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David Bain
Glasgow University
  1. What Makes Pains Unpleasant?David Bain - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (1):69-89.
    The unpleasantness of pain motivates action. Hence many philosophers have doubted that it can be accounted for purely in terms of pain’s possession of indicative representational content. Instead, they have explained it in terms of subjects’ inclinations to stop their pains, or in terms of pain’s imperative content. I claim that such “noncognitivist” accounts fail to accommodate unpleasant pain’s reason-giving force. What is needed, I argue, is a view on which pains are unpleasant, motivate, and provide reasons in virtue of (...)
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  2. Why Take Painkillers?David Bain - 2019 - Noûs 53 (2):462-490.
    Accounts of the nature of unpleasant pain have proliferated over the past decade, but there has been little systematic investigation of which of them can accommodate its badness. This paper is such a study. In its sights are two targets: those who deny the non-instrumental disvalue of pain's unpleasantness; and those who allow it but deny that it can be accommodated by the view—advanced by me and others—that unpleasant pains are interoceptive experiences with evaluative content. Against the former, I argue (...)
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  3. Pains That Don't Hurt.David Bain - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (2):305-320.
    Pain asymbolia is a rare condition caused by brain damage, usually in adulthood. Asymbolics feel pain but appear indifferent to it, and indifferent also to visual and verbal threats. How should we make sense of this? Nikola Grahek thinks asymbolics’ pains are abnormal, lacking a component that make normal pains unpleasant and motivating. Colin Klein thinks that what is abnormal is not asymbolics’ pains, but asymbolics: they have a psychological deficit making them unresponsive to unpleasant pain. I argue that an (...)
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  4. Evaluativist Accounts of Pain's Unpleasantness.David Bain - 2017 - In Jennifer Corns (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Pain. London: Routledge. pp. 40-50.
    Evaluativism is best thought of as a way of enriching a perceptual view of pain to account for pain’s unpleasantness or painfulness. Once it was common for philosophers to contrast pains with perceptual experiences (McGinn 1982; Rorty 1980). It was thought that perceptual experiences were intentional (or content-bearing, or about something), whereas pains were representationally blank. But today many of us reject this contrast. For us, your having a pain in your toe is a matter not of your sensing “pain-ly” (...)
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  5. Intentionalism and Pain.D. T. Bain - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):502-523.
    Pain may appear to undermine the radically intentionalist view that the phenomenal character of any experience is entirely constituted by its representational content. That appearance is illusory. After categorizing versions of pain intentionalism along two dimensions, I argue that an 'objectivist' and 'non-mentalist' version is the most promising, if it can withstand two objections concerning what we say when in pain, and the distinctiveness of pain. I rebut these objections, in a way available to both opponents of and adherents to (...)
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  6. The Imperative View of Pain.David Bain - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10):164-85.
    Pain, crucially, is unpleasant and motivational. It can be awful; and it drives us to action, e.g. to take our weight off a sprained ankle. But what is the relationship between pain and those two features? And in virtue of what does pain have them? Addressing these questions, Colin Klein and Richard J. Hall have recently developed the idea that pains are, at least partly, experiential commands—to stop placing your weight on your ankle, for example. In this paper, I reject (...)
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  7. The Location of Pains.David Bain - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (2):171-205.
    Perceptualists say that having a pain in a body part consists in perceiving the part as instantiating some property. I argue that perceptualism makes better sense of the connections between pain location and the experiences undergone by people in pain than three alternative accounts that dispense with perception. Turning to fellow perceptualists, I also reject ways in which David Armstrong and Michael Tye understand and motivate perceptualism, and I propose an alternative interpretation, one that vitiates a pair of objections—due to (...)
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  8. Pain, Pleasure, and Unpleasure.David Bain & Michael Brady - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (1):1-14.
    Compare your pain when immersing your hand in freezing water and your pleasure when you taste your favourite wine. The relationship seems obvious. Your pain experience is unpleasant, aversive, negative, and bad. Your experience of the wine is pleasant, attractive, positive, and good. Pain and pleasure are straightforwardly opposites. Or that, at any rate, can seem beyond doubt, and to leave little more to be said. But, in fact, it is not beyond doubt. And, true or false, it leaves a (...)
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  9.  7
    Reading Greek Tragedy.David Bain & S. Goldhill - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:239-240.
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  10. McDowell and the Presentation of Pains.David Bain - 2009 - Philosophical Topics 37 (1):1-24.
    It can seem natural to say that, when in pain, we undergo experiences which present to us certain experience-dependent particulars, namely pains. As part of his wider approach to mind and world, John McDowell has elaborated an interesting but neglected version of this account of pain. Here I set out McDowell’s account at length, and place it in context. I argue that his subjectivist conception of the objects of pain experience is incompatible with his requirement that such experience be presentational, (...)
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  11.  7
    Prometheus Bound.David Bain, Aeschylus & M. Griffith - 1985 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 105:180-181.
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  12.  17
    The Stagecraft of Aeschylus: The Dramatic Use of Exits and Entrances in Greek Tragedy. [REVIEW]David Bain & O. Taplin - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:171-172.
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  13.  22
    Vision and Stagecraft in Sophocles.David Bain & D. Seale - 1984 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 104:198-199.
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  14.  10
    Nothing to Do with Dionysos? Athenian Drama in Its Social Context. [REVIEW]David Bain, J. J. Winkler & F. I. Zeitlin - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:186-187.
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  15. Private Languages and Private Theorists.D. T. Bain - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):427-434.
    Simon Blackburn objects that Wittgenstein's private language argument overlooks the possibility that a private linguist can equip himself with a criterion of correctness by confirming generalizations about the patterns in which his private sensations occur. Crispin Wright responds that appropriate generalizations would be too few to be interesting. But I show that Wright's calculations are upset by his failure to appreciate both the richness of the data and the range of theories that would be available to the private linguist.
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  16. Color, Externalism and Switch Cases.David Bain - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):335-362.
    I defend externalism about color experiences and color thoughts, which I argue color objectivism requires. Externalists face the following question: would a subject’s wearing inverting lenses eventually change the color content of, for instance, those visual experiences the subject reports with “red”? From the work of Ned Block, David Velleman, Paul Boghossian, Michael Tye, and Fiona Macpherson, I extract problems facing those who answer “Yes” and problems facing those who answer “No.” I show how these problems can be overcome, leaving (...)
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  17. The Philosophy of Pain - Introduction.David Bain, Jennifer Corns & Michael Brady - forthcoming - In David Bain, Jennifer Corns & Michael Brady (eds.), The Philosophy of Pain. London: Routledge.
    Over recent decades, pain has received increasing attention as – with ever greater sophistication and rigour – theorists have tried to answer the deep and difficult questions it poses. What is pain’s nature? What is its point? In what sense is it bad? The papers collected in this volume are a contribution to that effort ...
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  18.  15
    Audience Address in Greek Tragedy.David Bain - 1975 - Classical Quarterly 25 (01):13-.
    All drama is meant to be heard by an audience, so that there is a sense in which any utterance in a play may be called audience address. It is possible, however, to draw a distinction between on the one hand the kind of drama in which the presence of an audience is acknowledged by the actors—either explicitly by direct address or reference to the audience, or implicitly by reference to the theatrical nature of the action the actors are undertaking, (...)
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  19. When Pain Isn't Painful.David Bain - 2015 - The Philosophers' Magazine 3.
    Sometimes the philosophical armchair gets bumped by empirical facts. So it is when thinking about pain. For good or ill (good, actually, as we shall see) most of us are intimately acquainted with physical pain, the kind you feel when you stand on a nail or burn your hand. And, from the armchair, it can seem blindingly obvious that pain is essentially unpleasant. There are of course unpleasant experiences that aren’t pains – nausea or itches, for example – but surely (...)
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  20. Pain (Oxford Bibliographies Online).David Bain - 2015 - Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    Philosophers think of pain less and less as a paradigmatic instance of mentality, for which they seek a general account, and increasingly as a rich and fruitful topic in its own right. Pain raises specific questions: about mentality and consciousness certainly, but also about embodiment, affect, motivation, and value, to name but a few. The growth of philosophical interest in pain has gone hand-in-hand with the growth of pain science, which burgeoned in the 1960s. This is no accident: developments in (...)
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  21. Pain: New Essays on Its Nature and the Methodology of Its Study, Edited by Murat Aydede. [REVIEW]David Bain - 2010 - Mind 119 (474):451-456.
    Our preoccupation with pain can seem an eccentricity of philosophers. But just a little reflection leads one into the thickets. When I see a pencil on my desk, I’m aware of a physical thing and its objective properties; but what am I aware of when I feel a pain in my toe? A pain, perhaps? Or my toe’s hurting? But what is the nature of such things? Are they physical? Are they objective? To avoid unexperienced pains, we might say they (...)
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  22.  99
    What the Body Commands, by Colin Klein. [REVIEW]David Bain - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy (1):1-4.
    In various papers, Colin Klein has argued that pain experiences are commands. This monograph goes well beyond the papers, re-shaping his ‘imperativist’ view, setting it within a general account of ‘homeostatic sensations’, presenting new arguments, and criticising alternatives. Original, empirically informed, clear, and often persuasive, it is a lovely book.
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  23.  60
    Paul Roche: Three Plays of Euripides Translated. (Alcestis, Medea, Bacchae.) Pp. Xii + 126. New York: W. W. Norton, 1974. Cloth, $6.95.David Bain - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (2):264-264.
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  24. Daniel Dennett. Reconciling Science and Our Self-Conception. By Matthew. [REVIEW]David Bain - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (219):369-371.
    Over 35 years, Daniel Dennett has articulated a rich and expansive philosophical outlook. There have been elaborations, refinements, and changes of mind, exposi- tory and substantive. This makes him hard to pin down. Does he, for example, think intentional states are real? In places, he sounds distinctly instrumentalist; elsewhere, he avows realism, ‘sort of’. What is needed is a map, charting developments and tracing dialectical threads through his extensive writings and the different regions of his thought. This is what Matthew (...)
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  25.  24
    Sophocles' Oedipus: Evidence and Self-Conviction.David Bain & F. M. Ahl - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:189-190.
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  26.  42
    I. E. Stefanis: Διονυсιακοὶ Τεχνîται. Σνµβολὲς Στὴν Προσωπογραφία Το Θεάτρον Καὶ Τς Μονσικς Τν Ἀρχαίων Ἑλλήνων. Pp. 616; 15 Photographs. Heraklion: Panepistimiakes Ekdoseis Kritis, 1988. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (1):245-245.
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  27.  40
    B. Marzullo: I sofismi di Prometeo. (Il pensiero storico, 82.) Pp. xix+683. Florence: La nuova Italia editrice, 1993. Paper, L. 75000.David Bain - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):430-430.
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  28.  39
    Euripides, Electra - M. J. Cropp : Euripides, Electra . Pp. Lxii + 194. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd., 1988. £28.David Bain - 1990 - The Classical Review 40 (2):219-221.
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  29.  98
    Actors and Audience: A Study of Asides and Related Conventions in Greek Drama. [REVIEW]Oliver Taplin & D. Bain - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:187-187.
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  30.  34
    Sophocles' Oedipus - Charles Segal: Oedipus Tyrannus. Tragic Heroism and the Limits of Knowledge. Pp. Xv + 183. New York: Twayne, 1993. Cased, $22.95. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (1):6-8.
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  31. What is Philosophy?David Bain - manuscript
    The best route into philosophy is not to consider a definition, but to get your own philosophical cogs turning. Consider the questions philosophers engage and think about the many different ways they've addressed them. But, most important, grapple with the questions yourself.
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  32.  30
    L. B ATTEZZATO : Il monologo nel teatro di Euripide . (Pubblicazioni della Classe di Lettere e Filosofia, 14.) Pp. 210. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore, 1995. Paper. ISBN: 88-7642-039-. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):250-251.
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  33.  40
    Pain and Action.David Bain - manuscript
    While many agree that unpleasant pains motivate, little attention has been paid to this idea’s action-theoretic significance, to what kind of motivation pains are, or to the status of the behaviour they motivate. I claim that some pain behaviour belongs to a neglected category. For it is not brute behaviour, but action; yet it is not motivated by desires or intentions, nor like other behaviour that philosophers construe as neither brute nor desire-motivated, such as habitual action. Rather it is what (...)
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  34.  30
    What the Body Commands, by Colin Klein: The MIT Press: Cambridge, MA, 2015, Pp. Xiv + 210, US$40. [REVIEW]David Bain - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (1):193-196.
  35.  27
    D. Kovacs (Ed., Trans.): Euripides: Suppliant Women, Electra, Heracles. (Loeb Classical Library, 9.) Pp. Viii + 455. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1998. Cased, +11.95. ISBN: 0-674-99566-X. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):560-560.
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  36.  26
    Tragedy in Action - Oliver Taplin: Greek Tragedy in Action. Pp. X + 204; 12 Plates, 2 Figures, London: Methuen, 1978. £7. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (1):38-39.
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  37.  44
    Studio sull'Elettra di Euripide. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (2):272-273.
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  38.  23
    André Rivier: Essai sur le tragique d'Euripide. Seconde édition entièrement revue. Pp. xiv + 218. Paris: Boccard, 1975. Paper. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (1):104-104.
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  39.  32
    Pain.David Bain - manuscript
    Commissioned for Routledge Encylopaedia of Philosophy.
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  40.  23
    E. H ALL (Ed.): Aeschylus: Persians (Classical Texts). Pp. Vi + 201, 5 Figs. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1996. Cased, £35/$49.95 (Paper, £14.95/$24.95). ISBN: 0-85668-596-8 (0-85668-597-6 Pbk). [REVIEW]David Bain - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):249-250.
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  41.  34
    The Colour Purple. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1994 - The Chesterton Review 44 (1):97-98.
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  42.  18
    J. Michael Walton: The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy Reviewed. Pp. 177; 4 Plates. London and New York: Methuen, 1984. £10.50. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1986 - The Classical Review 36 (1):140-140.
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  43.  29
    Colour Terms in Greek Poetry. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (1):121-122.
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  44.  28
    Das Motiv der ‘Tagesspanne’—Ein Beitrag Zur Ästhetik der Zeitgestaltung Im Griechisch-Römischen Drama. [REVIEW]David Bain - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):457-458.
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  45.  27
    Chorlieder des Euripides in Ihrer Dramatischen Funktion. [REVIEW]D. Bain - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (1):91-92.
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  46. An Obscene Word in Aeschylus: Comment.D. M. Bain - 1980 - American Journal of Philology 101 (3):366.
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  47.  40
    Pain and Pleasure - A Special Issue of Review of Psychology & Philosophy.David Bain & Michael Brady (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
    Table of Contents: Olivier Massin, 'Pleasure and Its Contraries'; Colin Klein, 'The Penumbral Theory of Masochistic Pleasure'; Siri Leknes and Brock Bastian, 'The Benefits of Pain'; Valerie Gray Hardcastle, 'Pleasure Gone Awry? A New Conceptualization of Chronic Pain and Addiction'; Richard Gray, 'Pain, Perception and the Sensory Modalities: Revisiting the Intensive Theory'; Jonathan Cohen and Matthew Fulkerson, Affect, Rationalization, and Motivation; Murat Aydede, 'How to Unify Theories of Sensory Pleasure: An Adverbialist Proposal'; Adam Shriver, 'The Asymmetrical Contributions of Pleasure and (...)
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  48.  1
    Philosophy of Pain: Unpleasantness, Emotion, and Deviance.David Bain & Michael Brady - 2018 - Routledge.
    Over recent decades pain has received increasing attention as philosophers, psychologists and neuroscientists try to answer deep and difficult questions about it. What is pain? What makes pain unpleasant? How is pain related to the emotions? This volume provides a rich and wide-ranging exploration of these questions and important new insights into the philosophy of pain. Divided into three clear sections - pain and motivation; pain and emotion; and deviant pain - the collection covers fundamental topics in the philosophy and (...)
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  49. Ληκγθιον Απωλεсεν: Some Reservations.David Bain - 1985 - Classical Quarterly 35 (1):31-37.
    The phrase ληκύθιον πώλεсεν, which Aeschylus in the contest of Aristophanes' Frogs mockingly introduces into six of the prologues of his rival Euripides, has recently attracted a great deal of attention. With a couple of exceptions those scholars who have discussed it during the last fifteen years agree that it contains a sexual innuendo. Where they differ is on the exact nature of its meaning. What vase shape does ληκύθιον or λήκυθοс denote and hence what part of the male genitalia (...)
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  50. The Application of Leeches in The Cyranides 5 Meschini).David Bain - 1996 - Mnemosyne 49 (2):182-184.
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