Results for 'Cybernetics'

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  1.  33
    Cybernetics: Or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the MacHine.Norbert Wiener - 1961 - New York: M.I.T. Press.
    This is a new release of the original 1949 edition.
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  2.  74
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth Sayre - 1976 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy. The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of energy (...)
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  3.  49
    An Introduction to Cybernetics.W. Ross Ashby - 1956 - New York: J. Wiley.
    We must, therefore, make a study of mechanism; but some introduction is advisable, for cybernetics treats the subject from a new, and therefore unusual, ...
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  4.  39
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.E. N. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
  5. The Cybernetic Revolution and Historical Process.Leonid Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2015 - Social Evolution and History 14 (1):125-184.
    The article analyzes the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and predict the main shifts in the next half a century. On the basis of the analysis of the latest achievements in medicine, bio- and nanotechnologies, robotics, ICT and other technological directions and also on the basis of the opportunities provided by the theory of production revolutions the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted (...)
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  6.  11
    Cybernetic Foundations for Psychology.Bernard C. E. Scott Scott - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):509-517.
    Context: The field of psychology consists of many specialist domains of activity, which lack shared foundations. This means that the field as a whole lacks conceptual coherence. Problem: The aim of the article is to show how second-order cybernetics can provide both foundations and a unifying conceptual framework for psychology. Method: The field of psychology is overviewed. There is then a demonstration of how cybernetics can provide both foundations and a unifying conceptual framework. This entails defining some key (...)
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  7. Cybernetics.Norbert Wiener - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (2):159-160.
     
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  8.  1
    The Cybernetic Laws of Social Progress: Towards a Critical Social Philosophy and a Criticism of Marxism.Arvid Aulin - 1982 - Pergamon Press.
    Depicts the development of societal organization, welfare & political freedom as a gradual process of increased self-steering, with man as a self-steering actor, thereby rejecting the man-machine analogy.
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  9. Cybernetic Revolution and Forthcoming Technological Transformations (The Development of the Leading Technologies in the Light of the Theory of Production Revolutions).Leonid Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2015 - In Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), Evolution: From Big Bang to Nanorobots. Volgograd,Russia: Uchitel Publishing House. pp. 251-330.
    The article analyzes the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the 20th and early 21st centuries and forecasts the main shifts in the next half a century. On the basis of the analysis of the latest achievements in inno-vative technological directions and also on the basis of the opportunities pro-vided by the theory of production revolutions the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted as ‘Сybernetic’. The authors give some forecasts (...)
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  10. Cybernetics and Management.Stafford Beer - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):258-258.
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  11. The Cybernetic Revolution and the Forthcoming Epoch of Self-Regulating Systems.Leonud Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2016 - Moscow,Russia: "Uchitel" Publishing House.
    The monograph presents the ideas about the main changes that occurred in the development of technologies from the emergence of Homo sapiens till present time and outlines the prospects of their development in the next 30–60 years and in some respect until the end of the twenty-first century. What determines the transition of a society from one level of development to another? One of the most fundamental causes is the global technological transformations. Among all major technological breakthroughs in history the (...)
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  12.  27
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Christopher S. Hill - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (3):494.
  13.  29
    A Cybernetic Theory of Morality and Moral Autonomy.Jean Chambers - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):177-192.
    Human morality may be thought of as a negative feedback cotrol system in which moral rules are reference values, and moral disapproval, blame, and punishment are forms of negative feedback given for violations of the moral rules. In such a system, if moral agents held each other accountable, moral norms would be enforced effectively. However, even a properly functioning social negative feedback system could not explain acts in which individual agents uphold moral rules in the face of contrary social pressure. (...)
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  14.  75
    The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1954 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits.
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  15.  28
    Less Cybernetics, More Geometry….René Thom - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):166-167.
  16.  9
    The Cybernetic Matrix of `French Theory'.Céline Lafontaine - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (5):27-46.
    This article aims to draw a portrait of the influence of cybernetics on soft science. To this end, structuralism, post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy will be successively analyzed in a perspective based on importing concepts stemming from the cybernetic paradigm. By focusing more specifically on the American postwar context, we intend to remind the audience that many soft science specialists were involved in the elaboration of this ‘new science’. We will then retrace the influence of the cybernetic paradigm on structuralism. (...)
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  17. Eco-Cybernetics: The Ecology and Cybernetics of Missing Emergences.Donato Bergandi - 2000 - Kybernetes 29 (7/8):928-942..
    Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the objects studied. In landscape ecology, although the emergentist, multi-level, triadic methodology of J.K. Feibleman and D.T. Campbell has gained acceptance, the importance of emergent properties is still (...)
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  18.  7
    Cybernetics and the Human Sciences.Stefanos Geroulanos & Leif Weatherby - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):3-11.
    Cybernetics saturates the humanities. Norbert Wiener’s movement gave vocabulary and hardware to developments all across the early digital era, and still does so today to those who seek to interpret it. Even while the Macy Conferences were still taking place in the early 1950s, talk of feedback and information and pattern had spread to popular culture – and to Europe. The new science created a shared language and culture for surpassing political and intellectual ideas that could be relegated to (...)
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  19.  26
    Machine Experiments and Theoretical Modelling: From Cybernetic Methodology to Neuro-Robotics. [REVIEW]Guglielmo Tamburrini & Edoardo Datteri - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):335-358.
    Cybernetics promoted machine-supported investigations of adaptive sensorimotor behaviours observed in biological systems. This methodological approach receives renewed attention in contemporary robotics, cognitive ethology, and the cognitive neurosciences. Its distinctive features concern machine experiments, and their role in testing behavioural models and explanations flowing from them. Cybernetic explanations of behavioural events, regularities, and capacities rely on multiply realizable mechanism schemata, and strike a sensible balance between causal and unifying constraints. The multiple realizability of cybernetic mechanism schemata paves the way to (...)
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  20.  19
    Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science.L. H. Kauffman - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):489-497.
    Context: Second-order cybernetics and its implications have been understood within the cybernetics community for some time. These implications are important for understanding the structure of scientific endeavor, and for researchers in other fields to see the reflexive nature of scientific research. This article is about the role of context in the creation and exploration of our experience. Problem: The purpose of this article is to point out the fundamental nature of the circularity in cybernetics and in scientific (...)
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  21.  19
    Why Cybernetics? Why Love?Jocelyn Chapman - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):1-4.
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  22.  13
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.Alonzo Church - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):127-127.
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  23.  24
    Cybernetic Muse: Hannah Arendt on Automation, 1951–1958.Brian Simbirski - 2016 - Journal of the History of Ideas 77 (4):589-613.
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  24.  40
    Confrontation of the Cybernetic Definition of a Living Individual with the Real World.Bernard Korzeniewski - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (1):1-28.
    The cybernetic definition of a living individual proposed previously (Korzeniewski, 2001) is very abstract and therefore describes the essence of life in a very formal and general way. In the present article this definition is reformulated in order to determine clearly the relation between life in general and a living individual in particular, and it is further explained and defended. Next, the cybernetic definition of a living individual is confronted with the real world. It is demonstrated that numerous restrictions imposed (...)
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  25.  21
    The Cybernetic Unconscious: Rethinking Lacan, Poe, and French Theory.Lydia H. Liu - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (2):288-320.
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  26.  16
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems.H. von Foerster - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-347.
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  27.  19
    Cybernetic Pluralism in an Emerging Global Information and Computing Ethics.Charles Ess - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 7:09.
    I trace the development of an emerging global Information and Computing Ethics , arguing that ethical pluralism – as found in both Western and Asian traditions – is crucial to such an ICE. In particular, ethical pluralism – as affiliated with notions of judgment , reson-ance, and harmony – holds together shared ethical norms alongside the irreducible differences that define individual and cultural identities. I demonstrate how such pluralism is already at work in both contemporary theory and praxis, including in (...)
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  28.  4
    An Introduction to Cybernetics[REVIEW]W. R. Ashby - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35:147.
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  29.  28
    From Cybernetics to Second-Order Cybernetics: A Comparative Analysis of Their Central Ideas.T. Froese - 2010 - Constructivist Foundations 5 (2):75--85.
    Context: The enactive paradigm in the cognitive sciences is establishing itself as a strong and comprehensive alternative to the computationalist mainstream. However, its own particular historical roots have so far been largely ignored in the historical analyses of the cognitive sciences. Problem: In order to properly assess the enactive paradigm’s theoretical foundations in terms of their validity, novelty and potential future directions of development, it is essential for us to know more about the history of ideas that has led to (...)
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  30.  40
    Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science.S. A. Umpleby - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):455-465.
    Context: The term “second-order cybernetics” was introduced by von Foerster in 1974 as the “cybernetics of observing systems,” both the act of observing systems and systems that observe. Since then, the term has been used by many authors in articles and books and has been the subject of many conference panels and symposia. Problem: The term is still not widely known outside the fields of cybernetics and systems science and the importance and implications of the work associated (...)
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  31. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics.N. Katherine Hayles - 1999 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" _Star Trek_-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In _How We Became Posthuman,_ N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost (...)
     
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  32.  58
    Cybernetics and Theories of Mind.Glenn Negley - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (September):574-82.
  33.  40
    Evolving Cybernetic Machinery and Human Values.Ralph Wendell Burhoe - 1972 - Zygon 7 (3):188-209.
  34.  82
    Ethics and Cybernetics: Levinasian Reflections. [REVIEW]Richard A. Cohen - 2000 - Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1):27-35.
    Is cybernetics good, bad, or indifferent? SherryTurkle enlists deconstructive theory to celebrate thecomputer age as the embodiment of difference. Nolonger just a theory, one can now live a virtual life. Within a differential but ontologically detachedfield of signifiers, one can construct and reconstructegos and environments from the bottom up andendlessly. Lucas Introna, in contrast, enlists theethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas to condemn thesame computer age for increasing the distance betweenflesh and blood people. Mediating the face-to-facerelation between real people, allowing (...)
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  35.  15
    Living and Loving Cybernetics.Jocelyn Chapman - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):92-100.
    How we learn to interpret our experiences influences the sorts of experiences we seek. In other words, habits of mind become habits of action. Cybernetics, as a way of thinking, changes how we act. My testimony demonstrates that the appeal of cybernetics remains strong today, for those who are lucky enough to stumble across its beauty, as I was. Cybernetics contributed to the theoretical foundation and conceptualization of my dissertation, and it positively influences my teaching, whether I (...)
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  36.  18
    The Cybernetics of Competition: A Biologist's View of Society.Garrett Hardin - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 7 (1):58-84.
  37.  9
    Analogue Apollo: Cybernetics and the Space Age.Christopher Johnson - 2008 - Paragraph 31 (3):304-326.
    This article re-examines some of the principal concepts of cybernetics — control, communication, feedback — and its preoccupation with the ‘coupling’ of human and machine in an increasingly automated world. Historically, the rise of cybernetics coincides with the so-called Space Age, where the kind of computerized control systems theorized in cybernetics were essential to the guidance and operation of the complex machinery required to place humans and machines in space. Taking the Apollo programme as a paradigmatic case (...)
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  38.  13
    Cybernetic Determinants in the Evolution of Brain and Culture.Nikolai Eberhardt - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (1):31-39.
    Within a physicalist-mechanistic worldview, in which we cannot be more than intelligent, self-reproducing biomachines or biobots, fundamentals of a new approach to the science of human self-explanation are outlined. Some a priori logical necessities, or determinants, of any biobot’s control system design are recognized. Evolution had to satisfy them, but neuroscience and cognitive science so far do not clearly see these basics. It is concluded that the old part of the brain still contains the genetically fixed drives, responses, and the (...)
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  39.  13
    Brainwashing the Cybernetic Spectator: The Ipcress File, 1960s Cinematic Spectacle and the Sciences of Mind.Marcia Holmes - 2017 - History of the Human Sciences 30 (3):3-24.
    This article argues that the mid-1960s saw a dramatic shift in how ‘brainwashing’ was popularly imagined, reflecting Anglo-American developments in the sciences of mind as well as shifts in mass media culture. The 1965 British film The Ipcress File provides a rich case for exploring these interconnections between mind control, mind science and media, as it exemplifies the era’s innovations for depicting ‘brainwashing’ on screen: the film’s protagonist is subjected to flashing lights and electronic music, pulsating to the ‘rhythm of (...)
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  40.  15
    The Cybernetic “General Model Theory”: Unifying Science or Epistemic Change?Barbara E. Hof - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (1):76-96.
    "The term 'model' has become fashionable". What Mary Hesse characterized in the mid-1960s as a trend in logic, mathematics, and the natural sciences, applies today in general for a broad spectrum of disciplines. Today models appear to be of "extraordinary importance" compared to the first half of the twentieth century, when models were neither mentioned nor contemplated, either generally in scientific publications or specifically in the philosophy of science. It is even assumed that models are "the key to science" and (...)
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  41.  23
    Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul.Valerie Morkevicius - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):3-19.
    (2014). Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 3-19. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2014.908011.
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  42.  6
    A Cybernetic Analysis of Goal-Directedness.Thomas W. Simon - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:56 - 67.
    The main aim of this paper is to demonstrate the viability and fruitfulness of employing a cybernetic formulation for analyzing many important facets of goal-directed activity, both non-purposeful and purposeful. Unsuccessful past attempts at this program are examined. A reformulation of the cybernetic analysis is proposed which avoids the pitfalls of these attempts by constructing evidentiary tests for rather than a behavioral definition of goal-directedness. This new formulation enables one to counter the most salient criticisms of a cybernetic analysis. A (...)
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  43.  27
    Formal Similarities Between Cybernetic Definition of Life and Cybernetic Model of Self-Consciousness: Universal Definition/Model of Individual.Bernard Korzeniewski - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):314-328.
  44. A Critique of Cybernetics.Hans Jonas - 1953 - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  45.  59
    Shame in the Cybernetic Fold: Reading Silvan Tomkins.Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick & Adam Frank - 1995 - Critical Inquiry 21 (2):496-522.
  46.  2
    Breaking the Cybernetic Code: Understanding and Treating the Human Metacognitive Control System to Enhance Mental Health.Adrian Wells - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  47.  95
    Beyond Design: Cybernetics, Biological Computers and Hylozoism.Andrew Pickering - 2009 - Synthese 168 (3):469-491.
    The history of British cybernetics offers us a different form of science and engineering, one that does not seek to dominate nature through knowledge. I want to say that one can distinguish two different paradigms in the history of science and technology: the one that Heidegger despised, which we could call the Modern paradigm, and another, cybernetic, nonModern, paradigm that he might have approved of. This essay focusses on work in the 1950s and early 1960s by two of Britain’s (...)
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  48. Global Technological Perspectives in the Light of Cybernetic Revolution and Theory of Long Cycles.Leonid Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2015 - Journal of Globalization Studies 6 (2):119-142.
    In the present paper, on the basis of the theory of production principles and production revolutions, we reveal the interrelation between K-waves and major technological breakthroughs in history and make some predictions about features of the sixth Kondratieff wave in the light of the Cybernetic Revolution which, we think, started in the 1950s. We assume that the sixth K-wave in the 2030s and 2040s will merge with the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution (which we call the phase of self-regulating (...)
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  49.  45
    From AI to Cybernetics.Keizo Sato - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (2):155-161.
    Well-known critics of AI such as Hubert Dreyfus and Michael Polanyi tend to confuse cybernetics with AI. Such a confusion is quite misleading and should not be overlooked. In the first place, cybernetics is not vulnerable to criticism of AI as cognitivistic and behaviouristic. In the second place, AI researchers are recommended to consider the cybernetics approach as a way of overcoming the limitations of cognitivism and behaviourism.
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  50.  9
    Population Genetics, Cybernetics of Difference, and Pasts in the Present: Soviet and Post-Soviet Maps on Human Variation.Susanne Bauer - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):146-167.
    This article is about ‘genogeographic’ maps produced by late-Soviet geneticists and published during post-Soviet time. It focuses on the visual and numerical techniques scientists used to project genetic data onto geographic space. Rather than discussing their representational character, I follow these visuals as ‘folded objects’, describing the layering and realigning of measurements and temporalities as well as the shifts in the practices and meanings of genetics. In the 1970s Soviet biological anthropologists transformed scattered data points by means of spatial statistics (...)
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