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David Hitchcock [70]D. Hitchcock [4]Dabid Hitchcock [1]David Lancelot Hitchcock [1]
  1.  8
    Inference Claims.David Hitchcock - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (3):191-229.
    A conclusion follows from given premisses if and only if an acceptable counterfactual-supporting covering generalization of the argument rules out, either definitively or with some modal qualification, simultaneous acceptability of the premisses and non-accepta-bility of the conclusion, even though it does not rule out acceptability of the premisses and does not require acceptability of the conclusion independently of the premisses. Hence the reiterative associated conditional of an argument is true if and only it has such a covering generalization, and a (...)
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  2.  5
    Enthymematic Arguments.David Hitchcock - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
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  3.  30
    Appeals to Considerations.David Hitchcock - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (2):195-237.
    Wellman’s “conduction” and Govier’s “conductive arguments” are best described as appeals to considerations. The considerations cited are features of a subject of interest, and the conclusion is the attribution to it of a supervenient status like a classification, an evaluation, a prescription or an interpretation. The conclusion may follow either conclusively or non-conclusively or not at all. Weighing the pros and cons is only one way of judging whether the conclusion follows. Further, the move from in-formation about the subject’s cited (...)
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  4.  53
    Arguing as Trying to Show That a Target-Claim is Correct.David Hitchcock - 2011 - Theoria 26 (3):301-309.
    ABSTRACT: In Giving Reasons, Bermejo-Luque rightly claims that a normative model of the speech act of argumentation is more defensible if it rests on an internal aim that is constitutive of the act of arguing than if it rests, as she claims existing normative models do, on an aim that one need not pursue when one argues. She rightly identifies arguing with trying to justify something. But it is not so clear that she has correctly identified the internal aim of (...)
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  5.  10
    Does the Traditional Treatment of Enthymemes Rest on a Mistake?David Hitchcock - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (1):15-37.
    In many actual arguments, the conclusion seems intuitively to follow from the premisses, even though we cannot show that it follows logically. The traditional approach to evaluating such arguments is to suppose that they have an unstated premiss whose explicit addition will produce an argument where the conclusion does follow logically. But there are good reasons for doubting that people so frequently leave the premisses of their arguments unstated. The inclination to suppose that they do stems from the belief that (...)
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  6.  29
    The Practice of Argumentative Discussion.David Hitchcock - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):287-298.
    I propose some changes to the conceptions of argument and of argumentative discussion in Ralph Johnson's Manifest Rationality (2000). An argument is a discourse whose author seeks to persuade an audience to accept a thesis by producing reasons in support of it and discharging his dialectical obligations. An argumentative discussion (what Johnson calls ‘argumentation’) is a sociocultural activity of constructing, presenting, interpreting, criticizing, and revising arguments for the purpose of reaching a shared rationally supported position on some issue. Johnson's theory (...)
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  7.  11
    Deduction, Induction and Conduction.David Hitchcock - 1980 - Informal Logic 3 (2).
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  8.  4
    Relevance.David Hitchcock - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):251-270.
    Relevance is a triadic relation between an item, an outcome or goal, and a situation. Causal relevance consists in an item's ability to help produce an outcome in a situation. Epistemic relevance, a distinct concept, consists in the ability of a piece of information (or a speech act communicating or requesting a piece of information) to help achieve an epistemic goal in a situation. It has this ability when it can be ineliminably combined with other at least potentially accurate information (...)
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  9.  12
    The Significance of Informal Logic for Philosophy.David Hitchcock - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Informal logic is a new sub-discipline of philosophy, roughly definable as the philosophy of argument. Contributors have challenged the traditional concept of an argument as a premiss-conclusion complex, in favour of speech-act, functional and dialogical conceptions; they have identified as additional components warrants, modal qualifiers, rebuttals, and a dialectical tier. They have objected that "soundness" is neither necessary nor sufficient for a good argument. Alternative proposals include acceptability, relevance and sufficiency of the premisses; conformity to a valid argument schema; conformity (...)
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  10.  19
    The Toulmin Model Today: Introduction to the Special Issue on Contemporary Work Using Stephen Edelston Toulmin's Layout of Arguments.David Hitchcock & Bart Verheij - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):255-258.
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  11.  5
    Pollock on Practical Reasoning.David Hitchcock - 2001 - Informal Logic 22 (3).
    The epistemologist John Pollock has implemented computationally an architecture for a rational agent which he calls OSCAR. OSCAR models both practical and theoretical (or epistemic) reasoning. I argue that Pollock's model of practical reasoning, which has seven components, is superior not only to the two-component belief-desire model stemming from Aristotle, but also to the three-component belief-desire-intention model developed especially by Michael Bratman. Despite its advantages, Pollock's model of practical reasoning is incomplete in at least three respects: it is solipsistic, it (...)
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  12.  16
    The Peculiarities of Stoic Propositional Logic.David Hitchcock - 2005 - In John Woods, Kent A. Peacock & A. D. Irvine (eds.), Mistakes of Reason: Essays in Honour of John Woods. University of Toronto Press. pp. 224--242.
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  13.  15
    Good Reasoning on the Toulmin Model.David Hitchcock - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):373-391.
    Some solo verbal reasoning serves the function of arriving at a correct answer to a question from information at the reasoner’s disposal. Such reasoning is good if and only if its grounds are justified and adequate, its warrant is justified, and the reasoner is justified in assuming that no defeaters apply. I distinguish seven sources of justified grounds and state the conditions under which each source is trustworthy. Adequate grounds include all good relevant information practically obtainable by the reasoner. The (...)
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  14.  23
    Harald R. Wohlrapp: The Concept of Argument: A Philosophical Foundation. Logic, Argumentation and Reasoning 4.David Hitchcock - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (3):353-363.
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  15. A Framework for Deliberation Dialogues.David Hitchcock, Peter Mcburney & Simon Parsons - unknown
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  16.  45
    The Good in Plato's "Republic".David Hitchcock - 1985 - Apeiron 19 (2):65 - 92.
    After clarifying what plato means by "the good," noting accounts of the good which he explicitly rejects in the "republic", and carefully interpreting the comparison of the good with the sun at "republic" 508-509, this paper infers from the comparison that the good is unity. It then examines the coherence of this account with what the "republic" says about the foundations of mathematics and about the good of individuals and of cities, and offers a preliminary appraisal.
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  17.  45
    The Structure of Being in Aristotle's Metaphysics.David Hitchcock - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (4):924-925.
  18.  17
    Conflicting Affairs.David Hitchcock - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (3):255-257.
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  19.  26
    Informal Logic and the Concept of Argument.David Hitchcock - 2006 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Philosophy of Logic. North Holland. pp. 5--101.
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  20.  10
    Deductive and Inductive: Types of Validity, Not Types of Argument.David Hitchcock - 1979 - Informal Logic 2 (3).
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  21.  8
    The Good in Plato's Republic.David Hitchcock - 1985 - Apeiron 19 (2):65.
  22.  45
    Fallacies and Formal Logic in Aristotle.David Hitchcock - 2000 - History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (3):207-221.
    The taxonomy and analysis of fallacies in Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations pre-date the formal logic of his Prior Analytics A4-6. Of the 64 fully described examples of ?sophistical refutations? which are fallacious because they are only apparently valid, 49 have the wrong number of premisses or the wrong form of premiss or conclusion for analysis by the Prior Analytics theory of the categorical syllogism. The rest Aristotle either frames so that they do not look like categorical syllogisms or analyses in a (...)
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  23.  1
    A Note on Implicit Premisses.David Hitchcock - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (2).
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  24.  16
    The Pragma-Dialectical Analysis of the Ad Hominem Fallacy.David Hitchcock - 2006 - In F. H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, Haft-van Rees & A. M. (eds.), Considering Pragma-Dialectics: A Festschrift for Frans H. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 103.
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  25.  22
    Informal Fallacies.David Hitchcock - 1989 - Teaching Philosophy 12 (1):49-51.
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  26.  20
    Truth, Etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logicc.D. Hitchcock - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):292-294.
    History and Philosophy of Logic, Volume 32, Issue 3, Page 292-294, August 2011.
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  27.  8
    The Editor has Review Copies of the Following Books. Potential Reviewers Should Contact the Editor to Obtain a Review Copy (Rhaynes@ Phil. Ufl. Edu). Books Not Previously Listed Are in Bold-Faced Type. [REVIEW]A. Blair, D. Hitchcock, M. Cerf, D. Gibbon, B. Hubert, R. Ison, J. Jiggins, M. Paines, J. Proost & N. Roling - 2001 - Agriculture and Human Values 18:243-244.
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  28.  7
    Andrew Aberdein and Ian J. Dove (Eds): The Argument of Mathematics (Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science, Vol. 30).David Hitchcock - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (2):245-258.
    Post-war argumentation theorists have tended to regard argumentation as one thing and mathematical proof as another. Perelman (1958, 1969), for example, defined the word ‘argumentation’ stipulatively as a contrast term to ‘demonstration’: whereas mathematical reasoning as theorized by modern formal logic, he writes, is a matter of deducing theorems from axioms in accordance with stipulated rules of transformation, argumentation aims at gaining the adherence of minds (Perelman 1969, pp. 1–2). Toulmin (1958) contrasted his “jurisprudential model” of argument, according to which (...)
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  29.  4
    Freeman's Syntactic Criterion for Linkage.David Hitchcock - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (1):1-31.
    Freeman’s syntactic criterion for linked argument structure is often readily applicable, captures intuitively linked structures, and implies that refuting a single premiss of a linked argument suffices to refute the argument. But one cannot sharply separate analysis from inference evaluation in applying it, whether an argument satisfies it can be uncertain, it under-generates cases where refuting one premiss suffices to refute an argument, some arguments satisfying it can be easily rescued if a single premiss is refuted, and Freeman’s underlying account (...)
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  30.  6
    The Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction in Critical Thinking.David Hitchcock - 2003 - Informal Logic 24 (3):183-217.
    278 non-freshman university students taking a l2-week critical thinking course in a large single-section class, with computer-assisted guided practice as a replacement for small-group discussion, and all testing in machine-scored multiple-choice format, improved their critical thinking skills, as measured by the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (Forms A and B), by half a standard deviation, a moderate improvement. The improvement was more than that reported with a traditional format without computer-assisted instruction, but less than that reported with a format using (...)
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  31.  8
    Obituary: Stephen Edelston Toulmin. [REVIEW]David Hitchcock - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (3):399-401.
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  32.  5
    Book Review of Is That a Fact? [REVIEW]David Hitchcock - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (1):66-68.
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  33. Wolfgang-Rainer Mann, The Discovery of Things: Aristotle's Categories and Their Context Reviewed By.David Hitchcock - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (1):58-60.
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  34.  4
    James B. Freeman, Acceptable Premises.David Hitchcock - 2007 - Philosophical Inquiry 29 (1-2):168-175.
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  35.  3
    Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair.David Hitchcock - 2014 - Informal Logic 34 (1):94-123.
    Introduction by Christopher W. Tindale Argumentation Library, Volume 21. Dordrecht: Springer, 2012. Pp. xxi, 1-355. Hardcover US$149. Softcover US$24.95.
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  36.  2
    Holyoak and Thagard`s Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought.David Hitchcock - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (2).
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  37.  2
    The Origin of the Technical Use of "Sound Argument": A Postscript.David Hitchcock - 1999 - Informal Logic 19 (2).
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  38.  2
    Johnson`s The Rise of Informal Logic: Essays on Argumentation, Critical Thinking, Reasoning and Politics.David Hitchcock - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (2).
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  39. Timothy Chappell, Reading Plato's Theaetetus Reviewed By.David Hitchcock - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (6):395-397.
     
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  40.  1
    The Thomas-Nolt Dispute: Some Lessons About Induction.David Hitchcock - 1999 - Informal Logic 19 (2).
    I resolve an apparently unresolved dispute about how probable uniform experience makes an extrapolation from it, and draw some general lessons about such enumerative induction. Uniform experience does not necessarily confer a high probability on an extrapolation of or generalization from that experience. Rational extrapolation or generalization typically involves a lot of specific background information, though not necessarily a general assumption that nature is uniform or that the future will resemble the past. And new evidence which is highly likely on (...)
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  41.  1
    Topical Relevance in Argumentation Douglas N. Walton Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1982. Pp. Viii, 81. $18.00. [REVIEW]David Hitchcock - 1986 - Dialogue 25 (04):819-.
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  42.  1
    Smook on Logical and Extralogical Constants.David Hitchcock & Rolf George - 1991 - Informal Logic 13 (1).
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  43. How Many Premises Can an Argument Have?G. C. Goddu & David Hitchcock - unknown
    Is it possible for an argument to have either zero premises or an infinite number of premises? I shall argue that regardless of how you conceive of arguments you should accept that an argument could have an infinite number of premises. The zero case is more complicated since the matter seems to depend not only on the metaphysics of arguments, but also the nature and function of arguing. I shall argue that at least a plausible case can be made for (...)
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  44. Advances in Pragma-Dialectics.David Hitchcock - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (1).
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  45. Analysis of Last Issue`s Passage.David Hitchcock - 1978 - Informal Logic 1 (2).
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  46. Russell and Critical Thinking [Review of "Bertrand Russell and Critical Thinking": Special Issue of Inquiry].David Hitchcock - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 22 (2).
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  47. Robert C. Pinto and J. Anthony Blair, Reasoning: A Practical Guide.D. Hitchcock - 1996 - Argumentation 10:306-310.
     
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  48. Review of Johnson. [REVIEW]David Hitchcock - 1996 - Informal Logic 18:269-83.
     
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  49. Stanovich's Who Is Rational? Studies of Individual Differences in Reasoning.Juhani Pietarinen & David Hitchcock - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (3).
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