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Profile: Cynthia Macdonald (University of Manchester)
  1.  96
    Mind-Body Identity Theories.Cynthia Macdonald - 1989 - Routledge.
    Chapter One The most plausible arguments for the identity of mind and body that have been advanced in this century have been for the identity of mental ...
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  2. The Metaphysics of Mental Causation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):539-576.
    A debate has been raging in the philosophy of mind for at least the past two decades. It concerns whether the mental can make a causal difference to the world. Suppose that I am reading the newspaper and it is getting dark. I switch on the light, and continue with my reading. One explanation of why my switching on of the light occurred is that a desiring with a particular content (that I continue reading), a noticing with a particular content (...)
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  3. Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
  4. Introspection and Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - Erkenntnis 67 (2):355-372.
    In this paper I outline and defend an introspectionist account of authoritative self-knowledge for a certain class of cases, ones in which a subject is both thinking and thinking about a current, conscious thought. My account is distinctive in a number of ways, one of which is that it is compatible with the truth of externalism.
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  5. ‘‘In My ‘Mind’s Eye’: Introspectionism, Detectivism, and the Basis of Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2014 - Synthese (15):1-26.
    It is widely accepted that knowledge of certain of one’s own mental states is authoritative in being epistemically more secure than knowledge of the mental states of others, and theories of self-knowledge have largely appealed to one or the other of two sources to explain this special epistemic status. The first, ‘detectivist’, position, appeals to an inner perception-like basis, whereas the second, ‘constitutivist’, one, appeals to the view that the special security awarded to certain self-knowledge is a conceptual matter. I (...)
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  6. Emergence and Downward Causation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2010 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press.
  7. Knowing Our Own Minds.Wright Crispin, C. Smith Barry & Macdonald Cynthia (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. This volume offers a powerful and comprehensive look at current work on this topic, featuring closely interlinked essays by leading figures in the field that examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist theories of psychological content, and knowledge of (...)
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  8.  60
    Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
    This volume provides an introduction to and review of key contemporary debates concerning connectionism, and the nature of explanation and methodology in cognitive psychology. The first debate centers on the question of whether human cognition is best modeled by classical or by connectionist architectures. The second centres on the question of the compatibility between folk, or commonsense, psychological explanation and explanations based on connectionist models of cognition. Each of the two sections includes a classic reading along with important responses, and (...)
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  9.  68
    On McDowell's Identity Conception of Truth.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - Analysis 67 (293):36-41.
  10.  95
    The Mind Bursary.Frank Cioffi Obscurantism, G. A. Equality, Keith Graham, Peter Carruthers, Cynthia MacDonald, Paul Snowden, Howard Robinson, David Over, Paul Guyer & Ralph Walker - 1990 - Mind 99:394.
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  11. What is Colour? A Defence of Colour Primitivism.Cynthia Macdonald - 2015 - In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press. pp. 116-133.
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  12.  57
    Mental Causes and Explanation of Action.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (April):145-58.
  13. Self-Knowledge and the "Inner Eye".Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
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  14. The Epistemology of Meaning.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2012 - In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 221--240.
  15. Philosophy of Psychology.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
  16. The Identity Theory of Truth and the Realm of Reference: Where Dodd Goes Wrong.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):297-304.
    In ‘On McDowell's identity conception of truth’ , we suggested that McDowell's Identity Theory, according to which a proposition is true if and only if it is identical with a fact, is only fully understood when we realize that there are two identity claims involved. The first is that, when one thinks truly, the content of a whole thought is identical with a Tractarian Tatsachen – a complex fact constituted by simple Sachverhalte – and the second is that these simple (...)
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  17.  55
    McDowell's Alternative Conceptions of the World.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2011 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (1):87-94.
  18.  55
    Emergence in Mind.Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The volume also extends the debate about emergence by considering the independence of chemical properties from physical properties, and investigating what would ...
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  19.  96
    Shoemaker on Self-Knowledge and Inner Sense.Cynthia Macdonald - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):711-38.
    What is introspective knowledge of one's own intentional states like? This paper aims to make plausible the view that certain cases of self-knowledge, namely the cogito-type ones, are enough like perception to count as cases of quasi-observation. To this end it considers the highly influential arguments developed by Sydney Shoemaker in his recent Royce Lectures. These present the most formidable challenge to the view that certain cases of self-knowledge are quasi-observational and so deserve detailed examination. Shoemaker's arguments are directed against (...)
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  20.  70
    Self-Knowledge and Inner Space.Cynthia Macdonald - 2006 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), McDowell and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 73--88.
  21.  87
    Beyond Program Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2006 - In Geoffrey Brennan, Robert E. Goodin & Michael A. Smith (eds.), Common Minds: Essays in Honour of Philip Pettit. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--27.
  22.  87
    Externalism and First-Person Authority.Cynthia Macdonald - 1995 - Synthese 104 (1):99-122.
    Externalism in the philosophy of mind is threatened by the view that subjects are authoritative with regard to the contents of their own intentional states. If externalism is to be reconciled with first-person authority, two issues need to be addressed: (a) how the non-evidence-based character of knowledge of one's own intentional states is compatible with ignorance of the empirical factors that individuate the contents of those states, and (b) how, given externalism, the non-evidence-based character of such knowledge could place its (...)
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  23.  10
    Self-Knowledge and the 'Inner Eye'.Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
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  24.  60
    Real Metaphysics and the Descriptive/Revisionary Distinction.Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - In Cornelis De Waal (ed.), Susan Haack: A Lady of Distinctions: The Philosopher Responds to Critics. Prometheus Books.
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  25. Tropes and Other Things.Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - In Stephen Laurence & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics. Blackwell.
    Our day-to-day experience of the world regularly brings us into contact with middlesized objects such as apples, dogs, and other human beings. These objects possess observable properties, properties that are available or accessible to the unaided senses, such as redness and roundness, as well as properties that are not so available, such as chemical ones. Both of these kinds of properties serve as valuable sources of information about our familiar middle-sized objects at least to the extent that they enable us (...)
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  26. How to Be Psychologically Relevant.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1995 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
    How did I raise my arm? The simple answer is that I raised it as a consequence of intending to raise it. A slightly more complicated response would mention the absence of any factors which would inhibit the execution of the intention- and a more complicated one still would specify the intention in terms of a goal (say, drinking a beer) which requires arm-raising as a means towards that end. Whatever the complications, the simple answer appears to be on the (...)
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  27.  69
    Mental Causation and Nonreductive Monism.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1991 - Analysis 51 (January):23-32.
  28. Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2008 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):319-346.
    Many recent discussions of self-consciousness and self-knowledge assume that there are only two kinds of accounts available to be taken on the relation between the so-called first-order (conscious) states and subjects' awareness or knowledge of them: a same-order, or reflexive view, on the one hand, or a higher-order one, on the other. I maintain that there is a third kind of view that is distinctively different from these two options. The view is important because it can accommodate and make intelligible (...)
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  29.  22
    Theories of Mind and 'the Commonsense View'.Cynthia Macdonald - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (5):467-488.
  30. Self-Knowledge and the First Person.Cynthia Macdonald - 2004 - In M. Sie, M. Slors & B. Van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Ashgate.
    It is a familiar view in the philosophy of mind and action is that for a thought or attitude to constitute a reason for an action is for it to render intelligible, in the light of norms of rationality or reason, that action. However, I can make sense of your actions in this way by crediting you with attitudes that I myself do not hold. Equally, you can do this for my actions. So not all reasons for one’s actions are (...)
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  31.  58
    Rethinking Folk-Psychology: Alternatives to Theories of Mind.Marc Slors & Cynthia Macdonald - 2008 - Philosophical Explorations 11 (3):153 – 161.
  32.  16
    Introspection.Cynthia Macdonald - 2009 - In A. Beckermann, B. McLaughlin & S. Walter (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 741-766.
    ‘Introspection’ is a term used by philosophers to refer to a special method or means by which one comes to know certain of one's own mental states; specifically, one's current conscious states. It derives from the Latin ‘spicere’, meaning ‘look’, and ‘intra’, meaning ‘within’; introspection is a process of looking inward. Introspectionist accounts of self-knowledge fall within the broader domain of theories of self-knowledge, understood as views about the nature of and basis for one's knowledge of one's own mental states, (...)
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  33.  51
    Self-Knowledge and the First Person.Cynthia Macdonald - 2004 - In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. Van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Ashgate.
    It is a familiar view in the philosophy of mind and action is that for a thought or attitude to constitute a reason for an action is for it to render intelligible, in the light of norms of rationality or reason, that action. However, I can make sense of your actions in this way by crediting you with attitudes that I myself do not hold. Equally, you can do this for my actions. So not all reasons for one’s actions are (...)
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  34. Classicism Vs. Connectionism.Cynthia Macdonald - 1995 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
     
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  35.  2
    Shoemaker on Self-Knowledge and Inner Sense.Cynthia Macdonald - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):711-738.
    What is introspective knowledge of one's own intentional states like? This paper aims to make plausible the view that certain cases of self-knowledge, namely the cogito-type ones, are enough like perception to count as cases of quasi-observation. To this end it considers the highly influential arguments developed by Sydney Shoemaker in his recent Royce Lectures. These present the most formidable challenge to the view that certain cases of self-knowledge are quasi-observational and so deserve detailed examination. Shoemaker's arguments are directed against (...)
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  36.  44
    Mind-Body Identity and the Subjects of Events.Cynthia Macdonald - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 48 (July):73-82.
  37.  16
    A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility.Cynthia Macdonald - 1991 - Philosophical Books 32 (3):163-164.
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  38.  42
    Constitutive Properties, Essences, and Events.Cynthia Macdonald - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (1):29-43.
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  39.  22
    What Is Empiricism?Peter Carruthers & Cynthia Macdonald - 1990 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 64 (1):63 - 92.
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  40.  34
    Psychophysical Supervenience, Dependency, and Reduction.Cynthia Macdonald - 1995 - In Elias E. Savellos & U. Yalcin (eds.), Supervenience: New Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 140--57.
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  41.  19
    Naturalizing the Mind By Fred Dretske Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1996. Pp. Xiii + 208.Cynthia Macdonald - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (279):150-.
  42.  10
    Sensations.Cynthia Macdonald - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1):237-239.
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  43.  12
    What is Empiricism?--, Nativism, Naturalism, and Evolutionary Theory.Cynthia Macdonald - 1990 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81:81-92.
  44.  10
    Mind, Meaning, and Assertion.Cynthia Macdonald & Anthony Appiah - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (4):193-205.
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  45.  6
    The Future of Folk Psychology.Cynthia Macdonald - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (2):114-116.
  46.  19
    Psychological Type-Type Reduction Via Disjunction.Cynthia Macdonald - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):65-69.
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  47.  4
    Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2008 - Macdonald, C 2008, ' Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge ' Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108.
  48.  16
    Subjects of Experience.Cynthia Macdonald - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):224-228.
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  49.  1
    Shoemaker on Self-Knowledge and Inner Sense.Cynthia Macdonald - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):711-738.
    What is introspective know ledge of one’s own intentional states like? This paper aims to make plausible the view that certain cases of self-knowledge, namely the cogito-type ones, are enough like perception to count as cases of quasi-observation. To this end it considers the highly influential arguments developed by Sydney Shoemaker in his recent Royce Lectures. These present the most formidable challenge to the view that certain cases of self-knowledge are quasi-observational and so deserve detailed examination. Shoemaker’s arguments are directed (...)
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  50.  13
    Physicalism, or Something Near Enough.Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (2):155-161.
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