression Among Aka Hunter-Gatherers of the Central African Republic.Nicole Hess, Courtney Helfrecht, Edward Hagen, Aaron Sell & Barry Hewlett - 2010 - Human Nature 21 (3):330-354.
    Sex differences in physical and indirect aggression have been found in many societies but, to our knowledge, have not been studied in a population of hunter-gatherers. Among Aka foragers of the Central African Republic we tested whether males physically aggressed more than females, and whether females indirectly aggressed more than males, as has been seen in other societies. We also tested predictions of an evolutionary theory of physical strength, anger, and physical aggression. We found a large male bias in physical (...)
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  46. Drama and Intelligence a Cognitive Theory.Richard Courtney - 1990
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  47.  15
    Evo-Devo Comes Into Focus.Courtney Babbitt, Matt Giorgianni & Alivia Price - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (7):677-679.
  48.  14
    The Shape of This Wonder? Consecrated Science and New Cosmology Affects.Courtney O'Dell‐Chaib - 2019 - Zygon 54 (2):387-395.
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  49.  16
    Religion and the Body in Medical Research.Campbell S. Courtney - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):275-305.
  50.  15
    Theater and Spontaneity.Richard Courtney - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (1):79-88.
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