Results for 'D. Mark Kilgour'

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  1. Steven J. Brams and Peter C. Fishburn: "Approval Voting". [REVIEW]D. Mark Kilgour - 1984 - Theory and Decision 17 (1):101.
  2.  24
    Dwayne A. Banks, Ph. D., is Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Public Policy, University of California at Berkeley and Currently an Atlantic Fellow in Public Policy at the London School of Economics and the King's Fund Policy Insti-Tute, London. [REVIEW]J. Mark - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5:482-483.
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  3.  26
    Attentional Asymmetries in a Visual Orienting Task Are Related to Temperament.Kelly G. Garner, Paul E. Dux, Joe Wagner, D. R. Tarrant, Christopher D. Chambers & A. Mark - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (8):1508-1515.
    Spatial asymmetries are an intriguing feature of directed attention. Recent observations indicate an influence of temperament upon the direction of these asymmetries. It is unknown whether this influence generalises to visual orienting behaviour. The aim of the current study was therefore to explore the relationship between temperament and measures of spatial orienting as a function of target hemifield. An exogenous cueing task was administered to 92 healthy participants. Temperament was assessed using Carver and White's (1994) Behavioural Inhibition System and Behavioural (...)
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  4.  19
    Approval Elections with a Variable Number of Winners.D. Marc Kilgour - 2016 - Theory and Decision 81 (2):199-211.
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  5.  22
    Equilibria for Far-Sighted Players.D. Marc Kilgour - 1984 - Theory and Decision 16 (2):135-157.
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  6.  20
    Recognition and Honor: A Critique of Axel Honneth's and Charles Taylor's Histories of Recognition.D. Clifton Mark - 2014 - Constellations 21 (1):16-31.
  7.  31
    Combining Strength and Uncertainty for Preferences in the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution with Multiple Decision Makers.Haiyan Xu, Keith W. Hipel, D. Marc Kilgour & Ye Chen - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (4):497-521.
    A hybrid preference framework is proposed for strategic conflict analysis to integrate preference strength and preference uncertainty into the paradigm of the graph model for conflict resolution (GMCR) under multiple decision makers. This structure offers decision makers a more flexible mechanism for preference expression, which can include strong or mild preference of one state or scenario over another, as well as equal preference. In addition, preference between two states can be uncertain. The result is a preference framework that is more (...)
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  8.  54
    Backward Induction Is Not Robust: The Parity Problem and the Uncertainty Problem. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour - 1998 - Theory and Decision 45 (3):263-289.
    A cornerstone of game theory is backward induction, whereby players reason backward from the end of a game in extensive form to the beginning in order to determine what choices are rational at each stage of play. Truels, or three-person duels, are used to illustrate how the outcome can depend on (1) the evenness/oddness of the number of rounds (the parity problem) and (2) uncertainty about the endpoint of the game (the uncertainty problem). Since there is no known endpoint in (...)
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  9.  32
    A Decision Support System for the Graph Model of Conflicts.D. Marc Kilgour, Liping Fang & Keith W. Hipel - 1990 - Theory and Decision 28 (3):289-311.
  10.  23
    Axioms for Shapley Values in Games with Quarrelling.D. Marc Kilgour - 1977 - Theory and Decision 8 (2):193-207.
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  11.  19
    Canadian Bulk Water Exports: Analyzing the Sun Belt Conflict Using the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution.Amer Obeidi, Keith W. Hipel & D. Marc Kilgour - 2002 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 14 (4):145-163.
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  12.  59
    Dignity, Dwarfs, and Duties to the Dead.D. Clifton Mark - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (3):291-296.
  13.  26
    A Taxonomy of All Ordinal 2 X 2 Games.D. Marc Kilgour - 1988 - Theory and Decision 24 (2):99.
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  14.  29
    Policy Stable States in the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution.Dao-Zhi Zeng, Liping Fang, Keith W. Hipel & D. Marc Kilgour - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (4):345-365.
    A new approach to policy analysis is formulated within the framework of the graph model for conflict resolution. A policy is defined as a plan of action for a decision maker (DM) that specifies the DM’s intended action starting at every possible state in a graph model of a conflict. Given a profile of policies, a Policy Stable State (PSS) is a state that no DM moves away from (according to its policy), and such that no DM would prefer to (...)
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  15.  26
    The Use of Costless Inspection in Enforcement.D. Marc Kilgour - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (3):207-232.
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  16.  59
    National Security Games.Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour - 1988 - Synthese 76 (2):185 - 200.
    Issues that arise in using game theory to model national security problems are discussed, including positing nation-states as players, assuming that their decision makers act rationally and possess complete information, and modeling certain conflicts as two-person games. A generic two-person game called the Conflict Game, which captures strategic features of such variable-sum games as Chicken and Prisoners'' Dilemma, is then analyzed. Unlike these classical games, however, the Conflict Game is a two-stage game in which each player can threaten to retaliate (...)
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  17.  29
    Fair Division of Indivisible Items Between Two Players: Design Parameters for Contested Pile Methods. [REVIEW]Rudolf Vetschera & D. Marc Kilgour - 2014 - Theory and Decision 76 (4):547-572.
    Contested Pile methods are two-phase procedures for the fair allocation of indivisible items to two players. In the Generation Phase, items over which the players’ preferences differ widely enough are allocated. “Contested” items are placed in the Contested Pile, which is then allocated in the Splitting Phase. Each phase can be carried out using several different techniques; we perform a comprehensive analysis of the resulting design variants using a computational model. The properties of fairness and efficiency, generally achieved in the (...)
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  18.  26
    Theory and Implementation of Coalitional Analysis in Cooperative Decision Making.Haiyan Xu, D. Marc Kilgour, Keith W. Hipel & Edward A. McBean - 2014 - Theory and Decision 76 (2):147-171.
  19.  39
    Uncertainty and the Role of the Pawn in Extended Deterrence.D. M. Kilgour & F. C. Zagare - 1994 - Synthese 100 (3):379 - 412.
    This paper develops an incomplete information model of extended deterrence relationships. It postulates players who are fully informed about the costs of war and all other relevant variables, save for the values their opponents place on the issues at stake, i.e., the pawn. We provide consistent and intuitively satisfying parallel definitions for two types of players, Hard and Soft, in terms of the parameters of our model. We also answer several particular questions about the strategy choices of players in an (...)
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  20.  10
    Is Nuclear Deterrence Rational, and Will Star Wars Help?Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour - 1987 - Analyse & Kritik 9 (1-2):62-74.
    Deterrence means threatening to retaliate against an attack in order to deter it in the first place. The central problem with a policy of deterrence is that the threat of retaliation may not be credible if retaliation leads to a worse outcome - perhaps a nuclear holocaust - than a side would suffer from absorbing a limited first strike and not retaliating. - The optimality of deterrence is analyzed by means of a Deterrence Game based on Chicken, in which each (...)
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  21.  22
    Optimal Deterrence.Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  22. Designing Institutions for Environmental and Resource Management.Edna Tusak Loehman & D. Marc Kilgour - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (4):538-540.
     
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  23.  29
    Linee Fondametale d'Una Filosofia Dello Spirito. [REVIEW]B. B. D. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):477-477.
    An examination of the contemporary Italian movement associated with M. P. Sciacca, and the serious application of dialectical and phenomenological methods to unveil the structure of "intentionality" or "spirit." An appraisal of Sciacca together with a sample critique of Dante follows a competent summary of the prevailing positions.--D. B. B.
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  24.  26
    Ockhamists and Molinists in Search of a Way Out: MARK D. LINVILLE.Mark D. Linville - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (4):501-515.
    If libertarianism is true, then there is a sense in which agents have it within their power to bring it about that some world is actual. Against recent arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom, I offer an account of power over the past which takes this implication of libertarianism into consideration. I argue that the resulting account is available to Ockhamists and that it is immune to recent criticisms of the notion of counterfactual power over the (...)
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  25.  24
    A Response to Mark D. White’s “A Modest Comment on McMullin: A Kantian Account of Modesty”.Irene McMullin - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:7-11.
    In response to Mark D. White's Kantian critique of my article "A Modest Proposal: Accounting for the Virtuousness of Modesty," I argue that invoking Kant's notions of dignity and respect in order to provide an egalitarian account of modesty brings with it conceptual commitments that are not always easy to reconcile with the moral phenomenology of that virtue. In light of this I question White's claim that a Kantian account of modesty offers a better explanation than the existential phenomenological (...)
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  26. A Companion to Ramon Llull and Lullism Ed. By Amy M. Austin and Mark D. Johnston.J. Isaac Goff - 2019 - Franciscan Studies 77 (1):284-286.
    This volume makes an excellent and very important contribution to English-language scholarship on the life, thought, and influence of the Majorcan lay theologian and philosopher, Ramon Llull, the Doctor Illuminatus, from his own day through the Renaissance period into the European exploration of the New World. Llull was a brilliant but idiosyncratic thinker, whose interests and writings touched upon, it seems, every major theological and philosophical theme of his day as well as many topics that only would gain greater interest (...)
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  27.  11
    Optimal Deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  28.  68
    Comment On D. Wade Hands, “Karl Popper and Economic Methodology: A New Look”: Mark Blaug.Mark Blaug - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):286-288.
    The central argument of this interesting paper is that Popper appears to be inconsistent: on the one hand, he preaches methodological monism-scientific method in the social sciences is identical to scientific method in the natural sciences-and on the other hand he advocates “situational analysis” as the unique method of the social sciences. Situational analysis is nothing but our old neoclassical friend, the rationality principle-individual maximizing behavior subject to constraints-and thus, Popper seems to be saying, neoclassical economics is the only valid (...)
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  29.  41
    Review Essay: Mark D. Friedman, 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project: An Elaboration and Defense'. [REVIEW]Danny Frederick - 2014 - Reason Papers 36 (1):132-42.
    Review of Mark Friedman's book 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project,' which is a defence of Robert Nozick's 'Anarchy, State, and Utopia.'.
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  30.  16
    Isabelle Bochet, Le Firmament de l'Écriture: L'herméneutique Augustinienne. Paris: Institut d'Études Augustiniennes, 2005. Mark Ellingsen, The Richness of Augustine: His Contextual and Pastoral The-Ology. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2005. [REVIEW]D. Ogliari, Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium Clxix, James Ka Smith & Henry Isaac Venema - 2005 - Augustinian Studies 36 (1):293.
  31.  17
    Aristotle and Plotinus on the Intellect. Monism and Dualism Revisited by Mark D. Nyvlt (Review).D. M. Hutchinson - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):480-481.
  32.  38
    Jon Barwise and John Schlipf. On Recursively Saturated Models of Arithmetic. Model Theory and Algebra, A Memorial Tribute to Abraham Robinson, Edited by D. H. Saracino and V. B. Weispfenning, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 498, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Pp. 42–55. - Patrick Cegielski, Kenneth McAloon, and George Wilmers. Modèles Récursivement Saturés de l'Addition Et de la Multiplication des Entiers Naturels. Logic Colloquium '80, Papers Intended for the European Summer Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, Edited by D. Van Dalen, D. Lascar, and T. J. Smiley, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 108, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and London, 1982, Pp. 57–68. - Julia F. Knight. Theories Whose Resplendent Models Are Homogeneous. Israel Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 42 , Pp. 151–161. - Julia Knight and Mark Nadel. Expansions of Models and Turing Degrees. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 47 , Pp. 58. [REVIEW]J. -P. Ressayre - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):279-284.
  33.  12
    From Radical Hermeneutics to the Weakness Of God: John D. Caputo in Dialogue with Mark Dooley.Ian Leask - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (2):216-226.
  34.  49
    Walter E. Broman, Timothy C. Lord, Roy W. Perrett, Colin Dickson, Jill P. Baumgaertner, Eva L. Corredor, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn, Jay S. Andrews, David M. Thompson, David Carey, David Parker, David Novitz, Norman Simms, David Herman, Paul Taylor, Jeff Mason, Robert D. Cottrell, David Gorman, Mark Stein, Constance S. Spreen, Will Morrisey, Jan Pilditch, Herman Rapaport, Mark Johnson, Michael McClintick, John D. Cox, Arthur Kirsch, Burton Watson, Michael Platt, Gary M. Ciuba, Karsten Harries, Mary Anne O'Neil. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (2):373.
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  35.  44
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  36.  42
    Edwin Stein, Joseph Gibaldi, Fernand Hallyn, Timothy Hampton, Allan H. Pasco, John F. Desmond, Walter Adamson, Robert T. Corum, Mary Anne O'Neil, David Gorman, Richard Kaplan, Michael Weber, Willard Bohn, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, English Showalter, Michael Winkler, Richard Eldridge, Michael McClintick, Leslie D. Harris, Paul Taylor, John J. Stuhr, David Novitz, Paul Trembath, Mark Stocker, Michael McGaha, Patricia A. Ward, Michael Fischer, Michael Lopez, Ruth Ap Roberts, Gerald Prince. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1993 - Philosophy and Literature 17 (2):343.
  37.  35
    John D. Caputo, Mark Dooley, and Michael J. Scanlon (Eds.), Questioning God.Patricia Altenbernd Johnson - 2004 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 55 (1):61-63.
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  38.  8
    Thomas Aquinas, Questions on Love and Charity: Summa Theologiae, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23–46, Ed. And Trans. Robert Miner with Essays by Jeffrey A. Bernstein, Dominic Doyle, Mark D. Jordan, Robert Miner, and Sheryl Overmyer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2016. Paper. Pp. Xiv, 400. $25. ISBN: 978-0-300-19541-5. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Hause - 2018 - Speculum 93 (3):783-784.
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  39.  28
    A Jewish Renaissance in Fifteenth-Century Spain. By Mark D. Meyerson.Glenn W. Olsen - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (1):107-108.
  40.  35
    Response to “Paradigms for Clinical Ethics Consultation Practice” by Mark D. Fox, Glenn McGee, and Arthur L. Caplan. [REVIEW]Edward Rudin - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):351-357.
    Fox, McGee, and Caplan's, in the Summer 1998 issue of CQ, evoked memories and an image.
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  41. Mark D. Jordan The Ethics of Sex.P. Dearey - 2002 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (3):305-305.
     
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  42.  7
    Mark D. White's The Manipulation of Choice: Ethics and Libertarian Paternalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 208 Pp. [REVIEW]Alex Abbandonato - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):78.
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  43.  34
    Agich, George J., and Bethan J. Spielman. Ethics Expert Testimony: Against the Skeptics 22, 381. Agich, George J., and Royce P. Jones. The Logical Status of Brain Death Criteria 10, 387. Allison, David, and Mark D. Roberts. On Constructing the Disorder of Hysteria 19, 239. Anderson, W. French. Human Gene Therapy: Scientific and Ethical Considerations 10, 275. [REVIEW]Johann S. Ach, Susanne Ackerman, F. Terrence, Allan Adelman & Howard See Adelman - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 360:5310.
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  44.  20
    De Sex Rerum Principiis. Hermes Trismegistus, Paolo Lucentini, Mark D. Delp.Jozef Matula - 2008 - Speculum 83 (3):709-710.
  45.  12
    Book Review: Patient as Agent of Health and Health Care by Dr Mark D. Sullivan. Oxford University Press, New York, December 2016, $65.00 Cost 384 Pp. [REVIEW]Tanya MacLeod - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1099-1100.
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  46.  19
    The Spiritual Logic of Ramon Llull.Mark D. Johnston.Charles Lohr - 1990 - Speculum 65 (2):433-436.
  47.  23
    Sandor Goodhart, Ronald Bogue, Denis B. Walker, Timothy Clark, C. S. Schreiner, Robert Tobin, John Kleiner, David Carey, Chris Parkin, John Anzalone, Richard K. Emmerson, Janet Lungstrum, Alex Fischler, Hugh Bredin, Victor A. Kramer, Steven Rendall, Gerald Prince, John D. Lyons, David Hayman, Roberta Davidson, Dan Latimer, Joseph J. Maier, Kenneth Marc Harris, Lynne Vieth, Joanne Cutting-Gray, Michael L. Hall, Mark P. Drost, John J. Stuhr, Charles Affron, Celia E. Weller, Jerome Schwartz, Mary B. McKinley, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]Robert C. Solomon - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (1):174.
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  48.  18
    A Jewish Renaissance in Fifteenth-Century Spain. Mark D. Meyerson.Teofilo F. Ruiz - 2007 - Speculum 82 (3):738-739.
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  49.  18
    Mark D. Meyerson, Jews in an Iberian Frontier Kingdom: Society, Economy, and Politics in Morvedre, 1248–1391. (The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World, 20.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2004. Pp. Xix, 303; 8 Tables and 3 Maps. $98.Teofilo F. Ruiz - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1329-1331.
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  50.  33
    Mark D. White : Retributivism: Essays on Theory and Policy. [REVIEW]Jules Holroyd - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (1):177-188.
    It is customary to remark, in writings on retributivism, that the meaning of the term is so diffuse and variably applied that there is no one concept or justificatory principle picked out by the term. Cottingham identified 9 different ideas captured by the term retributivism, and a similar paper could today no doubt identify as many again. This edited volume of essays on retributivism does justice to that customary remark, by bringing together a range of writings on retributivism many of (...)
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