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Douglas Fraser [2]Doreen L. Fraser [2]D. J. Fraser [2]Duncan M. Fraser [1]

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  1. The Fate of 'Particles' in Quantum Field Theories with Interactions.Doreen Fraser - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):841-859.
    Most philosophical discussion of the particle concept that is afforded by quantum field theory has focused on free systems. This paper is devoted to a systematic investigation of whether the particle concept for free systems can be extended to interacting systems. The possible methods of accomplishing this are considered and all are found unsatisfactory. Therefore, an interacting system cannot be interpreted in terms of particles. As a consequence, quantum field theory does not support the inclusion of particles in our ontology. (...)
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  2. How to Take Particle Physics Seriously: A Further Defence of Axiomatic Quantum Field Theory.Doreen Fraser - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (2):126-135.
    Further arguments are offered in defence of the position that the variant of quantum field theory (QFT) that should be subject to interpretation and foundational analysis is axiomatic quantum field theory. I argue that the successful application of renormalization group (RG) methods within alternative formulations of QFT illuminates the empirical content of QFT, but not the theoretical content. RG methods corroborate the point of view that QFT is a case of the underdetermination of theory by empirical evidence. I also urge (...)
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  3. Quantum Field Theory: Underdetermination, Inconsistency, and Idealization.Doreen Fraser - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (4):536-567.
    Quantum field theory (QFT) presents a genuine example of the underdetermination of theory by empirical evidence. There are variants of QFT—for example, the standard textbook formulation and the rigorous axiomatic formulation—that are empirically indistinguishable yet support different interpretations. This case is of particular interest to philosophers of physics because, before the philosophical work of interpreting QFT can proceed, the question of which variant should be subject to interpretation must be settled. New arguments are offered for basing the interpretation of QFT (...)
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  4. Haag's Theorem and its Implications for the Foundations of Quantum Field Theory.John Earman & Doreen Fraser - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (3):305 - 344.
    Although the philosophical literature on the foundations of quantum field theory recognizes the importance of Haag’s theorem, it does not provide a clear discussion of the meaning of this theorem. The goal of this paper is to make up for this deficit. In particular, it aims to set out the implications of Haag’s theorem for scattering theory, the interaction picture, the use of non-Fock representations in describing interacting fields, and the choice among the plethora of the unitarily inequivalent representations of (...)
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  5.  98
    Understanding Animal Welfare: The Science in its Cultural Context.David Fraser - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A unique and thought-provoking exploration of the complex and often contradictory field of animal welfare science.
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  6.  30
    Formal and Physical Equivalence in Two Cases in Contemporary Quantum Physics.Doreen Fraser - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 59:30-43.
  7.  10
    The Higgs Mechanism and Superconductivity: A Case Study of Formal Analogies.Doreen Fraser & Adam Koberinski - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 55:72-91.
    Following the experimental discovery of the Higgs boson, physicists explained the discovery to the public by appealing to analogies with condensed matter physics. The historical root of these analogies is the analogies to models of superconductivity that inspired the introduction of spontaneous symmetry breaking into particle physics in the early 1960s. We offer a historical and philosophical analysis of the analogies between the Higgs model of the electroweak interaction and the Ginsburg-Landau and Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer models of superconductivity, respectively. The conclusion of (...)
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  8.  18
    The Development of Renormalization Group Methods for Particle Physics: Formal Analogies Between Classical Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory.Doreen Fraser - 2018 - Synthese.
    Analogies between classical statistical mechanics and quantum field theory played a pivotal role in the development of renormalization group methods for application in the two theories. This paper focuses on the analogies that informed the application of RG methods in QFT by Kenneth Wilson and collaborators in the early 1970's. The central task that is accomplished is the identification and analysis of the analogical mappings employed. The conclusion is that the analogies in this case study are formal analogies, and not (...)
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  9.  19
    Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Research Ethics Committees.C. A. Schuppli & D. Fraser - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5):294-301.
    Research ethics committees—animal ethics committees for animal-based research and institutional research boards for human subjects—have a key role in research governance, but there has been little study of the factors influencing their effectiveness. The objectives of this study were to examine how the effectiveness of a research ethics committee is influenced by committee composition and dynamics, recruitment of members, workload, participation level and member turnover. As a model, 28 members of AECs at four universities in western Canada were interviewed. Committees (...)
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  10. The Status of Animals in Biblical and Christian Thought: A Study in Colliding Values.Rod Preece & David Fraser - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (3):245-263.
    A common contemporary view is that the Bible and subsequent Christian thought authorize humans to exploit animals purely as means to human ends. This paper argues that Biblical and Christian thought have given rise to a more complex ethic of animal use informed by its pastoralist origins, Biblical pronouncements that permit different interpretations, and competing ideas and doctrines that arose during its development, and influenced by the rich and often contradictory features of ancient Hebrew and Greco-Roman traditions. The result is (...)
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  11.  14
    Attitudes of Canadian Pig Producers Toward Animal Welfare.Jeffrey M. Spooner, Catherine A. Schuppli & David Fraser - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):569-589.
    As part of a larger study eliciting Canadian producer and non-producer views about animal welfare, open-ended, semi-structured interviews were used to explore opinions about animal welfare of 20 Canadian pig producers, most of whom were involved in confinement-based systems. With the exception of the one organic producer, who emphasized the importance of a “natural” life, participants attached overriding importance to biological health and functioning. They saw their efforts as providing pigs with dry, thermally regulated, indoor environments where animals received abundant (...)
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  12.  17
    The Non-Miraculous Success of Formal Analogies in Quantum Theories.Doreen Fraser - forthcoming - In S. French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), Scientific Realism and the Quantum. Oxford University Press.
    The Higgs model was developed using purely formal analogies to models of superconductivity. This is in contrast to historical case studies such as the development of electromagnetism, which employed physical analogies. As a result, quantum case studies such as the development of the Higgs model carry new lessons for the scientific realism--anti-realism debate. I argue that, by breaking the connection between success and approximate truth, the use of purely formal analogies is a counterexample to two prominent versions of the 'No (...)
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  13.  62
    Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking: Quantum Statistical Mechanics Versus Quantum Field Theory.Doreen Fraser - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):905-916.
    Philosophical analysis of spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) in particle physics has been hindered by the unavailability of rigorous formulations of models in quantum field theory (QFT). A strategy for addressing this problem is to use the rigorous models that have been constructed for SSB in quantum statistical mechanics (QSM) systems as a basis for drawing analogous conclusions about SSB in QFT. On the basis of an analysis of this strategy as an instance of the application of the same mathematical formalism (...)
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  14.  59
    A “Practical” Ethic for Animals.David Fraser - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):721-746.
    Abstract Drawing on the features of “practical philosophy” described by Toulmin ( 1990 ), a “practical” ethic for animals would be rooted in knowledge of how people affect animals, and would provide guidance on the diverse ethical concerns that arise. Human activities affect animals in four broad ways: (1) keeping animals, for example, on farms and as companions, (2) causing intentional harm to animals, for example through slaughter and hunting, (3) causing direct but unintended harm to animals, for example by (...)
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  15. Thinking Through the Body of the Law.Pheng Cheah, David Fraser & Judith Grbich (eds.) - 1996 - New York University Press.
    The body of the law is an ambiguous phrase. Conventionally, it designates the law as a determinate corpus; legal codes, statutes, and the rulings of common law. But it can also refer to the subjected body that is produced by and is part of the law. This subjected body is necessary for the law's existence. Thinking Through the Body of the Law reconceives the role of the body in the founding, maintaining, and regulation of our legal systems and social order (...)
     
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  16.  4
    A Symposium on Nazi Law.Julian Fink, Carolyn Benson, Kristen Rundle, David Fraser, Herlinde Pauer-Studer & Raymond Critch - 2012 - Jurisprudence 3 (2):341-463.
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  17.  21
    The Third Law in Newton's Waste Book (or, the Road Less Taken to the Second Law).Doreen L. Fraser - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):43-60.
    On the basis of evidence drawn from the Waste book, Westfall and Nicholas have argued that Newton arrived at his second law of motion by reflecting on the implications of the first law. I analyze another argument in the Waste book which reveals that Newton also arrived at the second law by another very different route. On this route, it is the consideration of the third law and the principle of conservation of motion—and not the first law—that prompts Newton to (...)
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  18.  7
    Shadows of Law, Shadows of the Shoah: Towards a Legal History of the Nazi Killing Machine.David Fraser - 2012 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 32 (2):401-419.
  19.  11
    An Education-Based Approach to Aid in the Prevention of Cyberbullying.R. Cohen, Z. Liao, A. Mancisidor, S. Nagpal, A. Pham, A. Saini, J. Shen, H. Singh, C. Tavares, S. Thandra, N. Mathiarasu, R. Aarif, S. Ansari, D. Fraser, M. Hegde, J. Henderson, I. Kajic & A. Khan - 2018 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (4):17-28.
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  20.  31
    Animal Ethics and the Scientific Study of Animals: Bridging the “Is” and the “Ought”.David Fraser & Rod Preece - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):12.
    From ancient Greece to the present, philosophers have variously emphasized either the similarities or the differences between humans and nonhuman animals as a basis for ethical conclusions. Thus animal ethics has traditionally involved both factual claims, usually about animals’ mental states and capacities, and ethical claims about their moral standing. However, even in modern animal ethics the factual claims are often scientifically uninformed, involve broad generalizations about diverse taxonomic groups, and show little agreement about how to resolve the contradictions. Research (...)
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  21.  29
    Donald Davidson by Kathrin Glüer.David R. T. Fraser - 2013 - Philosophy Now 94:44-44.
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  22.  50
    Meinard Kuhlmann, Holger Lyre and Andrew Wayne, Editors, Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory, World Scientific Publishing, London (2002) ISBN 981-238-182-1 (376 Pp., US $98, £ 73). [REVIEW]Doreen Fraser - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (4):721-723.
  23.  6
    Managerial Risk-Taking Behavior: A Too-Big-To-Fail Story.Asghar Zardkoohi, Eugene Kang, Donald Fraser & Albert A. Cannella - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (1):221-233.
    We examine the implications of the US government’s too-big-to-fail policy as it has been applied to banks. Using alternative measures of risk, we compare the risk-taking behavior of 11 TBTF banks, identified by the Comptroller of the Currency in 1984, to a number of non-TBTF banks. We provide both theory and new empirical evidence to support our argument that the TBTF policy leads management to significantly increase risk-taking, with no corresponding increase in performance. While prior studies have considered the effects (...)
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  24.  19
    SSB: QSM Vs. QFT.Doreen Fraser - unknown
    Philosophical analysis of spontaneous symmetry breaking in particle physics has been hindered by the unavailability of rigorous formulations of models in quantum field theory. A strategy for addressing this problem is to use the rigorous models that have been constructed for SSB in quantum statistical mechanics systems as a basis for drawing analogous conclusions about SSB in QFT. Based on an analysis of this strategy as an instance of the application of the same mathematical formalism to different domains and as (...)
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  25.  18
    Born in the USA: The Civil Law Theory of Mitchell Franklin.David Fraser - 1986 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1986 (70):41-52.
  26.  11
    Differential Effects of Parietal and Cerebellar Stroke in Response to Object Location Perturbation.Trudy A. Pelton, Alan M. Wing, Dagmar Fraser & Paulette van Vliet - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  27.  9
    Born in the U.S.A.: The Civil Law Theory of Mitchell Franklin.D. Fraser - 1986 - Télos 1986 (70):41-52.
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  28.  9
    Dead Man Walking: Law and Ethics After Giorgio Agamben's Auschwitz.David Fraser - 1999 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 12 (4):397-417.
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  29.  6
    The Recorded Sayings of Layman Pʿang, a Ninth-Century Zen ClassicThe Recorded Sayings of Layman Pang, a Ninth-Century Zen Classic.Philip Yampolsky, Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Yoshitaka Iriya & Dana R. Fraser - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (3):412.
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  30.  13
    The Ethics of Prohibition.D. J. Fraser - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (3):350-359.
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  31.  7
    Review of William E. Conklin, The Phenomenology of Modern Legal Discourse. [REVIEW]David Fraser - 1999 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 12 (1):113-120.
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  32.  3
    First Year Chemical Engineering Students' Conceptions of Energy in Solution Processes: Phenomenographic Categories for Common Knowledge Construction.Jazlin V. Ebenezer & Duncan M. Fraser - 2001 - Science Education 85 (5):509-535.
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  33.  1
    The Ethics of Prohibition.D. J. Fraser - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (3):350-359.
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  34. African Art as Philosophy.Douglas Fraser - 1974 - Interbook.
  35. Book: Learning From Words-by Jennifer Lackey.David Fraser - 2012 - Philosophy Now 88:44.
  36. Nonparametric Methods in Statistics.D. A. S. Fraser & Sidney Siegel - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (1):47-48.
     
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  37. Theoretical Issues in the Transpacific Diffusion Controversy.Douglas Fraser - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  38. The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics? Implications of the Applicability of Mathematics for the Philosophy of Science.Doreen L. Fraser - 2000
  39. Brill Online Books and Journals.Rod Preece & David Fraser - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (3).
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