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Davis Baird [54]Dugald Baird [10]D. Baird [8]David Baird [3]
D. T. Baird [3]David T. Baird [2]Davis Whitney Baird [1]D. W. Baird [1]
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Profile: Darwin Ray Baird (Tallinn Technical University)
  1. Thing Knowledge: A Philosophy of Scientific Instruments.Davis Baird - 2004 - University of California Press.
    Western philosophers have traditionally concentrated on theory as the means for expressing knowledge about a variety of phenomena. This absorbing book challenges this fundamental notion by showing how objects themselves, specifically scientific instruments, can express knowledge. As he considers numerous intriguing examples, Davis Baird gives us the tools to "read" the material products of science and technology and to understand their place in culture. Making a provocative and original challenge to our conception of knowledge itself, _Thing Knowledge _demands that we (...)
     
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  2. Discovering the Nanoscale.Cyrus Cm Mody, Davis Baird, Alfred Nordmann & Joachim Schummer - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios.
     
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  3. Exploratory Factor Analysis, Instruments and the Logic of Discovery.Davis Baird - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):319-337.
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  4.  16
    Probing the History of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.Davis Baird & Ashley Shew - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 145--156.
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  5. Scientific Instruments, Scientific Progress and the Cyclotron.Davis Baird & Thomas Faust - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):147-175.
  6.  48
    Heredity and Environment in the Determination of Stature.Dugald Baird - 1951 - The Eugenics Review 43 (3):163.
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  7.  60
    G. K. Chesterton by Michael Hurley.David Baird - 2013 - The Chesterton Review 39 (1-2):142-146.
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  8.  87
    SKYRMS, BRIAN [1984]: Pragmatics and Empiricism. Yale University Press. Pp. Xi+143. 16.95. (ISBN 0-300-03174-2). [REVIEW]D. Baird - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):514-516.
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  9.  8
    Analytical Chemistry and the ‘Big’ Scientific Instrumentation Revolution.Davis Baird - 1993 - Annals of Science 50 (3):267-290.
    By a close examination of changes in analytical chemistry between the years 1920 and 1950, I document the case that natural science has undergone and continues to undergo a major revolution. The central feature of this transformation is the rise in importance of scientific instrumentation. Prior to 1920, analytical chemists determined the chemical constitution of some unknown by treating it with a series of known compounds and observing the kind of reactions it underwent. After 1950, analytical chemists determined the chemical (...)
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  10.  64
    The Fisher/Pearson Chi-Squared Controversy: A Turning Point for Inductive Inference.Davis Baird - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (2):105-118.
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  11.  34
    Editor's Note on Volume Numeration and Publication Dates.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techne 6 (1):1-1.
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  12.  31
    Thing Knowledge - Function and Truth.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techne 6 (2):96-105.
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  13.  13
    Scientific Instrument Making, Epistemology, and the Conflict Between Gift and Commodity Economics.Davis Baird - 1997 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 2 (3/4):127-139.
  14.  32
    Organic Necessity.Davis Baird - 2000 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (1):12-20.
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  15.  13
    Authors Index Volume 2.F. M. Akeroyd, D. Baird, T. Benfey, P. Duhem, R. B. King, J. Kovac, J. G. Mcevoy, J. Morrell, R. K. Nesbet & J. L. Ramsey - 2000 - Foundations of Chemistry 2 (265).
  16.  9
    Attitudes of Women of Reproductive Age to in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Research.Elizabeth M. Alder, David T. Baird, Martin M. Lees, Dennis W. Lincoln, Nancy B. Loudon & Allan A. Templeton - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (2):155.
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  17.  24
    Encapsulating Knowledge.Davis Baird - 1998 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 3 (3):113-118.
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  18.  15
    Why Trade?Davis Baird & Mark S. Cohen - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (2):231-254.
    According to Peter Galison , science has a highly fractionated structure with multiple sub-sub-disciplines, each with its own agenda. Cooperative trading between groups is necessary for most scientific work to move forward, and it is this trading that preserves the stability of science. We argue that it is not trading per se, but trading in a gift economy that guarantees stability. We support our claims with an examination of contemporary work on magnetic resonance imaging instrumentation. Specifically, we consider: How a (...)
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  19.  20
    Editor's Note.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techne 6 (2):86-86.
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  20.  9
    A Fifth Freedom?Dugald Baird - 1966 - The Eugenics Review 58 (4):195.
  21.  8
    Editor's Note.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 6 (2):86-86.
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  22.  18
    Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 1.Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer - 2004 - Hyle 10 (2):63 - 64.
  23.  25
    Lehrer/Wagner Consensual Probabilities Do Not Adequately Summarize the Available Information.Davis Baird - 1985 - Synthese 62 (1):47 - 62.
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  24.  7
    Thing Knowledge - Function and Truth.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 6 (2):96-105.
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  25.  11
    Five Theses on Instrumental Realism.Davis Baird - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:165 - 173.
    I present five theses to characterize and argue for "Instrumental Realism," a realism wedded to what we do with instruments, and not what our theories say: The Independence Thesis: Questions about realism are independent of questions about meaning. The Intervening Thesis: Our ability to produce consistent effects with our instruments provides one guarantee that we are engaged with the real world. The Historical Thesis: If the descriptions of what we know and do are of something real, then it will be (...)
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  26.  25
    Common Sense, Science and Scepticism.Davis Baird - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (4):917-918.
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  27.  21
    The Rationality of Induction.Davis Baird - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):411-413.
  28.  8
    Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part I.Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (2):1-3.
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  29.  36
    Encapsulating Knowledge: The Direct Reading Spectrometer. [REVIEW]Davis Baird - 2000 - Foundations of Chemistry 2 (1):5-46.
    The direct reading emission spectrometer was developed during the1940s. By substituting photo-multiplier tubes and electronics forphotographic film spectrograms, the interpretation of special lineswith a densitometer was avoided. Instead, the instrument providedthe desired information concerning percentage concentration ofelements of interest directly on a dial. Such instruments `de-skill' the job of making such measurements. They do this by encapsulatingin the instrument the skills previously employed by the analyst,by `skilling' the instrument. This paper presents a history of thedevelopment of the Dow Chemical/Baird Associates (...)
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  30.  7
    Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part II.Joachim Schummer & Davis Baird - 2005 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (3):1-2.
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  31.  11
    Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 2.Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer - 2005 - Hyle 11 (1):3 - 4.
  32.  4
    Editor's Note on Volume Numeration and Publication Dates.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 6 (1):1-1.
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  33.  6
    The End of Pure Science: Science Policy From Bayh-Dole to the NNI.D. Baird - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 217.
  34.  9
    Induced Abortion: Epidemiological Aspects.D. Baird - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):122-126.
    Sir Dugald Baird sketches the history of abortion legislation in Great Britain from the beginning of the century. In his views the 1967 Abortion Act has been one of the most important and beneficial pieces of social legislation enacted in Britain in the last 100 years. It has, however, brought problems both of administration in the hospitals and to individual doctors and nurses, particularly when the patients are young single women and even schoolgirls. One of the consequences of the Abortion (...)
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  35. The Creation of Scientific Effects: Heinrich Hertz and Electric Waves. [REVIEW]Davis Baird - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):141-143.
  36.  5
    Dissolution of the Nature-Technology Dichotomy? Perspectives From an Everyday Understanding of Nature on Nanotechnology.D. Baird - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 209.
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  37.  2
    Instrumental Realism: The Interface Between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of TechnologyDon Ihde.Davis Baird - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):529-530.
  38.  17
    Facts-Well-Put.Davis Baird & Alfred Nordmann - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):37-77.
    In this paper we elucidate a particular type of instrument. Striking-phenomenon instruments assume their striking profile against the shifting backdrop of theoretical uncertainties. While technologically stable, the phenomena produced by these instruments are linguistically fuzzy, subject to a variety of conceptual representations. But in virtue of their technological stability alone, they can provide a foundation for further technological as well as conceptual development. Sometimes, as in the case of the pulse glass, the phenomenon is taken to confirm conflicting theoretical views; (...)
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  39.  12
    Meaning in a Material Medium.Davis Baird - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:441 - 451.
    Recently we have learned how experiment can have a life of its own. However, experiment remains epistemologically disadvantaged. Scientific knowledge must have a theoretical/propositional form. To begin to redress this situation, I discuss three ways in which instruments carry meaning: 1. Scientific instruments can carry tremendous loads of meaning through association, analogy and metaphor. 2. Instrumental models of complicated phenomena work representationally in much the same way as theories. 3. Instruments which create new phenomena establish a new field of material (...)
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  40. Epidemiology of Congenital Malformations of the Central Nervous System in Aberdeen and Scotland.Dugald Baird - 1974 - Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (2):113.
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  41.  11
    Tests of Significance Violate the Rule of Implication.Davis Baird - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:81 - 92.
    The rule of implication, (+) If hypothesis H implies hypothesis I, then evidence sufficient to warrant the rejection of I, in turn warrants the rejection of H, is a very plausible principle of inductive inference. It is shown that significance tests violate this principle. Two ways to account for this violation are considered; neither account is fully satisfactory. First, a distinction might be made between the absolute degree of confirmation and the change in the degree of confirmation due to a (...)
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  42.  12
    Internal History and the Philosophy of Experiment.Davis Baird - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (3):383-407.
  43.  10
    Attitudes of Women to Fetal Tissue Research.F. Anderson, A. Glasier, J. Ross & D. T. Baird - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):36-40.
    The use of human fetal tissue for scientific research has enormous potential but is subject to government legislation. In the United Kingdom the Polkinghorne Committee's guidelines were accepted by the Department of Health in 1990. These guidelines set out to protect women undergoing termination of pregnancy from exploitation but in so doing may significantly restrict potential research. Although the committee took evidence from a wide variety of experts they did not seek the views of the general public. We asked 108 (...)
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  44.  3
    The Galton Lecture 1970: The Obstetrician and Society.Dugald Baird - 1971 - Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (S3):93-111.
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  45.  7
    How to Commit the Gambler's Fallacy and Get Away with It.Davis Baird & Richard E. Otte - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:169 - 180.
    In a recent article Ian Hacking argues that there can be cases where no probabilities may correctly be ascribed to individual members of a population, while probabilities are correctly ascribable to the population as a whole. In this paper a simple artificial coin-flipping model for such probabilities, not 'grounded from below' is constructed. The inferences licensed by this model and a consequence of the model for the theory of statistical tests is explored.
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  46.  1
    Arnold O. Beckman: One Hundred Years of Excellence. Arnold Thackray, Minor Myers Jr.Davis Baird - 2001 - Isis 92 (4):805-806.
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  47.  1
    The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday LifeGerd Gigerenzer Zeno Swijtink Theodore Porter Lorraine Daston John Beatty Lorenz Krüger.Davis Baird - 1991 - Isis 82 (1):103-105.
  48.  3
    The Epidemiology of Low Birth Weight: Changes in Incidence in Aberdeen, 1948–72.Dugald Baird - 1974 - Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (3):323-341.
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  49.  6
    Engineering Realities.Davis Baird - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):94-110.
    We live in a world that increasingly is designed by engineers. So it is worth asking what are engineers doing when they design. There is no simple universal answer to this question, and my strategy for answering it both acknowledges the impossibility of a simple answer, while also identifying and elaborating some important elements to engineering realities. I start with the simple posit that engineering a reality is about controlling aspects of that reality through designed artifice. I then “complexify” this (...)
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  50.  2
    Technology and the Good Life?David Baird - 2003 - Environmental Ethics 25 (3):325-328.
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