Results for 'D. Wayne Mitchell'

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  1.  8
    Self-Punitive Behavior: Nonreinforcement Procedure of Extinction.R. Chris Martin, D. Wayne Mitchell & Carl J. Rogers - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (6):444-446.
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  2. WOOZLEY, A. D. And CROSS, R. C. - "Plato's Republic, a Philosophical Commentary". [REVIEW]D. Mitchell - 1965 - Mind 74:599.
     
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  3. A La Recherche D'une Langue Perdu.Donald Mitchell - 2000 - Nexus 27.
    Mitchell signaleert aan de hand van de 'Zak-affaire' de afwezigheid van een gedeelde taal of grammatica in de muziek in het midden van de twintigste eeuw. Hij staat stil bij de speciale problemen die de bijzondere geschiedenis van de twintigste eeuw de muziek nagelaten heeft.
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  4.  22
    D. A. Martin and J. R. Steel. Iteration Trees. Journal of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 7 , Pp. 1–73. [REVIEW]William Mitchell - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):545-546.
  5.  17
    Health Supervision Visits Among SSI-Eligible Children in the D.C. Medicaid Program: A Comparison of Enrollees in Fee-for-Service and Partially Capitated Managed Care.Jean M. Mitchell, Darrell J. Gaskin & Chahira Kozma - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (2):198-214.
  6.  7
    From Corps to Discipline, Part One: Charles d'Almeida, Pierre Bertin and French Experimental Physics, 1840–1880.Daniel Jon Mitchell - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (3):333-368.
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  7.  12
    Dodd A. And Jensen R.. The Core Model. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 20 , Pp. 43–75.Dodd Tony and Jensen Ronald. The Covering Lemma for K. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 22 , Pp. 1–30.Dodd A. J. And Jensen R. B.. The Covering Lemma for L[U]. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Pp. 127–135.Donder D., Jensen R. B. And Koppelberg B. J.. Some Applications of the Core Model. Set Theory and Model Theory, Proceedings of an Informal Symposium Held at Bonn, June 1–3, 1979, Edited by Jensen R. B. And Prestel A., Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 872, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1981, Pp. 55–97.Dodd A.. The Core Model. London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series, No. 61. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Etc. 1982, Xxxviii + 229 Pp. [REVIEW]William Mitchell - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (2):660-662.
  8. BLASS. A., A Game Semantics for Linear Logic CENZER, D. And REMMEL, J., Polynomial-Time Abehan Groups CLOTE, P. And TAKEUTI, G., Bounded Arithmetic for NC, ALogTIME, L and NL. [REVIEW]P. Lincoln, J. Mitchell & A. Scedrov - 1992 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 56:365.
     
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  9.  22
    B. Remy: L'Évolution Administrative de l' Anatolie aux Trois Premiers Siècles de Notre Ère. (Collection du Centre d'Études Romaines Et Gallo-Romaines, 5.) Pp. 140; 15 Maps; 1 Plate. Lyon: Diffusion de Boccard, 1986. Paper. [REVIEW]Stephen Mitchell - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (02):437-438.
  10.  9
    Pigeons as Communicators and Thinkers: Mon Oncle d'Amerique Deux?Robert W. Mitchell - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):655-656.
  11.  15
    Review: D. A. Martin, J. R. Steel, Iteration Trees. [REVIEW]William Mitchell - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):545-546.
  12.  9
    Wayne Booth, 1921–2005.W. J. T. Mitchell - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):375-376.
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  13.  7
    Clinical and Experimental Studies in Personality. By Morton Prince M.D., LL.D. (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Sci-Art Publishers. 1929. Pp. Xvi + 559. Price 5 Dollars.). [REVIEW]T. W. Mitchell - 1929 - Philosophy 4 (16):569-.
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  14.  1
    10. On Wayne Booth.W. J. T. Mitchell & James Redfield - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):377-380.
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  15. D'Ooge, Benjamin L. And Eastman, Frederick C.: Caesar in Gaul.E. Mitchell - 1917 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 11:102-103.
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  16. LEWIS, H. D. -Morals and Revelation. [REVIEW]B. Mitchell - 1952 - Mind 61:433.
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  17. Récents perfectionnements dans la mesure des distances stellaires. Iere Partie: Méthodes permettant d'obtenir des parallaxes d'une très grande précision.S. A. Mitchell - 1930 - Scientia 24 (48):du Supplém. 73.
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  18. "The Sistine Chapel Before Michelangelo": L. D. Ettlinger. [REVIEW]Sabrina Mitchell - 1966 - British Journal of Aesthetics 6 (3):309.
     
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  19. Wayne Booth, 1921–2005.W. J. T. Mitchell - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):375.
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  20.  71
    Unsimple Truths: Science, Complexity, and Policy.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    The world is complex, but acknowledging its complexity requires an appreciation for the many roles context plays in shaping natural phenomena. In _Unsimple Truths, _Sandra Mitchell argues that the long-standing scientific and philosophical deference to reductive explanations founded on simple universal laws, linear causal models, and predict-and-act strategies fails to accommodate the kinds of knowledge that many contemporary sciences are providing about the world. She advocates, instead, for a new understanding that represents the rich, variegated, interdependent fabric of many (...)
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  21. Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies?R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell - 2001 - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/ (...)
     
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  22.  22
    Pluralism as Dogmatism.W. J. T. Mitchell - 1986 - Critical Inquiry 12 (3):494-502.
    It may seem a bit perverse to argue that pluralism is a kind of dogmatism, since pluralists invariably define themselves as antidogmatists. Indeed, the world would seem to be so well supplied with overt dogmatists—religious fanatics, militant revolutionaries, political and domestic tyrants—that it will probably seem unfair to suggest that the proponents of liberal, tolerant, civilized open-mindedness are guilty of a covert dogmatism. My only excuse for engaging in this exercise is that it may help to shake up some rather (...)
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  23.  6
    Observations on Helical Dislocations in Crystals of Silver Chloride.D. A. Jones & J. W. Mitchell - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (25):1-7.
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  24.  10
    Morality: Religious and Secular.D. Z. Phillips & Basil Mitchell - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (123):179.
  25. New Books. [REVIEW]P. F. Strawson, H. J. Paton, H. L. A. Hart, Richard Robinson, A. C. Lloyd, R. Rhees, J. L. Spilsbury, Dorothy Emmet, George E. Hughes, D. R. Cousin, Basil Mitchell, Richard Peters, B. A. Farrell, Antony Flew, J. O. Urmson, O. P. Wood & Jonathan Cohen - 1951 - Mind 60 (238):265-295.
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  26.  5
    The Etching of Dislocations in Crystals of Silver Halides.D. A. Jones & J. W. Mitchell - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (20):1047-1050.
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  27.  27
    On the Ultrafilter of Closed, Unbounded Sets.D. A. Martin & W. Mitchell - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (4):503-506.
  28. Communication Theory Today.D. J. Crowley & David Mitchell - 1994
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  29.  31
    Biological Complexity and Integrative Pluralism.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This fine collection of essays by a leading philosopher of science presents a defence of integrative pluralism as the best description for the complexity of scientific inquiry today. The tendency of some scientists to unify science by reducing all theories to a few fundamental laws of the most basic particles that populate our universe is ill-suited to the biological sciences, which study multi-component, multi-level, evolved complex systems. This integrative pluralism is the most efficient way to understand the different and complex (...)
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  30.  4
    Partnering With Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research.Neal W. Dickert, Amanda Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):7-17.
    Clinical trials for acute conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke pose challenges related to informed consent due to time limitations, stress, and severe illness. Consent processes shou...
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  31. The Toughest Triage — Allocating Ventilators in a Pandemic.Robert D. Truog, Christine Mitchell & George Q. Daley - 2020 - New England Journal of Medicine.
    The Covid-19 pandemic has led to severe shortages of many essential goods and services, from hand sanitizers and N-95 masks to ICU beds and ventilators. Although rationing is not unprecedented, never before has the American public been faced with the prospect of having to ration medical goods and services on this scale.
     
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  32. Dimensions of Scientific Law.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):242-265.
    Biological knowledge does not fit the image of science that philosophers have developed. Many argue that biology has no laws. Here I criticize standard normative accounts of law and defend an alternative, pragmatic approach. I argue that a multidimensional conceptual framework should replace the standard dichotomous law/ accident distinction in order to display important differences in the kinds of causal structure found in nature and the corresponding scientific representations of those structures. To this end I explore the dimensions of stability, (...)
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  33. Emergence: Logical, Functional and Dynamical. [REVIEW]Sandra D. Mitchell - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):171-186.
    Philosophical accounts of emergence have been explicated in terms of logical relationships between statements (derivation) or static properties (function and realization). Jaegwon Kim is a modern proponent. A property is emergent if it is not explainable by (or reducible to) the properties of lower level components. This approach, I will argue, is unable to make sense of the kinds of emergence that are widespread in scientific explanations of complex systems. The standard philosophical notion of emergence posits the wrong dichotomies, confuses (...)
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  34. The Psychopath. Emotion and the Brain.R. J. R. Blair, D. Mitchell & K. Blair - 2005 - Blackwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
     
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  35. Integrative Pluralism.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):55-70.
    The `fact' of pluralism in science is nosurprise. Yet, if science is representing andexplaining the structure of the oneworld, why is there such a diversity ofrepresentations and explanations in somedomains? In this paper I consider severalphilosophical accounts of scientific pluralismthat explain the persistence of bothcompetitive and compatible alternatives. PaulSherman's `Levels of Analysis' account suggeststhat in biology competition betweenexplanations can be partitioned by the type ofquestion being investigated. I argue that thisaccount does not locate competition andcompatibility correctly. I then defend anintegrative (...)
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  36. Pragmatic Laws.Sandra D. Mitchell - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):479.
    Beatty, Brandon, and Sober agree that biological generalizations, when contingent, do not qualify as laws. Their conclusion follows from a normative definition of law inherited from the Logical Empiricists. I suggest two additional approaches: paradigmatic and pragmatic. Only the pragmatic represents varying kinds and degrees of contingency and exposes the multiple relationships found among scientific generalizations. It emphasizes the function of laws in grounding expectation and promotes the evaluation of generalizations along continua of ontological and representational parameters. Stability of conditions (...)
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  37.  47
    Competing Units of Selection?: A Case of Symbiosis.Sandra D. Mitchell - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):351-367.
    The controversy regarding the unit of selection is fundamentally a dispute about what is the correct causal structure of the process of evolution by natural selection and its ontological commitments. By characterizing the process as consisting of two essential steps--interaction and transmission--a singular answer to the unit question becomes ambiguous. With such an account on hand, two recent defenses of competing units of selection are considered. Richard Dawkins maintains that the gene is the appropriate unit of selection and Robert Brandon, (...)
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  38. Multilevel Research Strategies and Biological Systems.Maureen A. O'Malley, Ingo Brigandt, Alan C. Love, John W. Crawford, Jack A. Gilbert, Rob Knight, Sandra D. Mitchell & Forest Rohwer - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):811-828.
    Multilevel research strategies characterize contemporary molecular inquiry into biological systems. We outline conceptual, methodological, and explanatory dimensions of these multilevel strategies in microbial ecology, systems biology, protein research, and developmental biology. This review of emerging lines of inquiry in these fields suggests that multilevel research in molecular life sciences has significant implications for philosophical understandings of explanation, modeling, and representation.
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  39. Ceteris Paribus — an Inadequate Representation for Biological Contingency.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (3):329-350.
    It has been claimed that ceteris paribus laws, rather than strict laws are the proper aim of the special sciences. This is so because the causal regularities found in these domains are exception-ridden, being contingent on the presence of the appropriate conditions and the absence of interfering factors. I argue that the ceteris paribus strategy obscures rather than illuminates the important similarities and differences between representations of causal regularities in the exact and inexact sciences. In particular, a detailed account of (...)
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  40. Exporting Causal Knowledge in Evolutionary and Developmental Biology.Sandra D. Mitchell - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):697-706.
    In this article I consider the challenges for exporting causal knowledge raised by complex biological systems. In particular, James Woodward’s interventionist approach to causality identified three types of stability in causal explanation: invariance, modularity, and insensitivity. I consider an example of robust degeneracy in genetic regulatory networks and knockout experimental practice to pose methodological and conceptual questions for our understanding of causal explanation in biology. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of (...)
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  41.  22
    A ten-Year Follow-Up of a Study of Memory for the Attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb Memories and Memories for Flashbulb Events. [REVIEW]William Hirst, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Robert Meksin, Chandan J. Vaidya, Marcia K. Johnson, Karen J. Mitchell, Randy L. Buckner, Andrew E. Budson, John D. E. Gabrieli, Cindy Lustig, Mara Mather, Kevin N. Ochsner, Daniel Schacter, Jon S. Simons, Keith B. Lyle, Alexandru F. Cuc & Andreas Olsson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (3):604-623.
  42.  63
    Dispositions or Etiologies? A Comment On Bigelow and Pargetter.Sandra D. Mitchell - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (5):249-259.
  43. Passive Avoidance Learning in Individuals with Psychopathy: Modulation by Reward but Not by Punishment.R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman - 2004 - Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point punishment specific (...)
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  44.  24
    Long-Term Memory for the Terrorist Attack of September 11: Flashbulb Memories, Event Memories, and the Factors That Influence Their Retention.William Hirst, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Randy L. Buckner, Andrew E. Budson, Alexandru Cuc, John D. E. Gabrieli, Marcia K. Johnson, Cindy Lustig, Keith B. Lyle, Mara Mather, Robert Meksin, Karen J. Mitchell, Kevin N. Ochsner, Daniel L. Schacter, Jon S. Simons & Chandan J. Vaidya - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (2):161-176.
  45.  25
    The Process of Reading: A Cognitive Analysis of Fluent Reading and Learning to Read.D. C. Mitchell - 1984 - British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (2):191-192.
  46. Risky Decisions and Response Reversal: Is There Evidence of Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Psychopathic Individuals?D. G. V. Mitchell, E. Colledge & R. J. R. Blair - 2002 - Neuropsychologia 40:2013–2022.
    This study investigates the performance of psychopathic individuals on tasks believed to be sensitive to dorsolateral prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) functioning. Psychopathic and non-psychopathic individuals, as defined by the Hare psychopathy checklist revised (PCL-R) [Hare, The Hare psychopathy checklist revised, Toronto, Ontario: Multi-Health Systems, 1991] completed a gambling task [Cognition 50 (1994) 7] and the intradimensional/extradimensional (ID/ED) shift task [Nature 380 (1996) 69]. On the gambling task, psychopathic participants showed a global tendency to choose disadvantageously. Specifically, they showed an (...)
     
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  47.  22
    The Automation of Science.Ross King, Rowland D., Oliver Jem, G. Stephen, Michael Young, Wayne Aubrey, Emma Byrne, Maria Liakata, Magdalena Markham, Pinar Pir, Larisa Soldatova, Sparkes N., Whelan Andrew, E. Kenneth & Amanda Clare - 2009 - Science 324 (5923):85-89.
    The basis of science is the hypothetico-deductive method and the recording of experiments in sufficient detail to enable reproducibility. We report the development of Robot Scientist "Adam," which advances the automation of both. Adam has autonomously generated functional genomics hypotheses about the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and experimentally tested these hypotheses by using laboratory automation. We have confirmed Adam's conclusions through manual experiments. To describe Adam's research, we have developed an ontology and logical language. The resulting formalization involves over 10,000 different (...)
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  48.  70
    Function, Fitness and Disposition.Sandra D. Mitchell - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):39-54.
    In this paper I discuss recent debates concerning etiological theories of functions. I defend an etiological theory against two criticisms, namely the ability to account for malfunction, and the problem of structural doubles. I then consider the arguments provided by Bigelow and Pargetter (1987) for a more forward looking account of functions as propensities or dispositions. I argue that their approach fails to address the explanatory problematic for which etiological theories were developed.
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  49.  18
    Futility - From Hospital Policies to State Laws.Robert D. Truog & Christine Mitchell - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):19 – 21.
  50.  45
    After Fifty Years, Why Are Protein X-Ray Crystallographers Still in Business?Sandra D. Mitchell & Angela M. Gronenborn - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv051.
    It has long been held that the structure of a protein is determined solely by the interactions of the atoms in the sequence of amino acids of which it is composed, and thus the stable, biologically functional conformation should be predictable by ab initio or de novo methods. However, except for small proteins, ab initio predictions have not been successful. We explain why this is the case and argue that the relationship among the different methods, models, and representations of protein (...)
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