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David Archard [181]D. Archard [24]Dave Archard [4]David Benatar & Archard [1]
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Profile: David Archard (Lancaster University)
  1.  18
    Inequality Re-Examined.David Archard & Amartya Sen - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (181):553.
    This book develops some of the most important themes of Sen's works over the last decade. He argues in a rich and subtle approach that we should be concerned with people's capabilities rather than their resources or welfare.
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  2. Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts.David Archard - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (3):119-127.
    Professional philosophers are members of bioethical committees and regulatory bodies in areas of interest to bioethicists. This suggests they possess moral expertise even if they do not exercise it directly and without constraint. Moral expertise is defined, and four arguments given in support of scepticism about their possession of such expertise are considered and rejected: the existence of extreme disagreement between moral philosophers about moral matters; the lack of a means clearly to identify moral experts; that expertise cannot be claimed (...)
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  3. Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children.David Archard & David Benatar (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Procreation and Parenthood offers new and original essays by leading philosophers on some of the main ethical issues raised by these activities.
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  4.  48
    Children, Family and the State.David Archard - unknown
  5.  69
    Should We Teach Patriotism?David Archard - 1999 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (3):157-173.
    This article examines a particular debate between Eamonn Callan and William Galston concerning the need for a civic education which counters the divisive pull of pluralism by uniting the citizenry in patriotic allegiance to a single national identity.
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  6. Sexual Consent. [REVIEW]Archard David - unknown
  7.  73
    “A Nod's as Good as a Wink”:Consent, Convention, and Reasonable Belief.David Archard - unknown
    Consider the following examples of behavior by Smith: 1. Smith, seated at her restaurant table, gives an order to the waiter; 2. Smith gets into a cab and names a destination; 3. Smith agrees to Jones's suggestion that they go back to Jones's apartment for a few drinks; 4. Smith casts her vote in some election. In each of these instances what can Smith be understood as consenting to? Is she consenting to pay the bill for whatever meal she orders; (...)
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  8. Children's Rights.David Archard - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Children are young human beings. Some children are very young human beings. As human beings children evidently have a certain moral status. There are things that should not be done to them for the simple reason that they are human. At the same time children are different from adult human beings and it seems reasonable to think that there are things children may not do that adults are permitted to do. In the majority of jurisdictions, for instance, children are not (...)
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  9. The Moral and Political Status of Children: New Essays.David Archard & Colin M. [eds] Macleod - unknown
    The book contains original essays by distinguished moral and political philosophers on the topic of the moral and political status of children. It covers the themes of children's rights, parental rights and duties, the family and justice, and civic education.
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  10. Informed Consent: Autonomy and Self-Ownership.David Archard - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):19–34.
    Using the example of an unconsented mouth swab I criticise the view that an action of this kind taken in itself is wrongful in respect of its being a violation of autonomy. This is so much inasmuch as autonomy merits respect only with regard to ‘critical life choices’. I consider the view that such an action is nevertheless harmful or risks serious harm. I also respond to two possible suggestions: that the action is of a kind that violates autonomy; and, (...)
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  11.  56
    Selling Yourself: Titmuss's Argument Against a Market in Blood. [REVIEW]David Archard - 2002 - Journal of Ethics 6 (1):87-102.
    This article defends Richard Titmuss''s argument, and PeterSinger''s sympathetic support for it, against orthodoxphilosophical criticism. The article specifies thesense in which a market in blood is ``dehumanising'''' ashaving to do with a loss of ``imagined community'''' orsocial ``integration'''', and not with a loss of valued or``deeper'''' liberty. It separates two ``domino arguments''''– the ``contamination of meaning'''' argument and the``erosion of motivation'''' argument which support, indifferent but interrelated ways, the claim that amarket in blood is ``imperialistic.'''' Concentrating onthe first domino argument (...)
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  12.  69
    Wrongful Life.David Archard - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (3):403-420.
    I argue that it is wrong deliberately to bring into existence an individual whose life we can reasonably expect will be of very poor quality. The individual's life would on balance be worth living but would nevertheless fall below a certain threshold. Additionally the prospective parents are unable to have any other child who would enjoy a better existence. Against the claims of John Harris and John Robertson I argue that deliberately to conceive such a child would not be to (...)
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  13. The Wrong of Rape.David Archard - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):374–393.
    If rape is evaluated as a serious wrong, can it also be defined as non-consensual sex (NCS)? Many do not see all instances of NCS as seriously wrongful. I argue that rape is both properly defined as NCS and properly evaluated as a serious wrong. First, I distinguish the hurtfulness of rape from its wrongfulness; secondly, I classify its harms and characterize its essential wrongfulness; thirdly, I criticize a view of rape as merely ‘sex minus consent’; fourthly, I criticize mistaken (...)
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  14. The Obligations and Responsibilities of Parenthood.David Archard - 2010 - In David Archard & David Benatar (eds.), Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15. Insults, Free Speech and Offensiveness.David Archard - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):127-141.
    This article examines what is wrong with some expressive acts, ‘insults’. Their putative wrongfulness is distinguished from the causing of indirect harms, aggregated harms, contextual harms, and damaging misrepresentations. The article clarifies what insults are, making use of work by Neu and Austin, and argues that their wrongfulness cannot lie in the hurt that is caused to those at whom such acts are directed. Rather it must lie in what they seek to do, namely to denigrate the other. The causing (...)
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  16.  76
    The Moral and Political Status of Children.David Archard - unknown
    The book contains original essays by distinguished moral and political philosophers on the topic of the moral and political status of children. It covers the themes of children's rights, parental rights and duties, the family and justice, and civic education.
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  17.  50
    Moral Compromise.David Archard - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (03):403-420.
    A moral compromise is a compromise on moral matters; it is agreement in the face of moral disagreement but where there is agreement on the importance of consensus -namely that it secures a morally desirable outcome. It is distinguishable from other forms of agreement, and an important distinction between moral compromise with public agreement and moral compromise with public disagreement is also made. Circumstances in which the former might be permissible are outlined, and the sense in which it is allowed (...)
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  18.  97
    Child Abuse: Parental Rights and the Interests of the Child.David Archard - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (2):183-194.
    I criticise the ‘liberal’view of the proper relationship between the family and State, namely that, although the interests of the child should be paramount, parents are entitled to rights of both privacy and autonomy which should be abrogated only when the child suffers a specifiable harm. I argue that the right to bear children is not absolute, and that it only grounds a right to rear upon an objectionable proprietarian picture of the child as owned by its producer. If natural (...)
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  19.  59
    Paternalism Defined.David Archard - unknown
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  20. Is It Rape? On Acquaintance Rape and Taking Women's Consent Seriously - by Joan McGregor, Making Sense of Sexual Consent - by Mark Cowling & Paul Reynolds, the Logic of Consent, the Diversity and Deceptiveness of Consent as a Defence to Criminal Conduct - by Peter Westen, and Consent to Sexual Relations - by Lan Wertheimer.David Archard - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):209–221.
  21.  8
    Sexual Consent.Archard David - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 49 (197):556-557.
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  22.  65
    Balancing a Child's Best Interests and a Child's Views.David Archard & Marit Skivenes - unknown
  23.  88
    Freedom Not to Be Free: The Case of the Slavery Contract in J. S. Mill's on Liberty.David Archard - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):453-465.
  24.  24
    Good Sex: Perspectives on Sexual Ethics.David Archard & Raymond A. Belliotti - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):407.
  25.  1
    'Selling Yourself:Titmuss's Argument Against a Market in Blood.David Archard - unknown
    This article defends Richard Titmuss''s argument, and PeterSinger''s sympathetic support for it, against orthodoxphilosophical criticism. The article specifies thesense in which a market in blood is ``dehumanising'''' ashaving to do with a loss of ``imagined community'''' orsocial ``integration'''', and not with a loss of valued or``deeper'''' liberty. It separates two ``domino arguments''''– the ``contamination of meaning'''' argument and the``erosion of motivation'''' argument which support, indifferent but interrelated ways, the claim that amarket in blood is ``imperialistic.'''' Concentrating onthe first domino argument (...)
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  26.  29
    Philosophizing About Sex.David Archard - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):629-631.
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  27.  35
    How Should We Teach Sex?David Archard - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (3):437–450.
    In the face of differences about how sex should be taught to young persons, and consistent with a liberal principle of neutrality, educationalists can adopt one of two strategies. The ‘retreat to basics’ consists in teaching only a basic agreed code of sexual conduct, or a set of agreed principles of sexual morality. The ‘conjunctive–disjunctive’ strategy consists in teaching the facts of sexual activity together with the various possible evaluations of these facts. Both strategies are beset with significant and insuperable (...)
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  28.  46
    Applying Philosophy: A Response to O'Neill.David Archard - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):238-244.
    abstract I consider the putative originality of applied philosophy and seek to defend a version of it often called 'bottom up'. I review ways in which imagined cases may cause us to reconsider our normative commitments, and endorse a general attentiveness to the matter of how the world is and how it might reasonably be imagined. This is important if practical philosophers want to form the correct normative judgements, to be able to recognize the sui generis character of some moral (...)
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  29.  53
    Disgust, Offensiveness and the Law.David Archard - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):314-321.
    abstract Martha Nussbaum's concern is to limit the role that emotions can legitimately play in the definition of the criminal law. She would allow nuisance laws to curtail the occasioning of disgust but only disgust of a certain kind. Problems arise for her account when she extends this analysis to the prevention of offensiveness. Unavoidable is an evaluation of those beliefs subscription to which explains the taking of offence. Hence the principal problem for a liberalism of the kind Nussbaum defends (...)
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  30.  36
    For Our Own Good.David Archard - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):283 – 293.
  31.  14
    Should Nationalists Be Communitarians?David Archard - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):215-220.
  32.  17
    Children.David Archard - unknown
    Whether children have rights is a debate that in recent years has spilled over into all areas of public life. It has never been more topical than now as the assumed rights of parents over their children is challenged on an almost daily basis. David Archard offers the first serious and sustained philosophical examination of children and their rights. Archard reviews arguments for and against according children rights. He concludes that every child has at least the right to the best (...)
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  33.  32
    The Ethics of Patriotism.David Archard - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (2):e1-e3.
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  34.  42
    Political Reasonability.David Archard - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):1 - 25.
  35.  17
    Self-Justifying Paternalism.David Archard - unknown
  36.  97
    Liberalism and Prostitution * By PETER DE MARNEFFE.D. Archard - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):595-597.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  37.  13
    Just Rules?David Archard - 2001 - Res Publica 7 (2):207-215.
  38.  57
    Political Disagreement, Legitimacy, and Civility.David Archard - 2001 - Philosophical Explorations 4 (3):207 – 222.
    For many contemporary liberal political philosophers the appropriate response to the facts of pluralism is the requirement of public reasonableness, namely that individuals should be able to offer to their fellow citizens reasons for their political actions that can generally be accepted.This article finds wanting two possible arguments for such a requirement: one from a liberal principle of legitimacy and the other from a natural duty of political civility. A respect in which conversational restraint in the face of political agreement (...)
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  39.  70
    What's Blood Got to Do with It? The Significance of Natural Parenthood.David Archard - 1995 - Res Publica 1 (1):91-106.
  40.  9
    Children, Multiculturalism and Education.David Archard - 2002 - In David Archard & Colin M. Macleod (eds.), The Moral and Political Status of Children. Oxford University Press. pp. 150--158.
    There are three possible justifications of the claim cultural communities make for their right to transmit an identity to their children. A group strategy and a parenting strategy are both defective. More promising is the view that there is value to children in the sharing of a familial life. But parental authority is limited by the requirement that children acquire sufficient autonomy. Some multicultural policies are thus not ruled out by the recognition of the need to accommodate children's interests.
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  41.  62
    The Future of the Family.David Archard - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (2):132-142.
    Much is said about the decline of the family, often in connection with the prevalence of certain social problems. In this article I consider two kinds of fear: (i) that the traditional family is disappearing; (ii) that new forms of family emerging are, in some or other respect, not worthy of the title. In themselves, neither fear, I argue, should give rise to pressing ethical concerns as such. On fear (i): if by ?traditional family? we mean one whose adult members (...)
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  42.  7
    Letting Babies Die.M. Brazier & D. Archard - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):125-126.
    Prolonging neonatal lifeThe paradox that medicine’s success breeds medicine’s problems is well known to readers of the Journal of Medical Ethics. Advances in neonatal medicine have worked wonders. Not long ago, extremely premature birth babies, or those born with very serious health problems, would inevitably have died. Today, neonatologists can resuscitate babies born at ever-earlier stages of gestation. And very ill babies also benefit from advances in neonatal intensive care. Infant lives can be prolonged. Unfortunately, several such babies will not (...)
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  43.  13
    Liberalism and the Defence of Political Constructivism.David Archard - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (1):115-117.
  44.  17
    Freedom Not to Be Free.David Archard - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):453.
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  45.  32
    Apply Within.David Archard - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 39 (39):50-52.
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  46.  20
    What Should Judges Do?David Archard - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 27:49-50.
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  47.  47
    Dirty Hands and the Complicity of the Democratic Public.David Archard - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):777-790.
    The alleged problem of the dirty hands of politicians has been much discussed since Michael Walzer’s original piece (Walzer 1974). The discussion has concerned the precise nature of the problem or sought to dissolve the apparent paradox. However there has been little discussion of the putative complicity, and thus also dirtying of hands, of a democratic public that authorizes politicians to act in its name. This article outlines the sense in which politicians do get dirty hands and the degree to (...)
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  48.  60
    Law and Moral Disagreement : The Case of Abortion.David Archard - unknown
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  49. A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy.David Archard, Robert E. Goodin & Philip Pettit - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):111.
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  50.  53
    Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction – By Stephen Wilkinson.David Archard - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):101-104.
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