Results for 'Cynthia E. Brown'

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  1.  17
    Ethical Issues When Graduate Students Act as Mentors.Cynthia E. Brown - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (8):688-702.
    The field of ethics in psychology has devoted a great deal of attention to the ethical issues that arise when students and faculty develop mentor–mentee relationships. However, little attention has been given to examining the role of graduate students acting as mentors. Graduate students often supervise and evaluate undergraduates as a part of research and teaching responsibilities, and may act as mentors to more junior graduate students. This article discusses the unique qualities and ethical considerations of graduate students in mentoring (...)
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  2.  11
    Bioethics, Public Health, and the Social Sciences for the Medical Professions: An Integrated, Case-Based Approach.Amy E. Caruso Brown, Travis R. Hobart & Cynthia B. Morrow (eds.) - 2019 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This unique textbook utilizes an integrated, case-based approach to explore how the domains of bioethics, public health and the social sciences impact individual patients and populations. It provides a structured framework suitable for both educators (including course directors and others engaged in curricular design) and for medical and health professions students to use in classroom settings across a range of clinical areas and allied health professions and for independent study. The textbook opens with an introduction, describing the intersection of ethics (...)
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  3.  15
    Herstory as an Important Force in Bioethics.Stephen Sodeke, Faith E. Fletcher, Virginia A. Brown, John R. Stone, Cynthia B. Wilson, Tené Hamilton Franklin, Charmaine D. M. Royal & Vence L. Bonham - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (S1):83-88.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue S1, Page S83-S88, March‐April 2022.
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  4. Authenticity and co-design: On responsibly creating relational robots for children.Milo Phillips-Brown, Marion Boulicault, Jacqueline Kory-Westland, Stephanie Nguyen & Cynthia Breazeal - 2023 - In Mizuko Ito, Remy Cross, Karthik Dinakar & Candice Odgers (eds.), Algorithmic Rights and Protections for Children. MIT Press. pp. 85-121.
    Meet Tega. Blue, fluffy, and AI-enabled, Tega is a relational robot: a robot designed to form relationships with humans. Created to aid in early childhood education, Tega talks with children, plays educational games with them, solves puzzles, and helps in creative activities like making up stories and drawing. Children are drawn to Tega, describing him as a friend, and attributing thoughts and feelings to him ("he's kind," "if you just left him here and nobody came to play with him, he (...)
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  5.  23
    The Editor and the Text.Cynthia J. Brown, Philip E. Bennett & Graham A. Runnalls - 1993 - Substance 22 (1):91.
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  6.  67
    Empowering Employee Sustainability: Perceived Organizational Support Toward the Environment.Cynthia E. King, Jennifer Tosti-Kharas & Eric Lamm - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):207-220.
    This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion of sustainability behaviors by introducing the construct of perceived organizational support toward the environment. We propose and empirically test an integrated model whereby we test the association of POS-E with employees’ organizational citizenship behaviors toward the environment as well as to job attitudes. Results indicated that POS-E was positively related to OCB-E, job satisfaction, organizational identification, and psychological empowerment, and negatively related to turnover intentions. We also found that psychological empowerment partially mediated the (...)
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  7.  29
    The donor is in the details.Cynthia E. Cryder, George Loewenstein & Richard Scheines - unknown
    Recent research finds that people respond more generously to individual victims described in detail than to equivalent statistical victims described in general terms. We propose that this “identified victim effect” is one manifestation of a more general phenomenon: a positive influence of tangible information on generosity. In three experiments, we find evidence for an “identified intervention effect”; providing tangible details about a charity’s interventions significantly increases donations to that charity. Although previous work described sympathy as the primary mediator between tangible (...)
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  8.  16
    Mischievous responders: data quality lessons learned in mental health research.Morgan E. Browning, Sidney L. Satterfield & Elizabeth E. Lloyd-Richardson - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (5):303-313.
    Internet recruitment methods for research are rapidly evolving as technology and participant preferences do as well. This brings data security concerns, balanced with respect to persons for research participants. Internet recruitment research strategies are still important given the importance of creating private and accessible pathways for potentially marginalized populations or people experiencing stigmatized mental health conditions to participate in research. This manuscript describes the case of social media recruitment for a mental health and racism study in Fall 2022 that was (...)
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  9. Minding the Gap in Plato's Republic.E. Brown - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):275.
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  10. Qualitative comparison of students' constructions of science.Cynthia E. Ledbetter - 1993 - Science Education 77 (6):611-624.
     
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  11.  5
    American Children in Chronic Poverty: Complex Risks, Benefit-Cost Analyses, and Untangling the Knot.Cynthia E. Lamy - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    A growing body of research informs us that an effective, efficient fight against chronic American poverty, producing benefits far exceeding costs, is possible. It begins by protecting children from developmental risks. This book describes those risks, along with the programs and policies we know protect children and families. A policy framework for the pursuit of an intrepid new goal – the purposeful protection of America’s most vulnerable children on a large scale – would end chronic poverty as we know it.
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  12.  26
    Trust and Expectations of Researchers and Public Health Departments for the Use of HIV Molecular Epidemiology.Cynthia E. Schairer, Sanjay R. Mehta, Staal A. Vinterbo, Martin Hoenigl, Michael Kalichman & Susan J. Little - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (3):201-213.
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  13. The Direction of Causation.E. Brown - 1979 - Mind 88:334.
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  14.  23
    Issues-Driven Shareholder Activism.Cynthia E. Clark & Jennifer J. Griffin - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:221-228.
    Issues-driven shareholder activism suggests that specific issue characteristics brought by shareholders, a group to which firms are obligated to respond, interact in a way that affects the materiality of the issue in the eyes of the modern corporation. Relevant issue characteristics include: issue type, social significance, and issue life cycle stage.
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  15.  36
    Compound Conflicts of Interest in the US Proxy System.Cynthia E. Clark & Harry J. Van Buren - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (2):355-371.
    The current proxy voting system in the United States has become the subject of considerable controversy. Because institutional investment managers have the authority to vote their clients’ proxies, they have a fiduciary obligation to those clients. Frequently, in an attempt to fulfill that obligation, these institutional investors employ proxy advisory services to manage the thousands of votes they must cast. However, many proxy advisory services have conflicts of interest that inhibit their utility to those seeking to discharge their fiduciary duties. (...)
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  16.  22
    Masquerading in the U. S. Capital Markets: The Dark Side of Maintaining an Institution.Cynthia E. Clark & Sue Newell - 2013 - Business and Society Review 118 (1):105-134.
    This article examines the work of professional service firms (PSFs) in their relationships with public corporations; work that is designed to ensure that investors and potential investors have information that will enable them to participate in the capital markets. Using an institutional theory lens, we view these efforts by PSFs as institutional maintenance work and specifically analyze their work related to policing (i.e., rating), enabling (i.e., tutoring), and embedding and routinizing (i.e., collaborating) that helps to support the capital market as (...)
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  17.  18
    Female Representation on Corporate Boards in Europe: The Interplay of Organizational Social Consciousness and Institutions.Cynthia E. Clark, Punit Arora & Patricia Gabaldon - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 180 (1):165-186.
    We examine the role of alignment between organizational social consciousness and the informal and formal institutions of a country in increasing female representation on boards. Using fixed-effects and Hausman Taylor regression methodology for endogenous covariate with panel data for the years 2006–2020, we find that the greater the alignment between organizational social consciousness and certain formal and informal institutions, the more progress there is toward gender representation on corporate boards in Europe. We also find that more socially conscious firms make (...)
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  18.  6
    Genetic testing in assisted reproduction.Cynthia E. Fruchtman & Caroline Lieber - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):11.
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  19.  26
    Institutional Work and Complicit Decoupling across the U.S. Capital Markets: The Work of Rating Agencies.Cynthia E. Clark & Sue Newell - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):1-30.
    ABSTRACT:We focus on the core institution of the capital market and the institutional work of professional service firms that provide ratings on corporate issuers, initially in a bid to maintain this institution, which suffered when those involved relied solely on information from the issuers themselves. Through our analysis we identify a new type of decoupling—complicit decoupling. Complicit decoupling evolves over time, beginning with the creation of a new practice, here corporate ratings as a form of policing work, which emerges to (...)
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  20.  15
    Institutional Work and Complicit Decoupling across the U.S. Capital Markets: The Work of Rating Agencies.Cynthia E. Clark & Sue Newell - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):1-30.
    ABSTRACT:We focus on the core institution of the capital market and the institutional work of professional service firms that provide ratings on corporate issuers, initially in a bid to maintain this institution, which suffered when those involved relied solely on information from the issuers themselves. Through our analysis we identify a new type of decoupling—complicit decoupling. Complicit decoupling evolves over time, beginning with the creation of a new practice, here corporate ratings as a form of policing work, which emerges to (...)
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  21.  18
    Managing Contradiction: Stockholder and Stakeholder Views of the Firm as Paradoxical Opportunity.Cynthia E. Clark, Erica L. Steckler & Sue Newell - 2016 - Business and Society Review 121 (1):123-159.
    Stockholder and stakeholder perspectives have been positioned in the literature as being in tension, and thus a potential source of innovation and change. However, researchers have overlooked a systematic examination of this presumption in theory and in practice. This study explores the ways that stockholder and stakeholder assumptions are presented by theorists and compares these with expressions of stockholder and stakeholder perspectives used by firms in practice. We argue that theoretical entrenchment dichotomizing these perspectives has disrupted the ability of researchers (...)
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  22.  2
    A Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation.Raymond E. Brown - 1991 - Heythrop Journal 32 (1):77-79.
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  23. On the Soul and the Cyberpunk Future: St Macrina, St Gregory of Nyssa and Contemporary Mind/Body Dualism.E. Brown Dewhurst - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics (4).
    In On the Soul and the Resurrection, St Macrina and St Gregory of Nyssa consider what the soul is, and its relationship to our body and identity. Gregory notes the way that our bodies are always changing, and asks which is most truly our ‘real’ body if we are always in a state of growth, decay and transience? What physical body will be with us at the resurrection? If our body is as important to our identity as our soul, then (...)
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  24. Abbreviations in Greek Inscriptions.F. E. Brown - 1940 - Classical Weekly 34:236-237.
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  25.  8
    How do standard setters define materiality and why does it matter?Cynthia E. Clark - 2021 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 30 (3):378-391.
    Material information is a core aspect of a firm's governance and reporting activities. If corporate information is material, then the firm has a responsibility to disclose it. Currently, firms must judge information as material largely based on a confusing set of standard setters’ definitions. I analyze the particular conditions laid out by each standard setter and explain the ethical implications that result from materiality judgments made by firms using these varied standards. Importantly, this analysis underscores that regulators, firms, and researchers (...)
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  26.  18
    Using the VIA Classification to Advance a Psychological Science of Virtue.Robert E. McGrath & Mitch Brown - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The VIA Classification of Character Strengths and Virtue has received substantial attention since its inception as a model of 24 dimensions of positive human functioning, but less so as a potential contributor to a psychological science on the nature of virtue. The current paper presents an overview of how this classification could serve to advance the science of virtue. Specifically, we summarize previous research on the dimensional versus categorical characterization of virtue, and on the identification of cardinal virtues. We give (...)
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  27.  10
    Case Study: Genetic Testing in Assisted Reproduction.Cynthia E. Fruchtman & Caroline Lieber - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):11.
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  28.  17
    Morris Cohen's Search for Justice.Bernard E. Brown - 1953 - Journal of the History of Ideas 14 (2):249-263.
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  29.  16
    The quest of the good life: An essay towards a philosophy of religion.F. E. Brown - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):102-116.
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  30.  9
    The Quest of the Good Life: An Essay towards a Philosophy of Religion.F. E. Brown - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):177.
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  31.  28
    Constructivism and science: essays in recent German philosophy.Robert E. Butts & James Robert Brown (eds.) - 1989 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The idea to produce the current volume was conceived by Jiirgen Mittelstrass and Robert E. Butts in 1978. Idealist philosophers are wrong about one thing: the temporal gap separating idea and reality can be very long indeed - even ten or so years! Problems of timing were joined by personal problems and by the pressure of other professional commitments. Fortunately, James Brown agreed to cooperate in the editing of the volume; the infusion of his usual energy, good judgement and (...)
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  32.  22
    Increased functional connectivity in intrinsic neural networks in individuals with aniridia.Jordan E. Pierce, Cynthia E. Krafft, Amanda L. Rodrigue, Anastasia M. Bobilev, James D. Lauderdale & Jennifer E. McDowell - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  33.  19
    On work-hardening in ordered alloys.A. E. Vidoz & L. M. Brown - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (79):1167-1175.
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  34. Book Reviews-Instruments and Measurement-Scientific Instruments 1500-1900. An Introduction.G. L'E. Turner & C. N. Brown - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (4):463-463.
     
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  35.  16
    Intellectual Shamans: Management Academics Making a Difference. By Sandra Waddock, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK: December 2014, 372 pages. Paperback: $34.99. [REVIEW]Cynthia E. Clark - 2015 - Business and Society Review 120 (4):637-641.
  36. The integrative framework for the behavioural sciences has already been discovered, and it is the adaptationist approach.Michael E. Price, William M. Brown & Oliver S. Curry - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):39-40.
    The adaptationist framework is necessary and sufficient for unifying the social and natural sciences. Gintis's “beliefs, preferences, and constraints” (BPC) model compares unfavorably to this framework because it lacks criteria for determining special design, incorrectly assumes that standard evolutionary theory predicts individual rationality maximisation, does not adequately recognize the impact of psychological mechanisms on culture, and is mute on the behavioural implications of intragenomic conflict. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  37. Letters pro and con.Rudolf Arnheim, Sherman E. Lee & Calvin S. Brown - 1961 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (3):347-348.
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  38.  19
    A Call for Radical Transparency regarding Research Payments.Emily E. Anderson & Brandon Brown - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):45-47.
    In the target article “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Fernandez Lynch et al. call for more information sharing about research payment amounts to study parti...
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  39.  21
    Maternal-fetal conflict: a study of physician concerns in court-ordered cesarean sections.T. E. Elkins, D. Brown, M. Barclay & H. F. Andersen - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (4):316.
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  40.  26
    Correspondence.Herbert Dingle, A. E. Taylor & G. Burniston Brown - 1938 - Philosophy 13 (49):124 - 126.
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  41.  30
    Parerga Beneventana.Roger E. Reynolds & Virginia Brown - 1996 - Mediaeval Studies 58 (1):289-290.
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  42.  13
    Wulfstan and Abbo of Saint-Germain-des-Près.James E. Cross & Alan Brown - 1989 - Mediaevalia 15:71-91.
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  43.  15
    When all children comprehend: increasing the external validity of narrative comprehension development research.Silas E. Burris & Danielle D. Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:71067.
    Narratives, also called stories, can be found in conversations, children’s play interactions, reading material, and television programs. From infancy to adulthood, narrative comprehension processes interpret events and inform our understanding of physical and social environments. These processes have been extensively studied to ascertain the multifaceted nature of narrative comprehension. From this research we know that three overlapping processes (i.e., knowledge integration, goal structure understanding, and causal inference generation) proposed by the constructionist paradigm are necessary for narrative comprehension, narrative comprehension has (...)
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  44.  16
    Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations: Essays for a Bold New World.Brian E. Butler, Matthew J. Brown, Phillip Deen, Loren Goldman, John Kaag, John Ryder, Patricia Shields, Joseph Soeters & Eric Thomas Weber - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations bridges the gap between philosophical pragmatism and international relations, two disciplinary perspectives that together shed light on how to advance the study and conduct of foreign affairs. Authors in this collection discuss a broad range of issues, from policy relevance to peacekeeping operations, with an eye to understanding how this distinctly American philosophy, pragmatism, can improve both international relations research and foreign policy practice.
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  45.  21
    Constraints to the integration of the contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) vaccine into Kenya's animal health delivery system.Michele E. Lipner & Ralph B. Brown - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (2):19-28.
    Animal health is key to successful livestock production in developing countries. The development and delivery of vaccines against major epidemic diseases is one component of improving animal health. This paper presents a case study from Kenya on the production and delivery of a vaccine against Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP), a major disease of goats. The vaccine, while technically a viable preventative measure against CCPP, has not been well integrated into Kenya's animal health care system. From February through November, 1992, the (...)
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  46.  20
    Development of a method for analyzing three-dimensional scapula kinematics.William E. Janes, J. M. Brown, J. M. Essenberg & J. R. Engsberg - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 400-406.
    Scapula mobility complicates upper extremity kinematics assessment. Existing methods are diverse, providing inconsistent results. The current gold standard (bone pins) is prohibitively invasive. The purposes of the current study are to describe a virtual projection alternative to surface markers for video motion capture (VMC) of the scapula and to compare the results of the projection and surface marker methods to the results of similar existing methods. Ten participants were evaluated using VMC. Surface markers were applied to the trunk and arm (...)
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  47.  54
    Toward a Theoretical Framework of Corporate Social Irresponsibility: Clarifying the Gray Zones Between Responsibility and Irresponsibility.María Iborra, Marta Riera & Cynthia E. Clark - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (6):1473-1511.
    In this conceptual article, we argue that defining corporate social responsibility and corporate social irresponsibility as opposite constructs produces a lack of clarity between responsible and irresponsible acts. Furthermore, we contend that the treatment of the CSR and CSI concepts as opposites de-emphasizes the value of CSI as a stand-alone construct. Thus, we reorient the CSI discussion to include multiple aspects that current conceptualizations have not adequately accommodated. We provide an in-depth exploration of how researchers define CSI and both identify (...)
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  48.  13
    Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures and Investor Judgments in Difficult Times: The Role of Ethical Culture and Assurance.Andrew C. Stuart, Jean C. Bedard & Cynthia E. Clark - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (3):565-582.
    We conduct an experiment with 459 nonprofessional investors to examine whether they evaluate companies differently based on management’s stated purpose for undertaking corporate social responsibility activities in the presence versus absence of a company-specific negative event. Specifically, we vary whether or not management intends to achieve financial returns from CSR activities in addition to promoting social good. We address investors’ decision processes by investigating whether their judgments are mediated by perceptions of future cash flows and/or the underlying ethical culture of (...)
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  49.  19
    Did Jesus Rise from the Dead? [REVIEW]Raymond E. Brown - 1987 - International Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):450-452.
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  50.  16
    Recency, frequency, and probability in response prediction.John E. Overall & Lynn W. Brown - 1957 - Psychological Review 64 (5):314-323.
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