22 found
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  1. Animals and Humans: Grounds for Separation?Cynthia Townley - 2010 - Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (4):512-526.
  2.  71
    Trust and the Curse of Cassandra (An Exploration of the Value of Trust).Cynthia Townley - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):105-111.
    Epistemological interest in trust concentrates mainly on whether and how it is a proper resource for responsible knowers. However, trust is important and valuable to epistemic agents for reasons that do not depend on its being knowledge-conducive, or knowledge enhancing. Being trusted is essential for full participation in an epistemic community. The story of Cassandra illustrates these dimensions of trust's value.
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  3.  43
    Technology and Academic Virtue: Student Plagiarism Through the Looking Glass. [REVIEW]Cynthia Townley & Mitch Parsell - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (4):271-277.
    Plagiarism is the misuse of and failure to acknowledge source materials. This paper questions common responses to the apparent increase in plagiarism by students. Internet plagiarism occurs in a context – using the Internet as an information tool – where the relevant norms are far from obvious and models of virtue are difficult to identify and perhaps impossible to find. Ethical responses to the pervasiveness of Internet-enhanced plagiarism require a reorientation of perspective on both plagiarism and the Internet as a (...)
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  4.  23
    A Defense of Ignorance: Its Value for Knowers and Roles in Feminist and Social Epistemologies.Cynthia Townley - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    By exploring diverse and sometimes positive roles for ignorance, A Defense of Ignorance offers a revisionary approach to epistemology that challenges core assumptions about epistemic values. Townley contributes innovative ways of thinking about the practicalities and politics of knowledge and argues for an expanded domain of responsible epistemic conduct. All social scientists, especially those interested in knowledge and in feminist scholarship, stand to benefit from Townley's arguments.
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  5.  67
    Contract Cheating: A New Challenge for Academic Honesty?Mary Walker & Cynthia Townley - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (1):27-44.
    ‘Contract cheating’ has recently emerged as a form of academic dishonesty. It involves students contracting out their coursework to writers in order to submit the purchased assignments as their own work, usually via the internet. This form of cheating involves epistemic and ethical problems that are continuous with older forms of cheating, but which it also casts in a new form. It is a concern to educators because it is very difficult to detect, because it is arguably more fraudulent than (...)
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  6.  53
    Toward a Revaluation of Ignorance.Cynthia Townley - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):37 - 55.
    : The development of nonoppressive ways of knowing other persons, often across significantly different social positions, is an important project within feminism. An account of epistemic responsibility attentive to feminist concerns is developed here through a critique of epistemophilia—the love of knowledge to the point of myopia and its concurrent ignoring of ignorance. Identifying a positive role for ignorance yields an enhanced understanding of responsible knowledge practices.
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  7.  22
    Women In and Out of Philosophy.Catriona Mackenzie & Cynthia Townley - 2013 - In Katrina Hutchison & Fiona Jenkins (eds.), Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change? New York: Oup Usa. pp. 164.
  8.  10
    Managing the Risks of Corporate Political Donations: A Utilitarian Perspective.Shane Leong, James Hazelton & Cynthia Townley - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (2):429-445.
    This paper applies a utilitarian analysis to corporate political donations. Unlike the more common rights-based analyses, it is argued that the optimal policy is the one that best satisfies society’s rational preferences concerning donor influence, adequate financing, donor pressure and the cost of maintaining and enforcing the democratic system. This analysis suggests that a ban is best if it would be generally observed and sufficient financing from other sources is available, otherwise a donation cap is a better option. Further, lobbyists (...)
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  9.  8
    Ethics.Cynthia Townley, Evan Tiffany & Hugh Upton - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (2):174-178.
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  10.  16
    Forgiveness and Betrayal.Cynthia Townley - unknown
    This chapter draws some conclusions about moral alignment and moral pluralism from an examination of forgiveness and betrayal. While forgiveness and betrayal seem very different phenomena, they are parallel in some instructive ways. Explicating the similar structures of forgiveness and betrayal can illuminate their respective roles in the moral economies of agential life, of relationship, and within networks of relationship. Looking at these similarities, as well as differences, also helps to show up some of the characteristics of the moral domain, (...)
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  11.  7
    Trust and the Curse of Cassandra.Cynthia Townley - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):105-111.
    Epistemological interest in trust concentrates mainly on whether and how it is a proper resource for responsible knowers. However, trust is important and valuable to epistemic agents for reasons that do not depend on its being knowledge-conducive, or knowledge enhancing. Being trusted is essential for full participation in an epistemic community. The story of Cassandra illustrates these dimensions of trust's value.
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  12.  36
    Refereed Articles.Mitch Parsell & Cynthia Townley - unknown
    In response to those who have argued the Internet is amoral at best, and an instrument for immorality at worst, we show that the net can provide a forum for genuine ethical engagement and distinctive forms of wrongdoing. Without deriving the moral value of the Internet from its interface with the non-virtual world and in contrast to presentations of the net as an anarchic utopia or as an unethical or amoral dystopia, we apply a substantive moral test to a selection (...)
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  13.  36
    The Limits of Loyalty • by Simon Keller.Cynthia Townley - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):392-394.
    Simon Keller's The Limits of Loyalty makes an important and valuable contribution to a neglected area of moral psychology, both in presenting a clear and subtle account of loyalty in its various manifestations, and in challenging some assumptions about the role of loyalty in a morally decent life. Loyalty's domain is that of special relationships, and for some relationship types, Keller argues that these relationships rightly carry some motivational force, as in his analysis of filial duties. In other cases, such (...)
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  14. Public Trust.Cynthia Townley & Jay L. Garfield - unknown
    We often think of trust as an interpersonal relation, and of the distinction between trust and reliance as a distinction between kinds of interpersonal relations. Indeed this is often the case. I may trust one colleague but not find her reliable; rely on another but find him untrustworthy; both trust and rely on my best friend; neither trust nor rely on my dean. One of us has discussed the nature of such relations and distinctions at length. But trust is not (...)
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  15.  19
    Equity Under the Knife: Justice and Evidence in Surgery.Wendy Rogers, Christopher Degeling & Cynthia Townley - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (3):119-126.
    Surgery is an increasingly common and expensive mode of medical intervention. The ethical dimensions of the surgeon-patient relationship, including respect for personal autonomy and informed consent, are much discussed; but broader equity issues have not received the same attention. This paper extends the understanding of surgical ethics by considering the nature of evidence in surgery and its relationship to a just provision of healthcare for individuals and their populations.
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  16.  18
    Understanding Corporate Responsibility: Culture and Complicity.Chris Degeling, Cynthia Townley & Wendy Rogers - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):18-20.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 18-20, September 2011.
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  17.  5
    Animals as Friends.Cynthia Townley - 2010 - Between the Species 13 (10):3.
    Whether animals, especially companion animals, count as friends depends on the conception of friendship as well as on the conception of animals. Some accounts of friendship can include animals more easily than others. I present an argument in favour of characterising some animal-human connections as friendships, and address some of the standard objections to this characterisation. It might seem that under any conception of friendship, characterising animals as friends would likely lead to better treatment of animals, as various kinds of (...)
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  18.  13
    More on Enrolling Female Students in Science and Engineering.Cynthia Townley - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):295-301.
    This paper investigates reasons for practices and policies that are designed to promote higher levels of enrolment by women in scientific disciplines. It challenges the assumptions and problematic arguments of a recent article questioning their legitimacy. Considering the motivations for and merits of such programs suggests a practical response to the question of whether there should be programs to attract female science and engineering students.
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  19.  4
    Mousetraps and How to Avoid Them: The Convergence of Utilitarian and Scientific Cases for Limiting the Mouse Model in Biomedical Research.Cynthia Townley & Brett Lidbury - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1):5.
    The primary aim of biomedical research is to discover and develop new knowledge to advance human medicine. Frequently a ‘mouse model’ is taken to be a necessary step towards understanding a disease, biological mechanism or intervention. We argue for caution with respect to the mouse model: theoretical reasons, meta-analyses of empirical data, and viable alternatives all support a more restricted use of animals in laboratories than is current practice. On its own terms, a utilitarian scientific justification for using animals in (...)
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  20.  2
    Patriotism : Problems at Home.Cynthia Townley - unknown
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  21.  1
    The Cost of a Common Good: Putting a Price on Spam.Cynthia Townley & Mitch Parsell - 2005 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):68-75.
    Common goods are notoriously vulnerable to destructive overuse. Indeed, certain online activities, such as spam, can jeopardize the very existence of the Internet. We defend an account of the net as a common good that provides the grounds for assessing various strategies for spam reduction.
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  22.  6
    Trust: Analytic and Applied Perspectives.Pekka Mäkelä & Cynthia Townley (eds.) - 2013 - Rodopi.
    “Whatever matters to human beings, trust is the atmosphere in which it thrives” writes Sissela Bok. Although trust is ubiquitous, understanding trust is a non-trivial challenge. Trust: Analytic and Applied Perspectives addresses critical and analytical issues of trust. It examines trust from a conceptual perspective as well as considers it in practical contexts ranging from the public sphere broadly understood to particular social institutions, such as universities and medical care. Trust: Analytic and Applied Perspectives explores what kind of good trust (...)
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