Results for 'Cross-cultural studies'

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  1. Understanding Other Cultures: Studies in the Philosophical Problems of Cross-Cultural Interpretation.Carola Sandbacka - 1987 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  2.  36
    History, Historiology and Historiography of U.S. Cross-Cultural Studies.Antonio Sánchez-Bayón - 2013 - Cinta de Moebio 48:147-157.
    This article explains the History (past reality), the Historiology (the theories and methods to study the past), and the Historiography (the academic literature) about Cross-Cultural Studies in the U.S.A., from traditional and native subjects (i.e. American Studies), until the current version. It pays attention to religion, as a relevant factor in the evolution of U.S. culture and its model of social relations. En este artículo se explica la Historia (la realidad pasada), la Historiología (las teorías y métodos (...)
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    Methodological Issues Regarding Cross-Cultural Studies of Judgments of Facial Expressions.David Matsumoto & Hyisung C. Hwang - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):375-382.
    We discuss four methodological issues regarding cross-cultural judgment studies of facial expressions of emotion involving design, sampling, stimuli, and dependent variables. We use examples of relatively recent studies in this area to highlight and discuss these issues. We contend that careful consideration of these, and other, cross-cultural methodological issues can help researchers minimize methodological errors, and can guide the field to address new and different research questions that can continue to facilitate an evolution in the field’s (...)
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  4. How Do Cross-Cultural Studies Impact Upon the Conventional Definition of Art?Stephen Davies, Samer Akkach, Meilin Chinn, Enrico Fongaro, Julie Nagam & John Powell - 2018 - Journal of World Philosophies 3 (1):93-122.
    While Stephen Davies argues that a debate on cross-cultural aesthetics is possible if we adopt an attitude of mutual respect and forbearance, his fellow symposiasts shed light upon different aspects which merit a closer scrutiny in such a dialogue. Samer Akkach warns that an inclusivistic embrace of difference runs the risk of collapsing the very difference one sought to understand. Julie Nagam underscores that local knowledge carriers and/or the medium should be involved in such a cross-cultural exploration. Enrico (...)
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  5.  4
    Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies.Eli Franco & Karin Preisendanz (eds.) - 1997 - Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
    The ground plan for the present volume is unique in Indological studies.
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  6. To the Profound Regret of Indologists, Philosophers and Scholars of Religion and Cross-Cultural Studies, Our Esteemed Colleague Wilhelm Halbfass Passed Away on May 25, 2000, After Suf-Fering a Severe Stroke. He Passed Away Peacefully the Next Day. Halbfass' Premature Death, Shortly After His Sixtieth Birthday, has Bereaved Indologists and Philosophers of a Major and Unique Voice, and of an Irreplaceable Authoritative Presence. In an Obituary John Taber Said. [REVIEW]Cf E. Franco & K. Preisendanz - 2006 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 2000:426.
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  7.  32
    Culture and Mental Health: Cross-Cultural Studies.Marvin Opler - 1960 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (2):268-269.
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  8.  9
    Methodological Problems in Cross-Cultural Studies of Linguistic Relativity.Yohtaro Takano - 1989 - Cognition 31 (2):141-162.
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    Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and Its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies.E. G., Eli Franco, Karin Preisendanz & Wilhelm Halbfass - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (3):537.
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    Cross-Cultural Studies of Visual Illusions: The Physiological Confound.Stantley Coren - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):76.
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  11. Myth, Faith and Hermeneutics Cross-Cultural Studies.Raimundo Panikkar - 1979
     
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  12. Chapter Seven. Understanding, Misunderstanding, and the Critical Function of Hermeneutics in Cross-Cultural Studies.Ming Xie - 2014 - In The Agon of Interpretations: Towards a Critical Intercultural Hermeneutics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 140-155.
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  13.  3
    Korean Social Studies Preservice Teachers' Cross-Cultural Learning and Global Perspective Development.Yoonjung Choi & Minsik Choi - 2012 - Journal of Social Studies Research 36 (1):75-104.
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  14.  41
    The Greening of Engineers: A Cross-Cultural Experience.Ali Ansari - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):105-115.
    Experience with a group of mechanical engineering seniors at the University of Colorado led to an informal experiment with engineering students in India. An attempt was made to qualitatively gauge the students’ ability to appreciate a worldview different from the standard engineering worldview—that of a mechanical universe. Qualitative differences between organic and mechanical systems were used as a point of discussion. Both groups were found to exhibit distinct thought and behavior patterns which provide important clues for sensitizing engineers to environmental (...)
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  15.  15
    Adventures in Cross-Cultural Sensibilities: Some Recent Studies of Chinese and Comparative PhilosophyThe Art of RulershipThe Unity of Knowledge and Action: A Study in Wang Yang-Ming's Moral Psychology .The Uncertain Phoenix: Adventures in Post-Cultural SensibilityThe Tao and the Daimon: Segments of a Religious InquiryChuang Tzu: World Philosopher at Play.Julia Ching, Roger T. Ames, Anthony S. Cua, David L. Hall, Robert C. Neville & Kuang-Ming Wu - 1984 - Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (3):476.
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    10 Cross-Cultural Comparative Case Studies: A Means of Uncovering Dimensions of Trust.Malin Tillmar - 2012 - In Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering & Mark Saunders (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Edward Elgar. pp. 102.
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  17.  4
    Misconceptions of Culture in Cross-Cultural Business and Management Studies.Aliakbar Jafari - 2009 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 3 (4):349.
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  18.  1
    Double Dividends: Cross-Cultural Creativity Studies Teach Us About Both Creativity and Cultures.John Baer - 2003 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 22 (3):37-39.
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  19.  2
    Altarriba, J.(Ed.), Cognition and Culture: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Cognitive Psychology (= Advances in Psychology 103). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, 1993. Alvesson, Mats and Per Olof Berg, Corporate Culture and Organizational Symbolism: An Overview (= de Gruyter Studies in Organization 34). New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1992. [REVIEW]Susan Bordo & Giovanna Borradori - 1994 - Semiotica 102 (3/4):345-348.
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  20. Adventures in Cross-Cultural Sensibilities: Some Recent Studies of Chinese and Comparative Philosophy.Julia Ching - 1984 - Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (3):476.
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  21. Twenty‐Five Years of Hallucinogenic Studies in Cross‐Cultural Perspective.Marlene Dobkin De Rios - 1993 - Anthropology of Consciousness 4 (1):1-8.
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  22. Religion in Philosophical and Cultural Perspective a New Approach to the Philosophy of Religion Through Cross-Disciplinary Studies.J. Clayton Feaver & William Horosz - 1967 - D. Van Nostrand.
     
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  23. Paintings of Agriculture as the Image of Ethics: Cross-Cultural Case Studies.Mara Miller - forthcoming - New Rurality.
     
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  24. Postmodern Conceptualizations of Culture in Social Constructionism and Cultural Studies.Marco Gemignani & Ezequiel Peña - 2007 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (2-1):276-300.
    The theorization of culture in psychology continues to gain momentum in spite of little agreement concerning the most suitable theoretical frameworks for examining cultural phenomena. We explore two contemporary approaches to culture--social constructionism and cultural studies--and examine their relevance for psychology. In juxtapositioning them we map their continuities and discontinuities in terms of ontological and epistemological stances on language, representation, knowledge, identity, history, ideology, social action and emancipation. We propose a bridge between the two, and discuss ways in which (...)
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  25.  43
    Interdisciplinary and Cross‐Cultural Perspectives on Explanatory Coexistence.Rachel E. Watson‐Jones, Justin T. A. Busch & Cristine H. Legare - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):611-623.
    Natural and supernatural explanations are used to interpret the same events in a number of predictable and universal ways. Yet little is known about how variation in diverse cultural ecologies influences how people integrate natural and supernatural explanations. Here, we examine explanatory coexistence in three existentially arousing domains of human thought: illness, death, and human origins using qualitative data from interviews conducted in Tanna, Vanuatu. Vanuatu, a Melanesian archipelago, provides a cultural context ideal for examining variation in explanatory coexistence due (...)
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  26. Pathogen Prevalence, Group Bias, and Collectivism in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample.Elizabeth Cashdan & Matthew Steele - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (1):59-75.
    It has been argued that people in areas with high pathogen loads will be more likely to avoid outsiders, to be biased in favor of in-groups, and to hold collectivist and conformist values. Cross-national studies have supported these predictions. In this paper we provide new pathogen codes for the 186 cultures of the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample and use them, together with existing pathogen and ethnographic data, to try to replicate these cross-national findings. In support of the theory, we (...)
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  27. Primary-Secondary Control and Coping: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.Cecilia Essau - 1992 - S. Roderer Verlag.
     
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  28.  12
    Individual and Cross-Cultural Differences in Semantic Intuitions: New Experimental Findings.James R. Beebe - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 16 (3-4):322-357.
    In 2004 Edouard Machery, Ron Mallon, Shaun Nichols and Stephen Stich published what has become one of the most widely discussed papers in experimental philosophy, in which they reported that East Asian and Western participants had different intuitions about the semantic reference of proper names. A flurry of criticisms of their work has emerged, and although various replications have been performed, many critics remain unconvinced. We review the current debate over Machery et al.’s (2004) results and take note of which (...)
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  29.  36
    Cross-Cultural Methodological Issues in Ethical Research.Gael McDonald - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):89 - 104.
    Despite the fundamental and administrative difficulties associated with cross-cultural research the rewards are significant and, given an increasing trend toward globalisation, the move away from singular location studies to more comparative research is to be encouraged. In order to facilitate this research process it is imperative, however, that considerable attention is given to the methodological issues that can beset cross-cultural research, specifically as these issues relate to the primary domain or discipline of investigation, which in this instance (...)
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  30.  42
    Where is Your Pain? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Concept of Pain in Americans and South Korea.Hyo-eun Kim, Nina Poth, Kevin Reuter & Justin Sytsma - unknown
    Philosophical orthodoxy holds that pains are mental states, taking this to reflect the ordinary conception of pain. Despite this, evidence is mounting that English speakers do not tend to conceptualize pains in this way; rather, they tend to treat pains as being bodily states. We hypothesize that this is driven by two primary factors—the phenomenology of feeling pains and the surface grammar of pain reports. There is reason to expect that neither of these factors is culturally specific, however, and thus (...)
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    Cross-Cultural Perceptions of Business Ethics: Evidence From the United States and China. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gift, Paul Gift & QinQin Zheng - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (4):633-642.
    A number of empirical studies have examined business ethics across cultures, focusing primarily on differences in ethical profiles between cultures and groups. When managers consider whether or not to develop a business relationship with those from a different culture, their decision may be affected by actual differences in ethical profiles, but potentially even more so by their perceptions of ethicality in the counterpart culture. The latter issue has been largely ignored in extant empirical research regarding cross-cultural ethical profiles. (...)
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  32.  26
    Cross-Cultural Research, Evolutionary Psychology, and Racialism: Problems and Prospects.John P. Jackson Jr - 2016 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 8 (20160629).
    This essay is a defense of the social construction of racialism. I follow a standard definition of “racialism” which is the belief that “there are heritable characteristics, possessed by members of our species, that allow us to divide them into a small set of races, in such a way that all the members of these races share certain traits and tendencies with each other that they do not share with other members of any other race”. In particular I want to (...)
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  33.  6
    Justifying My Position in Your Terms: Cross-Cultural Argumentation in a Globalized World. [REVIEW]Yameng Liu - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (3):297-315.
    A ‘community of minds’ has long been presumed to be a condition of possibility for genuine argumentative interactions. In part because of this disciplinary presupposition, argumentation scholars tend to exclude from their scope of inquiry conflict resolution among culturally heterogeneous and ideologically incompatible formations. Such a stance needs to be reexamined in view of recent developments in the on-going process of globalization. The unprecedented worldwide economic and financial integration has created for the first time a ‘generalized interest’ across national and (...)
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  34. No Cross-Cultural Differences in the Gettier Car Case Intuition: A Replication Study of Weinberg Et Al. 2001.Minsun Kim & Yuan Yuan - 2015 - Episteme 12 (3):355-361.
    In “Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions”, Weinberg, Nichols and Stich famously argue from empirical data that East Asians and Westerners have different intuitions about Gettier -style cases. We attempted to replicate their study about the Car case, but failed to detect a cross - cultural difference. Our study used the same methods and case taken verbatim, but sampled an East Asian population 2.5 times greater than NEI’s 23 participants. We found no evidence supporting the existence of cross - cultural difference about (...)
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  35.  74
    A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Endorsement of Ethical Leadership.Christian J. Resick, Paul J. Hanges, Marcus W. Dickson & Jacqueline K. Mitchelson - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):345-359.
    The western-based leadership and ethics literatures were reviewed to identify the key characteristics that conceptually define what it means to be an ethical leader. Data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE) project were then used to analyze the degree to which four aspects of ethical leadership – Character/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation, and Encouragement – were endorsed as important for effective leadership across cultures. First, using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses measurement equivalence of the ethical leadership scales was found, which (...)
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  36.  50
    An Examination of the Ethical Beliefs of Managers Using Selected Scenarios in a Cross-Cultural Environment.Russell Abratt, Deon Nel & Nicola Susan Higgs - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):29 - 35.
    Academic literature addressing the topic of business ethics has paid little attention to cross-cultural studies of business ethics. Uncertainty exists concerning the effect of culture on ethical beliefs. The purpose of this research is to compare the ethical beliefs of managers operating in South Africa and Australia. Responses of 52 managers to a series of ethical scenarios were sought. Results indicate that despite differences in socio-cultural and political factors there are no statistically significant differences between the two groups (...)
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  37.  27
    Ethical Beliefs and Management Behaviour: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.Jackson Terence & Artola Marian Calafell - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1163-1173.
    A cross-cultural empirical study is reported in this article which looks at ethical beliefs and behaviours among French and German managers, and compares this with previous studies of U.S. and Israeli managers using a similar questionnaire. Comparisons are made between what managers say they believe, and what they do, between managers and their peers' attitudes and behaviours, and between perceived top management attitudes and the existence of company policy. In the latter, significant differences are found by national ownership (...)
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  38. Cross-Cultural Musical Expressiveness: Theory and the Empirical Programme.Stephen Davies & Peter Goldie - unknown
    In sections I-VII of this chapter I outline the theoretical background for a research programme considering whether the expressiveness of a culture’s music can be recognised by people from different musical cultures, that is, by people whose music is syntactically and structurally distinct from that of the target culture. In sections VIII-IX, I examine and assess the cross-cultural studies that have been undertaken by psychologists. Most of these studies are compromised by methodological inadequacies.
     
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  39.  26
    A Cross‐Cultural Comparison of Achievement and Power Orientation as Leadership Dimensions in Three European Countries: Britain, Ireland and Turkey.Mahmut Arslan - 2001 - Business Ethics 10 (4):340–345.
    This paper compares attitudes towards achievement and power orientation as between Turkish, British and Irish managers and discusses the issue from a business ethics point of view. The concept of achievement and power orientation and its impacts on business ethics is discussed. This research is part of a larger cross‐cultural study that examines leadership styles and managerial attitudes in Britain, Turkey and Ireland. Intensive structured interviews were conducted for data gathering process. Results revealed that Irish and Turkish managers show a (...)
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  40.  62
    Autonomous Cross-Cultural Hardship Travel (Acht) as a Medium for Growth, Learning, and a Deepened Sense of Self.John L. Lyons - 2010 - World Futures 66 (3-4):286 – 302.
    In this article, I argue that significant potential for psychological growth and self-learning exists in independent foreign travel characterized by long periods of movement under challenging conditions and combined with intense cross-cultural contact. I call this style of travel autonomous cross-cultural hardship travel (ACHT). A number of studies regarding the personal effects of travel and cross-cultural contact are reviewed. The relevance of humanistic psychology and transformative learning (TL) theory is also considered. I propose that the psychological (...)
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  41.  13
    Similarities and Differences in Dream Content at the Cross-Cultural, Gender, and Individual Levels.G. Williamdomhoff & A. Schneider - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1257-1265.
    The similarities and differences in dream content at the cross-cultural, gender, and individual levels provide one starting point for carrying out studies that attempt to discover correspondences between dream content and various types of waking cognition. Hobson and Kahn’s . Dream content: Individual and generic aspects. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, 850–858.) conclusion that dream content may be more generic than most researchers realize, and that individual differences are less salient than usually thought, provides the occasion for a review (...)
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  42.  20
    The Influence of Subjective Norms on Whistle-Blowing: A Cross-Cultural Investigation. [REVIEW]Pailin Trongmateerut & John T. Sweeney - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (3):437-451.
    This research consists of two studies with interrelated objectives. The purpose of the first study is to develop and validate scales measuring whistle-blowing subjective norms, attitudes, and intentions. The objective of the second study is to test a model of whistle-blowing intentions, motivated by the theory of reasoned action, across two contrasting cultures: the collectivist Thai and the individualistic American. To achieve cross-cultural comparisons, we first perform measurement and structural invariance tests. Tests of latent mean differences lend support (...)
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  43.  17
    Culturally Unbound: Cross-Cultural Cognitive Diversity and the Science of Psychopathology.Natalia Washington - 2016 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 23 (2):165-179.
    It is now taken for granted in many circles that substantial psychological variability exists across human populations; we do not merely differ in the ways we behave, but in the ways we think, as well. Versions of this view have been around since early interest in ‘cultural relativism’ in cultural psychology and anthropology, but Joe Henrich, Steven Heine, and Ara Norenzayan’s 2010 paper, ‘The Weirdest People in the World?’ has had an exciting and catalyzing impact on the field, getting researchers (...)
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  44.  39
    Cross-Cultural Similarities in Category Structure.Christian D. Schunn & Alonso H. Vera - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (3):273 – 287.
    Categories, as mental structures, are more than simply sums of property frequencies. A number of recent studies have supported the view that the properties of categories may be organised along functional lines and possibly dependency structures more generally. The study presented here investigates whether earlier findings reflect something unique in the English language/North American culture or whether the functional structuring of categories is a more universal phenomenon. A population of English-speaking Americans was compared to a population of Cantonese-speaking Hong (...)
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  45.  1
    The Relationship Between Social Cynicism Belief, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Perception of Unethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Examination in Russia, Portugal, and the United States.Alexandra Valerie, M. Torres Miguel, Kovbasyuk Olga, B. A. Addo Theophilus & Ferreira Maria Cristina - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (3):545-562.
    Most studies investigating the relationship between cultural constructs and ethical perception have focused on individual- and societal-level values without much attention to other type of cultural constructs such as social beliefs. In addition, we need to better understand how social beliefs are linked to ethical perception and the level of analysis at which social beliefs may best predict ethical perceptions. This research contributes to the cross-cultural ethical perception literature by examining the relationship of individual-level social cynicism belief, one (...)
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  46.  5
    Trans-Cultural/Religious Constants Vs. Cross-Cultural/ Religious Differences in Psychological Aspects of Religion.Vassilis Saroglou - 2003 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 25 (1):71-87.
    Are there trans-religious, trans-cultural constants in psychological aspects of religion across different religions and cultures? An excessively culturalistic approach may overlook this possibility, putting an emphasis on the uniqueness of the religious phenomenon studied as emerging from a complex of multiple contextual factors. This article reviews empirical studies in psychology of religion in the 1990s that mainly include participants from different Christian denominations, but also from other religions: Muslims, Jews and Hindus. It appeared, at first, that several cross-cultural/religious (...)
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  47. Social Science Research Ethics for a Globalizing World: Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Perspectives.Keerty Nakray, Margaret Alston & Kerri Whittenbury (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    Research in the humanities and social sciences thrives on critical reflections that unfold with each research project, not only in terms of knowledge created, but in whether chosen methodologies served their purpose. Ethics forms the bulwark of any social science research methodology and it requires continuous engagement and reengagement for the greater advancement of knowledge. Each chapter in this book will draw from the empirical knowledge created through intensive fieldwork and provide an account of ethical questions faced by the contributors, (...)
     
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  48.  16
    Contextualizing Science: From Science Studies to Cultural Studies.Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:402 - 412.
    This paper consists of two parts: the first is a brief historical summary of relevant discussions to date involving members of the panel; the second part is a discussion of the new contextualism within science studies, the consequent move towards the cultural study of scientific knowledge, and what this means for intellectual/cultural historians of science in terms of specific procedures. Thus, my role on this panel-as I understand it-- will be to play the sociologically and philosophically minded historian to (...)
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  49.  26
    Relationship Between Subsistence and Age at Weaning in “Preindustrial” Societies.Daniel W. Sellen & Diana B. Smay - 2001 - Human Nature 12 (1):47-87.
    Cross-cultural studies have revealed broad quantitative associations between subsistence practice and demographic parameters for preindustrial populations. One explanation is that variationin the availability of suitable weaning foods influenced the frequency and duration of breastfeeding and thus the length of interbirth intervals and the probability of child survival (the “weaning food availability” hypothesis). We examine the available data on weaning age variation in preindustrial populations and report results of a cross-cultural test of the predictions that weaning occurred earlier (...)
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  50.  10
    Culture and Collective Argumentation.Max Miller - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (2):127-154.
    What are the mechanisms underlying the reproduction and change of collective beliefs? The paper suggests that a productive and promising approach for dealing with this question can be found in ontogenetic and cross-cultural studies on ‘collective argumentations and belief systems’; this is illustrated with regard to moral beliefs: After a short discussion of the rationality/relativity issue in cultural anthropology some basic elements of a conceptual framework for the empirical study of collective argumentations are outlined. A few empirical case (...)
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